Cocaine

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Cocaine By:Colleen Regovic

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What’s the history behind Cocaine Cocaine one of the oldest most popular potent and dangerous stimulant drugs with a natural background. Cocaine comes from coca leaves by a German chemist Albert Niemann. Back during the Inca ages the “taboo” was to chew the coca leaves to speed their breathing up for when they climbed the mountains to counter the very thin air. It was popularized by Sigmund Freud a psychoanalyst who said that it was a tonic to cure depression and sexual impotence. In 1886 Cocaine gained even more popularity when John Pemberton included coca leaves in his new drink Coca-Cola. By 1905 Cocaine was most commonly known to be snorted. In a medical journal many cases of nasal and brain damage were reported from snorting Cocaine. In 1912 there were 5000 deaths related to Cocaine use. By the 1970’s it was known as a common club drug among clubgoers. Traditionally it was known as a rich man’s drug however in the late 1980’s it was known as the common man drug. And currently as of 2008 Cocaine had become the second most illegal trafficked drug in the world.

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How is it administered ● Medically ● Rubbing onto the gums ● Injections ● Snorting ● Smoking

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What are the common street names of Cocaine ● Blow ● Coke ● Snow ● Crack ● Rock

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Classification In the U.S. Cocaine is classified as a Schedule II drug this means that the drug itself has a very high potential for abuse but it can be administered by a physician for medical purposes if needed. Schedule II drugs are also known to cause psychological problems and dependence. These drugs are also considered highly dangerous when abused.

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Chemicals ● Adulterant- ● Benzocaine-Local anesthetic used in creams ointments and suntan lotion. ● Boric Acid-Used as an insecticide and antiseptic. ● Caffeine- Mild stimulants found in food and drinks. ● Creatine-Used a supplement by bodybuilders. ● Diltiazem-Used to treat various heart conditions and high blood pressure. ● Dimethylterephthalate-Used to make plastic film and sheets. ● Hydroxyzine-Antihistamine and tranquilizer. ● Lidocaine-Anesthetic mostly used in surgery. ● Mannitol-Used as a diuretic used in testing kidneys. ●

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Physical Mental/Emotional Social effects 1. Physical-Irritable nose or sinuses death oxygen starvation ulcers and gangrene. 2. Mental/Emotional- Paranoia Psychosis Depression Hallucinations Violence Suicidal/Homicidal thoughts 3. Social-Social irritability unstable relationships having trouble keeping conversation.

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Legal Consequences If caught with Cocaine one will be charged with Constructive Possession. This is a felony crime that can come with a 16 month sentence and up to three years. If convicted the fines can go up to 20000 dollars. If found with cocaine and intent to sell one can get up to 25 years in jail.

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Cocaine and the Nervous System Short Term Effects- Out of control dopamine levels pleasure center of the brain having trouble working properly. Long Term Effects- High risk of stroke heart attack respiratory failure brain seizures and in some cases death.

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Cocaine and the Cardiovascular System Short Term Effects-Sped up heart rate trouble breathing wheezing frequent coughing. Long Term Effects-Heart attack heart failure irregular heartbeat arrhythmia and death.

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Cocaine on the Digestive System Short Term Effects- Indigestion stomach aches problems passing stool. Long Term Effects- Intestinal Gangrene Tears Ulcerations and intestinal punctures.

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Cocaine and the Respiratory System Short Term Effects-Wheezing trouble breathing shallow breathing. Long Term Effects- Severe Lung Damage clotting low circulation and death.

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Medical Uses of Cocaine ● In 1864 Cocaine was used during mostly eye surgery procedures. ● In the early 1900’s Cocaine was used as a remedy to treat and help those with morphine addiction. ● Was used for toothaches ● Nowadays it is never used because of its damaging effects it has on the body.

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Cocaine and Alcohol If you mix Cocaine with Alcohol it is pretty much a cocktail for death. It causes alarming heart rate and pressure. It can also cause manic episodes and aggravated behavior. When mixing these two your body even creates a chemical called Cocaethylene which causes sudden death.

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Cocaine and its effects on family Cocaine is one of the hardest addictions to overcome it causes family devastation and separation. It causes relationship to suffer from the deep psychological and neurological effects of cocaine addiction. Most addicts refuse to admit that they have a problem which in most cases leads to their ultimate death.

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QUIZ

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Question 1 What famous psychologist used Cocaine and highly recommended it A. Abraham Maslow B. Sigmund Freud C. Carl Jung D. Albert Bandura Answer: B. Sigmund Freud

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Question 2 With its high addictive properties Cocaine was mainstream in what drink A. Pepsi B. Mountain Dew C. Rootbeer D. Coca-Cola Answer: D.Coca-Cola

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Question 3 Cocaine is classified as what type of drug A. Level 6 Felony Drug B. Schedule III drug C. Schedule II drug D. Level 2 Felony Answer: C. Schedule II Drug

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Question 4 Which of the following is NOT a street name for Cocaine A. Flake B. Snow C. Crack D. Rock Answer: A Flake

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Question 5 What is the most common way to administer Cocaine in the body A. Smoking B. Snorting C. Gum rubbing D. Injection Answer: B. Snorting

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Works Cited Page http://www.drugfreeworld.org/drugfacts/cocaine/a-short-history.html https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/cocaine http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk/8040690.stm http://www.criminaldefenselawyer.com/resources/criminal-defense/crime-penalties/cocaine-possession.htm http://www.narconon.org/drug-abuse/cocaine/mental.html https://drugcrime-law.com/jail-time-for-cocaine/ http://www.drugfreeworld.org/drugfacts/cocaine/effects-of-cocaine.html https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/cocaine/what-are-long-term-effects-cocaine-use http://luxury.rehabs.com/cocaine-addiction/mixing-cocaine/