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Transition https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Fortran Transition to ANSI Standard Fortran:

Fortran Transition to ANSI Standard Fortran The development of a revised standard to succeed FORTRAN 77 would be repeatedly delayed as the standardization process struggled to keep up with rapid changes in computing and programming practice. In the meantime, as the "Standard FORTRAN" for nearly fifteen years, FORTRAN 77 would become the historically most important dialect. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Fortran Transition to ANSI Standard Fortran:

Fortran Transition to ANSI Standard Fortran An important practical extension to FORTRAN 77 was the release of MIL-STD-1753 in 1978. This specification, developed by the U.S. Department of Defense, standardized a number of features implemented by most FORTRAN 77 compilers but not included in the ANSI FORTRAN 77 standard. These features would eventually be incorporated into the standard. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Fortran Transition to ANSI Standard Fortran:

Fortran Transition to ANSI Standard Fortran Bit manipulation intrinsic functions, based on similar functions included in Industrial Real-Time Fortran (ANSI/ISA S61.1 (1976)) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Fortran Transition to ANSI Standard Fortran:

Fortran Transition to ANSI Standard Fortran The IEEE 1003.9 POSIX Standard, released in 1991, provided a simple means for FORTRAN 77 programmers to issue POSIX system calls. Over 100 calls were defined in the document — allowing access to POSIX-compatible process control, signal handling, file system control, device control, procedure pointing, and stream I/O in a portable manner. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

BlackBerry Ltd Platform transition:

BlackBerry Ltd Platform transition This section's tone or style may not reflect the encyclopedic tone used on . See 's guide to writing better articles for suggestions. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Analog television Transition to digital broadcasts:

Analog television Transition to digital broadcasts The United Kingdom made the transition to digital television between 2008 and 2012, with the exception of Barrow-in-Furness, which made the switch over in 2007. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Analog television Transition to digital broadcasts:

Analog television Transition to digital broadcasts As a result, almost two million households could no longer watch television because they were not prepared for the transition https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Analog television Transition to digital broadcasts:

Analog television Transition to digital broadcasts In broadcasting, whatever happens in the United States also influences southern Canada and northern Mexico because those areas are covered by television stations in the U.S. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Analog television Transition to digital broadcasts:

Analog television Transition to digital broadcasts In Japan, the switch to digital occurred on the 24th of July, 2011 (with the exception of Fukushima, Iwate, and Miyagi prefectures, where conversion was delayed one year due to complications from the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami). In Canada, it is scheduled to happen 31 August 2011. China is scheduled to switch in 2015. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Analog television Transition to digital broadcasts:

Analog television Transition to digital broadcasts Brazil switched to digital television on 2 December 2007 in its major cities, and now it is estimated that it will take about seven years for complete conversion over all of Brazil. Australia will turn off analog television in steps, network by network, between 2010 and 2013, region by region. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Analog television Transition to digital broadcasts:

Analog television Transition to digital broadcasts In Malaysia, the Malaysian Communications & Multimedia Commission (MCMC) advertised for tender bids to be submitted in the third quarter of 2009 for the 470 through 742 MHz UHF allocation, to enable Malaysia's broadcast system to move into DTV https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Analog television Transition to digital broadcasts:

Analog television Transition to digital broadcasts Users may then encode and transmit their television programs on this channel's digital data stream. The winner will be announced at the end of 2012 or early 2013. A condition of the award is that digital transmission must start as soon as possible, and analog switch-off is proposed for 2015 or later, which means that analog television may continue for longer than originally planned. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

AOL 2000s: transition and rebranding:

AOL 2000s: transition and rebranding In January 2000, AOL and Time Warner announced plans to merge, forming AOL Time Warner, Inc https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

AOL 2000s: transition and rebranding:

AOL 2000s: transition and rebranding In 2004, along with the launch of AOL 9.0 Optimized, AOL also made available the option of personalized greetings which would enable the user to hear his or her name while accessing basic functions and mail alerts, or while logging in or out. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

AOL 2000s: transition and rebranding:

AOL 2000s: transition and rebranding In 2005, AOL broadcast the Live 8 concert live over the Internet, and thousands of users downloaded clips of the concert over the following months https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

AOL 2000s: transition and rebranding:

AOL 2000s: transition and rebranding On April 3, 2006, AOL announced that it was retiring the full name "America Online"; the official name of the service became "AOL", and the full name of the Time Warner subdivision became "AOL, LLC". https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

AOL 2000s: transition and rebranding:

AOL 2000s: transition and rebranding On June 8, 2006, AOL offered a new program called AOL Active Security Monitor, a diagnostic tool that checked the local PC's security status, and recommended additional security software from AOL or Download.com https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

AOL 2000s: transition and rebranding:

AOL 2000s: transition and rebranding On August 2006, AOL announced that they would give away email accounts and software previously available only to its paying customers provided the customer accessed AOL or AOL.com through a non-AOL-owned access method (otherwise known as "third party transit", "bring your own access", or "BYOA") https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

AOL 2000s: transition and rebranding:

AOL 2000s: transition and rebranding AOL Video featured professional content and allowed users to upload videos as well. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

AOL 2000s: transition and rebranding:

AOL 2000s: transition and rebranding AOL Local, comprising its CityGuide, Yellow Pages and Local Search services to help users find local information like restaurants, local events, and directory listings. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

AOL 2000s: transition and rebranding:

AOL 2000s: transition and rebranding AOL My eAddress, a custom domain name for email addresses. These email accounts could be accessed in a manner similar to other AOL and AIM email accounts. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

AOL 2000s: transition and rebranding:

AOL 2000s: transition and rebranding Xdrive, which was a service offered by AOL that allowed users to back up their files over the Internet. It was acquired by AOL on August 3, 2005 and closed on January 12, 2009. It offered a free 5 GB account (free online file storage) to anyone with an AOL screenname. Xdrive also provided remote backup services and 50GB of storage for a $9.95 per month fee. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

AOL 2000s: transition and rebranding:

AOL 2000s: transition and rebranding According to AOL CEO Randy Falco, as of December 2007, the conversion rate of accounts from paid access to free access was over 80% https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

AOL 2000s: transition and rebranding:

AOL 2000s: transition and rebranding On September 17, 2007, AOL announced that it was moving one of its corporate headquarters from Dulles, Virginia to New York City and combining its various advertising units into a new subsidiary called Platform A https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

AOL 2000s: transition and rebranding:

AOL 2000s: transition and rebranding In October 2007, AOL announced that it would move one of its other headquarters from Loudoun County, Virginia to New York City; it would continue to operate its Virginia offices https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

AOL 2000s: transition and rebranding:

AOL 2000s: transition and rebranding By November 2007, AOL's customer base had been reduced to 10.1 million subscribers, just narrowly ahead of Comcast and AT&T Yahoo!. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

AOL 2000s: transition and rebranding:

AOL 2000s: transition and rebranding On January 3, 2008, AOL announced the closing one of its three Northern Virginia data centers, Reston Technology Center, and sold it to CRG West. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

AOL 2000s: transition and rebranding:

AOL 2000s: transition and rebranding On February 6, 2008, Time Warner CEO Jeff Bewkes announced that Time Warner would split AOL's internet access and advertising businesses into two, with the possibility of later selling the internet access division. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

AOL 2000s: transition and rebranding:

AOL 2000s: transition and rebranding On March 13, 2008, AOL purchased the social networking site Bebo for $850m (£417m). On July 25, 2008 AOL announced it was shedding Xdrive, AOL Pictures, and BlueString to save on costs and focus on its core advertising business. AOL Pictures was terminated on December 31, 2008. On October 31, 2008, AOL Hometown (a web hosting service for the websites of AOL customers) and the AOL Journal blog hosting service were eliminated, after first announcing the impending shutdown on September 30, 2008. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Electronic ticket - IATA mandated transition:

Electronic ticket - IATA mandated transition As part of the IATA Simplifying the Business initiative, the association instituted a program to switch the industry to 100% electronic ticketing. The program concluded on June 1, 2008, with the association saying that the resulting industry savings were approximately US$3 billion. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Electronic ticket - IATA mandated transition:

Electronic ticket - IATA mandated transition In 2004, IATA Board of Governors set the end of 2007 as the deadline for airlines to make the transition to 100% electronic ticketing for tickets processed through the IATA billing and settlement plan; in June 2007, the deadline was extended to May 31, 2008. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Electronic ticket - IATA mandated transition:

