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Validation https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Advanced Encryption Standard NIST/CSEC validation:

Advanced Encryption Standard NIST/CSEC validation The Cryptographic Module Validation Program (CMVP) is operated jointly by the United States Government's National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Computer Security Division and the Communications Security Establishment (CSE) of the Government of Canada https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Advanced Encryption Standard NIST/CSEC validation:

Advanced Encryption Standard NIST/CSEC validation The Government of Canada also recommends the use of FIPS 140 validated cryptographic modules in unclassified applications of its departments. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Advanced Encryption Standard NIST/CSEC validation:

Advanced Encryption Standard NIST/CSEC validation Instead, FIPS 197 validation is typically just listed as an "FIPS approved: AES" notation (with a specific FIPS 197 certificate number) in the current list of FIPS 140 validated cryptographic modules. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Advanced Encryption Standard NIST/CSEC validation:

Advanced Encryption Standard NIST/CSEC validation A cryptographic module lacking FIPS 140-2 validation or specific approval by the NSA is not deemed secure by the US Government and cannot be used to protect government data. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Advanced Encryption Standard NIST/CSEC validation:

Advanced Encryption Standard NIST/CSEC validation After validation, modules must be re-submitted and re-evaluated if they are changed in any way https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Data mining Results validation:

Data mining Results validation The final step of knowledge discovery from data is to verify that the patterns produced by the data mining algorithms occur in the wider data set https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Data mining Results validation:

Data mining Results validation If the learned patterns do not meet the desired , subsequently it is necessary to re-evaluate and change the pre-processing and data mining steps. If the learned patterns do meet the desired , then the final step is to interpret the learned patterns and turn them into knowledge. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Bounds checking Data validation:

Bounds checking Data validation In the context of data collection and data quality, bounds checking refers to checking that the data is not trivially invalid. For example, a percentage measurement must be in the range 0 to 100; the height of an adult person must be in the range 0 to 3 meters. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Agent-based model Verification and validation of ABMs:

Agent-based model Verification and validation of ABMs A comprehensive resource on empirical validation of agent-based models is https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Agent-based model Verification and validation of ABMs:

Agent-based model Verification and validation of ABMs also provide an example of using VOMAS for Verification and Validation of a Forest Fire simulation model. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Agent-based model Verification and validation of ABMs:

Agent-based model Verification and validation of ABMs VOMAS provides a formal way of Validation and Verification. If you want to develop a VOMAS, you need to start by designing VOMAS agents along with the agents in the actual simulation preferably from the start. So, in essence, by the time your simulation model is complete, you essentially can consider to have one model which contains two models: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Agent-based model Verification and validation of ABMs:

Agent-based model Verification and validation of ABMs In other words, VOMAS allows for a flexible use of any given technique for the sake of Verification and Validation of an Agent-based Model in any domain. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Agent-based model Verification and validation of ABMs:

Agent-based model Verification and validation of ABMs Details of Validated agent-based modeling using VOMAS along with several case studies are given in. This thesis also gives details of "Exploratory Agent-based Modeling", "Descriptive Agent-based Modeling" in addition to "Validated Agent-based Modeling" using several worked case study examples. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Personal identification number - PIN validation:

Personal identification number - PIN validation There are several main methods of validating PINs. The operations discussed below are usually performed within a hardware security module (HSM). https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Surrogate key - Validation:

Surrogate key - Validation It is possible to design key-values that follow a well-known pattern or structure which can be automatically verified https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

XML - Schemas and validation:

XML - Schemas and validation In addition to being well-formed, an XML document may be valid. This means that it contains a reference to a Document Type Definition (DTD), and that its elements and attributes are declared in that DTD and follow the grammatical rules for them that the DTD specifies. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

XML - Schemas and validation:

XML - Schemas and validation XML processors are classified as validating or non-validating depending on whether or not they check XML documents for validity. A processor that discovers a validity error must be able to report it, but may continue normal processing. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

XML - Schemas and validation:

XML - Schemas and validation A DTD is an example of a schema or grammar. Since the initial publication of XML 1.0, there has been substantial work in the area of schema languages for XML. Such schema languages typically constrain the set of elements that may be used in a document, which attributes may be applied to them, the order in which they may appear, and the allowable parent/child relationships. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

XML schema - Validation:

XML schema - Validation The process of checking to see if an XML document conforms to a schema is called validation, which is separate from XML's core concept of syntactic well-formedness. All XML documents must be well-formed, but it is not required that a document be valid unless the XML parser is "validating", in which case the document is also checked for conformance with its associated schema. DTD-validating parsers are most common, but some support W3C XML Schema or RELAX NG as well. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

XML schema - Validation:

XML schema - Validation Documents are only considered valid if they satisfy the requirements of the schema with which they have been associated. These requirements typically include such constraints as: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

XML schema - Validation:

XML schema - Validation The structure as specified by a regular expression syntax https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

XML schema - Validation:

XML schema - Validation How character data is to be interpreted, e.g. as a number, a date, a URL, a Boolean, etc. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

XML schema - Validation:

XML schema - Validation Validation of an instance document against a schema can be regarded as a conceptually separate operation from XML parsing. In practice, however, many schema validators are integrated with an XML parser. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Software testing - Software verification and validation:

Software testing - Software verification and validation Software testing is used in association with verification and validation: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Software testing - Software verification and validation:

Software testing - Software verification and validation Verification: Have we built the software right? (i.e., does it implement the requirements). https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Software testing - Software verification and validation:

Software testing - Software verification and validation Validation: Have we built the right software? (i.e., do the requirements satisfy the customer). https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Software testing - Software verification and validation:

Software testing - Software verification and validation The terms verification and validation are commonly used interchangeably in the industry; it is also common to see these two terms incorrectly defined. According to the IEEE Standard Glossary of Software Engineering Terminology: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Software testing - Software verification and validation:

Software testing - Software verification and validation Verification is the process of evaluating a system or component to determine whether the products of a given development phase satisfy the conditions imposed at the start of that phase. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Software testing - Software verification and validation:

Software testing - Software verification and validation Validation is the process of evaluating a system or component during or at the end of the development process to determine whether it satisfies specified requirements. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Software testing - Software verification and validation:

Software testing - Software verification and validation Verification is confirmation by examination and through provision of objective evidence that specified requirements have been fulfilled. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Software testing - Software verification and validation:

Software testing - Software verification and validation Validation is confirmation by examination and through provision of objective evidence that the requirements for a specific intended use or application have been fulfilled. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Galileo (satellite navigation) - In-Orbit Validation (IOV) satellites:

Galileo (satellite navigation) - In-Orbit Validation (IOV) satellites Once this In-Orbit Validation (IOV) phase has been completed, the remaining satellites will be installed to reach the Full Operational Capability. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

XHTML+RDFa - Validation:

XHTML+RDFa - Validation XHTML+RDFa documents can be validated individually online at the W3C Markup Validation Service or together with CSS and RSS at W3C Unicorn. The validity of XHTML+RDFa documents can be indicated by the XHTML+RDFa conformance icons of W3C. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Well-formed document - Validation tools:

Well-formed document - Validation tools There are several tools available to determine if a given XML document is well formed. Some examples are: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

OPML - Validation:

OPML - Validation Dave Winer has made a request for comments on a proposal for validating OPML and released a beta OPML validator. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

OPML - Validation:

OPML - Validation Katy Ginger from DLESE has published an XML Schema Document for validating OPML 2.0. There is also a DTD available for OPML 1.0. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

XML Schema (W3C) - Post-Schema-Validation Infoset:

XML Schema (W3C) - Post-Schema-Validation Infoset After XML Schema-based validation, it is possible to express an XML document's structure and content in terms of the data model that was implicit during validation. The XML Schema data model includes: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

XML Schema (W3C) - Post-Schema-Validation Infoset:

XML Schema (W3C) - Post-Schema-Validation Infoset The vocabulary (element and attribute names) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

XML Schema (W3C) - Post-Schema-Validation Infoset:

XML Schema (W3C) - Post-Schema-Validation Infoset The content model (relationships and structure) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

XML Schema (W3C) - Post-Schema-Validation Infoset:

XML Schema (W3C) - Post-Schema-Validation Infoset This collection of information is called the Post-Schema-Validation Infoset (PSVI). The PSVI gives a valid XML document its "type" and facilitates treating the document as an object, using object-oriented programming (OOP) paradigms. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Spam in blogs - Validation (reverse Turing test):

Spam in blogs - Validation (reverse Turing test) A method to block automated spam comments is requiring a validation prior to publishing the contents of the reply form. The goal is to verify that the form is being submitted by a real human being and not by a spam tool and has therefore been described as a reverse Turing test. The test should be of such a nature that a human being can easily pass and an automated tool would most likely fail. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Spam in blogs - Validation (reverse Turing test):

Spam in blogs - Validation (reverse Turing test) A simple alternative to CAPTCHAs is the validation in the form of a password question, providing a hint to human visitors that the password is the answer to a simple question like "The Earth revolves around the.. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Spam in blogs - Validation (reverse Turing test):

Spam in blogs - Validation (reverse Turing test) One self published original research article noted a decrease in the number of comments once such a validation is in place https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

W3C Markup Validation Service:

W3C Markup Validation Service W3C Markup Validation Service https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

W3C Markup Validation Service:

W3C Markup Validation Service The Markup Validation Service is a validator by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) that allows Internet users to check HTML and XHTML documents for well-formed markup. Markup validation is an important step towards ensuring the technical quality of web pages; however, is not a complete measure of web standards conformance. Though W3C validation is important for browser compatibility and site usability, it has not been confirmed what effect it has on search engine optimization. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

W3C Markup Validation Service - History:

W3C Markup Validation Service - History The Markup Validation Service began as The Kinder, Gentler HTML Validator, a project by Gerald Oskoboiny. It was developed to be a more intuitive version of the first online HTML validator written by Dan Connolly and Mark Gaither, which was announced on July 13, 1994. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

W3C Markup Validation Service - History:

W3C Markup Validation Service - History In September 1997, Oskoboiny began working for the W3C, and on December 18, 1997, the W3C announced its W3C HTML Validator based upon his works. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

W3C Markup Validation Service - History:

W3C Markup Validation Service - History W3C also offers validation tools for web technologies other than HTML/XHTML, such as CSS, XML schemas, and MathML. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

W3C Markup Validation Service - Browser accommodation:

W3C Markup Validation Service - Browser accommodation Many major web browsers are often tolerant of certain types of error, and may display a document successfully even if it is not syntactically correct. Certain other XML documents can also be validated if they refer to an internal or external DTD. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

W3C Markup Validation Service - Validator criticism:

W3C Markup Validation Service - Validator criticism All mark-up validators suffer from an inability to see the "big picture" on a web page. However they excel at picking up missed closing tags and other technicalities. This does not mean that the page will display as the author intended in all browsers. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

W3C Markup Validation Service - Validator criticism:

W3C Markup Validation Service - Validator criticism DTD based validators are also limited in their ability to check attribute values according to many specification documents https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

W3C Markup Validation Service - Validator criticism:

W3C Markup Validation Service - Validator criticism Furthermore, even if validated, all web pages should be tested in as many different browsers as possible to ensure that the limitations of the validator are compensated for and that the page works correctly. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

W3C Markup Validation Service - CSS validation:

W3C Markup Validation Service - CSS validation While the W3C and other HTML and XHTML validators will assess pages coded in those formats, a separate validator like the W3C CSS validator is needed to confirm that there are no errors in the associated Cascading Style Sheet. CSS validators work in a similar manner to HTML and XHTML validators in that they apply current CSS standards to referenced CSS documents. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

XML Signature - Validation and Security Considerations:

XML Signature - Validation and Security Considerations When validating an XML Signature, a procedure called Core Validation is followed. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

XML Signature - Validation and Security Considerations:

XML Signature - Validation and Security Considerations Reference Validation: Each Reference's digest is verified by retrieving the corresponding resource and applying any transforms and then the specified digest method to it. The result is compared to the recorded DigestValue; if they do not match, validation fails. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

XML Signature - Validation and Security Considerations:

XML Signature - Validation and Security Considerations Signature Validation: The SignedInfo element is serialized using the canonicalization method specified in CanonicalizationMethod, the key data is retrieved using KeyInfo or by other means, and the signature is verified using the method specified in SignatureMethod. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

XML Signature - Validation and Security Considerations:

XML Signature - Validation and Security Considerations This procedure establishes whether the resources were really signed by the alleged party. However, because of the extensibility of the canonicalization and transform methods, the verifying party must also make sure that what was actually signed or digested is really what was present in the original data, in other words, that the algorithms used there can be trusted not to change the meaning of the signed data. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

XML Signature - Validation and Security Considerations:

XML Signature - Validation and Security Considerations Because the signed document's structure can be tampered with leading to "signature wrapping" attacks, the validation process should also cover XML document structure. Signed element and signature element should be selected using absolute XPath expression, not getElementByName methods. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard - Compliance versus validation of compliance:

Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard - Compliance versus validation of compliance Issuing banks are not required to go through PCI DSS validation although they still have to secure the sensitive data in a PCI DSS compliant manner https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation (software):

Verification and validation (software) In software project management, software testing, and software engineering, verification and validation (V&V) is the process of checking that a software system meets specifications and that it fulfills its intended purpose. It may also be referred to as software quality control. It is normally the responsibility of software testers as part of the software development lifecycle. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation (software) - Definitions:

Verification and validation (software) - Definitions Validation checks that the product design satisfies or fits the intended use (high-level checking), i.e., the software meets the user requirements. This is done through dynamic testing and other forms of review. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation (software) - Definitions:

Verification and validation (software) - Definitions Verification and validation are not the same thing, although they are often confused. Boehm succinctly expressed the difference between them: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation (software) - Definitions:

Verification and validation (software) - Definitions Validation: Are we building the right product? https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation (software) - Definitions:

Verification and validation (software) - Definitions Verification: Are we building the product right? https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation (software) - Definitions:

Verification and validation (software) - Definitions According to the Capability Maturity Model (CMMI-SW v1.1), https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation (software) - Definitions:

Verification and validation (software) - Definitions Validation: The process of evaluating software during or at the end of the development process to determine whether it satisfies specified requirements. [IEEE-STD-610] https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation (software) - Definitions:

Verification and validation (software) - Definitions Verification: The process of evaluating software to determine whether the products of a given development phase satisfy the conditions imposed at the start of that phase. [IEEE-STD-610] https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation (software) - Definitions:

Verification and validation (software) - Definitions In other words, validation ensures that the product actually meets the user's needs, and that the specifications were correct in the first place, while verification is ensuring that the product has been built according to the requirements and design specifications. Validation ensures that "you built the right thing". Verification ensures that "you built it right". Validation confirms that the product, as provided, will fulfill its intended use. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation (software) - Definitions:

Verification and validation (software) - Definitions Fault – wrong or missing function in the code. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation (software) - Definitions:

Verification and validation (software) - Definitions Failure – the manifestation of a fault during execution. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation (software) - Definitions:

Verification and validation (software) - Definitions Malfunction – according to its specification the system does not meet its specified functionality. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation (software) - Definitions:

Verification and validation (software) - Definitions Within the modeling and simulation community, the definitions of validation, verification and accreditation are similar: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation (software) - Definitions:

