insel13e_ppt_ch22

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Aging: A Vital Process : 

Aging: A Vital Process Chapter 22

Aging : 

22-2 Aging The process of becoming older Genetically determined Profoundly affected by one’s environment

Generating Vitality As You Age : 

22-3 Generating Vitality As You Age Physical and mental changes occur gradually, over a lifetime. What Happens as you age? Characteristics associated with aging are not entirely due to aging Many result from neglect and abuse of our bodies and minds

Table 22.1 Americans Who Rate Their Health as Fair or Poor : 

22-4 Table 22.1 Americans Who Rate Their Health as Fair or Poor

Life-Enhancing measures: Age-Proofing : 

22-5 Life-Enhancing measures: Age-Proofing Challenge your mind Older adults who stay mentally active have a lower risk of developing dementia Reading Doing puzzles Learning language Studying music Develop Physical Fitness Enhances both psychological and physical health Eat Wisely Eating a varied diet full of nutrient-rich foods

Life-Enhancing measures: Age-Proofing : 

22-6 Life-Enhancing measures: Age-Proofing Maintain a Healthy Weight Make lifestyle choices that expend more calories through exercise, cut calorie intake, or do a combination of both. Control Drinking and Overdependence on Medications Don’t Smoke Schedule Physical Examinations to Detect Treatable Diseases Recognize and Reduce Stress

Dealing With The Changes Of Aging : 

22-7 Dealing With The Changes Of Aging Planning for Social Changes Retirement Important relationships Developing satisfying interests outside work Saving for an adequate retirement income Changing Roles and Relationships Increased Leisure Time The Economics of Retirement

Adapting to Physical Changes : 

22-8 Adapting to Physical Changes Hearing Loss Vision Changes Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) Slow disintegration of the macula (tissue at the center of the retina) Presbyopia Cataracts Arthritis 100 different types of arthritis Osteoarthritis is the most common Menopause Usually occurs during a woman’s forties or fifties Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) Osteoporosis

Handling Psychological and Mental Changes : 

22-9 Handling Psychological and Mental Changes Dementia Brain deterioration in elderly individuals Affects 7% of people under the age of 80 Two types of dementia Alzheimer’s disease Multi-infarct dementia Series of small strokes or changes in the brain’s blood supply that destroy brain tissue

Handling Psychological and Mental Changes : 

22-10 Handling Psychological and Mental Changes Grief Dealing with grief and morning Aging is associated with loss Depression Unresolved grief can lead to depression, a common problem in older adults

Aging And Life Expectancy : 

22-11 Aging And Life Expectancy Life expectancy Average length of time we can expect to live Disparity in life expectancy Average life expectancy of white Americans is 78.6 years Average life expectancy of black Americans is 74.3 years Maximum Life span is 100-120 years

Life In An Aging America : 

22-12 Life In An Aging America America’s Aging Minority People age 65 and over are a large minority Approximately 40.3 million people (2011) About 13.3% of the total population in 2011 Expected to double by 2030

Family and Community Resources for Older Adults : 

22-13 Family and Community Resources for Older Adults 66% of noninstitutionalized older Americans live with a spouse or family member 30% live alone Only 4% live in institutional setting Over the age of 85, about 15% live in a nursing home

Family and Community Considerations for Older Adults : 

22-14 Family and Community Considerations for Older Adults Family Involvement in Caregiving Medical power of attorney Other Living and Care Options Community Resources Senior citizens’ centers or adult day-care centers Homemaker services Visiting nurses Household services Friendly visitor or daily telephone reassurance services Home food delivery Adult day hospital care Low-cost legal aid Transportation services Case management Transportation

Family and Community Resources for Older Adults : 

22-15 Family and Community Resources for Older Adults Governmental Aid and Policies Food stamps Housing subsides Social Security Medicare Two parts of funding Payroll deduction by FICA tax Monthly premiums paid by people who choose to enroll Pays about 30% of the medical costs of older Americans Medicaid Changing the Public’s Idea of Aging

Slide 16: 

Chapter 22 Aging: A Vital Process Chapter 22

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