Electronic ticket - IATA mandated transition As of June 1, 2008 paper tickets can no longer be issued on neutral stock by agencies reporting to their local BSP. Agents reporting to the ARC using company-provided stock or issuing tickets on behalf of an airline (GSAs and ticketing offices) are not subject to that restriction. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Electronic ticket - IATA mandated transition:

Electronic ticket - IATA mandated transition The industry was unable to comply with the IATA mandate and paper tickets remain in circulation as of February 2009. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IPv4 address exhaustion - Transition mechanisms:

IPv4 address exhaustion - Transition mechanisms As the IPv4 address pool depletes, some ISPs will not be able to provide globally routable IPv4 addresses to customers. Nevertheless, customers are likely to require access to services on the IPv4 Internet. Several technologies have been developed for providing IPv4 service over an IPv6 access network. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IPv4 address exhaustion - Transition mechanisms:

IPv4 address exhaustion - Transition mechanisms In ISP-level IPv4 NAT, ISPs may implement IPv4 network address translation within their networks and assign private IPv4 addresses to customers. This approach may allow customers to keep using existing hardware. This has been successfully implemented in some countries, e.g., Russia, where many broadband providers use Carrier-grade NAT, and offer publicly routable IPv4 address at an additional cost. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IPv4 address exhaustion - Transition mechanisms:

IPv4 address exhaustion - Transition mechanisms However the allocation of private IPv4 addresses to customers may conflict with private IP allocations on the customer networks https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IPv4 address exhaustion - Transition mechanisms:

IPv4 address exhaustion - Transition mechanisms NAT64 translates IPv6 requests from clients to IPv4 requests. This avoids the need to provision any IPv4 addresses to clients and allows clients that only support IPv6 to access IPv4 resources. However this approach requires modifying DNS replies (DNS64) and cannot support IPv4-only client devices. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IPv4 address exhaustion - Transition mechanisms:

IPv4 address exhaustion - Transition mechanisms DS-Lite (Dual-Stack Light) uses tunnels from the customer premises equipment to a network address translator at the ISP https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IPv4 address exhaustion - Transition mechanisms:

IPv4 address exhaustion - Transition mechanisms Address plus Port allows stateless sharing of public IP addresses based on TCP/UDP port numbers. Each node is allocated both an IPv4 address and a range of port numbers to use. The technique avoids the need for stateful address translation mechanisms in the core of the network, thus leaving end users in control of their own address translation. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IPv6 - Transition mechanisms:

IPv6 - Transition mechanisms Until IPv6 completely supplants IPv4, a number of transition mechanisms are needed to enable IPv6-only hosts to reach IPv4 services and to allow isolated IPv6 hosts and networks to reach each other over IPv4-only infrastructure. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IPv6 - Transition mechanisms:

IPv6 - Transition mechanisms Many of these transition mechanisms use tunneling to encapsulate IPv6 traffic within IPv4 networks. This is an imperfect solution, which may increase latency and cause problems with Path MTU Discovery. Tunneling protocols are a temporary solution for networks that do not support native dual-stack, where both IPv6 and IPv4 run independently. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Anycast - IPv6 transition:

Anycast - IPv6 transition In IPv4 to IPv6 transitioning, anycast addressing may be deployed to provide IPv6 compatibility to IPv4 hosts. This method, 6to4, uses a default gateway with the IP address 192.88.99.1, as described in RFC 3068. This allows multiple providers to implement 6to4 gateways without hosts having to know each individual provider's gateway addresses. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IPv6 address - Transition from IPv4:

IPv6 address - Transition from IPv4 (See also Transition mechanisms.) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IPv6 address - Transition from IPv4:

IPv6 address - Transition from IPv4 ::ffff:0:0:0/96 — A prefix used for IPv4-translated addresses which are used by the Stateless IP/ICMP Translation (SIIT) protocol. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IPv6 address - Transition from IPv4:

IPv6 address - Transition from IPv4 64:ff9b::/96 — The "Well-Known" Prefix. Addresses with this prefix are used for automatic IPv4/IPv6 translation. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IPv6 address - Transition from IPv4:

IPv6 address - Transition from IPv4 2002::/16 — This prefix is used for 6to4 addressing. Here, an address from the IPv4 network 192.88.99.0/24 is also used. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IPv6 address - Transition challenges:

