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an American Citizen & A world Citizen : 

an American Citizen & A world Citizen Nature v. Nurture Diversity Self- Fulfilling Prophecy enlightened self Interest

YOUR Socialization : 

YOUR Socialization __________ A ________ social experience where individuals develop their personal potential, leading to how a person acts upon and reacts to culture. __________the study of society and its social institutions and relationships of the people. _____________- socialize and empower students so they can contribute in a positive way to our social and political systems using the social sciences. Socialization “A ship in the port is safe, but that is not what ships are for. Sail out to sea and do new things.”- Rear Admiral Dr. Grace Murray Hopper Sociology Social Studies lifelong

Sociological Concepts : 

Sociological Concepts Nature v. Nurture Nature = ___________ Nurture = ____________ Genes Environment The debate over whether our traits/abilities/successes and failures are mostly due to natural influences (genes/inheritance and instincts) or our socialization (watching /learning and developing our “self” as we mature.

Sociological Concepts : 

Sociological Concepts ________ as a Cultural/Economic Asset: The idea that there are both societal/economic advantages of having many different perspectives represented during the development of ideas/procedures/standards that influence and drive our culture. Especially in the creation of our Institutions (from religions to fire department standards diversity in America is what makes us strong) Pluralism ________________ is sometimes seen as a manifestation of positive feedback in society, but unfortunately it works in the reverse as well. Self-fulfilling prophecy: Diversity

Common Good & U.S. Citizenship : 

Common Good & U.S. Citizenship Civic Responsibilities Maintain the “no one is above the rule of law” ideal. Develop intellectual abilities. Develop political skills. Vote and participate in the process. Civic Values Dignity of the individual Equality and fairness. Justice for all. Value of the “Rule of Law” Were these original ideas or did we learn from others or did they get passed genetically?

Our Philosophical Foundation : 

Our Philosophical Foundation Natural Rights Philosophers _________________________. Locke’s Natural Rights philosophy stressed the importance of ______________and the human instinct of _________. Freedom tied to responsibility. individual rights self-interest equality of opportunity the moral standards called “Natural Law” that govern human behavior are thought to be derived from the nature of human beings, the cosmos in general, or God. (Life, Liberty, Property) Locke did not focus on the impossible goal of equality, but instead _____________________ John Locke & Thomas Hobbes

Our Philosophical Foundation : 

Our Philosophical Foundation The Ancient Greeks Ancient Greeks and Roman Authors ________, taught his students Plato and Aristotle that there were two levels to human nature. Many of the sociological theories today build on these simple ideas. Primary Human Nature - No training or education needed. Ex. religion, schools, parents and the media often are the main influences. AKA ________________. Secondary Human Nature Involves learning and the practice of using “critical thinking” and “inference” in order to gain perspective. uncomfortable.AKA ___________________. Socrates Ethnocentrism Cultural Relativism When people look at sensitive issues from other people’s point of view they are challenging their own assumptions – their own identity, – so it often makes them feel uncomfortable - unnatural.

American Philosophical Foundation (REDUX) : 

American Philosophical Foundation (REDUX) The Ancient Greeks “Plato’s Republic” A book that spoke of an ideally perfect place otherwise known as a “Utopia” Socialism Pure Democracy – each citizen contributed directly in their government’s affairs and each citizen voted directly on the issues. Promoted the preservation of Group Rights. Promoted the idea of working for the common good. John Locke (Natural Rights) The Founders chose to construct a Republic or a Representative Democracy instead of styling it after the Greek’s “Pure Democracy”. They believed that “civic virtue” or “common good” mentality would be harder to establish in governments like ours because… Our country was much _______ and much more ________ then the Ancient Greek City States of 2500 years ago. larger diverse

Too Good to Blow Off! : 

Too Good to Blow Off! The Ancient Greeks worked hard toward achieving a Common Good ideal in their citizenship, but it was much easier in their ___________ society. Could a more direct democracy work today? homogeneous We liked the idea, but it was much more difficult to achieve when there were so many people with so many different perspectives.

Strategies for Civic Virtue : 

Strategies for Civic Virtue Our Founding Father needed a way to keep the ideals of the Ancient Greeks alive. They worked to promote ________ in our new country. They guaranteed everyone a right to a _______________ They worked to establish a common culture. “America is God’s crucible, the great ____________where all races of men are melting and reforming”. melting pot religion public education.

In a Nutshell : 

In a Nutshell Ancient Greeks Emphasizes the obligation to ________into which we are born. Emphasizes the _____________and obligation of each citizen to serve the good of the whole community. John Locke Emphasizes that each citizen has a ______to remain a citizen of the United States. We are free even to give up our citizenship. Emphasizes that the role of government is only to protect our natural rights of __________________ Emphasizes that the government is there to protect citizens from having these rights taken away. society common good choice Life, Liberty, and Property. Modern Day Liberals? Modern Day Conservative?

Alexis de Tocqueville : 

Alexis de Tocqueville De Tocqueville was a French aristocrat who came to America in the 1830’s to report on our prison system, but ended up writing a book called ___________________ “Democracy in America”. The book is still studied today all over the country and is recognized as a “the source” for understanding the American identity.

