El Libro de Gramática

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El Libro de Gramática :

El Libro de Gramática Shakira Carlson

Tabla de contenidos:

Tabla de contenidos El Pretérito El Imperfecto Por v. Para Possesive Adjectives and Pronouns Usted and Ustedes Commands Verbs of Will and Influence

El Pretérito:

El Pretérito Escuch é Escuch amos Escuch aste Esuchast éis Escuch ó Escuch aron The preterite is a past tense used to describe events that happen only once, the beginning or end of a process, and can be used to describe an event that happened more than once if it has a definite end. - ar To conjugate to the preterite drop the – er , - ir , or – ar and choose the ending that corresponds with the chart to the left. Com í Com imos Com iste Comist éis Comi ó Com ieron Escrib í Escrib imos Escrib iste Escribist éis Escrib ió Escrib ieron - er - ir Yo Nosotros Tú Vosotros Él / Ella/ Usted Ellos / Ellas / Ustedes

El Imperfecto :

El Imperfecto Escribía Escrib íamos Escrib ías Escrib íais Escrib ía Escrib ían Escuc haba Escuch abamos Escuch abas Escuch abais Escuch aba Escuch aban Yo Nosotros Tú Vosotros Él /Ella/ Usted Ellos / Ellas / Usted The Imperfect is a past tense used to describe habitual actions, state of being or mental state. Drop the – er , - ir , or – ar and choose the appropriate ending for the verb. - ar - er /- ir

Por v. Para:

Por v. Para Motion or general location Duration of an action Object of search Means by which something is done Exchange or Substitution Unit of measure or idomatic expression Por Para Destination Deadline or specific time in the future Purpose or goal + (infinitive) Purpose + (noun & verb) Recipient of something Comparisons or options Employment

Possessive Adjectives and Pronouns :

Possessive Adjectives and Pronouns Mío (a) Nuestro (a) Tuyo (a) Vuestro (a) Suyo (a) Suyo (a) Míos (as) Nuestros (as) Tuyos (as) Vuestros (as) Suyos (as) Suyos (as) Singular Plural Adjectives must correspond with the object before it and have the correct ending. Example: Prefiero la casa tuya . Pronouns must have an article before it, but can stand as the subject.

Usted and Ustedes Commands:

Usted and Ustedes Commands Drop the – ar , - er , or – ir. Put the verb in the yo form. And change the ending to the opposite. - Ar goes to – er , and – er /- ir go to – ar -DOP + IOP + se can attach to the end when in the affirmative, but in the negative the come before -Los irregulares : TVDISHES EXAMPLE Hablar Change the – ar to an – er . Hable Hablo

PowerPoint Presentation:

VERBS OF WILL AND INFLUENCE Sugerir (e- ie )-to suggest Aconsejar - to advise Importar - to be important to; to matter Insistir (en)- to insist (on) Mandar - to order Prohibir - to prohibit Recomendar –(e- ie )- to recommend Rogar (o- ue )- to beg, to plead

Subjunctive with Verbs of Emotion:

Subjunctive with Verbs of Emotion The Subjunctive must be used in the subordinate clause. If there is no change in the subject, use the infinitive after and an expression of emotion.

The subjunctive w/ doubt, disbelief, and denial.:

The subjunctive w/ doubt, disbelief, and denial. If there is a change in the subject and the main clause implies negation, or uncertainty use the subjunctive. If there is no change, but there is doubt, disbelief, or uncertainty use an infinitive. When the main clause implies certainty use the indicative in the subordinate clause.

The subjunctive with conjunctions:

The subjunctive with conjunctions Conjunctions are used to connect clauses. Use the infinitive after the prepositions antes de, para, & sin when there is no change of subject . Use the indicative if the main clause expresses past habitual action or just past action. Use the subjunctive in the subordinate clause if the main clause expresses future action.

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