Verification and validation (software) - Definitions Validation is the process of determining the degree to which a model, simulation, or federation of models and simulations, and their associated data are accurate representations of the real world from the perspective of the intended use(s). https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation (software) - Definitions:

Verification and validation (software) - Definitions Accreditation is the formal certification that a model or simulation is acceptable to be used for a specific purpose. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation (software) - Definitions:

Verification and validation (software) - Definitions Verification is the process of determining that a computer model, simulation, or federation of models and simulations implementations and their associated data accurately represent the developer's conceptual description and specifications. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation (software) - Related concepts:

Verification and validation (software) - Related concepts Both verification and validation are related to the concepts of quality and of software quality assurance. By themselves, verification and validation do not guarantee software quality; planning, traceability, configuration management and other aspects of software engineering are required. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation (software) - Classification of methods:

Verification and validation (software) - Classification of methods In mission-critical systems, where flawless performance is absolutely necessary, formal methods may be used to ensure the correct operation of a system. However, often for non-mission-critical systems, formal methods prove to be very costly and an alternative method of V&V must be sought out. In such cases, syntactic methods are often used. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation (software) - Test cases:

Verification and validation (software) - Test cases A test case is a tool used in the process. They may be prepared for verification - to determine if the process that was followed to develop the final product is right -, and also for validation - if the product is built according to the requirements of the user. Other methods, such as reviews, may be used early in the life cycle to provide for validation. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation (software) - Independent Verification and Validation:

Verification and validation (software) - Independent Verification and Validation Verification and validation often is carried out by a separate group from the development team. In such cases, the process is called "independent verification and validation", or simply IV&V. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation (software) - Regulatory environment:

Verification and validation (software) - Regulatory environment Verification and validation must meet the compliance requirements of law regulated industries, which is often guided by government agencies or industrial administrative authorities. For instance, the FDA requires software versions and patches to be validated. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Independent Verification and Validation Facility:

Independent Verification and Validation Facility Located in the heart of West Virginia's emerging technology sector, NASA's IV&V Program was established in 1993 as part of an Agency-wide strategy to provide the highest achievable levels of safety and cost-effectiveness for mission critical software https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Independent Verification and Validation Facility:

Independent Verification and Validation Facility Today, independent verification and validation (IV&V) is an Agency-level function, delegated from OSMA to Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) and managed by NASA IV&V https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Independent Verification and Validation Facility:

Independent Verification and Validation Facility NASA's IV&V Program houses approximately 270 employees and leverages the expertise of in-house partners and contractors. Its facilities are located in Fairmont, West Virginia. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Independent Verification and Validation Facility - Projects:

Independent Verification and Validation Facility - Projects NASA's IV&V Program is the lead NASA organization for system software IV&V, and is responsible for the management of all system software IV&V efforts within the Agency. NASA's IV&V Program's role is to provide value-added service to the Agency's system software projects, primarily by appropriately performing IV&V on system software based on the cost, size, complexity, life span, risk, and consequences of failure. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Independent Verification and Validation Facility - Projects:

Independent Verification and Validation Facility - Projects NASA's IV&V Program also provides independent technical assessments of NASA systems and software processes/products to identify developmental and operational risks https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Independent Verification and Validation Facility - Projects:

Independent Verification and Validation Facility - Projects Visit our website for a complete list of our current projects. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Independent Verification and Validation Facility - Educator Resource Center:

Independent Verification and Validation Facility - Educator Resource Center Thanks to a grant with Fairmont State University, the Independent Verification and Validation Program Educator Resource Center (ERC) provides resources and training opportunities for approximately 1,000-2,000 in-service, pre-service, and informal educators in West Virginia annually. The materials and training cover a wide range of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) topics. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Software quality control - Verification & Validation:

Software quality control - Verification & Validation Verification and Validation assures that a software system meets a user's needs. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Software quality control - Verification & Validation:

Software quality control - Verification & Validation Verification: "Are we building the product right". The software should conform to its specification. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Software quality control - Verification & Validation:

Software quality control - Verification & Validation Validation: "Are we building the right product". The software should do what the user really requires. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Software quality control - Verification & Validation:

Software quality control - Verification & Validation Assessment of whether the system is usable in an operational situation. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Software quality control - Verification and Validation of Methods:

Software quality control - Verification and Validation of Methods Requirements Verification Matrix https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation (drug manufacture):

Validation (drug manufacture) Validation (drug manufacture) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation (drug manufacture):

Validation (drug manufacture) Since a wide variety of procedures, processes, and activities need to be validated, the field of validation is divided into a number of subsections including the following: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation (drug manufacture):

Validation (drug manufacture) Equipment validation https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation (drug manufacture):

Validation (drug manufacture) Computer system validation https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation (drug manufacture):

Validation (drug manufacture) Similarly, the activity of qualifying systems and equipment is divided into a number of subsections including the following: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation (drug manufacture):

Validation (drug manufacture) Design qualification (DQ) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation (drug manufacture):

Validation (drug manufacture) Component qualification (CQ) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation (drug manufacture):

Validation (drug manufacture) Operational qualification (OQ) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation (drug manufacture):

Validation (drug manufacture) Performance qualification (PQ) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation (drug manufacture) - History:

Validation (drug manufacture) - History The first validation activities were focused on the processes involved in making these products, but quickly spread to associated processes including environmental control, media fill, equipment sanitization and purified water production. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation (drug manufacture) - History:

Validation (drug manufacture) - History The concept of validation was first developed for equipment and processes and derived from the engineering practices used in delivery of large pieces of equipment that would be manufactured, tested, delivered and accepted according to a contract The use of validation spread to other areas of industry after several large-scale problems highlighted the potential risks in the design of products https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation (drug manufacture) - History:

Validation (drug manufacture) - History This standard was written for a biological manufacturing company and was then written into the PDA's Technical Report # 39, thus establishing the industry standard for cold chain validation https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation (drug manufacture) - Reasons for validation:

Validation (drug manufacture) - Reasons for validation Validation is "Establishing documented evidence that provides a high degree of assurance that a specific process will consistently produce a product meeting its pre-determined specifications and quality attributes." https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation (drug manufacture) - Validation Master Plan:

Validation (drug manufacture) - Validation Master Plan It is the foundation for the validation program and should include process validation, facility and utility qualification and validation, equipment qualification, cleaning and computer validation https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation (drug manufacture) - The validation process:

Validation (drug manufacture) - The validation process It must be based on a Validation Risk Assessment (VRA) to ensure that the scope of validation being authorised is appropriate for the complexity and importance of the equipment or process under validation https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation (drug manufacture) - The validation process:

Validation (drug manufacture) - The validation process Design qualification (DQ)- Demonstrates that the proposed design (or the existing design for an off-the-shelf item) will satisfy all the requirements that are defined and detailed in the User Requirements Specification (URS). Satisfactory execution of the DQ is a mandatory requirement before construction (or procurement) of the new design can be authorised. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation (drug manufacture) - The validation process:

Validation (drug manufacture) - The validation process Installation qualification (IQ) – Demonstrates that the process or equipment meets all specifications, is installed correctly, and all required components and documentation needed for continued operation are installed and in place. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation (drug manufacture) - The validation process:

Validation (drug manufacture) - The validation process Operational qualification (OQ) – Demonstrates that all facets of the process or equipment are operating correctly. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation (drug manufacture) - The validation process:

Validation (drug manufacture) - The validation process Performance qualification (PQ) – Demonstrates that the process or equipment performs as intended in a consistent manner over time. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation (drug manufacture) - The validation process:

Validation (drug manufacture) - The validation process Component qualification (CQ) – is a relatively new term developed in 2005 https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation (drug manufacture) - The validation process:

Validation (drug manufacture) - The validation process There are instancies when it is more expedient and efficient to transfer some tests or inspections from the IQ to the OQ, or from the OQ to the PQ. This is allowed for in the regulations, provided that a clear and approved justification is documented in the Validation Plan (VP). https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation (drug manufacture) - The validation process:

Validation (drug manufacture) - The validation process This combined testing of OQ and PQ phases is sanctioned by the European Commission Enterprise Directorate-General within ‘Annex 15 to the EU Guide to Good Manufacturing Practice guide’ (2001, p. 6) which states that: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation (drug manufacture) - The validation process:

Validation (drug manufacture) - The validation process "Although PQ is described as a separate activity, it may in some cases be appropriate to perform it in conjunction with OQ." https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation (drug manufacture) - Computer System Validation:

Validation (drug manufacture) - Computer System Validation The software validation guideline states: “The software development process should be sufficiently well planned, controlled, and documented to detect and correct unexpected results from software changes." Annex 11 states "The validation documentation and reports should cover the relevant steps of the life cycle." https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation (drug manufacture) - Computer System Validation:

Validation (drug manufacture) - Computer System Validation Weichel (2004) recently found that over twenty warning letters issued by the FDA to pharmaceutical companies specifically cited problems in Computer System Validation between 1997 and 2001. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation (drug manufacture) - Computer System Validation:

Validation (drug manufacture) - Computer System Validation Probably the best known industry guidance available is the GAMP Guide, now in its fifth edition and known as GAMP5 published by ISPE (2008). This guidance gives practical advice on how to satisfy regulatory requirements. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation (drug manufacture) - Scope of Computer Validation:

Validation (drug manufacture) - Scope of Computer Validation Much effort is expended within the industry upon validation activities, and several journals are dedicated to both the process and methodology around validation, and the science behind it. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation (drug manufacture) - Risk Based Approach To Computer Validation:

Validation (drug manufacture) - Risk Based Approach To Computer Validation As part of a risk management system, decisions on the extent of validation and data integrity controls should be based on a justified and documented risk assessment of the computerised system." https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation (drug manufacture) - Risk Based Approach To Computer Validation:

Validation (drug manufacture) - Risk Based Approach To Computer Validation The subsequent validation or verification of computer systems targets only the "GxP critical" requirements of computer systems. Evidence (e.g. screen prints) is gathered to document the validation exercise. In this way it is assured that systems are thoroughly tested, and that validation and documentation of the "GxP critical" aspects is performed in a risk-based manner, optimising effort and ensuring that computer system's fitness for purpose is demonstrated. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation (drug manufacture) - Risk Based Approach To Computer Validation:

Validation (drug manufacture) - Risk Based Approach To Computer Validation The overall risk posed by a computer system is now generally considered to be a function of system complexity, patient/product impact, and pedigree (Configurable-Off-The-Shelf or Custom-written for a certain purpose). A lower risk system should merit a less in-depth specification/testing/validation approach. (e.g. The documentation surrounding a spreadsheet containing a simple but "GxP" critical calculation should not match that of a Chromatography Data System with 20 Instruments) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation (drug manufacture) - Risk Based Approach To Computer Validation:

Validation (drug manufacture) - Risk Based Approach To Computer Validation Determination of a "GxP critical" requirement for a computer system is subjective, and the definition needs to be tailored to the organisation involved https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Data validation:

Data validation In computer science, data validation is the process of ensuring that a program operates on clean, correct and useful data. It uses routines, often called "validation rules" or "check routines", that check for correctness, meaningfulness, and security of data that are input to the system. The rules may be implemented through the automated facilities of a data dictionary, or by the inclusion of explicit application program validation logic. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Data validation:

Data validation For business applications, data validation can be defined through declarative data integrity rules, or procedure-based business rules. Data that does not conform to these rules will negatively affect business process execution. Therefore, data validation should start with business process definition and set of business rules within this process. Rules can be collected through the requirements capture exercise. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Data validation:

Data validation The simplest data validation verifies that the characters provided come from a valid set. For example, telephone numbers should include the digits and possibly the characters +, -, (, and ) (plus, minus, and parentheses). A more sophisticated data validation routine would check to see the user had entered a valid country code, i.e., that the number of digits entered matched the convention for the country or area specified. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Data validation:

Data validation Incorrect data validation can lead to data corruption or a security vulnerability. Data validation checks that data are valid, sensible, reasonable, and secure before they are processed. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Data validation:

Data validation A validation process involves two distinct steps: (a) Validation Check and (b) Post-Check action. The check step uses one or more computational rules (see section below) to determine if the data is valid. The Post-validation action sends feedback to help enforce validation. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Data validation - Validation methods:

Data validation - Validation methods Allowed character checks Checks that ascertain that only expected characters are present in a field https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Data validation - Validation methods:

Data validation - Validation methods Batch totals Checks for missing records. Numerical fields may be added together for all records in a batch. The batch total is entered and the computer checks that the total is correct, e.g., add the 'Total Cost' field of a number of transactions together. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Data validation - Validation methods:

Data validation - Validation methods Cardinality check Checks that record has a valid number of related records https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Data validation - Validation methods:

Data validation - Validation methods Check digits Used for numerical data. An extra digit is added to a number which is calculated from the digits. The computer checks this calculation when data are entered. For example the last digit of an ISBN for a book is a check digit calculated modulus 10. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Data validation - Validation methods:

Data validation - Validation methods Consistency checks Checks fields to ensure data in these fields corresponds, e.g., If Title = "Mr.", then Gender = "M". https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Data validation - Validation methods:

Data validation - Validation methods Control totals This is a total done on one or more numeric fields which appears in every record. This is a meaningful total, e.g., add the total payment for a number of Customers. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Data validation - Validation methods:

Data validation - Validation methods The data may be represented differently in different systems and may need to be transformed to a common format to be compared, e.g., one system may store customer name in a single Name field as 'Doe, John Q', while another in three different fields: First_Name (John), Last_Name (Doe) and Middle_Name (Quality); to compare the two, the validation engine would have to transform data from the second system to match the data from the first, for example, using SQL: Last_Name || ', ' || First_Name || substr(Middle_Name, 1, 1) would convert the data from the second system to look like the data from the first 'Doe, John Q' https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Data validation - Validation methods:

Data validation - Validation methods Data type checks Checks the data type of the input and give an error message if the input data does not match with the chosen data type, e.g., In an input box accepting numeric data, if the letter 'O' was typed instead of the number zero, an error message would appear. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Data validation - Validation methods:

Data validation - Validation methods File existence check Checks that a file with a specified name exists. This check is essential for programs that use file handling. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Data validation - Validation methods:

Data validation - Validation methods Format or picture check Checks that the data is in a specified format (template), e.g., dates have to be in the format DD/MM/YYYY. Regular expressions should be considered for this type of validation. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Data validation - Validation methods:

Data validation - Validation methods Hash totals This is just a batch total done on one or more numeric fields which appears in every record. This is a meaningless total, e.g., add the Telephone Numbers together for a number of Customers. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Data validation - Validation methods:

Data validation - Validation methods Limit check Unlike range checks, data are checked for one limit only, upper OR lower, e.g., data should not be greater than 2 (<=2). https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Data validation - Validation methods:

Data validation - Validation methods Logic check Checks that an input does not yield a logical error, e.g., an input value should not be 0 when it will divide some other number somewhere in a program. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Data validation - Validation methods:

Data validation - Validation methods Presence check Checks that important data is actually present and have not been missed out, e.g., customers may be required to have their telephone numbers listed. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Data validation - Validation methods:

Data validation - Validation methods Range check Checks that the data lie within a specified range of values, e.g., the month of a person's date of birth should lie between 1 and 12. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Data validation - Validation methods:

