18th and 19th Amendments

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18th and 19th Amendments:

18 th and 19 th Amendments Cause and Effects

VOCABULARY:

VOCABULARY Amendment: an alteration made to a law or bill, or in this case the Constitution Reform: the change or the act of changing an already accepted law, culture or social issue

VOCABULARY:

VOCABULARY Temperance: moderation or self-restraint Dry State: one of the states that does not allow alcohol

VOCABULARY:

VOCABULARY Suffrage: the right to vote So if suffrage is the right to vote….a suffragist would be an individual working towards the goal of voting

18th Amendment ~ Introduction (Think – Pair – Share):

18 th Amendment ~ Introduction (Think – Pair – Share)

19th Amendment ~ Introduction (Think – Pair – Share):

19 th Amendment ~ Introduction (Think – Pair – Share)

18th Amendment ~ Prohibition:

18 th Amendment ~ Prohibition Why? Progressivism One aspect is MORAL REFORM No more alcohol

18th Amendment ~ Prohibition:

18 th Amendment ~ Prohibition Why? Woman’s Christian Temperance Union (1873) Enter saloons and pray – demon rum Evidence: Carry Nation, 1890s…hatchet to smash bottles!

18th Amendment ~ Prohibition:

18 th Amendment ~ Prohibition 1900 to 1917 – ½ the states banned alcohol “Dry states”

18th Amendment ~ Prohibition:

18 th Amendment ~ Prohibition Activity : Margin Notes Primary Source: 18 th Amendment Handout Work with partner to identify key points Then answer: If you were a voting member of the US legislation, would you have voted yes or no? Why? Explain your answer

VOCABULARY:

VOCABULARY Prohibition: to ban a service or good Speakeasies: night clubs or saloons that serve illegal alcohol Bootleggers: individuals that made illegal alcohol to drink, distribute or sell

18th Amendment ~ Prohibition:

18 th Amendment ~ Prohibition Aftermath of Amendment Speakeasies Bootleggers Organized Crime (Al Capone) Critical Thinking: Did violations of the 18 th Amendment show lack of respect for the Constitution? Is alcohol personal freedom?

18th Amendment ~ Prohibition:

18 th Amendment ~ Prohibition Mid 1920’s – only about 19% people supported ban Rest thought the lawlessness was worse than ban Repeal ~ 21 st Amendment

18th Amendment ~ Prohibition:

18 th Amendment ~ Prohibition Critical Thinking and Quick Write: Write down your answer and hold on until the end of class. What was the significance of the passing of the 18 th Amendment ? What aspects of the fallout of the ban actually may have helped with women’s rights?

Student Activity:

Student Activity Get into groups of 4: Analyze the chart on page 455 of your textbook entitled Prohibition , 1920-1933 In your groups, choose one of the effects listed and give an example of such. Keep in mind that each cause did not produce the effect.

19th Amendment ~ Women’s Rights!:

19 th Amendment ~ Women’s Rights!

19th Amendment ~ Women’s Rights!:

19 th Amendment ~ Women’s Rights! Critical Thinking and Quick Write: Write down your answer and hold on until the end of class. Critical Thinking: Why would women care about getting equal rights as men? How would this attitude of women’s rights change the future of America for ever?

19th Amendment ~ Women’s Rights!:

19 th Amendment ~ Women’s Rights! Previous attempts at freedoms in 19 th Century Can you give me an example of an attempt? Recall: Elizabeth Cady Stanton (Why is she significant?) Declaration of equality….but one thing left out… STILL CAN’T VOTE!!!

VOCABULARY:

VOCABULARY Heckling: harass or badger Ratify: confirm or approve

19th Amendment ~ Women’s Rights!:

19 th Amendment ~ Women’s Rights! Women growing impatient – male immigrants get to vote? 1910 – Wyoming, Utah, Colorado and Idaho Only states that allowed women voting Door to door campaigns by: BESA & CESG

19th Amendment ~ Women’s Rights!:

19 th Amendment ~ Women’s Rights! Evidence of influence: Emmeline Pankhurst – inspiration to American women ( heckling gov’t officials)

19th Amendment ~ Women’s Rights!:

19 th Amendment ~ Women’s Rights! Susan B. Anthony retires (NAWSA) Recall question: What is Susan B. Anthony famous for? Carrie Chapman Catt takes over (1915) – better organization, ties between local, state and nat’l workers, lobbying

19th Amendment ~ Women’s Rights!:

19 th Amendment ~ Women’s Rights! 1914 - Congressional Union & National Woman’s Party Pressure on federal gov’t Picketing at White House 1919 – Congress passes 19 th Amendment !!! ( Ratified in 1920)

19th Amendment ~ Women’s Rights!:

19 th Amendment ~ Women’s Rights! Hmmm…critical thinking…again… Let’s develop some historical perspective…If you were a woman and a suffragist…would you have joined one of the women’s movements groups? Or would you shy away, and why? Historically, how were individuals treated that were not white male Americans?

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