Tocqueville’s Ideas : 

Tocqueville’s Ideas His reflections focused on the contradictions that we Americans seem to have picked up from our two major influences, _________________________________ We took the _______of the Ancients and the _________of Locke and came up with our own remix we called an “American Philosophy”. During his visit to America De Tocqueville witnessed the “ugly materialistic side” of the American culture. But also appreciated our practice of self-government and our ___________________ or willingness to do things without the aid of government. ideals practicality the Ancient Greeks and the Natural Rights Philosophers. “spirit of association”

Enlightened Self-Interest : 

Enlightened Self-Interest De Tocqueville believed that the two principles of Locke’s philosophy based on ___________ and the ___________ of the Ancients worked together here in America. America’s success he thought hinged on our realization that the fulfillment of our private ambitions depends in large part on the success of our _________________ as a whole. Tocqueville called this recipe for “Good citizenship” in America ______________________. “self interest” “civic mindedness” democratic society “enlightened self-interest”

a World Citizen : 

a World Citizen Industrial Revolutions Socioeconomics Imperialism Cold War World view

World Economic History : 

World Economic History During the Industrial Revolution socioeconomic and cultural situations of the people changed dramatically. Rapid growth of cities occurred because people needed to look for work _____________. Cities could not support all the new people. With the new industrial age, a new quantitative/measurable and materialistic view of the world took place. Profit! Industry evolved very quickly and developed very efficient means of production. New problems arose. ______________________ ______________________ “What do we do with the surplus”? “What do we do with our spare time”? The First Industrial Revolution altered the direction and hastened the growth of the American economy. The Second transformed that economy into its modern urban industrial form. off the farm.

Class Struggle & Karl Marx : 

Class Struggle & Karl Marx Karl Marx saw the industrialization process as the logical progression. He saw capitalism as a necessary precursor to the development of socialism and eventually communism. He saw only two classes, the _____________- those who own the means of production, (the factories and the land), and the much larger__________- the working class who actually perform the labor necessary to create valuable things from the means of production. bourgeoisie proletariat “Workers of the world to unite.” Marx believed that world would ultimately realize that working together meant the best for the most. The “West” didn’t listen.

Cold War 1945-1991 : 

Cold War 1945-1991 Cold War: A state of political tension and military rivalry between nations that stops short of full-scale war. The primary players in this Cold War was ___________ the and ___________. United States Soviet Union The control over ______________ made these two countries into world Superpowers. Nuclear Weapons Authoritarian communism vs. democratic freedom

A More Complicated World : 

A More Complicated World Democracies sprang up all over after the Cold War, BUT, right and wrong was now a much more complicated issue. WHY?… Now that the threat on communism no longer exists, M.A.D. is no longer viable, the United States has to use diplomatic ties, military alliances, trade, foreign aid, and LIMITED military intervention to influence other countries. Superpower? Not so much when nuclear weapons are off the table. Putin and Ahmadinejad China and Capitalism

Adjusting Worldviews (Back to de Tocqueville) : 

Adjusting Worldviews (Back to de Tocqueville) John Locke’s Equal Opportunity Government protects our basic rights and freedoms to which all human beings are entitled, the right to life and liberty and Property. Non mandated “Spirit of Association” works to hold the common good together. Carl Marx’s Promise of Equality and a level of success was very similar in parts to the Ancient Greeks Utopias. Government protects everyone equally from harm and need. Until government is no longer even needed. “From each according to their ability to each according to their need.” Freedom to Act Freedom from want Quality of Life and/or Value of Life

The United Nations : 

The United Nations Using the U.S. Bill of Rights, France’s Declaration of the Rights of Man, and The British Magna Carta , the winners of WWII put together the ground rules for an international agreement for protecting __________________________ The United Nations is divided into two assemblies _________________and the ___________________. Only the 5 permanent members on the Security Council have ______ Power. human rights around the world. The Security Council Great Britain, United States, Russia, China, France General Assembly Veto Security Council has 5 permanent members includes _____________________________________________ and 10 other elected Nations rotate on and off this decision making body.


IF THE WORLD WERE A VILLAGE OF 100 PEOPLE 20 are undernourished, 1 is dying of starvation, while 15 are overweight. Of the wealth in this village, 6 people own 59% (____________ ________________), 74 people own 39%, and 20 people share the remaining 2%. Of the energy of this village, 20 people consume 80%, and 80 people share the remaining 20%. 25 do not have some supply of food and a place to shelter them from the wind and the rain. 17 have no clean, safe water to drink. Among the villages, 1 has a college education. 2 have computers. 14 cannot read. If you can speak and act according to your faith and your conscience without harassment, imprisonment, torture or death, then you are more fortunate than 48, who can not. If you do not live in fear of death by bombardment, armed attack, landmines, or of rape or kidnapping by armed groups, then you are more fortunate than 20, who do. If you have money in the bank, money in your wallet and spare change somewhere around the house, then you are among the richest 8. all of them from the United States If you have a car, you are among the richest 7.

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