Data validation - Validation methods Referential integrity In modern Relational database values in two tables can be linked through foreign key and primary key. If values in the primary key field are not constrained by database internal mechanism, then they should be validated. Validation of the foreign key field checks that referencing table must always refer to a valid row in the referenced table. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Data validation - Validation methods:

Data validation - Validation methods Uniqueness check Checks that each value is unique. This can be applied to several fields (i.e. Address, First Name, Last Name). https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Data validation - Validation methods:

Data validation - Validation methods Table Look Up Check A table look up check takes the entered data item and compares it to a valid list of entries that are stored in a database table. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Data validation - Post-validation actions:

Data validation - Post-validation actions Enforcement action typically rejects the data entry request and requires the input actor to make a change that brings the data into compliance https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Data validation - Post-validation actions:

Data validation - Post-validation actions Advisory actions typically allow data to be entered unchanged but sends a message to the source actor indicating those validation issues that were encountered. This is most suitable for non-interactive system, for systems where the change is not business critical, for cleansing steps of existing data and for verification steps of an entry process. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Data validation - Post-validation actions:

Data validation - Post-validation actions This is not a strict validation process, by design and is useful for capturing addresses to a new location or to a location that is not yet supported by the validation database. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Formal verification - Verification and validation:

Formal verification - Verification and validation Verification is one aspect of testing a product's fitness for purpose. Validation is the complementary aspect. Often one refers to the overall checking process as V & V. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Formal verification - Verification and validation:

Formal verification - Verification and validation Validation: "Are we trying to make the right thing?", i.e., is the product specified to the user's actual needs? https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Formal verification - Verification and validation:

Formal verification - Verification and validation Verification: "Have we made what we were trying to make?", i.e., does the product conform to the specifications? https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Formal verification - Verification and validation:

Formal verification - Verification and validation The verification process consists of static/structural and dynamic/behavioral aspects. E.g., for a software product one can inspect the source code (static) and run against specific test cases (dynamic). Validation usually can be done only dynamically, i.e., the product is tested by putting it through typical and atypical usages ("Does it satisfactorily meet all use cases?"). https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Software requirements - Validation:

Software requirements - Validation Validation involves techniques to confirm that the correct set of requirements has been specified to build a solution that satisfies the project's business objectives. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

State secrets privilege - Weak external validation of executive assertion of privilege:

State secrets privilege - Weak external validation of executive assertion of privilege Many commentators have expressed concern that the courts never effectively scrutinize executive claims of privilege. Lacking independent national security expertise, judges frequently defer to the judgment of the executive and never subject executive claims to meaningful scrutiny. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation:

Verification and validation Verification and Validation are independent procedures that are used together for checking that a product, service, or system meets requirements and specifications and that it fulfills its intended purpose. These are critical components of a quality management system such as ISO 9000. The words "verification" and "validation" are sometimes preceded with "Independent" (or IV&V), indicating that the verification and validation is to be performed by a disinterested third party. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation:

Verification and validation It is sometimes said that validation can be expressed by the query "Are you building the right thing?" and verification by "Are you building it right?" https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation:

Verification and validation In practice, the usage of these terms varies. Sometimes they are even used interchangeably. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation:

Verification and validation The PMBOK guide, an IEEE standard, defines them as follows in its 4th edition: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation:

Verification and validation "Validation. The assurance that a product, service, or system meets the needs of the customer and other identified stakeholders. It often involves acceptance and suitability with external customers. Contrast with verification." https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation:

Verification and validation "Verification. The evaluation of whether or not a product, service, or system complies with a regulation, requirement, specification, or imposed condition. It is often an internal process. Contrast with validation." https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation - Overview:

Verification and validation - Overview Verification is intended to check that a product, service, or system (or portion thereof, or set thereof) meets a set of design specifications https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation - Overview:

Verification and validation - Overview Additional validation procedures also include those that are designed specifically to ensure that modifications made to an existing qualified development flow or verification flow will have the effect of producing a product, service, or system (or portion thereof, or set thereof) that meets the initial design requirements, specifications, and regulations; these validations help to keep the flow qualified https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation - Overview:

Verification and validation - Overview It is sometimes said that validation can be expressed by the query "Are you building the right thing?" and verification by "Are you building it right?". "Building the right thing" refers back to the user's needs, while "building it right" checks that the specifications are correctly implemented by the system. In some contexts, it is required to have written requirements for both as well as formal procedures or protocols for determining compliance. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation - Overview:

Verification and validation - Overview It is entirely possible that a product passes when verified but fails when validated. This can happen when, say, a product is built as per the specifications but the specifications themselves fail to address the user’s needs. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation - Activities:

Verification and validation - Activities Otherwise, the process of IQ, OQ and PQ is the task of validation https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation - Activities:

Verification and validation - Activities Qualification of machinery/equipment is venue dependent, in particular items that are shock sensitive and require balancing or calibration, and re-qualification needs to be conducted once the objects are relocated https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation - Activities:

Verification and validation - Activities When machinery/equipment qualification is conducted by a standard endorsed third party such as by an ISO standard accredited company for a particular division, the process is called certification. Currently, the coverage of ISO/IEC 15408 certification by an ISO/IEC 27001 accredited organization is limited, the scheme requires a fair amount of efforts to get popularized. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation - Categories of verification and validation:

Verification and validation - Categories of verification and validation Validation work can generally be categorized by the following functions: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation - Categories of verification and validation:

Verification and validation - Categories of verification and validation Prospective validation – the missions conducted before new items are released to make sure the characteristics of the interests which are functioning properly and which meet safety standards. Some examples could be legislative rules, guidelines or proposals, methods, theories/hypothesis/models products and services https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation - Categories of verification and validation:

Verification and validation - Categories of verification and validation Retrospective validation – a process for items that are already in use and distribution or production. The validation is performed against the written specifications or predetermined expectations, based upon their historical data/evidences that are documented/recorded. If any critical data is missing, then the work can not be processed or can only be completed partially. The tasks are considered necessary if: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation - Categories of verification and validation:

Verification and validation - Categories of verification and validation prospective validation is missing, inadequate or flawed. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation - Categories of verification and validation:

Verification and validation - Categories of verification and validation the change of legislative regulations or standards affects the compliance of the items being released to the public or market. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation - Categories of verification and validation:

Verification and validation - Categories of verification and validation Some of the examples could be validation of: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation - Categories of verification and validation:

Verification and validation - Categories of verification and validation ancient scriptures that remain controversial https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation - Categories of verification and validation:

Verification and validation - Categories of verification and validation clinical decision rules https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation - Categories of verification and validation:

Verification and validation - Categories of verification and validation Full-scale validation https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation - Categories of verification and validation:

Verification and validation - Categories of verification and validation Partial validation – often used for research and pilot studies if time is constrained. The most important and significant effects are tested. From an analytical chemistry perspective, those effects are selectivity, accuracy, repeatability, linearity and its range. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation - Categories of verification and validation:

Verification and validation - Categories of verification and validation Re-validation may also be conducted when/where a change occurs during the courses of activities, such as scientific researches or phases of clinical trial transitions https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation - Categories of verification and validation:

Verification and validation - Categories of verification and validation population profiles and sizes https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation - Categories of verification and validation:

Verification and validation - Categories of verification and validation out-of-specification] (OOS) investigations, due to the contamination of testing reagents, glasswares, the aging of equipment/devices, or the depreciation of associated assets etc. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation - Categories of verification and validation:

Verification and validation - Categories of verification and validation In GLP accredited laboratories, verification/revalidation will even be conducted very often against the monographs of the Ph.Eur., IP to cater for multinational needs or USP and BP etc to cater for national needs. These laboratories must have method validation as well. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation - Categories of verification and validation:

Verification and validation - Categories of verification and validation Concurrent validation – conducted during a routine processing of services, manufacturing or engineering etc. Examples of these could be https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation - Categories of verification and validation:

Verification and validation - Categories of verification and validation duplicated sample analysis for a chemical assay https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation - Categories of verification and validation:

Verification and validation - Categories of verification and validation triplicated sample analysis for trace impurities at the marginalized levels of detection limit, or/and quantification limit https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation - Categories of verification and validation:

Verification and validation - Categories of verification and validation single sample analysis for a chemical assay by a skilled operator with multiplicated online system suitability testings https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation - Aspects of validation:

Verification and validation - Aspects of validation The most tested attributes in validation tasks may include, but are not limited to https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation - Aspects of validation:

Verification and validation - Aspects of validation Accuracy and precision https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation - Aspects of validation:

Verification and validation - Aspects of validation System suitability – In a broad way, it usually includes a test of ruggedness among inter-collaborators, or a test of robustness within an organization However, the U.S https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation - Aspects of validation:

Verification and validation - Aspects of validation their intensive labouring demands and time consumption https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation - Aspects of validation:

Verification and validation - Aspects of validation To solve this kind of difficulties, some regulatory bodies or compendial methods usually provide the advices on what the circumstances or conditions that the performing of a specified system suitability test should be beared and compulsory. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Verification and validation - Further reading:

Verification and validation - Further reading Majcen, N.; Taylor, P. (2010). Practical examples on traceability, measurement uncertainty and validation in chemistry 1 (ISBN 978-92-79-12021-3). European Union. p. 217. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Abductive reasoning - Abductive validation:

Abductive reasoning - Abductive validation Abductive validation is common practice in hypothesis formation in science; moreover, Peirce argues it is a ubiquitous aspect of thought: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Abductive reasoning - Abductive validation:

Abductive reasoning - Abductive validation Looking out my window this lovely spring morning, I see an azalea in full bloom https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Abductive reasoning - Abductive validation:

Abductive reasoning - Abductive validation Abductive validation is a method for identifying the assumptions that will lead to your goal. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Beta testing - Software verification and validation:

Beta testing - Software verification and validation * Verification: Have we built the software right? (i.e., does it implement the requirements). https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Beta testing - Software verification and validation:

Beta testing - Software verification and validation * Validation: Have we built the right software? (i.e., do the requirements satisfy the customer). https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Beta testing - Software verification and validation:

Beta testing - Software verification and validation : Verification is the process of evaluating a system or component to determine whether the products of a given development phase satisfy the conditions imposed at the start of that phase. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Beta testing - Software verification and validation:

Beta testing - Software verification and validation : Validation is the process of evaluating a system or component during or at the end of the development process to determine whether it satisfies specified requirements. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Beta testing - Software verification and validation:

Beta testing - Software verification and validation : Verification is confirmation by examination and through provision of objective evidence that specified requirements have been fulfilled. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Beta testing - Software verification and validation:

Beta testing - Software verification and validation : Validation is confirmation by examination and through provision of objective evidence that the requirements for a specific intended use or application have been fulfilled. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

EPUB - Validation:

EPUB - Validation An open source tool called epubcheck exists for validating and detecting errors in the structural markup (OPS, OPF, OCF) as well as the XHTML and image files. The tool can be run from the command line, or used in Web application|webapps and applications as a Library (computing)|library. A large part of the original work on the tool was done at Adobe Systems. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Phase–gate model - Phase 4: Testing and validation :

Phase–gate model - Phase 4: Testing and validation This phase provides validation for the entire project. Areas that will be evaluated include: the product itself, the production/manufacturing process, customer acceptance, and the financial merit of the project. This phase includes three types of testing: near testing, field testing, and market testing. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Extreme longevity tracking - Timeline of age validation:

Extreme longevity tracking - Timeline of age validation *1846—Quetelet begins using a validation process for the ages of centenarians https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Extreme longevity tracking - Timeline of age validation:

Extreme longevity tracking - Timeline of age validation *1890s—Thomas Emley Young and actuarial science https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Extreme longevity tracking - Timeline of age validation:

Extreme longevity tracking - Timeline of age validation **Thomas Emley Young was the president of the Society of Actuaries, London, and the foremost supercentenarian researcher in his day. He continued the work of William Thoms and introduced the method of counting years and days for living centenarians and supercentenarians https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Extreme longevity tracking - Timeline of age validation:

Extreme longevity tracking - Timeline of age validation *1951—Paul Vincent and the method of extreme generations https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Extreme longevity tracking - Timeline of age validation:

Extreme longevity tracking - Timeline of age validation *1994—Bernard Jeune and the mortality trajectory hypothesis https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Japanese patent law - Trial for invalidation:

Japanese patent law - Trial for invalidation Anyone may demand the commissioner of the patent office a trial for invalidation of a patent against the patentee (Article 123). A group of three or five trial examiners (Article 136) conduct the trial, gathering the parties to the patent office (Article 145, paragraph 1 and 3). The patentee may demand restriction of claims, or correction of errors or ambiguity (Article 134bis, added in 2003) to avoid the invalidation. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Japanese patent law - Trial for invalidation:

Japanese patent law - Trial for invalidation A lawsuit against patent infringement may be suspended until a trial decision of the patent office has become final and conclusive (Article 168, paragraph 2). https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

K-nearest neighbor algorithm - Validation of results:

K-nearest neighbor algorithm - Validation of results A confusion matrix or matching matrix is often used as a tool to validate the accuracy of K-NN classification. More robust statistical methods such as likelihood-ratio test can also be applied. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Entity-attribute-value model - Advanced validation metadata:

Entity-attribute-value model - Advanced validation metadata *'Dependency metadata': in many user interfaces, entry of specific values into certain fields/attributes is required to either disable/hide certain other fields or enable/show other fields https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Entity-attribute-value model - Advanced validation metadata:

Entity-attribute-value model - Advanced validation metadata Computed formulas and complex validation are generally effected by storing expressions in the metadata that are macro-substituted with the values that the user enters and can be evaluated https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Entity-attribute-value model - Advanced validation metadata:

Entity-attribute-value model - Advanced validation metadata While back-end validation is always ideal, because it is impossible to subvert by attempting direct data entry into a table, middle tier validation through a generic framework is quite workable, though a significant amount of software design effort must go into building the framework first https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Agent-based models - Verification and validation of ABMs:

Agent-based models - Verification and validation of ABMs A comprehensive resource on empirical validation of agent-based models is https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Agent-based models - Verification and validation of ABMs:

Agent-based models - Verification and validation of ABMs also provide an example of using VOMAS for Verification and Validation of a Forest Fire simulation model. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Agent-based models - Verification and validation of ABMs:

Agent-based models - Verification and validation of ABMs Details of Validated agent-based modeling using VOMAS along with several case studies are given in. PhD Thesis This thesis also gives details of Exploratory Agent-based Modeling, Descriptive Agent-based Modeling in addition to Validated Agent-based Modeling using several worked case study examples. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Higher education in Belgium - Institutions with external validation :

Higher education in Belgium - Institutions with external validation The following academic institutions offer accredited degree programmes which are externally validated by foreign institutions of higher education and learning: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Higher education in Belgium - Institutions with external validation :

Higher education in Belgium - Institutions with external validation * Bhaktivedanta College, Durbuy (degrees externally validated by the University of Chester, UK) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

DocBook - Schemas and validation:

DocBook - Schemas and validation Rules such as the ones alluded to in the preceding paragraph (a book element must contain a title, or an info element containing a title, etc.) are formally defined in the DocBook schema https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Network Security Services - FIPS 140 validation and NISCC testing:

Network Security Services - FIPS 140 validation and NISCC testing The NSS software crypto module has been validated five times (1997, 1999, 2002, 2007, and 2010) for conformance to FIPS 140 at Security Levels 1 and 2. NSS was the first open source cryptographic library to receive FIPS 140 validation. The NSS libraries passed the National Infrastructure Security Co-ordination Centre|NISCC TLS/SSL and S/MIME test suites (1.6 million test cases of invalid input data). https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Cold chain - Validation:

Cold chain - Validation A cold chain can be managed by a quality management system. It should be analyzed, measured, controlled, documented, and Validation (drug manufacture)|validated. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Cold chain - Validation:

Cold chain - Validation The food industry uses the process of Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point, HACCP, as a useful tool. Its usage continues into other fields. PDA (Parenteral Drug Association) Technical Report #39 gives a rough summary of how the cold chain can be validated. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Cold chain - Validation:

Cold chain - Validation The overall approach to Validation (drug manufacture)|validation of a distribution process is by building more and more qualifications on top of each other to get to a validated state https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Cold chain - Validation:

Cold chain - Validation Think of the validation state in a simple manner like driving a car https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Cold chain - Validation:

Cold chain - Validation Currently there is a misnomer in the industry that three repetitive events equals a successful Validation https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Cold chain - Validation:

Cold chain - Validation The PDA's Technical Report states that a Component Qualification is required to demonstrate that a component can be manufactured to the design criteria of that individual component. This was put into the document because the industry did not understand the principles of Validation; all Validation processes were specific to equipment and not auxiliary processes such as shipping/distribution. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Cold chain - Validation:

Cold chain - Validation It is normally best to have an individual that understands the principles of Validation, when defending such processes to a Federal Regulatory body of any nation. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Cold chain - Validation:

Cold chain - Validation Cold chains need to be evaluated and controlled: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Cold chain - Validation:

Cold chain - Validation * Carriers and logistics providers can assist shippers. These providers have the technical ability to link with airlines for real time status, generate web-based export documentation and provide electronic tracking. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Cold chain - Validation:

Cold chain - Validation * The use of refrigerator trucks, refrigerator cars, Reefer (ship)|reefer ships, Reefer (container)|reefer containers, and refrigerated warehouses is common. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Cold chain - Validation:

Cold chain - Validation * Shipment in insulated shipping containers or other specialised packaging. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Cold chain - Validation:

Cold chain - Validation * Temperature data loggers and RFID tags help monitor the temperature history of the truck, warehouse, etc. and the temperature history of the product being shipped. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Cold chain - Validation:

Cold chain - Validation * Documentation is critical. Each step of the custody chain needs to follow established protocols and to maintain proper records. Customs delays occur due to inaccurate or incomplete customs paperwork, so basic guidelines for creating a commercial invoice should be followed to ensure the proper verbiage, number of copies, and other details. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Cold chain - Validation:

Cold chain - Validation During the distribution process one should monitor that process until one builds a sufficient data set that clearly demonstrates the process is in compliance and in a state of control https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Cold chain - Validation:

Cold chain - Validation It is necessary to develop an internal documentation system as well as multi-party communication standards and protocols to transfer or create a central repository or hub to track information across the supply chain. These systems would monitor equipment status, product temperature history, and custody chain, etc. These help ensure that a food, pharmaceutical, or vaccine is safe and effective when reaching its intended consumer. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Certificate authority - Domain validation:

Certificate authority - Domain validation The theory behind domain validation is that only the legitimate owner of a domain would be able to read emails sent to these administrative addresses. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Certificate authority - Domain validation:

Certificate authority - Domain validation Domain validation suffers from certain structural security limitations. In particular, it is always vulnerable to attacks that allow an adversary to observe the domain validation emails that CAs send. These can include attacks against the DNS, TCP, or BGP protocols (which lack the cryptographic protections of TLS/SSL), or the compromise of routers. Such attacks are possible either on the network near a CA, or near the victim domain itself. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Certificate authority - Domain validation:

Certificate authority - Domain validation One limitation of EV as a solution to the weaknesses of domain validation is that attackers could still obtain a domain validated certificate for the victim domain, and deploy it during an attack; if that occurred, the only difference observable to the victim user would be a blue HTTPS address bar rather than a green one https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Certificate authority - Domain validation:

Certificate authority - Domain validation Domain validation implementations have also sometimes been a source of security vulnerabilities. In one instance, security researchers showed that attackers could obtain certificates for webmail sites because a CA was willing to use an email address like [email protected] for domain.com, but not all webmail systems had reserved the SSLCertificates username to prevent attackers from registering it. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

AES-128 - NIST/CSEC validation :

AES-128 - NIST/CSEC validation The CMVP|Cryptographic Module Validation Program (CMVP) is operated jointly by the United States Government's National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Computer Security Division and the Communications Security Establishment (CSE) of the Government of Canada https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

AES-128 - NIST/CSEC validation :

AES-128 - NIST/CSEC validation Instead, FIPS 197 validation is typically just listed as an FIPS approved: AES notation (with a specific FIPS 197 certificate number) in the current list of FIPS 140 validated cryptographic modules. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Engine control computer - Testing and Validation:

Engine control computer - Testing and Validation As part of the development cycle, manufacturers perform detailed FMEAs and other failure analyses to catch failure modes that can lead to unsafe conditions or driver annoyance.[http://www.sgs.com/en/automotive/Electrical-Components/Control-Systems-and-Software/ECU-and-Software/Failure-and-Damage-Analysis.aspx Failure Analysis ECU] https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Engine control computer - Testing and Validation:

Engine control computer - Testing and Validation Extensive testing and validation activities are carried out as part of the Production part approval process to gain confidence of the hardware and software. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Engine control computer - Testing and Validation:

Engine control computer - Testing and Validation On-board diagnostics or OBD help provide specific data related to which system or component failed or caused a failure during run time and help perform repairs. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

W3C XML Schema - Post-Schema-Validation Infoset :

W3C XML Schema - Post-Schema-Validation Infoset * The vocabulary (element and attribute names) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

W3C XML Schema - Post-Schema-Validation Infoset :

W3C XML Schema - Post-Schema-Validation Infoset * The content model (relationships and structure) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Wind wave model - Validation:

Wind wave model - Validation Comparison of the wave model forecasts with observations is essential for characterizing model deficiencies and identifying areas for improvement. In-situ observations are obtained from buoys, ships and oil platforms. Altimetry data from satellites, such as Geosat|GEOSAT and TOPEX, can also be used to infer the characteristics of wind waves. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Wind wave model - Validation:

Wind wave model - Validation Hindcasts of wave models during extreme conditions also serves as a useful test bed for the models.Cardone, V., R. Jensen, D. Resio, V. Swail, and A. Cox, 1996: Evaluation of Contemporary Ocean Wave Models in Rare Extreme Events: The “Halloween Storm” of October 1991 and the “Storm of the Century” of March 1993. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., '13', 198–230. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Electoral fraud - Destruction or invalidation of ballots:

Electoral fraud - Destruction or invalidation of ballots One of the simplest methods of electoral fraud is to simply destroy ballots for the 'wrong' candidate or party https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Electoral fraud - Destruction or invalidation of ballots:

Electoral fraud - Destruction or invalidation of ballots A more subtle, and easily achieved, method is to make it appear that the voter has spoiled his or her ballot, thus rendering it invalid. Typically this would be done by adding an additional mark to the paper, making it appear that the voter has voted for more candidates than they were entitled to. It would be difficult to do this to a large number of papers without detection, but in a close election may prove decisive. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Abductive - Abductive validation:

Abductive - Abductive validation Abductive validation is a method for identifying the assumptions that will lead to your goal. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Business analysis - Solution assessment and validation:

Business analysis - Solution assessment and validation Describes how the business analyst can perform correctness of a proposed solution, how to support the implementation of a solution, and how to assess possible shortcomings in the implementation. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Custom-Fit - Process Design and Validation:

Custom-Fit - Process Design and Validation * Converting scanned data directly and automatically into final models ready for printing: Digital Cad Approach and Hybrid Approach. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Custom-Fit - Process Design and Validation:

Custom-Fit - Process Design and Validation * Representing Structure for Functionally Graded Material: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Custom-Fit - Process Design and Validation:

Custom-Fit - Process Design and Validation # Multi Phase Topology Optimisation, designed by Fraunhofer (comparable to TNO in Germany). https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Custom-Fit - Process Design and Validation:

Custom-Fit - Process Design and Validation # Finite Element Representation Finite element analysis used by Materialise in Belgium. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Custom-Fit - Process Design and Validation:

Custom-Fit - Process Design and Validation * A rapid manufacturing interface called Slice Raster Inteface, also designed by Materialise. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Custom-Fit - Process Design and Validation:

Custom-Fit - Process Design and Validation Although all these developments have been of great interest, the RM-processes have not fallen behind, due to improvement of new Rapid Prototyping Direct digital manufacturing techniques. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Microsoft Installer - ICE validation :

Microsoft Installer - ICE validation ICE validation can be performed with the Platform SDK tools Orca and msival2, or with validation tools that ship with the various authoring environments. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Microsoft Installer - ICE validation :

Microsoft Installer - ICE validation For example, some of the ICE rules are: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Microsoft Installer - ICE validation :

Microsoft Installer - ICE validation * ICE24: Validates that the product code, product version, and product language have appropriate formats. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Microsoft Installer - ICE validation :

Microsoft Installer - ICE validation * ICE33: Validates that the Registry table is not used for data better suited for another table (Class, Extension, Verb, and so on). https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Distributed management - Validation :

Distributed management - Validation TASKey software functionality has been developed and validated in a range of workplaces over 13 years. Case studies demonstrate effective use by both managers and workers. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Diving computer - Validation :

Diving computer - Validation The risk of the decompression algorithms programmed into dive computers may be assessed in several ways, including tests on human subjects, monitored pilot programs, comparison to dive profiles with known decompression sickness risk, and comparison to risk models. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Diving computer - Comparative assessment and validation :

Diving computer - Comparative assessment and validation Evaluation of decompression algorithms could be done without the need for tests on human subjects by establishing a set of previously tested dive profiles with a known risk of decompression sickness. This could provide a rudimentary baseline for dive computer comparisons. As of 2012, the accuracy of temperature and depth measurements from computers may lack consistency between them making this type of research difficult. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Hydrogen peroxide - Bio-decontamination validation:

Hydrogen peroxide - Bio-decontamination validation Recently, there has been increased use of vaporized hydrogen peroxide in the validation and bio-decontamination of half-suit and glove-port isolators in pharmaceutical production. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

SolidWorks - Design validation tools:

SolidWorks - Design validation tools 'SolidWorks Simulation' is a design validation tool that shows engineers how their designs will behave as physical objects. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

SolidWorks - Design validation tools:

SolidWorks - Design validation tools 'SolidWorks Motion' is a virtual prototyping tool that provides motion simulation capabilities to ensure designs function properly. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

SolidWorks - Design validation tools:

SolidWorks - Design validation tools 'SolidWorks Flow Simulation' is a tool that tests internal and external fluid-flow simulation and thermal analysis so designers can conduct tests on virtual prototypes. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

SolidWorks - Design validation tools:

SolidWorks - Design validation tools 'SolidWorks Simulation Standard' is a new FEA module for 2014. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

SolidWorks - Design validation tools:

SolidWorks - Design validation tools 'SolidWorks Simulation Professional' is a Finite Element Analysis (FEA) design validation tool that can handle some multiphysics simulations as well as nonlinear materials. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

SolidWorks - Design validation tools:

SolidWorks - Design validation tools 'SolidWorks Simulation Premium' is a Finite Element Analysis (FEA) design validation tool that can handle some multiphysics simulations as well as nonlinear materials. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

SolidWorks - Design validation tools:

SolidWorks - Design validation tools 'SolidWorks Sustainability' is a product that measures the environmental impact of designs while they are modeled in SolidWorks. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

PCI DSS - Compliance versus validation of compliance:

PCI DSS - Compliance versus validation of compliance Issuing banks are not required to go through PCI DSS validation although they still have to secure the sensitive data in a PCI DSS compliant manner https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Rockland Community College - Information Assurance Course Validation:

Rockland Community College - Information Assurance Course Validation Rockland Community College became first New York Community College to Receive Information Assurance Course Validation from the Committee on National Security Systems during the June 2008 CNSS Awards Ceremony held at the 12th Colloquium for Information Systems Security Education. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

RPG Group - In April 2010, the company set up the world's largest tower testing station at Butibori, in Nagpur. The new test station will facilitate validation of the largest towers ever designed for the country’s futuristic Extra High Voltage (EHV) energy network.http://www.projectsinfo.in/Newslist.aspx?nidgCt1tFZL+jdXmYhAXbmUww:

RPG Group - In April 2010, the company set up the world's largest tower testing station at Butibori, in Nagpur. The new test station will facilitate validation of the largest towers ever designed for the country’s futuristic Extra High Voltage (EHV) energy network.http://www.projectsinfo.in/Newslist.aspx?nidgCt1tFZL+jdXmYhAXbmUww In September 2010, KEC International acquired Houston, Texas based SAE Towers, a group of operating companies incorporated in the United States, Mexico, and Brazil, consolidated through SAE Towers Holdings, LLC. This acquisition created the second largest steel lattice tower manufacturer in the world with approximately 300,000 tons of annual production capacity.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/KEC_International#The_company_today https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

RPG Group - In April 2010, the company set up the world's largest tower testing station at Butibori, in Nagpur. The new test station will facilitate validation of the largest towers ever designed for the country’s futuristic Extra High Voltage (EHV) energy network.http://www.projectsinfo.in/Newslist.aspx?nidgCt1tFZL+jdXmYhAXbmUww:

RPG Group - In April 2010, the company set up the world's largest tower testing station at Butibori, in Nagpur. The new test station will facilitate validation of the largest towers ever designed for the country’s futuristic Extra High Voltage (EHV) energy network.http://www.projectsinfo.in/Newslist.aspx?nidgCt1tFZL+jdXmYhAXbmUww The company is also entering the renewable energy business, being set to bid for engineering, procurement and construction contracts to install solar plants and wind farms. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Document Type Definition - XML DTDs and schema validation :

Document Type Definition - XML DTDs and schema validation The XML DTD syntax is one of several XML schema languages. However, many of the schema languages do not fully replace the XML DTD. Notably, the XML DTD allows defining entities and notations that have no direct equivalents in DTD-less XML (because internal entities and parsable external entities are not part of XML schema languages, and because other unparsed external entities and notations have no simple equivalent mappings in most XML schema languages). https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Document Type Definition - XML DTDs and schema validation :

Document Type Definition - XML DTDs and schema validation Most XML schema languages are only replacements for element declarations and attribute list declarations, in such a way that it becomes possible to parse XML documents with non-validating XML parsers (if the only purpose of the external DTD subset was to define the schema) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Document Type Definition - XML DTDs and schema validation :

Document Type Definition - XML DTDs and schema validation A common misconception holds that a non-validating XML parser does not have to read document type declarations, when in fact, the document type declarations must still be scanned for correct syntax as well as validity of declarations, and the parser must still parse all entity declarations in the internal subset, and substitute the replacement texts of internal entities occurring anywhere in the document type declaration or in the document body. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Document Type Definition - XML DTDs and schema validation :