IPv6 address - Transition challenges As of 2009, many DNS resolvers in home-networking NAT devices and routers still handle AAAA records improperly https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

iPodLinux - Server transition:

iPodLinux - Server transition On June 11, 2008 the organization's website was suspended and replaced with a redirect to a blank page https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Macintosh - Transition to Intel:

Macintosh - Transition to Intel At WWDC 2005, Steve Jobs announced this transition, revealing that Mac OS X was always developed to run on both the Intel and PowerPC architectures https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Macintosh - Transition to Intel:

Macintosh - Transition to Intel Starting in 2006, Apple's industrial design shifted to favor aluminum, which was used in the construction of the first MacBook Pro https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Macintosh - Transition to Intel:

Macintosh - Transition to Intel In recent years, Apple has seen a significant boost in sales of Macs https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Macintosh - Transition to Intel:

Macintosh - Transition to Intel Like other personal computer manufacturers, the Macintosh lines have been hurt by consumer trend towards smartphones and tablet computers (particularly Apple's own iPhone and iPad, respectively) as the computing devices of choice among consumers https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Macintosh - Transition to Intel:

Macintosh - Transition to Intel On February 24, 2011, Apple became the first company to bring to market a computer that utilized Intel's new Thunderbolt (codename Light Peak) I/O interface. Using the same physical interface as a Mini DisplayPort, and backwards compatible with that standard, Thunderbolt boasts two-way transfer speeds of 10 Gbit/s. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Communications Act of 1934 - Transition from the Federal Radio Commission:

Communications Act of 1934 - Transition from the Federal Radio Commission The FCC took over regulation in 1934 and changed many of the structural characteristics of the original agency, although its goal of reducing interference remained the same https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Conceptual model - Place/ Transition Net:

Conceptual model - Place/ Transition Net Also known as Petri Nets, this conceptual modeling technique allows a system to be constructed with elements that can be described by direct mathematical means. The petri net, because of its nondeterministic execution properties and well defined mathematical theory, is a useful technique for modeling concurrent system behavior, i.e. simultaneous process executions. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Conceptual model - State Transition Modeling:

Conceptual model - State Transition Modeling State transition modeling makes use of state transition diagrams to describe system behavior. These state transition diagrams use distinct states to define system behavior and changes. Most current modeling tools contain some kind of ability to represent state transition modeling. The use of state transition models can be most easily recognized as logic state diagrams and directed graphs for finite state machines. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Nate Silver - Transition to The New York Times:

Nate Silver - Transition to The New York Times On June 3, 2010, Silver announced on FiveThirtyEight.com, https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Nate Silver - Transition to The New York Times:

Nate Silver - Transition to The New York Times In the near future, the blog will "re-launch" under a NYTimes.com domain https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Nate Silver - Transition to The New York Times:

Nate Silver - Transition to The New York Times The New York Times "FiveThirtyEight: Nate Silver's Political Calculus" commenced on August 25, 2010, with the publication of "New Forecast Shows Democrats Losing 6 to 7 Senate Seats" https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Nate Silver - Transition to The New York Times:

Nate Silver - Transition to The New York Times While blogging for The Times, Silver also worked on his book about prediction, which was published in September 2012 https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Nate Silver - Transition to The New York Times:

Nate Silver - Transition to The New York Times During the last year of FiveThirtyEight's license to The Times, it drew a very large volume of online traffic to the paper: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Nate Silver - Transition to The New York Times:

Nate Silver - Transition to The New York Times The Times does not release traffic figures, but a spokesperson said yesterday that Silver’s blog provided a significant—and significantly growing, over the past year—percentage of Times pageviews https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Nate Silver - Transition to The New York Times:

Nate Silver - Transition to The New York Times But Silver’s blog has buoyed more than just the politics coverage, becoming a significant traffic-driver for the site as a whole. Earlier this year, approximately 1 percent of visits to the New York Times included FiveThirtyEight. Last week, that number was 13 percent. Yesterday, it was 20 percent. That is, one in five visitors to the sixth-most-trafficked U.S. news site took a look at Silver’s blog. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IBM Rational Unified Process - Transition Phase:

