Modern Drama- History of Theatre Part I

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THTRE111 History Part 1

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History of Theatre I (the much abridged version!):

History of Theatre I (the much abridged version!) THTRE111 Unit 7

Why study History?:

Why study History? http://lesliebailey07.wordpress.com/

http://www.glencoe.com/theatre/Timeline/timeline_content.html Check out this interactive timeline:

http:// www.glencoe.com/theatre/Timeline/timeline_content.html Check out this interactive timeline

Origins of theatre:

Origins of theatre http://www.arwhead.com/Greeks/

Aristotle (384 BC – 322 BC) :

Greek Philosopher Described the world around him The Poetics- arguably most influential text of Western society Aristotle (384 BC – 322 BC) http://gakuranman.com/aristotles-moral-philosophy /

The Poetics:

Defined drama Plot Character Thought Diction Spectacle Song The Poetics http://www.booksshouldbefree.com/book/poetics-by-aristotle

Thespis- the first actor:

Broke away from chorus and created dialogue Root of word Thespian, meaning actors Thespis- the first actor http://minnesotaplaylist.com/

But wait…..:

What does this have to do with modern drama? But wait…..

Where did realism evolve from?:

Romanticism Melodrama Where did realism evolve from?

Melodrama characteristics:

Audience is drawn into action Issues are clear cut and there is a discernment between right and wrong Characters are clearly good or bad Action is exaggerated with the main characters always living in danger or on the edge of calamity Strong emphasis on suspense Melodrama characteristics

How did that brief clip reflect Melodrama?:

Did you see the following?: Audience is drawn into action Issues are clear cut and there is a discernment between right and wrong Characters are clearly good or bad Action is exaggerated with the main characters always living in danger or on the edge of calamity Strong emphasis on suspense How did that brief clip reflect Melodrama?

Realism:

Began around 1850 In stark contrast to Romanticism Much different than melodrama Reflected life as life itself evolved Realism

Influences on realism:

Changing world Photography Light bulb Civil War Scientific Method Influences on realism

“At the dawn of photography, in the 1840's, most people were afraid at first to look for any length of time at daguerreotypes, a very early type of photographic capture, as they were embarrassed and shocked by the clarity” ` http://www.shadowcatchers.net/Home.htm:

“At the dawn of photography, in the 1840's, most people were afraid at first to look for any length of time at daguerreotypes, a very early type of photographic capture, as they were embarrassed and shocked by the clarity” ` http://www.shadowcatchers.net/Home.htm http://www.americanantiquarian.org/daguerreotypes.htm http://hoocher.com/Thomas_Couture/Thomas_Couture.htm

Charles Darwin (1809-1882):

Origin of Species Evolution Impact on theatre? Characters that were influenced by their environments, heredity, and surroundings. Charles Darwin (1809-1882)

Sigmund Freud (1856-1939):

Psychoanalysis Unconscious desires Dreams Impact on theatre? Characters could be less than pure? Reflect actual life? Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)

Karl Marx (1818-1883):

Communist Manifesto Revolutionary Socialist Marxism Proletarian & Bourgeoisie Impact on theatre? Spotlight on human oppression (poor, gender, race) Karl Marx (1818-1883)

How did Realism influence Theatre?:

How did Realism influence Theatre? http://www.ar.cc.mn.us/kasl/English2207/Ibsen.questions.htm

Realism, a new genre of theatre:

Realism sought to reflect life (real life) Seeks to have audience understand their own struggles (human condition) Problem plays, focused on social issues Realism, a new genre of theatre

How did realism change theatre?:

Acting Actors sought to become the characters (Method Acting, Stanislavsky) Dialogue reflected life Protagonist was ‘of the people’ and often did not know how to face the struggles Staging Scenery resembles the locale and was ordinary Costumes represented status of characters How did realism change theatre?

Henrik Ibsen (1828-1906):

Henrik Ibsen (1828-1906) Father of Realism “The play is to be a picture of life” Some audiences were shocked and appalled that Ibsen would dare write such characters

Ibsen’s works:

Doll House (Woman’s role and rights) Ghosts (Mercy killing and social disease) Enemy of the People (Political corruption) Hedda Gabler (alcoholism, suicide, infidelity) Ibsen’s works

PowerPoint Presentation:

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