Electromagnetic Power Production Through Automobiles

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Electromagnetic Power Production Through Automobiles:

Electromagnetic Power Production Through Automobiles Team Name: The Inventor’s Squad Members of the Team: Anshul Soni, Bibhudutta Patnaik, Elphinstone J.A, Vishwajeet Pattanaik Name of College and City: SRM University, Kattankulathur Course of specialization: M.Tech (Electronics, Electrical and Computer Science) Year/Batch : 2 nd /2012-2014 College ID: 1571210003, 1691210004, 1731210003, 1751210001 Name of the Professor/ Placement officer involved in this project: N/A

Choose the stage of Innovation you’ve submitted::

Choose the stage of Innovation you’ve submitted: Idea: It is at a nascent stage where it is a thought with substantial research material or a design. Currently pursuing mathematical modeling of the proposed system. Idea

The Innovation:

The Innovation Chosen industry : Public Services Chosen technology : Mobility Objective: Power production from automobile batteries using concepts of electromagnetism. Approach: Attaching transmitter plate (coils) at the bottom of the automobile. Laying receiving plate (coils) beneath roads/pavement materials. Distribution of accumulated power using step-up transformers, to rural areas via substations. Description of the innovation developed: The transmitter plate attached to the bottom of the automobile is charged from the supply provided by the batteries, which is then converted into electromagnetic flux directed towards the ground. Due to electromagnetic induction, the receiving plates beneath the roads get charged and hence facilitates flow of current. The achieved power increases exponentially with the velocity of the automobile. Maximum Points: 10

Compelling need for the innovation:

Compelling need for the innovation -The electricity sector in India had an installed capacity of 225.133 GW as of May 2013 . Non Renewable Power Plants constitute 87.55% of the installed capacity and 12.45% is provided by Renewable Power Plants . India generated 855 BU (855 000 MU i.e. 855 TWh) electricity during 2011–12 fiscal . Yet in December 2011 , over 300 million Indian citizens had no access to electricity . Over one third of India's rural population lacked electricity , as did 6% of the urban population. -The blackout of 2012 in India affected over 620 million people in 22 states , about 9% of the world population . An estimated 32 GW of generating capacity was taken offline in the outage. One of the reasons of this outage was stated as high loading . - Dams around the world have led a massive ecological unbalances and similar traits are observed in most of the hydro plants throughout India. -Due to lack of availability of fuels, people tend to implement traditional methods of power generation, which increases inefficiency in the system. -Despite abundance of coal reserves, India is facing a of shortage of coal leading to lesser generation. Maximum Points: 20


Impact Technological: Research over newer methods for wireless power transmission and generation. Social: Power supply to the rural and urban population (over 300 million Indian citizens). Economical: Cheaper non-conventional methods of power generation. Ecological: Reduction in power generation from conventional units leading to reduction in levels of pollution to some extent and simultaneous reduction in cost. Metrics of evaluation: Higher generation proportional to the density of traffic and the velocity of the automobiles moving on highways. Idea sustenance over time: The same idea can be used to generate power through metro trains. Further more the same concept can be used to charge electric vehicles on the run, in the near future. Maximum Points: 30


Implementation Implementation is a three step process: Energizing the transmitter plate: First, the current is derived from the battery of the automobile into the transmitter plate attached to the bottom of the automobile. The transmitter plate is a mesh of solenoid coils that induce magnetic field primarily in vertical direction. Maximizing the flux induced in the receiver plate: As a vehicle moves along the road, the receiving coils installed under the surface of the road are induced due to flux generated by the transmission plate. The induced flux generates current, which is enhanced proportionally with the velocity of moving vehicles. Regulating the induced flux to a higher level: The generated voltage is amplified using step-up transformers. This current can then be accumulated and transmitted to various places, via substations. Maximum Points: 50

Implementation (cont…):

Implementation (cont…) Possible Budgets Required: India had a road network of over 4,236,000 kilometers (2,632,000 mi) in 2011, the third largest road network in the world. India has 70934 km National Highways; 163898 km State Highways; 25,77,396 km Major and other district roads; and 14,33,577 km Rural roads. Maintenance of roads costs the country about Rs 35,000 crore annually. Hence the proposed idea can be implemented on National Highways during their maintenance. The establishment cost at Governments end might be a bit steep, but would be negligible with respect to its long term benefits. At the users end the equipment would cost around Rs.3000-3500. Feasible Timeline: The theoretical model of the idea has been analyzed, where as the mathematical model is under development. The simulation model can be implemented using MATLAB, within the next 2-3 months. Potential Challenges & Solutions: The biggest challenge, is to create an awareness among citizens towards implementation of the idea. The involvement of Indian Legislative Body might be a possible solution for the same. Maximum Points: 50

Implementation (cont…):

Implementation (cont…) Maximum Points: 50

Implementation (cont…):

Implementation (cont…) References: Books: Basic Electrical Engineering – Kothari & Nagrath . Electromagnetic Field Theory - William Hayt . Wikipedia Pages: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electrical_resistance_and_conductance http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inductance http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solenoid http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_road_network http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electricity_sector_in_India WebPages: Solenoid Basics - http://www.ledex.com/basics/basics.html Electrical Calculations - http://easycalculation.com/engineering/electrical/physical-properties-coil.php Maximum Points: 50

Implementation (cont…):

Implementation (cont…) References (cont…): YouTube Videos: Physics - Understanding Electromagnetic induction (EMI) and electromagnetic force (EMF) - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tC6E9J925pY Electromagnetic Induction - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KGTZPTnZBFE AMAZING Electro Magnetic Induction in 3D - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0huObSCPK14 Wireless Power Transfer via Inductive Coupling - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2ODW-ntPHSU “First 'electric' road charges buses in S Korea” , Times Of India, 9 th August 2013: http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/home/science/First-electric-road-charges-buses-in-S-Korea/articleshow/21720405.cms? Maximum Points: 50

The Competitive Advantage:

The Competitive Advantage “Everything should be made as simple as possible, but not simpler” - Albert Einstein . T he simplicity of the idea itself, is its biggest advantage. The innovation is based on basic principles of electromagnetism, leading to lesser complexity in modeling, simulation and manufacturing. The system architecture is modular, hence easier to understand and implement. Once established completely, the project would provide long term benefits and large scale outputs. Cheaper yet safer means of power production is incredibly essential for a developing nation like India. Being a non-conventional source of power, the future prospects are infinite. Since the innovation is based on a new research stream, future enhancements would surely help improve the performance of the current model; leading to further innovations and discoveries. Yes, we will be pursuing a patent for our innovation. Maximum Points: 30

Thank You:

Thank You