Pre-Colonial America (Ralf Tambets)

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Pre-Colonial America BC – 1607 AD:

Pre-Colonial America BC – 1607 AD Ralf Tambets

Earliest immigrants:

Earliest immigrants Started 20,000 to 35,000 years ago Bering Land Bridge


Civilizations Nomads Settled farmers Empires

Indigenous peoples:

Indigenous peoples Native Americans Mostly hunter-gatherers Tipis


Empires Olmecs Mayas Aztecs Incas


Olmecs First major civilization in Mexico Sculptures Calendar, zero


Mayas Fully developed written language Still exist Spanish Conquest of Yucatan


Aztecs Valley of Mexico Human sacrifice Spanish Conquests Smallpox


Incas (Nazca lines) Coca Tupac


Explorers Leif Ericsson Amerigo Vespucci Christopher Columbus Hernando de Soto

Leif Ericsson (ca 970-1020):

Leif Ericsson (ca 970-1020) Son of Eric the Red Discovered Newfoundland in 1001

Christopher Columbus (1451-1506):

Christopher Columbus (1451-1506) Considered to be the discoverer of America Four voyages 1492-1504

Amerigo Vespucci (1454-1512):

Amerigo Vespucci (1454-1512) Four voyages (?) 1497-1504 Americas were named after him

Hernando de Soto (1497-1592):

Hernando de Soto (1497-1592) 1530-1534 - Explored the South American mainland Atahualpa Cuzco 1539-1542 – Explored North America 600 men Maniba

English exploration:

English exploration Elizabeth I Secretly supported attacks against the Spaniards Roanoke island Sir Walter Raleigh John White First attempt to colonize „Croatoan“ Jamestown James I North Carolina to Maine John Smith

Thank you for your attention!:

Thank you for your attention!