Document Type Definition - XML DTDs and schema validation A non-validating parser may, however, elect not to read parsable external entities (including the external subset), and does not have to honor the content model restrictions defined in element declarations and in attribute list declarations. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Document Type Definition - XML DTDs and schema validation :

Document Type Definition - XML DTDs and schema validation If the XML document depends on parsable external entities (including the specified external subset, or parsable external entities declared in the internal subset), it should assert standalone=no in its XML declaration. The validating DTD may be identified by using XML Catalogs to retrieve its specified external subset. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Document Type Definition - XML DTDs and schema validation :

Document Type Definition - XML DTDs and schema validation In the example below, the XML document is declared with standalone=no because it has an external subset in its document type declaration: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Document Type Definition - XML DTDs and schema validation :

Document Type Definition - XML DTDs and schema validation If the XML document type declaration includes any SYSTEM identifier for the external subset, it can't be safely processed as standalone: the URI should be retrieved, otherwise there may be unknown named character entities whose definition may be needed to correctly parse the effective XML syntax in the internal subset or in the document body (the XML syntax parsing is normally performed after the substitution of all named entities, excluding the five entities that are predefined in XML and that are implicitly substituted after parsing the XML document into lexical tokens) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Seagull PHP Framework - Data Validation:

Seagull PHP Framework - Data Validation All input data to the application is filtered and validated before any processing takes place. Filters appropriate to the input mechanism are invoked before subsequent validation tests are run. In the case of HTTP input, all request data is first stripped of javascript and leading/trailing whitespace. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Intelligence dissemination management - Validation:

Intelligence dissemination management - Validation 'validation' examines lessons of the past using historical evaluations as well as gathering data on past performance of weapons used in the context of specific conflicts. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

SHA-1 - Cryptanalysis and validation:

SHA-1 - Cryptanalysis and validation For a hash function for which L is the number of bits in the message digest, finding a message that corresponds to a given message digest can always be done using a brute force search in approximately 2L evaluations https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

SHA-1 - Cryptanalysis and validation:

SHA-1 - Cryptanalysis and validation Cryptographers have produced collision pairs for SHA-0 and have found algorithms that should produce SHA-1 collisions in far fewer than the originally expected 280 evaluations. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

SHA-1 - Cryptanalysis and validation:

SHA-1 - Cryptanalysis and validation In terms of practical security, a major concern about these new attacks is that they might pave the way to more efficient ones https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

SHA-1 - Cryptanalysis and validation:

SHA-1 - Cryptanalysis and validation In the case of document signing, an attacker could not simply fake a signature from an existing document—the attacker would have to produce a pair of documents, one innocuous and one damaging, and get the private key holder to sign the innocuous document. There are practical circumstances in which this is possible; until the end of 2008, it was possible to create forged Transport Layer Security|SSL certificates using an MD5 collision.Alexander Sotirov, Marc Stevens, https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

SHA-1 - Cryptanalysis and validation:

SHA-1 - Cryptanalysis and validation Jacob Appelbaum, Arjen Lenstra, David Molnar, Dag Arne Osvik, Benne de Weger, [http://www.win.tue.nl/hashclash/rogue-ca/ MD5 considered harmful today: Creating a rogue CA certificate], accessed March 29, 2009 https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

SHA-1 - Cryptanalysis and validation:

SHA-1 - Cryptanalysis and validation Due to the block and iterative structure of the algorithms and the absence of additional final steps, all SHA functions are vulnerable to Length extension attack|length-extension and partial-message collision attacks.[http://www.schneier.com/book-ce.html Niels Ferguson, Bruce Schneier, and Tadayoshi Kohno, Cryptography Engineering], John Wiley Sons, 2010 https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

SHA-1 - Official validation:

SHA-1 - Official validation For informal verification, a package to generate a high number of test vectors is made available for download on the NIST site; the resulting verification however does not replace, in any way, the formal CMVP validation, which is required by law for certain applications. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

SHA-1 - Official validation:

SHA-1 - Official validation , there are over 2000 validated implementations of SHA-1, with 14 of them capable of handling messages with a length in bits not a multiple of eight (see [http://csrc.nist.gov/groups/STM/cavp/documents/shs/shaval.htm SHS Validation List]). https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Digital certificate - Extended Validation:

Digital certificate - Extended Validation By comparison, the difference between a regular certificate and an extended validation certificate is merely a change in color. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Fault-tolerant computer system - Fault tolerance verification and validation:

Fault-tolerant computer system - Fault tolerance verification and validation The most important requirement of design in a Fault-tolerant design|fault tolerant computer system is making sure it actually meets its requirements for reliability https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

SHA-2 - Cryptanalysis and validation:

SHA-2 - Cryptanalysis and validation For a hash function for which L is the number of bits in the message digest, finding a message that corresponds to a given message digest can always be done using a Brute-force attack|brute force search in 2L evaluations https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

SHA-2 - Cryptanalysis and validation:

SHA-2 - Cryptanalysis and validation Some of the applications that use cryptographic hashes, such as password storage, are only minimally affected by a collision attack https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

SHA-2 - Cryptanalysis and validation:

SHA-2 - Cryptanalysis and validation Increased interest in cryptographic hash analysis during the SHA-3 competition produced several new attacks on the SHA-2 family, the best of which are given in the table below. Only the collision attacks are of practical complexity; none of the attacks extend to the full round hash function. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

SHA-2 - Cryptanalysis and validation:

SHA-2 - Cryptanalysis and validation At Fast Software Encryption|FSE 2012, researchers at Sony gave a presentation suggesting pseudo collision attacks could be extended to 52 rounds on SHA-256 and 57 rounds on SHA-512 by building upon the biclique pseudo preimage attack.Ji Li, Takanori Isobe and Kyoji Shibutani, Sony China Research Laboratory and Sony Corporation, [http://fse2012.inria.fr/SLIDES/67.pdf Converting Meet-in-the-Middle Preimage Attack into Pseudo Collision Attack: Application to SHA-2 ] https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

SHA-2 - Official validation:

SHA-2 - Official validation , there are over 1300 validated implementations of SHA-256 and over 900 of SHA-512, with only 5 of them being capable of handling messages with a length in bits not a multiple of eight while supporting both variants (see [http://csrc.nist.gov/groups/STM/cavp/documents/shs/shaval.htm SHS Validation List]). https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Bean Validation:

Bean Validation The Hibernate (Java)|Hibernate team provides with 'Hibernate Validator' the reference implementation of Bean Validation and also created the Bean Validation Technology Compatibility Kit|TCK any implementation of JSR 303 needs to pass. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Bean Validation - Next Version:

Bean Validation - Next Version Bean Validation 1.1 ([http://www.jcp.org/en/jsr/detail?id=349 JSR 349]) is a specification proposal which aims at improving upon the initial version 1.0. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Bean Validation - Further reading:

Bean Validation - Further reading *[ http://www.infoq.com/articles/emmanuel_bernard_interview Interview with Spec Lead Emmanuel Bernard] https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Bean Validation - Further reading:

Bean Validation - Further reading *[ http://www.hibernate.org/subprojects/validator.html Hibernate Validator] https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Bean Validation - Further reading:

Bean Validation - Further reading *[ http://docs.jboss.org/hibernate/stable/beanvalidation/tck/reference/html_single/ Bean Validation TCK documentation] https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Bean Validation - Further reading:

Bean Validation - Further reading *[ http://community.jboss.org/wiki/BeanValidationTCK How to run the Bean Validation TCK] https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Software validation:

Software validation In software project management, software testing, and software engineering, 'verification and validation' ('VV') is the process of checking that a software system meets specifications and that it fulfills its intended purpose. It may also be referred to as software quality control. It is normally the responsibility of software testing|software testers as part of the software development process|software development lifecycle. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Software validation - Definitions:

Software validation - Definitions * Validation: Are we building the right product? (This is dynamic process for checking and testing the real product. Validation always involves with executing the code)) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Software validation - Definitions:

Software validation - Definitions * Verification: Are we building the product right? (This is static method for verifying design,code. Verification is human based checking of documents and files)) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Software validation - Definitions:

Software validation - Definitions * Validation: The process of evaluating software during or at the end of the development process to determine whether it satisfies specified requirements. [IEEE-STD-610] https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Software validation - Definitions:

Software validation - Definitions *Verification: The process of evaluating software to determine whether the products of a given development phase satisfy the conditions imposed at the start of that phase. [IEEE-STD-610] https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Software validation - Definitions:

Software validation - Definitions *Fault – wrong or missing function in the code. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Software validation - Definitions:

Software validation - Definitions *Failure – the manifestation of a fault during execution. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Software validation - Definitions:

Software validation - Definitions *Malfunction – according to its specification the system does not meet its specified functionality. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Software validation - Definitions:

Software validation - Definitions *Validation is the process of determining the degree to which a model, simulation, or federation of models and simulations, and their associated data are accurate representations of the real world from the perspective of the intended use(s). https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Software validation - Definitions:

Software validation - Definitions * Accreditation is the formal certification that a model or simulation is acceptable to be used for a specific purpose. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Software validation - Definitions:

Software validation - Definitions * Verification is the process of determining that a computer model, simulation, or federation of models and simulations implementations and their associated data accurately represent the developer's conceptual description and specifications. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Software validation - Related concepts:

Software validation - Related concepts Both verification and validation are related to the concepts of Quality (business)|quality and of software quality assurance. By themselves, verification and validation do not guarantee software quality; planning, traceability, configuration management and other aspects of software engineering are required. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Expense and Cost Recovery System (ECRS) - Supplying Validations :

Expense and Cost Recovery System (ECRS) - Supplying Validations The validation tables may be produced at any time on demand, or they be created using scheduled tasks or task lists. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Expense and Cost Recovery System (ECRS) - Supplying Validations :

Expense and Cost Recovery System (ECRS) - Supplying Validations This sort of pre-validation will prevent purging of ECRS tables and, possibly, clean-up in the A/R or billing system. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Expense and Cost Recovery System (ECRS) - Supplying Validations :

Expense and Cost Recovery System (ECRS) - Supplying Validations Transactions with missing or invalid company account codes are typically written into an ECRS database while notifying appropriate users of their need to be corrected https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Social validation:

Social validation 'Social proof', also known as 'informational social influence', is a psychology|psychological phenomenon where people assume the actions of others in an attempt to reflect correct behavior for a given situation. This effect is prominent in ambiguous social situations where people are unable to determine the appropriate mode of behavior, and is driven by the assumption that surrounding people possess more knowledge about the situation. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Social validation:

Social validation The effects of social influence can be seen in the tendency of large groups to conform to choices which may be either correct or mistaken, a phenomenon sometimes referred to as herd behavior https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Social validation:

Social validation Social proof is a type of conformity (psychology)|conformity https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Social validation:

Social validation Social proof often leads not only to public Compliance (psychology)|compliance (conforming to the behavior of others publicly without necessarily believing it is correct) but also private acceptance (conforming out of a genuine belief that others are correct). https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Social validation:

Social validation Social proof is more powerful when being accurate is more important and when others are perceived as especially knowledgeable. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Social validation - Multiple source effect:

Social validation - Multiple source effect The multiple source effect occurs when people give more credence to ideas that are stated by multiple sources. This effect can be clearly seen when social proof occurs. For instance, one study observed that people who hear five positive reviews on a book as read by five different synthesized voices perceive that book more favourably than if they hear the same five reviews as read by one synthesized voice. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Social validation - Uncertainty about the correct conclusion:

Social validation - Uncertainty about the correct conclusion Uncertainty is a major factor that encourages the use of social proof. One study found that when evaluating a product, consumers were more likely to incorporate the opinions of others through the use of social proof when their own experiences with the product were ambiguous, leaving uncertainty as to the correct conclusion that they should make. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Social validation - Similarity to the surrounding group:

Social validation - Similarity to the surrounding group Similarity also motivates the use of social proof; when a person perceives themselves as similar to the people around them, they are more likely to adopt and perceive as correct the observed behavior of these people. This has been noted in areas such as the use of laugh tracks, where participants will laugh longer and harder when they perceive the people laughing to be similar to themselves. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Social validation - Similarity to the surrounding group:

Social validation - Similarity to the surrounding group Social proof is also one of Robert Cialdini's six principles of persuasion, (along with reciprocity, commitment/consistency, authority, liking, and scarcity) which maintains that people are especially likely to perform certain actions if they can relate to the people who performed the same actions before them https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Social validation - Early research :

Social validation - Early research The most famous study of social proof is Muzafer Sherif|Muzafer Sherif's 1935 experiment.Sherif, M https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Social validation - Early research :

Social validation - Early research Another study looked at informational social influence in eyewitness identification https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Social validation - Cultural effects on social proof:

Social validation - Cultural effects on social proof The strength of social proof also varies across different cultures. For instance, studies have shown that subjects in collectivist cultures conform to others' social proof more often than those in individualist cultures. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Social validation - Cultural effects on social proof:

Social validation - Cultural effects on social proof Although this trend seems reoccurring, there is evidence which suggests that these results are a simplification, and that an independent subject's personal individualistic-collectivist tendency also makes an impact upon their decisions https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Social validation - Copycat suicides :

Social validation - Copycat suicides Social proof has been proposed as an explanation for Copycat suicide, where suicide rates increase following media publication about suicides. One study using agent-based modeling showed that copycat suicides are more likely when there are similarities between the person involved in the publicized suicide and the potential copycats. In addition, research performed by David Phillips between 1947 to 1968 further supports the existence of copycat suicides. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Social validation - In employment:

Social validation - In employment Similarly, a person who has been unemployed for a long time may have a hard time finding a new job - even if they are highly skilled and qualified. Potential employers attribute wrongly the person's lack of employment to the person rather than the situation. This causes the potential employers to search more intensively for flaws or other negative characteristics that are congruent with or explain the person's failure and to discount the applicant's virtues. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Social validation - In employment:

Social validation - In employment Similarly, a person who is in high demand - for example a CEO - may continue to get https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Social validation - In employment:

Social validation - In employment many attractive job offers and can as a result extract a considerable wage premium - https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Social validation - In employment:

Social validation - In employment even if his/her objective performance has been poor. When people appear successful, https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Social validation - In employment:

Social validation - In employment potential employers and others who evaluate them tend to search more intensively for virtues https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Social validation - In employment:

Social validation - In employment or positive characteristics that are congruent with or explain the person's success, and https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Social validation - In employment:

Social validation - In employment to ignore or underestimate the person's faults. People who experience positive social proof https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Social validation - In employment:

Social validation - In employment may also benefit from a halo effect. Other attributes are deemed to be more positive https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Social validation - In employment:

Social validation - In employment than they actually are. Additionally, the person's attributes may be viewed with https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Social validation - In employment:

Social validation - In employment consideration set. Social proof naturally also applies to products and is used https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Social validation - In employment:

Social validation - In employment extensively in marketing and sales. Situations that violate social proof can cause https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Social validation - In employment:

Social validation - In employment cognitive dissonance, and can cause people to have a sense of loss of control or https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Social validation - In employment:

Social validation - In employment failure of the just world hypothesis. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Social validation - In entertainment:

Social validation - In entertainment Theaters sometimes use Claque|specially planted audience members who are instructed to give ovations at pre-arranged times. Usually, these people are the ones who clap initially, and the rest of the audience follows. Such ovations may be perceived by non-expert audience members as signals of the performance's quality. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Social validation - In entertainment:

Social validation - In entertainment Contrary to common annoyance of laugh track|canned laughter in television shows, television studios have discovered that they can increase the perceived funniness of a show by merely playing canned laughter at key funny moments. They have found that even though viewers find canned laughter highly annoying, they perceive shows that happen to use canned laughter more funny than the shows that do not use canned laughter. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Social validation - The Environment:

Social validation - The Environment Social norms are often not clearly articulated for sustainable or pro-environmental conduct https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Social validation - Possession of special knowledge:

Social validation - Possession of special knowledge If one perceives that s/he is better advised about a situation than the surrounding group, then s/he is less likely to follow the group's behavior. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Social validation - Identification with authority:

Social validation - Identification with authority If one perceives themselves as a relevant authority figure in the situation, they are less likely to follow the surrounding group's behavior. This is a combination of Identification of the surrounding group with self and Possession of special knowledge. People in authority positions tend to place themselves in different categories than other people and usually they have special training or knowledge that allows them to conclude that they are better informed than the surrounding group. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Social validation - Smart money:

Social validation - Smart money One might perceive particular groups of others, identified by their behavior or other characteristics, to be more reliable guides to the situation than the average person https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

FIPS 140-2 - Cryptographic Module Validation Program:

FIPS 140-2 - Cryptographic Module Validation Program FIPS 140-2 establishes the CMVP|Cryptographic Module Validation Program (CMVP) as a joint effort by the NIST and the Communications Security Establishment (CSE) for the Canada|Canadian government. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

FIPS 140-2 - Cryptographic Module Validation Program:

FIPS 140-2 - Cryptographic Module Validation Program Security programs overseen by NIST and CSE focus on working with government and industry to establish more secure systems and networks by developing, managing and promoting security assessment tools, techniques, services, and supporting programs for testing, evaluation and validation; and addresses such areas as: development and maintenance of security metrics, security evaluation criteria and evaluation methodologies, tests and test methods; security-specific criteria for laboratory accreditation; guidance on the use of evaluated and tested products; research to address assurance methods and system-wide security and assessment methodologies; security protocol validation activities; and appropriate coordination with assessment-related activities of voluntary industry standards bodies and other assessment regimes. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

FIPS 140-2 - Validation :

FIPS 140-2 - Validation An overall rating is issued for the cryptographic module, which indicates: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

FIPS 140-2 - Validation :

FIPS 140-2 - Validation # the minimum of the independent ratings received in the areas with levels, and https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

FIPS 140-2 - Validation :

FIPS 140-2 - Validation # the fulfillment of all the requirements in the other areas. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

FIPS 140-2 - Validation :

FIPS 140-2 - Validation On a vendor's validation certificate, individual ratings are listed, as well as the overall rating. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

FIPS 140-2 - Validation :

FIPS 140-2 - Validation NIST maintains validation lists for all of its cryptographic standards testing programs (past and present). All of these lists are updated as new modules/implementations receive validation certificates from NIST and CSE. Items on the FIPS 140-1 and FIPS 140-2 validation list reference validated algorithm implementations that appear on the algorithm validation lists. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Randomization test - Cross-validation:

Randomization test - Cross-validation Cross-validation is a statistical method for validating a predictive model. Subsets of the data are held out for use as validating sets; a model is fit to the remaining data (a training set) and used to predict for the validation set. Averaging the quality of the predictions across the validation sets yields an overall measure of prediction accuracy. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Randomization test - Cross-validation:

Randomization test - Cross-validation One form of cross-validation leaves out a single observation at a time; this is similar to the jackknife. Another, K-fold cross-validation, splits the data into K subsets; each is held out in turn as the validation set. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Randomization test - Cross-validation:

Randomization test - Cross-validation This avoids self-influence. For comparison, in regression analysis methods such as linear regression, each y value draws the regression line toward itself, making the prediction of that value appear more accurate than it really is. Cross-validation applied to linear regression predicts the y value for each observation without using that observation. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Randomization test - Cross-validation:

Randomization test - Cross-validation This is often used for deciding how many predictor variables to use in regression. Without cross-validation, adding predictors always reduces the residual sum of squares (or possibly leaves it unchanged). In contrast, the cross-validated mean-square error will tend to decrease if valuable predictors are added, but increase if worthless predictors are added. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Regression model validation:

Regression model validation The validation process can involve analyzing the goodness of fit of the regression, analyzing whether the Residual (statistics)|regression residuals are random, and checking whether the model's predictive performance deteriorates substantially when applied to data that were not used in model estimation. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Regression model validation - R2 is not enough:

Regression model validation - R2 is not enough Unfortunately, a high R2 (coefficient of determination) does not guarantee that the model fits the data well, because as Anscombe's quartet shows, a high R2 can occur in the presence of misspecification of the functional form of a relationship or in the presence of outliers that distort the true relationship. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Regression model validation - R2 is not enough:

Regression model validation - R2 is not enough One problem with the R2 as a measure of model validity is that it can always be increased by adding more variables into the model, except in the unlikely event that the additional variables are exactly uncorrelated with the dependent variable in the data sample being used. To avoid such spurious increases of the R2, one can instead use the adjusted R2, which penalizes the use of additional explanatory variables in accordance with the amount that they are likely to spuriously increase the R2. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Regression model validation - Analysis of residuals:

Regression model validation - Analysis of residuals The errors and residuals in statistics|residuals from a fitted model are the differences between the responses observed at each combination values of the explanatory variables and the corresponding prediction of the response computed using the regression function. Mathematically, the definition of the residual for the ith observation in the data set is written https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Regression model validation - Analysis of residuals:

Regression model validation - Analysis of residuals with yi denoting the ith response in the data set and xi the vector of explanatory variables, each set at the corresponding values found in the ith observation in the data set. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Regression model validation - Analysis of residuals:

Regression model validation - Analysis of residuals If the model fit to the data were correct, the residuals would approximate the random errors that make the relationship between the explanatory variables and the response variable a statistical relationship https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Regression model validation - Graphical analysis of residuals :

Regression model validation - Graphical analysis of residuals A basic, though not quantitatively precise, way to check for problems that render a model inadequate is to conduct a visual examination of the residuals (the mispredictions of the data used in quantifying the model) to look for obvious deviations from randomness https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Regression model validation - Graphical analysis of residuals :

Regression model validation - Graphical analysis of residuals Different types of plots of the residuals from a fitted model provide information on the adequacy of different aspects of the model. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Regression model validation - Graphical analysis of residuals :

Regression model validation - Graphical analysis of residuals #sufficiency of the functional part of the model: scatter plots of residuals versus predictors https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Regression model validation - Graphical analysis of residuals :

Regression model validation - Graphical analysis of residuals #non-constant variation across the data: scatter plots of residuals versus predictors; for data collected over time, also plots of residuals against time https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Regression model validation - Graphical analysis of residuals :

Regression model validation - Graphical analysis of residuals #drift in the errors (data collected over time): run charts of the response and errors versus time https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Regression model validation - Graphical analysis of residuals :

Regression model validation - Graphical analysis of residuals Graphical methods have an advantage over numerical methods for model validation because they readily illustrate a broad range of complex aspects of the relationship between the model and the data. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Regression model validation - Quantitative analysis of residuals:

Regression model validation - Quantitative analysis of residuals One common situation when numerical validation methods take precedence over graphical methods is when the number of statistical parameter|parameters being estimated is relatively close to the size of the data set https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Regression model validation - Quantitative analysis of residuals:

Regression model validation - Quantitative analysis of residuals Serial correlation of the residuals can indicate model misspecification, and can be checked for with the Durbin-Watson statistic. The problem of heteroskedasticity can be checked for in any of Heteroskedasticity#Detection|several ways. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Regression model validation - Out-of-sample evaluation:

Regression model validation - Out-of-sample evaluation Cross-validation (statistics)|Cross-validation is the process of assessing how the results of a statistical analysis will generalize to an independent data set https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Logic simulation - Use in verification and validation:

Logic simulation - Use in verification and validation Logic simulation may be used as part of the Verification and validation|verification process in designing hardware. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Logic simulation - Use in verification and validation:

Logic simulation - Use in verification and validation Simulations have the advantage of providing a familiar look and feel to the user in that it is constructed from the same language and symbols used in design. By allowing the user to interact directly with the design, simulation is a natural way for the designer to get feedback on their design. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Extended validation certificate:

Extended validation certificate An 'Extended Validation Certificate' (EV) is an X.509 public key certificate issued according to a specific set of identity verification criteria https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Extended validation certificate:

Extended validation certificate The criteria for issuing EV certificates are defined by the [https://cabforum.org/extended-validation/ Guidelines for Extend Validation], currently (as of July 2013) at version 1.4.3. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Extended validation certificate:

Extended validation certificate The guidelines[https://www.cabforum.org/ Guidelines for Extended Validation Certificates] are produced by the CA/Browser Forum, a voluntary organization whose members include leading CAs and vendors of Internet software, as well as representatives from the legal and audit professions.[https://www.cabforum.org/forum.html CA/Browser Forum Members] https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Extended validation certificate - History :

Extended validation certificate - History In 2005 Melih Abdulhayoglu, CEO of the Comodo Group, convened the first meeting of the organization that became the CA/Browser Forum, hoping to improve standards for issuing SSL certificates.http://www.eweek.com/c/a/Security/How-Can-We-Improve-Code-Signing/ On June 12, 2007, the CA/Browser Forum officially ratified the first version of the Extended Validation (EV) SSL Guidelines, which took effect immediately https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Extended validation certificate - Motivation :

Extended validation certificate - Motivation An important motivation for using digital certificates with Secure Sockets Layer|SSL was to add trust to online transactions by requiring website operators to undergo vetting with a certificate authority (CA) in order to get an SSL certificate. However, commercial pressures have led some CAs to introduce domain validation only SSL certificates for which minimal verification is performed of the details in the certificate. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Extended validation certificate - Motivation :

Extended validation certificate - Motivation Most browsers' user interfaces did not clearly differentiate between low-validation certificates and those that have undergone more rigorous vetting. Since any successful SSL connection causes the padlock icon to appear, users are not likely to be aware of whether the website owner has been validated or not. As a result, fraudsters (including phishing websites) have started to use SSL to add perceived credibility to their websites. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Extended validation certificate - Motivation :

Extended validation certificate - Motivation By establishing stricter issuing criteria and requiring consistent application of those criteria by all participating CAs, EV SSL certificates are intended to restore confidence among users that a website operator is a legally established business or organization with a verifiable identity. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Extended validation certificate - Motivation :

Extended validation certificate - Motivation That said, there is still the concern that the same lack of accountability that led to the loss of public confidence in ordinary certificates, will lead to lax certification practices that will erode the value of EV certificates as well. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Extended validation certificate - Issuing criteria :

Extended validation certificate - Issuing criteria Only CAs who pass an independent qualified audit review, [http://www.webtrust.org WebTrust] (or equivalent),https://cabforum.org/audit-criteria/ may offer EV, and all CAs globally must follow the same detailed issuance requirements which aim to: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Extended validation certificate - Issuing criteria :

Extended validation certificate - Issuing criteria * Establish that the applicant is the domain name owner or has exclusive control over the domain name; and https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Extended validation certificate - Issuing criteria :

Extended validation certificate - Issuing criteria * Confirm the identity and authority of the individuals acting for the website owner, and that documents pertaining to legal obligations are signed by an authorised officer. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Extended validation certificate - User interface :

Extended validation certificate - User interface Browsers with EV support display more information for EV certificates than for previous SSL certificates. Microsoft Internet Explorer Internet Explorer 7|7, Mozilla Firefox Mozilla Firefox 3|3, Safari (web browser)|Safari 3.2, Opera (web browser)|Opera 9.5, and Google Chrome all provide EV support. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Extended validation certificate - User interface :

Extended validation certificate - User interface The Extended Validation guidelines require participating certificate authorities to assign a specific EV identifier, which is registered with the browser vendors who support EV once the certificate authority has completed an [https://cabforum.org/audit-criteria/ independent audit] and met other criteria https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Extended validation certificate - User interface :

Extended validation certificate - User interface * The name of the SSL certificate authority (CA) that issued the EV certificate. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Extended validation certificate - User interface :

Extended validation certificate - User interface * A distinctive color, usually green, shown in the address bar to indicate that a valid EV certificate was received. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Extended validation certificate - Supported Mobile Device Browsers :

Extended validation certificate - Supported Mobile Device Browsers Extended Validation supports all current releases of web servers supporting SSL v.3. Supported servers include: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Extended validation certificate - Extended Validation certificate identification :

Extended validation certificate - Extended Validation certificate identification EV certificates are standard x.509 digital certificates. The primary way to identify an EV certificate is by referencing the Certificate Policies extension field. Each issuer uses a different object identifier (OID) in this field to identify their EV certificates, and each OID is documented in the issuer's Certification Practice Statement. As with root certificate authorities in general, browsers may not recognize all issuers. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Extended validation certificate - Extended Validation certificate identification :

Extended validation certificate - Extended Validation certificate identification * XRamp Security Services, Inc., successor to SecureTrust corporation a wholly owned subsidiary of Trustwave Holdings,Inc. (Trustwave) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Extended validation certificate - Online Certificate Status Protocol :

Extended validation certificate - Online Certificate Status Protocol The criteria for issuing Extended Validation certificates do not require issuing Certificate Authorities to immediately support Online Certificate Status Protocol for revocation checking. However, the requirement for a timely response to revocation checks by the browser has prompted most Certificate Authorities that had not previously done so to implement OCSP support. Section 26-A of the issuing criteria requires CAs to support OCSP checking for all certificates issued after Dec. 31, 2010. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Extended validation certificate - Availability to small businesses :

Extended validation certificate - Availability to small businesses [https://www.cabforum.org/EV_Certificate_Guidelines.pdf Version 1.0 of the EV Guidelines] was revised to embrace unincorporated associations as long as they were registered with a recognized agency, greatly expanding the number of organizations that qualified for an Extended Validation Certificate. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Extended validation certificate - Effectiveness against phishing attacks :

Extended validation certificate - Effectiveness against phishing attacks In 2006, researchers at Stanford University and Microsoft Research conducted a usability study of the EV display in Internet Explorer 7. Their paper concluded that participants who received no training in browser security features did not notice the extended validation indicator and did not outperform the control group, whereas participants who were asked to read the Internet Explorer help file were more likely to classify both real and fake sites as legitimate. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Extended validation certificate - PKI-Me-Harder:

Extended validation certificate - PKI-Me-Harder While proponents of EV Certificates claim they help against phishing attacks, security expert Peter Gutmann (computer scientist)|Peter Gutmann states the new class of certificates restore a CA's profits which were eroded due to the race to the bottom that occurred among issuers in the industry. Gutmann calls this phenomenon PKI-Me-Harder. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Extended validation certificate - PKI-Me-Harder:

Extended validation certificate - PKI-Me-Harder of so-called high-assurance or extended validation (EV) certificates that allow CAs to charge more for them than standard ones, is simply a case of rounding up twice the usual number of suspects - presumably somebody’s going to be impressed by it, but the effect on phishing is minimal since it’s not fixing any problem that the phishers are exploiting https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Extended validation certificate - PKI-Me-Harder:

Extended validation certificate - PKI-Me-Harder This deja-vu-all-over-again approach can be seen by examining Verisign’s certificate practice statement (CPS), the document that governs its certificate issuance https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