IBM Rational Unified Process - Transition Phase The primary objective is to 'transit' the system from development into production, making it available to and understood by the end user. The activities of this phase include training the end users and maintainers and beta testing the system to validate it against the end users' expectations. The product is also checked against the quality level set in the Inception phase. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IBM Rational Unified Process - Transition Phase:

IBM Rational Unified Process - Transition Phase If all objectives are met, the Product Release Milestone is reached and the development cycle is finished. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation - Over-the-air digital television transition:

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation - Over-the-air digital television transition The CRTC ordered that in 28 "mandatory markets", full power over-the-air analogue television transmitters had to cease transmitting by August 31, 2011. Broadcasters could either continue serving those markets by transitioning analogue transmitters to digital or cease broadcasting over-the-air. Cable, IPTV, and satellite services are not involved or affected by this digital transition deadline. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation - Over-the-air digital television transition:

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation - Over-the-air digital television transition While its fellow Canadian broadcasters converted most of their transmitters to digital by the Canadian digital television transition deadline of August 31, 2011, CBC converted only about half of the analogue transmitters in mandatory to digital (15 of 28 markets with CBC TV, and 14 of 28 markets with SRC) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation - Over-the-air digital television transition:

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation - Over-the-air digital television transition On July 31, 2012, CBC shut down all of its approximately 620 analogue television transmitters, following an announcement of these plans on April 4, 2012 https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Dow Chemical Company - 1990s – transition from geographic alignment to global business units:

Dow Chemical Company - 1990s – transition from geographic alignment to global business units In the early 1990s, Dow embarked on a major structural reorganization. The former reporting hierarchy was geographic based, with the regional president reporting directly to the overall company President and CEO. The new organization combines the same businesses from different sites, irrespective of which region they belong (i.e. the vice president for Polystyrene is now in charge of these plants all over the world), almost reducing the regional president to a figurehead. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Dow Chemical Company - 1990s – transition from geographic alignment to global business units:

Dow Chemical Company - 1990s – transition from geographic alignment to global business units In 1995, Dow was fined $732,000 for failing to notify the Environmental Protection Agency of reports it had received of 249 poisoning incidents by its pesticide Dursban https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Dow Chemical Company - 1990s – transition from geographic alignment to global business units:

Dow Chemical Company - 1990s – transition from geographic alignment to global business units In 2003, Dow agreed to pay $2 million - the largest penalty ever in a pesticide case - to the state of New York, in response to a lawsuit filed by the Attorney General to end Dow's illegal advertising of Dursban as "safe". https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Energy level - Energy level transitions:

Energy level - Energy level transitions Energy level transitions can also be nonradiative, meaning emission or absorption of a photon is not involved. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Energy level - Energy level transitions:

Energy level - Energy level transitions If an atom, ion, or molecule is at the lowest possible energy level, it and its electrons are said to be in the ground state https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Energy level - Energy level transitions:

Energy level - Energy level transitions Reverse electron transitions for all these types of excited molecules are also possible to return to their ground states, which can be designated as σ*→σ, π*→π, or π*→n. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Energy level - Energy level transitions:

Energy level - Energy level transitions Photons involved in transitions may have energy of various ranges in the electromagnetic spectrum, such as X-ray, ultraviolet, visible light, infrared, or microwave radiation, depending on the type of transition https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Energy level - Energy level transitions:

Energy level - Energy level transitions Higher temperature causes fluid atoms and molecules to move faster increasing their translational energy and can thermally excite (nonradiatively) polyatomic molecules to a higher average distribution of vibrational and rotational energy levels https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Energy level - Energy level transitions:

Energy level - Energy level transitions An electron farther from the nucleus has higher potential energy than an electron closer to the nucleus, thus it becomes less bound to the nucleus, since its potential energy is negative and inversely dependent on its distance from the nucleus. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Neolithic Revolution - Agricultural transition:

Neolithic Revolution - Agricultural transition Map of the world showing approximate centers of origin of agriculture and its spread in prehistory: the Fertile Crescent (11,000 BP), the Yangtze and Yellow River basins (9,000 BP) and the New Guinea Highlands (9,000–6,000 BP), Central Mexico (5,000–4,000 BP), Northern South America (5,000–4,000 BP), sub-Saharan Africa (5,000–4,000 BP, exact location unknown), eastern North America (4,000–3,000 BP). https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Neolithic Revolution - Agricultural transition:

