Ointment

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PRESENTATION ON :

PRESENTATION ON

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OINTMENT

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CONTENTS: Its advantages and disadvantages Ideal properties of ointment Types of ointments Applications of ointment Ointment base type Manufacturing of ointment Evaluation parameters Ointment absorption through skin Packaging & Storage Available market preparations Special circumstance

What Is Ointment???:

What Is Ointment??? Ointment is a topical medication applied on the body surfaces that is homogeneous, viscous, spreadable, semi-solid preparation with a high viscosity.

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UNMEDICATED OINTMENTS

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Ointment Applications Eyes Hands Legs Face

Ointment Applications :

Ointment Applications There are various problems when an ointment is suggested for treatment such as:

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Types of Ointments Bases Hydrocarbon bases

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Absorption base Types of Ointments Bases

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Types of Ointments Bases Emulsifying bases Water soluble

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MANUFACTURING OF OINTMENT: T he three variables in the manufacturing of ointment are Time Temperature and Mechanical work

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Incorporation Method MANUFACTURING OF OINTMENT In this method the components are mixed until a uniform preparation is attained, a stainless steel ointment spatula is used for this method

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MANUFACTURING OF OINTMENT Fusion Method A fusion process is done only when the components are stable at fusion temperatures. Ointments containing white wax, yellow wax, paraffin and high - molecular - weight PEGs are generally prepared by the fusion process.

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Process of ointment absorption through skin involves:

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Microbial Content:   STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS PSEUDOMONAS AERUGINOSA AMONG THE ANTIMICROBIAL PRESERVATIVES USED TO INHIBIT MICROBIAL GROWTH IN TOPICAL PREPARATIONS ARE :

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Packaging: no air space in jar, tubes well closed, air tight container light-resistant containers Glass Plastic Light Resistant Aluminum

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Available market preparation:

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Special circumstances:

References::

References: www.albania.com Wikipedia The Theory and Practice of Industrial Pharmacy- Leon Lachmann, Hebert A, Liuberman , Joseph L. Kanig Pharmaceutics: The Science of Dosage Form Design- Michael Aulton Dispensing for Pharmaceutical Students- Cooper and Gunn

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