HTTP ETag - Strong and weak validation :

HTTP ETag - Strong and weak validation The ETag mechanism supports both strong validation and weak validation. They are distinguished by the presence of an initial W/ in the ETag identifier, as: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

HTTP ETag - Strong and weak validation :

HTTP ETag - Strong and weak validation A strongly validating ETag match indicates that the content of the two resources is byte-for-byte identical and that all other entity fields (such as Content-Language) are also unchanged. Strong ETags permit the caching and reassembly of partial responses, as with Byte serving|byte-range requests. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

HTTP ETag - Strong and weak validation :

HTTP ETag - Strong and weak validation A weakly validating ETag match only indicates that the two resources are Semantic equivalence|semantically equivalent, meaning that for practical purposes they are interchangeable and that cached copies can be used https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Quantitative analysis (finance) - Model validation:

Quantitative analysis (finance) - Model validation Model validation (MV) takes the models and methods developed by front office, library, and modelling quants and determines their validity and correctness https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Internal Ratings-Based Approach (Credit Risk) - Validation of internal estimates:

Internal Ratings-Based Approach (Credit Risk) - Validation of internal estimates Banks must have well-defined processes to estimate the accuracy and consistency of their rating systems. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Heartland Payment Systems - Re-validation:

Heartland Payment Systems - Re-validation On May 1, 2009, Visa and Heartland issued a statement that Heartland successfully validated its compliance with PCI DSS and has been returned to Visa's list of PCI DSS Validated Service Providers.[http://finance.yahoo.com/news/Heartland-Payment-Systems-bw-15105593.html?.v=1 Heartland Payment Systems Returns to Visa's List of PCI DSS Validated Service Providers] https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Heartland Payment Systems - Re-validation:

Heartland Payment Systems - Re-validation Several days later, on May 8, 2009, Gartner Analyst Avivah Litan stated that Heartland is basically leading the way for the rest of the industry. She also noted that its plan for end-to-end encryption will be the first effort of its kind in the US.[http://www.computerworlduk.com/management/security/cybercrime/news/index.cfm?newsid=14680 Security breach has cost Heartland £8.4m so far], Computerworld UK https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

General semantics - Early attempts at validation :

General semantics - Early attempts at validation The First American Congress for General Semantics convened in March 1935 at the Central Washington College of Education in Ellensburg, WA https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Cache invalidation:

Cache invalidation 'Cache invalidation' is a process whereby entries in a cache (computing)|cache are deleted. It can be done explicitly, as part of a cache coherence protocol in a parallel computing|parallel computer. In such a case, a compute node changes a variable and then invalidates the cached values of that variable across the rest of the computer system. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Actuarial exam - Validation by Educational Experience:

Actuarial exam - Validation by Educational Experience Candidates for CAS and SOA membership must pass standardized tests in introductory economics, corporate finance and applied statistics. Applied statistics has two components: Regression analysis|regression and time series. Instead of passing exams, candidates may earn credit by passing an approved college class with a B- or better grade or by completing an approved correspondence class. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation des Acquis de l'Experience:

Validation des Acquis de l'Experience The 'VAE' or 'Validation des Acquis de l'Expérience' is a procedure that allows any France|French educational institution to grant academic degree|degrees partly or totally on work experience. A porfolio of the applicant's achievements and work experience is presented to a committee at the educational institution. The committee will then decide if the documents presented in the portfolio show work that merits partial credit towards a particular degree. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation des Acquis de l'Experience - History :

Validation des Acquis de l'Experience - History A French law of August 23, 1985, authorized people with work experience to ask for a Diploma equivalence https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation des Acquis de l'Experience - VAE Legal Background :

Validation des Acquis de l'Experience - VAE Legal Background The VAE is now included in the French Code of Education ([http://legifrance.gouv.fr/WAspad/RechercheSimplePartieCode?commun=CEDUCAcode=CEDUCATL.rcv code l' Education de la République Française]) at Partie législative, Troisième partie, Livre VI, Titre Ier, Chapitre III, Section 2, Art. L613-3 à L613-6. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation des Acquis de l'Experience - VAE Legal Background :

Validation des Acquis de l'Experience - VAE Legal Background It is important to note that Art L- 613-4 states: The validation produces the same effects as success with the test or the proof control of knowledge and the aptitudes which it replaces. The degrees and diplomas obtained through the VAE process are exactly the same and any mention of the VAE is prohibited in order to fight a possible unlawful discrimination. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation des Acquis de l'Experience - VAE Legal Background :

Validation des Acquis de l'Experience - VAE Legal Background The VAE decision is done on file after interview (electronic or physical) by a VAE Jury made of Professors belonging to the University. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation des Acquis de l'Experience - Recognition of the VAE process :

Validation des Acquis de l'Experience - Recognition of the VAE process Source [http://google.com/search?q=cache:KTUplmMtk9wJ:media.education.gouv.fr/file/18/1/3181.pdf+Nombres+des+Validation+des+acquis+de+l%27experiencehl=enct=clnkcd=2gl=usclient=mozilla Government Statistics ]. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation des Acquis de l'Experience - Recognition of the VAE process :

Validation des Acquis de l'Experience - Recognition of the VAE process More than 1250 Bachelor's or higher degree were granted through the VAE in 2005 in France (+50%). https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation des Acquis de l'Experience - Recognition of the VAE process :

Validation des Acquis de l'Experience - Recognition of the VAE process In France the VAE is, according to the government website, in full expansion and totally accepted. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation des Acquis de l'Experience - Recognition of the VAE process :

Validation des Acquis de l'Experience - Recognition of the VAE process Internationally, the countries, which ratified [http://conventions.coe.int/Treaty/EN/Treaties/Html/165.htm Convention on the Recognition of Qualifications concerning Higher Education in the European Region], recognize it. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation des Acquis de l'Experience - Recognition of the VAE process :

Validation des Acquis de l'Experience - Recognition of the VAE process In the US, credentials evaluators, universities, federal and state governments also recognize the VAE degrees with the notable exception of the state of Oregon. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation des Acquis de l'Experience - VAE for non-French speaking students :

Validation des Acquis de l'Experience - VAE for non-French speaking students The validation documents provided to the committee at the university deciding the validation must be in a language that the committee members can read and understand if not in French. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

University of Chester - External validation :

University of Chester - External validation The University of Chester additionally provides the service of validating external academic programmes and awarding academic qualifications to students enrolled in programmes of study at other affiliated institutions. Bhaktivedanta College, a International Society for Krishna Consciousness|Hare Krishna educational institution in Belgium, is an institution of higher education whose degree programmes are accredited, validated, and awarded officially by the University of Chester. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Readability - Consolidation and validation:

Readability - Consolidation and validation Beginning in the 1940s, continuing studies in readability confirmed and expanded on earlier research. From these studies, it became obvious that readability is not something embedded in the text but is the result of an interaction between the text and the reader. On the reader's side, readability is dependent on 1. prior knowledge, 2. reading skill, 3. interest, and 4. motivation. On the side of the text, readability is affected by 1. content, 2. style, 3. design, and 4. organization. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Institutes of Technology in Ireland - Validation :

Institutes of Technology in Ireland - Validation Traditionally awards were conferred by the National Council for Educational Awards, this statutory authority became the Higher Education and Training Awards Council, and other awards are conferred by the Further Education and Training Awards Council. Some specialised courses, such as accountancy, are validated by professional bodies but these are nearly always the exception. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Password strength - Password guess validation:

Password strength - Password guess validation Systems that use passwords for authentication must have some way to check any password entered to gain access https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Password strength - Password guess validation:

Password strength - Password guess validation Improvements in computing technology keep increasing the rate at which guessed passwords can be tested https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Password strength - Password guess validation:

Password strength - Password guess validation Another situation where quick guessing is possible is when the password is used to form a cryptographic key. In such cases, an attacker can quickly check to see if a guessed password successfully decodes encrypted data. For example, one commercial product claims to test 103,000 Wi-Fi Protected Access|WPA PSK passwords per second.[http://www.elcomsoft.com/ewsa.html Elcomsoft Wireless Security Auditor, HD5970 GPU] accessed 2011-02-11 https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Password strength - Password guess validation:

Password strength - Password guess validation If a password system only stores the hash of the password, an attacker can pre-compute hash values for common passwords variants and for all passwords shorter than a certain length, allowing very rapid recovery of the password once its hash is obtained https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

OPML - Validation:

OPML - Validation Dave Winer has made a request for comments on a [http://www.opml.org/guidelinesForValidation proposal for validating OPML] and released a beta [http://validator.opml.org/ OPML validator]. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

OPML - Validation:

OPML - Validation Katy Ginger from DLESE has published [http://www.dlese.org/Metadata/opml/2.0/index.htm an XML Schema Document] for validating OPML 2.0. There is also a [http://static.userland.com/gems/radiodiscuss/opmlDtd.txt DTD available for OPML 1.0]. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Naomi Oreskes - Scientific methods and model validation:

Naomi Oreskes - Scientific methods and model validation Oreskes worked on scientific methods, in particular model validation in the Earth sciences. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Naomi Oreskes - Scientific methods and model validation:

Naomi Oreskes - Scientific methods and model validation In 1999 she participated as a consultant to the US Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board for developing a Deep geological repository|repository safety strategy for the Yucca Mountain nuclear waste repository|Yucca Mountain project, with special attention to model validation. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

GlobalWebIndex - Audience Validation:

GlobalWebIndex - Audience Validation GWIQ tags can be included in online advertising campaigns to verify the accuracy of targeting criteria offered by the vendors of advertising. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Ecosystem model - Validation:

Ecosystem model - Validation Another method of validation is to compare the model's output with data collected from field observations https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Narrative fallacy - Part one: Umberto Eco's anti-library, or how we seek validation:

Narrative fallacy - Part one: Umberto Eco's anti-library, or how we seek validation In the first chapter, the Black Swan theory first is discussed in relation to Taleb's coming of age in the Levant. The author then elucidates his approach to historical analysis. He describes history as opaque, essentially a black box of cause and effect. One sees events go in and events go out, but one has no way of determining which produced what effect. Taleb argues this is due to The Triplet of Opacity. PROLOGUE p8. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Narrative fallacy - Part one: Umberto Eco's anti-library, or how we seek validation:

Narrative fallacy - Part one: Umberto Eco's anti-library, or how we seek validation In the second chapter, Taleb discusses a neuroscientist named Yevgenia Nikolayevna Krasnova and her book A Story of Recursion. She published her book on the web and was discovered by a small publishing company; they published her unedited work and the book became an international bestseller. The small publishing firm became a big corporation, and Yevgenia became famous. This incident is described as a Black Swan event. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Narrative fallacy - Part one: Umberto Eco's anti-library, or how we seek validation:

Narrative fallacy - Part one: Umberto Eco's anti-library, or how we seek validation Taleb goes on to admit that the so-called author is a work of fiction. Yevgenia rejects the distinction between fiction and nonfiction. She also hates the very idea of enforcing things into well defined categories, holding that the world generally is complex and not easy to define. Though female, the character is based, in part, autobiographically on the author (according to Taleb), who has many of the same traits. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Narrative fallacy - Part one: Umberto Eco's anti-library, or how we seek validation:

Narrative fallacy - Part one: Umberto Eco's anti-library, or how we seek validation In the third chapter, Taleb introduces the concepts of Extremistan and Mediocristan. He uses them as guides to define how predictable is the environment one's studying. Mediocristan environments safely can use Normal distribution|Gaussian distribution. In Extremistan environments, a Gaussian distribution is used at one's peril. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Narrative fallacy - Part one: Umberto Eco's anti-library, or how we seek validation:

Narrative fallacy - Part one: Umberto Eco's anti-library, or how we seek validation Chapter four brings together the topics discussed earlier in the narrative, about a turkey. Taleb uses it to illustrate the philosophical problem of Inductive reasoning|induction and how past performance is no indicator of future performance. He then takes the reader into the history of skepticism. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Narrative fallacy - Part one: Umberto Eco's anti-library, or how we seek validation:

Narrative fallacy - Part one: Umberto Eco's anti-library, or how we seek validation In Chapter nine, Taleb outlines the multiple topics he previously has described and connects them as a single basic idea. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Backup validation:

Backup validation 'Backup validation' is the process whereby owners of computer data may examine how their data was backed up in order to understand what their risk of data loss might be. It also speaks to optimization of such processes, charging for them as well as estimating future requirements, sometimes called capacity planning. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Backup validation - History:

Backup validation - History Three key elements of such data protection are Validation, Optimization and Chargeback. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Backup validation - Validation:

Backup validation - Validation Validation is the process of finding out whether a backup attempt succeeded or not, or, whether the data is backed up enough to consider it protected. This process usually involves the examination of log files, the smoking gun often left behind after a backup attempts takes place, as well as media databases, data traffic and even magnetic tapes. Patterns can be detected, key error messages identified and statistics extracted in order to determine which backups worked and which did not. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Backup validation - Optimization:

Backup validation - Optimization Optimization (computer science)|Optimization is the process of examining productivity patterns in the process of backup to determine where improvements can be made and often, where certain (less important) backup jobs may be eliminated entirely. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Backup validation - Chargeback:

Backup validation - Chargeback Very often, the service of backing up data is done by one person (or persons) in the service of others, the Owners of the data https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Test validity - Validation process :

Test validity - Validation process According to the 1999 Standards, validation is the process of gathering evidence to provide “a sound scientific basis” for interpreting the scores as proposed by the test developer and/or the test user. Validation therefore begins with a framework that defines the scope and aspects (in the case of multi-dimensional scales) of the proposed interpretation. The framework also includes a rational justification linking the interpretation to the test in question. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Test validity - Validation process :

Test validity - Validation process Validity researchers then list a series of propositions that must be met if the interpretation is to be valid https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Test validity - Validation process :

Test validity - Validation process A single interpretation of any test may require several propositions to be true (or may be questioned by any one of a set of threats to its validity). Strong evidence in support of a single proposition does not lessen the requirement to support the other propositions. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Test validity - Validation process :

Test validity - Validation process Evidence to support (or question) the validity of an interpretation can be categorized into one of five categories: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Test validity - Validation process :

Test validity - Validation process # Evidence based on internal structure https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Test validity - Validation process :

Test validity - Validation process # Evidence based on consequences of testing https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Test validity - Validation process :

Test validity - Validation process Techniques to gather each type of evidence should only be employed when they yield information that would support or question the propositions required for the interpretation in question. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Test validity - Validation process :

Test validity - Validation process Each piece of evidence is finally integrated into a validity argument. The argument may call for a revision to the test, its administration protocol, or the theoretical constructs underlying the interpretations. If the test and/or the interpretations meant to be made of the test’s results are revised in any way, a new validation process must gather evidence to support the new version. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Language, Truth, and Logic - Truth as validation:

Language, Truth, and Logic - Truth as validation Ayer defines truth as the criterion by which empirical propositions are validated. To say that a proposition is true is simply to assert it, and to say that a proposition is false is simply to assert a contradictory proposition. Thus, truth and falsehood are simply signs of assertion or denial of empirically verifiable propositions. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Language, Truth, and Logic - Truth as validation:

Language, Truth, and Logic - Truth as validation In the same manner, assertions of value have meaning only insofar as they are verifiable. If an ethical or aesthetic judgment cannot be subjected to empirical testing, then it is meaningless. An empirical test may be practical or theoretical. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Medical laboratory - Result analysis, validation and interpretation:

Medical laboratory - Result analysis, validation and interpretation According to ISO 15189 norm, all pathological results must be verified by a competent professional https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Medical laboratory - Result analysis, validation and interpretation:

Medical laboratory - Result analysis, validation and interpretation Departments in some countries are exclusively directed by a specialized pathologist, in others a consultant, medical or non-medical, may be the Head of Department. Clinical scientists have the right to interpret and discuss pathology results in their discipline in many countries, in Europe they are qualified to at least Masters level, may have a PhD and can have an exit qualification equivalent to medical staff (e.g., FRCPath in the UK). https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Medical laboratory - Result analysis, validation and interpretation:

Medical laboratory - Result analysis, validation and interpretation In France, only medical staff (Pharm.D. and Doctor of Medicine|M.D. specialized in anatomical pathology or Clinical biologist|clinical biology) can discuss pathological results, clinical scientists are not considered as a part of medical staff. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

New Hampshire Grants - Invalidation:

New Hampshire Grants - Invalidation New York interpreted the decision as invalidating Wentworth's grants entirely—to the great dismay of area residents—and subsequently divided the territory into four counties, Albany County, New York|Albany, Charlotte County, New York|Charlotte, Cumberland County, New York|Cumberland and Gloucester County, New York|Gloucester https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

New Hampshire Grants - Invalidation:

New Hampshire Grants - Invalidation In 1770, the New York Supreme Court (which included members holding competing titles to some of the Wentworth grants) advanced New York's case by declaring all of Wentworth's grants invalid. This infuriated residents of the area, including Ethan Allen and his Green Mountain Boys, ultimately leading to the establishment of the self-declared Vermont Republic and general rebellion against the New York government. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology - Role in nomenclature validation :

International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology - Role in nomenclature validation Since August 2002, publications relating to new bacterial taxa and validation of publication elsewhere have both required Biological type|type strains to have been deposited at two recognised public collections in different countries.[http://ijs.sgmjournals.org/misc/ifora.shtml International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology: Instructions for authors] (accessed 27 September 2007) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology - Role in nomenclature validation :

International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology - Role in nomenclature validation As of 2007, the journal has officially validated around 6500 species and 1500 genera. It was estimated in 2004 that over 300 new names had been published but not validated. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Military simulation - Validation:

Military simulation - Validation In the context of simulation, validation is the process of testing a model by supplying it with historical data and comparing its output to the known historical result. If a model can reliably reproduce known results, it is considered to be validated and assumed to be capable of providing predictive outputs (within a reasonable degree of uncertainty). https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Military simulation - Validation:

Military simulation - Validation Developing realistic models has proven to be somewhat easier in naval simulations than on land.Thomas B Allen, War Games: Inside the Secret World of the Men who Play at Annihilation, New York, McGraw Hill, 1987, ISBN 0-7493-0011-6, p123 One of the pioneers of naval simulations, Fletcher Pratt, designed his Naval War Game in the late 1930s, and was able to validate his model almost immediately by applying it to the encounter between the German pocket battleship German pocket battleship Admiral Graf Spee|Admiral Graf Spee and three British cruisers in the Battle of the River Plate off Montevideo in 1939 https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Military simulation - Validation:

Military simulation - Validation In contrast, many modern operations research models have proven unable to reproduce historical results when they are validated; the Atlas model, for instance, in 1971 was shown to be incapable of achieving more than a 68% correspondence with historical results.Trevor N Dupuy, Numbers, Predictions, and War, Indianapolis, IN: Bobbs-Merrill Company, 1979, ISBN 0-672-52131-8, p57 Trevor Dupuy, a prominent American historian and military analyst known for airing often controversial views, has said that many OR analysts and planners are convinced that neither history nor data from past wars has any relevance.Trevor N Dupuy, Numbers, Predictions and War, Indianapolis, IN: Bobbs-Merrill Company, 1979, ISBN 0-672-52131-8, p41 In Numbers, Predictions, and War, he implies a model that cannot even reproduce a known outcome is little more than a whimsy, with no basis in reality. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Military simulation - Validation:

Military simulation - Validation Historically, there have even been a few rare occasions where a simulation was validated as it was being carried out https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Military simulation - Validation:

Military simulation - Validation Validation is a particular issue with political-military simulations, since much of the data produced is Subjectivity|subjective https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation therapy:

Validation therapy 'Validation therapy' was developed by Naomi Feil for older people with cognitive impairments and dementia. Feil's own approach classifies individuals with cognitive impairment as having one of four stages in a continuum of dementia. These stages are: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation therapy:

Validation therapy *Mental confusion|Time confusion https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation therapy:

Validation therapy The basic principle of the therapy is the concept of Compliance (Psychology)|validation or the reciprocated communication of respect which communicates that the other's opinions are acknowledged, respected, heard, and (regardless whether or not the listener actually agrees with the content), they are being treated with genuine respect as a legitimate expression of their feelings, rather than marginalized or dismissed. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation therapy:

Validation therapy Validation therapy uses different specific techniques, and it has attracted criticism from researchers who dispute the evidence for some of the beliefs and values of validation therapy, and the appropriateness of the techniques; as there are not enough quality evidences proving the efficacy of such method for people with dementia. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Process area (CMMI) - Validation (VAL) :

Process area (CMMI) - Validation (VAL) * An Engineering process area at Maturity Level 3 https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Process area (CMMI) - Validation (VAL) :

Process area (CMMI) - Validation (VAL) The purpose of 'Validation' (VAL) is to demonstrate that a product or product component fulfills its intended use when placed in its intended environment. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Process area (CMMI) - Validation (VAL) :

Process area (CMMI) - Validation (VAL) ** SP 1.1 Select Products for Validation https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Process area (CMMI) - Validation (VAL) :

Process area (CMMI) - Validation (VAL) ** SP 1.3 Establish Validation Procedures and Criteria https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Process area (CMMI) - Validation (VAL) :

Process area (CMMI) - Validation (VAL) * SG 2 Validate Product or Product Components https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Process area (CMMI) - Validation (VAL) :

Process area (CMMI) - Validation (VAL) ** SP 2.2 Analyze Validation Results https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation:

Validation * Verification and validation, in engineering, confirming that a product or service meets the needs of its users https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation:

Validation * Verification and validation (software), checking that a software system meets specifications and fulfills its intended purpose https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation:

Validation * Validation of foreign studies and degrees, processes for transferring educational credentials between countries https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation:

Validation * Validation (drug manufacture), documenting that a process or system meets its pre-determined specifications and quality attributes https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation:

Validation * Data validation, in computer science, ensuring that data inserted into an application satisfies defined formats and other input criteria https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation:

Validation * XML validation, the process of checking a document written in XML to confirm that it both is well-formed and follows a defined structure https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation:

Validation * the validation of an analytical test method, to show that it is suitable for the purpose it is used https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation:

Validation * Forecast verification, validating and verifying prognostic output from a numerical model https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

SHA-256 - Cryptanalysis and validation:

SHA-256 - Cryptanalysis and validation At Fast Software Encryption|FSE 2012, researchers at Sony gave a presentation suggesting pseudo-collision attacks could be extended to 52 rounds on SHA-256 and 57 rounds on SHA-512 by building upon the biclique pseudo-preimage attack.Ji Li, Takanori Isobe and Kyoji Shibutani, Sony China Research Laboratory and Sony Corporation, [http://fse2012.inria.fr/SLIDES/67.pdf Converting Meet-in-the-Middle Preimage Attack into Pseudo Collision Attack: Application to SHA-2 ] https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Test method - Test Method Validation :

Test method - Test Method Validation Test methods are often scrutinized for their validity, applicability, and accuracy. It is very important that the scope of the test method be clearly defined, and any aspect included in the scope is shown to be accurate and repeatable through validation. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Test method - Test Method Validation :

Test method - Test Method Validation * Accuracy and precision: Demonstration of accuracy may require the creation of a reference value if none is yet available. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Test method - Test Method Validation :

Test method - Test Method Validation * Repeatability and Reproducibility, sometimes in the form of a ANOVA Gauge RR|Gauge RR. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Test method - Test Method Validation :

Test method - Test Method Validation * Range, or a continuum scale over which the test method would be considered accurate. Example: 10 N to 100 N force test. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Test method - Test Method Validation :

Test method - Test Method Validation * Image resolution|Measurement resolution, be it spatial, temporal, or otherwise. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Test method - Test Method Validation :

Test method - Test Method Validation * Curve fitting, typically for linearity, which justifies interpolation between calibrated reference points. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Test method - Test Method Validation :

Test method - Test Method Validation * Robustness, or the insensitivity to potentially subtle variables in the test environment or setup which may be difficult to control. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Test method - Test Method Validation :

Test method - Test Method Validation * Usefulness to predict end-use characteristics and performance https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Test method - Test Method Validation :

Test method - Test Method Validation * Interlaboratory or round robin tests https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Test method - Test Method Validation :

Test method - Test Method Validation * other types of measurement systems analysis https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Identity certificate - Domain Validation:

Identity certificate - Domain Validation A certificate provider will issue a Validation (DV) class certificate to a purchaser if the purchaser can demonstrate one straightforward vetting criterion: the right to administratively manage the domain name in question. For example, a domain name registrar might sell (or more accurately, resell) DV certificates through their domain name management system. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Identity certificate - Organization Validation:

Identity certificate - Organization Validation A certificate provider will issue an Organization Validation (OV) class certificate to a purchaser if the purchaser can meet two criteria: the right to administratively manage the domain name in question, and perhaps, the organization's actual existence as a legal entity. A certificate provider publishes its OV vetting criteria through its Certificate Policy. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Identity certificate - Extended Validation:

Identity certificate - Extended Validation To acquire an Extended Validation Certificate|Extended Validation (EV) certificate, the purchaser must persuade the certificate provider of its legitimacy by surviving a battery complex vetting criteria, the majority of which are manually performed. As with OV certificates, a certificate provider publishes its EV vetting criteria through its Certificate Policy. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Identity certificate - Extended Validation:

Identity certificate - Extended Validation Browsers will generally offer users a special visual indication when a site presents an EV certificate. For example, it might change the background color of the URL bar from neutral to green. In this way, the user can decide whether or not to more readily trust the site as being legitimate. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation of foreign studies and degrees:

Validation of foreign studies and degrees Validation can be total or partial validation of foreign university and non-university studies and degrees. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation of foreign studies and degrees - Mutual recognition of professional qualifications:

Validation of foreign studies and degrees - Mutual recognition of professional qualifications Mutual recognition of professional qualifications is regulated by European Union directive 2005/36/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 7 September 2005 on the recognition of professional qualifications,[http://europa.eu/scadplus/leg/en/cha/c11065.htm SCADPlus: Reform of the system for the recognition of professional qualifications] modified by Council Directive 2006/100/EC.[http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/site/en/oj/2006/l_363/l_36320061220en01410237.pdf l_36320061220en01410237.pdf] https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation of foreign studies and degrees - Mutual recognition of professional qualifications:

Validation of foreign studies and degrees - Mutual recognition of professional qualifications # The competent authority of the host Member State shall acknowledge receipt of the application within one month of receipt and inform the applicant of any missing document. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation of foreign studies and degrees - Mutual recognition of professional qualifications:

Validation of foreign studies and degrees - Mutual recognition of professional qualifications # The procedure for examining an application for authorisation to practise a regulated profession must be completed as quickly as possible and lead to a duly substantiated 'decision' by the competent authority in the host Member State in any case 'within three months after the date on which the applicant's complete file was submitted'. However, this Wiktionary|deadline may be extended by one month in certain cases. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation of foreign studies and degrees - Mutual recognition of professional qualifications:

Validation of foreign studies and degrees - Mutual recognition of professional qualifications # The decision, or failure to reach a decision within the wikt:deadline|deadline, shall be subject to appeal under national law. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation of foreign studies and degrees - Spain :

Validation of foreign studies and degrees - Spain The total validation of foreign university studies and degrees in the Spanish system consists of a complete recognition of said studies and degrees in that system. The Spanish Ministry of Education and Science is in charge of the procedure. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation of foreign studies and degrees - Spain :

Validation of foreign studies and degrees - Spain The academic degrees, diplomas or Academic certificate|certificates on pharmaceutical or medical speciality|medical specialities which were obtained in a foreign country and which qualify the applicant in order to carry out the relevant professions in those countries can be validated as their official equivalents in the Spanish system. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation of foreign studies and degrees - Spain :

Validation of foreign studies and degrees - Spain The Ministry of Education and Science is only responsible for the total validation of a foreign university degree for its Spanish equivalent. Any other applications for the partial validation of studies carried out in a foreign country in order to pursue a university study course in Spain must be submitted to the Spanish university itself. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Validation of foreign studies and degrees - Norway :

Validation of foreign studies and degrees - Norway The Norwegian governmental authority for accreditation of foreign education of Norwegian citizens and foreigners, NOKUT, has sole power in these matters. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Cross validation (disambiguation):

Cross validation (disambiguation) 'Cross-validation' could refer to: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Cross validation (disambiguation):

Cross validation (disambiguation) * Cross-validation (statistics), a technique for estimating the performance of a predictive model; https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Cross validation (disambiguation):

Cross validation (disambiguation) * Cross-validation (analytical chemistry), the practice of confirming an experimental finding by repeating the experiment using an independent assay technique; https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Contour advection - Validation:

Contour advection - Validation Advected contours, e.g. of trace gases (such as ozone) in the stratosphere, https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Contour advection - Validation:

Contour advection - Validation can be validated with satellite remote sensing instruments using a method called isoline retrieval. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Revalidation:

Revalidation 'Revalidation' is a mechanism for doctors practicing in the UK to prove their skills are up-to-date and they remain fit to practise medicine. It is intended to reassure patients, employers and other professionals, and to contribute to improving patient care and safety.http://www.gmc-uk.org/doctors/7330.asp https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Revalidation:

Revalidation Doctors will need to keep a portfolio of evidence showing how they are meeting relevant standards, which will form the basis for discussion at their annual appraisals.http://www.gmc-uk.org/doctors/revalidation/faq_revalidation_p1.asp It is not an examination process. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Revalidation:

Revalidation The Process of revalidation will be planned by the UK Revalidation Programme Boardhttp://www.gmc-uk.org/doctors/revalidation/revalidation_board.asp https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Revalidation:

Revalidation The portfolio for the appraisal should include the following six types of supporting information that a doctor is expected to discuss with their appraiser at least once within the five year cycle: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Revalidation:

Revalidation 1. Continuing Professional Development https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Revalidation:

Revalidation 2. Quality Improvement Activity https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Revalidation:

Revalidation More information regarding these may be found from the GMC's publication Ready for Revalidation (March 2012).http://www.gmc-uk.org/doctors/revalidation/14193.asp https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

Revalidation:

Revalidation The Health and Social Care Act 2008 created the role of the Responsible Officer.http://www.opsi.gov.uk/acts/acts2008/ukpga_20080014_en_8#pt2-pb4-l1g119 https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html

For More Information, Visit::

For More Information, Visit: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-validation-toolkit.html The Art of Service https://store.theartofservice.com

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