Neolithic Revolution - Agricultural transition The term Neolithic Revolution was coined in 1923 AD by Vere Gordon Childe to describe the first in a series of agricultural revolutions in Middle Eastern history. The period is described as a "revolution" to denote its importance, and the great significance and degree of change affecting the communities in which new agricultural practices were gradually adopted and refined. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Neolithic Revolution - Agricultural transition:

Neolithic Revolution - Agricultural transition This transition everywhere seems associated with a change from a largely nomadic hunter-gatherer way of life to a more settled, agrarian-based one, with the inception of the domestication of various plant and animal species—depending on the species locally available, and probably also influenced by local culture. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Neolithic Revolution - Agricultural transition:

Neolithic Revolution - Agricultural transition There are several competing (but not mutually exclusive) theories as to the factors that drove populations to take up agriculture. The most prominent of these are: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Neolithic Revolution - Agricultural transition:

Neolithic Revolution - Agricultural transition The Oasis Theory, originally proposed by Raphael Pumpelly in 1908, popularized by Vere Gordon Childe in 1928 and summarised in Childe's book Man Makes Himself https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Neolithic Revolution - Agricultural transition:

Neolithic Revolution - Agricultural transition The Hilly Flanks hypothesis, proposed by Robert Braidwood in 1948, suggests that agriculture began in the hilly flanks of the Taurus and Zagros mountains, where the climate was not drier as Childe had believed, and fertile land supported a variety of plants and animals amenable to domestication. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Neolithic Revolution - Agricultural transition:

Neolithic Revolution - Agricultural transition The Feasting model by Brian Hayden suggests that agriculture was driven by ostentatious displays of power, such as giving feasts, to exert dominance. This required assembling large quantities of food, which drove agricultural technology. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Neolithic Revolution - Agricultural transition:

Neolithic Revolution - Agricultural transition The Demographic theories proposed by Carl Sauer and adapted by Lewis Binford and Kent Flannery posit an increasingly sedentary population that expanded up to the carrying capacity of the local environment and required more food than could be gathered. Various social and economic factors helped drive the need for food. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Neolithic Revolution - Agricultural transition:

Neolithic Revolution - Agricultural transition The evolutionary/intentionality theory, developed by David Rindos and others, views agriculture as an evolutionary adaptation of plants and humans. Starting with domestication by protection of wild plants, it led to specialization of location and then full-fledged domestication. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Neolithic Revolution - Agricultural transition:

Neolithic Revolution - Agricultural transition Peter Richerson, Robert Boyd, and Robert Bettinger make a case for the development of agriculture coinciding with an increasingly stable climate at the beginning of the Holocene. Ronald Wright's book and Massey Lecture Series A Short History of Progress popularized this hypothesis. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Neolithic Revolution - Agricultural transition:

Neolithic Revolution - Agricultural transition The postulated Younger Dryas impact event, claimed to be in part responsible for megafauna extinction, and which ended the last ice age, could have provided circumstances that required the evolution of agricultural societies for humanity to survive. The agrarian revolution itself is a reflection of typical overpopulation by certain species following initial events during extinction eras; this overpopulation itself ultimately propagates the extinction event. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Neolithic Revolution - Agricultural transition:

Neolithic Revolution - Agricultural transition Leonid Grinin argues that whatever plants were cultivated, the independent invention of agriculture always took place in special natural environments (e.g., South-East Asia) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Neolithic Revolution - Agricultural transition:

Neolithic Revolution - Agricultural transition He noted that no transition site had been found documenting the shift from what he termed immediate and delayed return social systems https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Titanium alloy - Transition temperature:

Titanium alloy - Transition temperature The crystal structure of titanium at ambient temperature and pressure is close-packed hexagonal α phase with a c/a ratio of 1.587. At about 890°C, the titanium undergoes an allotropic transformation to a body-centred cubic β phase which remains stable to the melting temperature. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Titanium alloy - Transition temperature:

Titanium alloy - Transition temperature Some alloying elements raise the alpha-to-beta transition temperature (i.e., alpha stabilizers) while others lower the transition temperature (i.e., beta stabilizers). Aluminium, gallium, germanium, carbon, oxygen and nitrogen are alpha stabilizers. Molybdenum, vanadium, tantalum, niobium, manganese, iron, chromium, cobalt, nickel, copper and silicon are beta stabilizers. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

