bipolar disorder

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What is bipolar disorder

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Children with Bi-Polar Disorder : 

Children with Bi-Polar Disorder

History of the Term: Bipolar Disorder : 

History of the Term: Bipolar Disorder The National Association of Mental Illness (NAMI) replaced the term manic-depressive illness with bipolar disorder in 1980 It is only recently that bipolar disorder has been acknowledged as a medical illness in children & youth

What is Bipolar Disorder? : 

What is Bipolar Disorder? It is a chronic brain disorder marked by short periods of extreme and impairing changes in mood, energy, thinking, and behavior

General Characteristics : 

General Characteristics Individuals with BP can go from feeling very sad and helpless to feeling grandiose and great Moods occur in cycles Adults may be able to function normally between cycles Children cycle back and forth rapidly and have few periods in between Bipolar disorder has this type of alternating mood patterns of mania & depression

Manic Characteristics : 

Manic Characteristics In the manic phase, children have feelings of paranoia as well as delusions of grandeur that give them special powers and abilities Increased energy Ability to go with little or no sleep for days They can become irritable and prone to destructive outbursts They may make many physical complaints, such as headache & stomachache

Depressive Characteristics : 

Depressive Characteristics Extreme feelings of sadness Loss of interest in activities once enjoyed Their appetite fluctuates from overeating to not eating at all Difficulty sleeping or oversleeping Physical agitation Difficulty concentrating Recurrent thoughts of death or suicide (the risk of suicide is higher earlier in the course of the illness

Who Is Affected?What are the Causes? : 

Who Is Affected?What are the Causes? Recent studies point to an increase in the diagnosis of bipolar disorder in children Bipolar disorder does not have a single cause It might be caused by a chemical imbalance in the brain. Scientists believe that an imbalance in serotonin and dopamine may be a key factor Heredity may also be a key factor-Children related to adults with bipolar disorder have a higher risk of developing bipolar disorder

Diagnosis Is Difficult : 

Diagnosis Is Difficult The similarity of symptoms in other disabilities , such as AD/HD, presents difficulties in accurately diagnosing bipolar disorder Currently psychiatrists use the DSM-IV, published by the APA to identify children with bipolar disorder Brain imaging in children with bipolar disorder shows deficits in areas of the brain involved in attention control

Treatments : 

Treatments There is no cure It is controlled with long-term treatment including: medication, psychosocial treatment, and psychotherapy

How Can Teachers Help*Having a child on medication requires additional responsibility : 

How Can Teachers Help*Having a child on medication requires additional responsibility Establish a strong relationship with parents Some medication may cause blurring of vision Reducing the amount of reading by using audio tapes When medication starts to wear off be aware and less demanding for finished tasks Maintain a daily log and record events Maintain a positive attitude and have patience The more you know the more you can help

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