18th and 19th Amendments

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18th and 19th Amendments:

18 th and 19 th Amendments Cause and Effects

18th Amendment ~ Introduction (Think – Pair – Share):

18 th Amendment ~ Introduction (Think – Pair – Share)

19th Amendment ~ Introduction (Think – Pair – Share):

19 th Amendment ~ Introduction (Think – Pair – Share)

18th Amendment ~ Prohibition:

18 th Amendment ~ Prohibition Why? Progressivism One aspect is MORAL REFORM No more alcohol Woman’s Christian Temperance Union (1873) Enter saloons and pray – demon rum Evidence: Carry Nation, 1890s…hatchet to smash bottles!

18th Amendment ~ Prohibition:

18 th Amendment ~ Prohibition 1900 to 1917 – ½ the states banned alcohol “Dry states” Activity: Margin Notes Primary Source: 18 th Amendment Handout Work with partner to identify key points Then answer: If you were a voting member of the US legislation, would you have voted yes or no? Why? Explain your answer

18th Amendment ~ Prohibition:

18 th Amendment ~ Prohibition Aftermath of Amendment Speakeasies Bootleggers Organized Crime (Al Capone) Critical Thinking: Did violations of the 18 th Amendment show lack of respect for the Constitution? Is alcohol personal freedom?

18th Amendment ~ Prohibition:

18 th Amendment ~ Prohibition Mid 1920’s – only about 19% people supported ban Rest thought the lawlessness was worse than ban Repeal ~ 21 st Amendment

18th Amendment ~ Prohibition:

18 th Amendment ~ Prohibition Critical Thinking and Quick Write: Write down your answer and hold on until the end of class. What was the significance of the passing of the 18 th Amendment? What aspects of the fallout of the ban actually may have helped with women’s rights?

Student Activity:

Student Activity Get into groups of 4: Analyze the chart on page 455 of your textbook entitled Prohibition, 1920-1933 In your groups, choose one of the effects listed and give an example of such. Keep in mind that each cause did not produce the effect.

19th Amendment ~ Women’s Rights!:

19 th Amendment ~ Women’s Rights!

19th Amendment ~ Women’s Rights!:

19 th Amendment ~ Women’s Rights! Critical Thinking and Quick Write: Write down your answer and hold on until the end of class. Critical Thinking: Why would women care about getting equal rights as men? How would this attitude of women’s rights change the future of America for ever?

19th Amendment ~ Women’s Rights!:

19 th Amendment ~ Women’s Rights! Previous attempts at freedoms in 19 th Century Can you give me an example of an attempt? Recall: Elizabeth Cady Stanton (Why is she significant?) Declaration of equality….but one thing left out… STILL CAN’T VOTE!!!

19th Amendment ~ Women’s Rights!:

19 th Amendment ~ Women’s Rights! Women growing impatient – male immigrants get to vote? 1910 – Wyoming, Utah, Colorado and Idaho Only states that allowed women voting Door to door campaigns by: BESA & CESG Evidence of influence: Emmeline Pankhurst – inspiration to American women (heckling gov’t officials)

19th Amendment ~ Women’s Rights!:

19 th Amendment ~ Women’s Rights! Susan B. Anthony retires (NAWSA) Recall question: What is Susan B. Anthony famous for? Carrie Chapman Catt takes over (1915) – better organization, ties between local, state and nat’l workers, lobbying 1914 - Congressional Union & National Woman’s Party Pressure on federal gov’t Picketing at White House 1919 – Congress passes 19 th Amendment!!! (Ratified in 1920)

19th Amendment ~ Women’s Rights!:

19 th Amendment ~ Women’s Rights! Hmmm…critical thinking…again… Let’s develop some historical perspective…If you were a woman and a suffragist…would you have joined one of the women’s movements groups? Or would you shy away, and why? Historically, how were individuals treated that were not white male Americans?

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