Mumbai Terror Attack07

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Mumbai Terror Attack : 

Mumbai Terror Attack 26/11

Terror sites : 

Terror sites Leopold Café The Leopold Cafe, a popular restaurant and bar on Colaba Causeway in South Mumbai, was one of the first sites to be attacked. Two attackers opened fire on the cafe on the evening of 26 November, killing at least 10 people (including some foreigners), and injuring many more. The terrorists fired into the street as they fled the scene.

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Nariman House Nariman House, a Chabad Lubavitch Jewish center in Colaba known as the Mumbai Chabad House, was taken over by two attackers and several residents were held hostage.Police evacuated adjacent buildings and exchanged fire with terrorists, wounding one. Local residents were told to stay inside. Terrorists threw a grenade into a nearby lane, causing no casualties. NSG commandos arrived from Delhi, and a Naval helicopter took an aerial survey. During the first day, 9 hostages were rescued from the first floor. The following day, the house was stormed by NSG commandos fast-roping from helicopters onto the roof, covered by snipers positioned in nearby buildings. After a long battle, one NSG commando and both terrorists were killed.RabbiGavriel Holtzberg and his wife Rivka Holtzberg, who was six months pregnant, were murdered with four other hostages inside the house by the attackers.

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Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST) was attacked by two gunmen, one of whom, Ajmal Kasab, was later caught alive by the police and identified by eyewitnesses. The attacks began around 21:30 when the two men entered the passenger hall and opened fire, using AK-47 rifles.[36] The attackers killed 58 people and injured 104 others, their assault ending at about 22:45.

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Taj Mahal Hotel and Oberoi Trident Two hotels, the Taj Mahal Palace & Tower and the Oberoi Trident, were amongst the four locations targeted. Six explosions were reported at the Taj hotel and one at the Oberoi Trident.At the Taj Mahal, firefighters rescued 200 hostages from windows using ladders during the first night. CNN initially reported on the morning of the 27 November 2008 that the hostage situation at the Taj had been resolved and quoted the police chief of Maharashtra stating that all hostages were freed; however, it was learned later that day that there were still two attackers holding hostages, including foreigners, in the Taj Mahal hotel.

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The Wasabi restaurant on the first floor of the Taj Hotel was completely gutted.During the attacks, both hotels were surrounded by Rapid Action Force personnel and Marine Commandos (MARCOS) and National Security Guards (NSG) commandos.[47][48] When reports emerged that attackers were receiving television broadcasts, feeds to the hotels were blocked.[49]Security forces stormed both hotels, and all nine attackers were killed by the morning of 29 November.[50][51] Major Sandeep Unnikrishnan of the NSG was killed during the rescue of Commando Sunil Yadav, who was hit in the leg by a bullet during the rescue operations at Taj.[52][53] 32 hostages were also killed at the Oberoi Trident

Who Is to Be Blamed?? : 

Who Is to Be Blamed?? Aspects of International Ship and Port Security Code (ISPS).  After the 9/11 attack it was clear that the next terror attack may me mediated from sea.therefore it was IMO’s initiative to identify a Recognised Security Organisation(RSO), which was not completely followed by DG shipping. Security of Bombay High and off shore assets. The Director General Coast Guard is the chairman of the Offshore Security Coordination committee(OSCC) which specifically looks at security of our off shore installations including Bombay high the invaluable  network of our energy initiatives.. The OSCC includes Navy, Air force, Intelligence Bureau, Reps from the concerned ministry, ONGC, Oil companies etc. According to some first hand accounts, those in the committee feel that there is too much of overlap in their duties.

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Coastal /Border Security. The customs apparently were to take a lead in coordinating the combined effort for surveillance and other measures for coastal security in Maharasthra. It is evident that the initiative has failed for some very obvious reasons of command, control and coordination.

BASE ISSUES – 26/11 : 

BASE ISSUES – 26/11 SATCOM(Satellite Communication System) It was found that Motorola phones were used for communication between the terrorists and their chiefs ,The basic mechanism is, Taj Base Pakistan Satellite System SAT Control Sys India

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Sat Control System In India has the power to talk to the authorities and cancel any communication between two ports. Moreover it can also listen outgoing messages from respective catche codes(code assisgned to every satcom device)

Inavailability of instant & prompt security : 

Inavailability of instant & prompt security Excess of time was wasted in transporting the black commandoes (NSG) Transporting them from the capital covering a distance about 1200 kms was a real big time for the terror group to increase the terrorism level.

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Whats Better 3 knot 3 AK 47 That was the difference between the weapons of our police soldiers and those terrorists, the immediate action taken by our police was found to be a total failure because of lack of modern weapons. Thanks to our NSG force. However the police played an important role in arresting kasab.

What’s indian navy’s view?? : 

What’s indian navy’s view?? The Indian navy said a "systemic failure" of security and intelligence services led to the Islamist militant attacks in Mumbai that killed 183 people, news agency reported on Tuesday. India's police, coast guard and intelligence communities are pointing fingers over whether information existed that could have been acted on to prevent the three-day rampage in the financial hub. "There is perhaps a (gap) that exists and we will work to sort this out. There is a systemic failure which needs to be taken stock of," navy chief Admiral Suresh Mehta said at a press conference.

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Intelligence sources told the NDTV news channel they had issued a series of warnings of a possible attack on Mumbai by sea in the months leading up to last week's strike. The latest, warning that the "sea wing" of Pakistani-based militant group Lashkar-e-Taiba was planning to attack, was issued just eight days before, the TV channel said. Suresh Mehta promised the government would give an adequate response to the militant attacks, adding the navy had not received any "actionable" information which could have prevented the attack, reported. Suresh Mehta called for better coordination among intelligence and security agencies.

Is media responsible??? : 

Is media responsible??? During the time the commandoes were planning the positions at taj,media was reporting everything live. This was seen live by the terrorists chiefs sitting at Pakistan. This proved to be a great failure. Security issues is not a topic to be used to publicized the news channels. Even then irrelevant chucks of information were irresponsibly broadcasted by the media.

Recommendations & suggestions : 

Recommendations & suggestions Have a single maritime agency to look after coastal and off shore security. The joint forces command model structure being practiced in the A&N group could be adopted with necessary modifications including the civil machinery Strengthen the hands of the Coast Guard if it has to perform its new role as the lead intelligence agency on maritime issues. Modernisation of forces particularly the marine police wing if has to take on the kind of seaborne threats. The marine police wing would need to have night vision binoculars, advanced weapons and compatible communication devices and sea worthy boats Equipping the Border Security Force (Marine wing) in border areas with similar assets and ensuring proper coordination with the nearest maritime agency.

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Instead of depending on the NSG, create and train special forces with in the state to cut down on time delays in transporting them from the Capital. The initial training and kitting up could be supervised by the NSG Prompt follow up on missing boats to rule out the aspect of hijacking. Registration and accounting of all fishing boats irrespective of tonnage Develop the fishermen as the first line of defence. Awareness and sensitisation programmes need to be conducted by the Coast Guard, Customs and the Navy on a regular basis.

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THANK YOU

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