Union Victories

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Warm-Up:

Warm-Up What would it take for the North to win the Civil War?

Later Battles in the Civil War:

Later Battles in the Civil War Vicksburg, Gettysburg and Total War

Learning Target:

Learning Target I can identify key Union victories and explain how they helped them to win the Civil War.

Slide 4:

They sent Chuck Norris!!! Oh no!! Delta Force

Slide 5:

Wilson Airlines

Slide 6:

Delta Force Now, its time to learn kids!

Recap:

Recap The Civil War is taking a long time! It was expected to be short North trying to squeeze South into surrender South trying to make the war unpopular Most early battles were won by the Confederacy Union made a strong push in the West Controlling the top and bottom of the Mississippi 1863 would be a good year for the Union Army

Campaign in the West:

Campaign in the West Union forces led by Ulysses S. Grant Victorious at Fts. Donelson and Henry February 1862 Union Navy won control of New Orleans April 1862 Only one area of Mississippi left Vicksburg Tricky location

Vicksburg:

Vicksburg Cliff above the Mississippi Cannons fired down on boats passing through Nearly impossible to take from the Mississippi Grant devised a new plan Attack from inland Lay siege on the city Confederate surrender on July 4, 1863

Fighting in MD and VA:

Fighting in MD and VA Union forces beaten badly in the East Fredericksburg December 1862 Chancellorsville May 1863 Robert E. Lee gets daring with his troops!

Gettysburg:

Gettysburg Lee moved into PA after Chancellorsville Hoped for a surprise victory Chance to get supplies 3-Day battle ensued Day 1: Confederate victory (July 1) Day 2: Confederate attack failed (July 2) Day 3: Pickett ’ s Charge (July 3) Huge losses on both sides Nearly 50,000 casualties total Gettysburg and Vicksburg at the same time July 1863 Two huge losses!

Slide 16:

Pickett's Charge

Gettysburg Address:

Gettysburg Address November 19, 1863 Ceremony to dedicate the cemetery at Gettysburg Main speaker spoke for two hours Edward Everett President Lincoln spoke for only a few minutes Remembered on into history “ We here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain – that this new nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom – and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth. ”

Union Strategy Change:

Union Strategy Change Union now has a real advantage in the war Winning in both East and West New goal: make the South surrender ASAP Total War Destroy all enemy supplies Food Equipment Affects civilians as well as soldiers

Philip Sheridan:

Philip Sheridan Shenandoah Valley Virginia “ Leave nothing to invite the enemy to return. Destroy whatever cannot be consumed. Let the valley be left so that crows flying over it will have to carry their rations along with them. ” Destroyed farms and livestock

Sherman’s March to the Sea:

Sherman ’ s March to the Sea General William Sherman Atlanta then to the Atlantic Atlanta captured in 1864 City burned to the ground Destroy everything in sight “ March to the Sea ” Ripped railroad tracks Burned buildings Destroyed fields

Result of these Victories:

Result of these Victories Confederate economy is crushed Completely! Union in control of the war Election of 1864 looming Lincoln vs. McClellan McClellan was going to restore slavery Lincoln would not Lincoln won a relatively close election The war would soon come to an end

Target Practice:

Target Practice What major battles did the Union win in 1863? What did each accomplish? Delta Force Its now time to break a mental sweat!

Additional Questions:

Additional Questions Why did Lee order Pickett ’ s charge? Why do you think the Union started using total war tactics? How will this affect the rebuilding of the country after the war?

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