Avoiding Plagiarism

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Avoiding Plagiarism : 

Avoiding Plagiarism

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Do you know what plagiarism is? Take the following quiz This quiz was taken from: Wayne State University’s Library and Science Information Program at: http://lisp.wayne.edu/plagiarism-quiz.php

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1. Handing in significant parts or all of an article from an author other than yourself, and acknowledging that this is from an author other than yourself, even though it is your paper, is not plagiarism.

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FALSE Work turned in as your own must be original; that is, it must be composed by you and contain your understanding of the textual materials.

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2. Common knowledge does not need to be cited.

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TRUE What are examples of "common knowledge"? The earth is round. John F. Kennedy was a president of the United States. This information does not need to be cited.

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3. If I change a few words within a section of text and then use that in my paper, I am paraphrasing and not plagiarizing.

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FALSE. You also need to cite the original that you are using. Changing a few insignificant words or changing the word or sentence order is still plagiarism. If you want to use a passage verbatim (that is, word for word), then use it verbatim – but - quote and cite it.

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4. It is best to reproduce the text of an authoritative source on a topic if the instructor wants me to give an authoritative view.

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FALSE What you are being asked for in a written, academic paper is the product of your research on a topic. What you are being asked for is your work and your ideas, not the work and ideas of someone else.

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5. I didn't plagiarize; my paper has quotes cited throughout the paper, almost sentence for sentence, so that can’t be plagiarism.

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TRUE You didn't plagiarize, but you demonstrated that your method of argument is immature and you haven't spent the time and effort thinking through the materials that were your sources. Your grade will reflect this. The paper must be your argument, and you must, indeed, make an argument.

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6. Plagiarism is punishable by failing the assignment.

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FALSE. Some institutions will expel the student, some students will fail the course, and some students will fail the assignment.

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7. I guess that I'll find out if I plagiarize ~ when I do it!

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TRUE. However, the awareness of what plagiarism is or is not lies upon the student. It is your responsibility to know what plagiarism is.

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8. If I use a sentence from a source verbatim, then I need only to cite it in order to avoid the charge of plagiarism.

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FALSE. Besides being cited, the sentence needs to have quotation marks around it if used verbatim.

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9. It is ok to simply copy and paste sections from Internet sources into my paper.

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FALSE. Those sources need to be cited, and if verbatim, quoted and cited. Further, simply copying and pasting rarely makes for an argument, Internet sources can also be unreliable Better work is expected from students.

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10. It wasn't plagiarism; I just didn't understand what you wanted/what the material was about, and I ran out of time, so that is why all this appears to be plagiarized!

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FALSE It is your responsibility to budget your time and do a paper worthy of your name. Plagiarism is plagiarism; sloppy work is sloppy work. Your name is on that paper. The paper represents who you are. Be proud of yourself and your work.

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11. My dad/mom/sibling/friend--someone-helped me with the paper. S/he wrote or rewrote part or all of it in order to make it more interesting, more authoritative or 'smarter.' This wasn't plagiarism-I simply got some help.

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FALSE. If the work was dual --or more--authored, then you need to have all the names down as to whom the authors are, and since it is likely that only one of you is taking the class, the question comes down to how to reward that effort? Here, plagiarism coincides with academic dishonesty. It is the same as if someone else took a test for you or helped you take a test . It is plagiarism because you are representing someone else's ideas and efforts as your own. However, light copyediting is not authoring and talking things over with someone is not authoring,

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12. I had my English paper translated into Spanish from a translation site, and have handed that in with my name on it. Is that ok?

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NO If the work is not yours, you must acknowledge it.

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13. You need an image/graph/chart for your paper. You go online and find one. You don’t cite the source. Is this plagiarism?

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Yes You must cite anything that is not your original work.

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Plagiarism is defined as the unacknowledged use of work of another person and passing off as your own, whether or not such work has been published. Definition taken from: http://ec.hku.hk/plagiarism/introduction.htm

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You need to document: Words or ideas presented in a magazine, book, newspaper, song, TV program, movie, Web page, computer program, letter, advertisement, or any other medium Information you gain through interviewing or conversing with another person, face to face, over the phone, or in writing. When you copy the exact words or a unique phrase When you reprint any diagrams, illustrations, charts, pictures, or other visual materials When you reuse or repost any electronically-available media, including images, audio, video, or other media Taken from The Owl at Purdue Website http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/589/02/

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You do not need to document the following: your own lived experiences, your own observations and insights, your own thoughts, and your own conclusions about a subject your own results obtained through lab or field experiments your own artwork, digital photographs, video, audio, etc. "common knowledge," things like folklore, common sense observations, myths, urban legends, and historical events (but not historical documents) generally-accepted facts, e.g., pollution is bad for the environment, Taken from The Owl at Purdue Website http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/589/02/

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WORKS CITED "Avoiding Plagiarism." The Owl at Purdue. Purdue University. 2 Oct 2008 <http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/589/0 2/>. "Library and Information Science Program." Wayne State University. 2 Oct 2008 <http://lisp.wayne.edu/plagiarism-quiz.php,>.

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