Scientific discoveries

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18/11/2010 Scientific discoveries and Research

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18/11/2010 17° century: the Scientific Revolution begins The 17° century was a period of ferment in the field of science, with existing views of the world being reshaped and new approches to science being evocated. Scientists' opinions on laws ruling the universe and on microstructure of matter changed completely. Chemistry developed from medieval alchemy. Astronomy evolved from astrology. Science had become an established mathematical, mechanical, and empirical body of knowledge.

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18/11/2010 The Copernican System The Ptolemaic System

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18/11/2010 Robert Hooke Robert Hooke ( 1635 – 1703) was an English natural philosopher, architect and polymath who played an important role in the scientific revolution, through both experimental and theoretical work. Coined the term “cells” for biology. Served as The Royal Society’s Curator of Speriments for forty years.

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18/11/2010 The Royal Society The Royal Society started as a group of 12 scientists, known as the Invisible College in 1660. Was founded “ for the porsuit of natural knowledge. Their motto is “ Nullius in Verba”

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18/11/2010 The Philosophical Transaction The Philosophical Transaction is a scientific journal published by the Royal Society established in 1665.

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18/11/2010 Isaac Newton Isaac Newton ( 1643 – 1727) contributed to many branches of human thought and displayed the power of scientific way of thinking. “ I do not know what I may appear to the world, but to myself I seem to have been only like a boy playing on the sea-shore and diverting myself in now and then finding a smoother pebble or a prettier shell…”

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18/11/2010 Discoveries in Mechanics Force Law Action Reaction Law Law of Inertia

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18/11/2010 Law of gravitation Newton’s idea of gravitation helpeed to understand the motion of planets and stars to incredible accuracy.

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18/11/2010 Discoveries in Optics Light is made up of corpuscoles. The white light is composed of component color wavelenghts. A new telescope was invented…

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18/11/2010 Robert Boyle Robert Boyle ( 1627 – 1691) played a key role in the history of science by establishing the experimental method, on which all modern science is based. He did research on the effect of air resistance, its pressure and on changes of its volume.

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18/11/2010 William Oughtred William Oughtred ( 1574 – 1660) was an English mathematician. Introduced the “x” symbol for multiplication. Made the first slide rule by inscribing logarithms.

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18/11/2010 Marina Dibitonto Manuela Loi Valentina Muglia Michelle Paoli

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