apostrophe (Narrated)

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Welcome to ROPE’s Business Apprenticeship Professional INSTITUTE:

Welcome to ROPE’s Business Apprenticeship Professional INSTITUTE English Grammar Session 7 Section 1 Punctuation Part 1 THE MIGHTY APOSTROPHE

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Objective: To equip the student with a working understanding of the mechanics of the English language both written and spoken Duration: The session shall take approximately 45 minutes to complete. Navigation: Please review the navigation information on the next slide since it is extremely important to know how to move around the course. Again Welcome

Navigation:

There are three navigational features on each slide and they can be found by passing your arrow over the lower left segment of the slide. Forward arrow – Advances to the next slide Back Arrow – Goes back to the previous slide Pause - Allows you to either pause the slide or play it forward again Selection- Allows you to select which slide you want to go to Navigation

SOURCE MATERIAL:

All source material for the course is taken from Capital Community College . ROPE acknowledges their lawful ownership. This material will be used like a textbook and it’s content will be taught by a certified BAPI instructor. None of the material will be resold for profit. SOURCE MATERIAL

Please Take notes:

Please Take notes If you do not have paper and pencil please stop the video and obtain some now. It is extremely important that you take very good notes. If you are ready Let’s get started

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THE MIGHTY APOSTROPHE The apostrophe has only a handful of uses, but these uses are very important. A misplaced apostrophe can be annoying — not to mention lonely. 1. to create possessives 2. to show contractions 3. to create some plural forms The apostrophe is used:

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THE MIGHTY APOSTROPHE The apostrophe is used to create possessive forms for singular and plural nouns, especially nouns referring to people. the mayor ’ s car, my father ’ s moustache Pedrito ’ s sister, Joe Kennedy ’ s habits

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THE MIGHTY APOSTROPHE When a noun already ends in “s,” you can decide whether or not to use another “s” after the apostrophe. Charles ’ s car OR Charles ’ car Dumas ’ second novel, Jesus ’ birth, Socrates ’ ideas, Illinois ’ legislature With multisyllabic words, don’t add another “s” after the apostrophe.

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THE MIGHTY APOSTROPHE To form the possessive of an inanimate object, we’re usually better off using an “of phrase,” but the apostrophe possessive is not impossible, especially with expressions of time and in personifications. The roar of the greasepaint, the smell of the crowd a year ’ s salary, my heart ’ s desire, your dollar ’ s worth, the paper ’ s conclusion

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THE MIGHTY APOSTROPHE To form the possessive of a plural noun, we pluralize first and then add the apostrophe. The Kennedys ’ house The children ’ s playhouse The travelers ’ expectations Notice that with an irregular plural, the apostrophe will come before the “s.”

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THE MIGHTY APOSTROPHE A contraction allows us to blend sounds by omitting letters from a verb construction. The apostrophe shows where something is left out. I am a student here = I ’ m a student here. I have been working on the railroad. = I ’ ve been working on the railroad. They could have been great together. = They could ’ ve been great together.

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THE MIGHTY APOSTROPHE More contraction examples: Let us go. = Let ’ s go. Who is there? = Who ’ s there? It is Dierdre. = It ’ s Dierdre. REMINDER: It’s is a contraction for “it is”; the possessive of it = its (no apostrophe).

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THE MIGHTY APOSTROPHE The apostrophe is also used to form the plural of digits and letters . . . The word Mississippi has four s ’ s. She got three A ’ s and two B ’ s last semester. She dotted all her i ’ s very carefully. . . . and to indicate omission of a number in a date: summer of ’ 99; class of ’ 38

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THE MIGHTY APOSTROPHE The mighty apostrophe doesn’t mind being used, but it wants to be used wisely. Use it well and it will be there whenever you need it! You can now review the apostrophe and the other marks of punctuation in the Guide to Grammar and Writing .

PowerPoint Presentation:

This PowerPoint presentation was created by Charles Darling, PhD Professor of English and Webmaster Capital Community College Hartford, Connecticut copyright November 1999

CONGRATULATION !!! You have completed This Section:

CONGRATULATION !!! You have completed This Section Please proceed to the next module to take your practice quiz. Please take good notes for your practice quiz since much of this information will comprise your course tests, midterm exam and final exam.

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