ISO 15022 - Transition from ISO 7775 to ISO 15022:

ISO 15022 - Transition from ISO 7775 to ISO 15022 ISO 15022 replaces the previous securities messaging standard ISO 7775. It provides two syntaxes: one compatible with the preceding standards, and one fairly compatible with EDIFACT. ISO 20022 is the successor to ISO 15022. SWIFT is the Registration Authority for ISO 15022. In SWIFT Financial messages, the standard is applied to variety of message types. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

ISO 15022 - Transition from ISO 7775 to ISO 15022:

ISO 15022 - Transition from ISO 7775 to ISO 15022 ISO 15022 was developed in 1995 to provide the securities industry with a better tool to create message standards https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Systems development life-cycle - Training and transition:

Systems development life-cycle - Training and transition Once a system has been stabilized through adequate testing, the SDLC ensures that proper training on the system is performed or documented before transitioning the system to its support staff and end users. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Systems development life-cycle - Training and transition:

Systems development life-cycle - Training and transition Training usually covers operational training for those people who will be responsible for supporting the system as well as training for those end users who will be using the system after its delivery to a production operating environment. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Systems development life-cycle - Training and transition:

Systems development life-cycle - Training and transition After training has been successfully completed, systems engineers and developers transition the system to its final production environment, where it is intended to be used by its end users and supported by its support and operations staff. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Organ-on-a-chip - Transitioning from 3D Cell-Culture Models to Organs-on-Chips:

Organ-on-a-chip - Transitioning from 3D Cell-Culture Models to Organs-on-Chips 3D cell-culture models exceed 2D culture systems by promoting higher levels of cell differentiation and tissue organization https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Polymer - Glass transition temperature:

Polymer - Glass transition temperature A parameter of particular interest in synthetic polymer manufacturing is the glass transition temperature (Tg), at which amorphous polymers undergo a transition from a rubbery, viscous liquid, to a brittle, glassy amorphous solid on cooling. The glass transition temperature may be engineered by altering the degree of branching or crosslinking in the polymer or by the addition of plasticizer. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase (matter) - Phase transitions:

Phase (matter) - Phase transitions The heat energy, or enthalpy, associated with a solid to liquid transition is the enthalpy of fusion and that associated with a solid to gas transition is the enthalpy of sublimation. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Information science - Transition to modern information science:

Information science - Transition to modern information science With the 1950s came increasing awareness of the potential of automatic devices for literature searching and information storage and retrieval https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

History of psychology - Transition to contemporary psychology:

History of psychology - Transition to contemporary psychology Also influential on the emerging discipline of psychology were debates surrounding the efficacy of Mesmerism (a precursor to hypnosis) and the value of phrenology https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

History of psychology - Transition to contemporary psychology:

History of psychology - Transition to contemporary psychology Phrenology began as "organology", a theory of brain structure developed by the German physician, Franz Joseph Gall (1758–1828) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Airbus - Transition to Airbus SAS:

Airbus - Transition to Airbus SAS The retention of production and engineering assets by the partner companies in effect made Airbus Industrie a sales and marketing company https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Automata-based programming - Explicit state transition table:

Automata-based programming - Explicit state transition table A finite automaton can be defined by an explicit state transition table. Generally speaking, an automata-based program code can naturally reflect this approach. In the program below there's an array named the_table, which defines the table. The rows of the table stand for three states, while columns reflect the input characters (first for spaces, second for the end of line character, and the last is for all the other characters). https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Automata-based programming - Explicit state transition table:

Automata-based programming - Explicit state transition table For every possible combination, the table contains the new state number and the flag, which determines whether the automaton must print the symbol. In a real life task, this could be more complicated; e.g., the table could contain pointers to functions to be called on every possible combination of conditions. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Automata-based programming - Explicit state transition table:

Automata-based programming - Explicit state transition table enum states { before = 0, inside = 1, after = 2 }; https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Automata-based programming - Explicit state transition table:

Automata-based programming - Explicit state transition table unsigned char should_putchar:1; https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Automata-based programming - Explicit state transition table:

Automata-based programming - Explicit state transition table void step(enum states *state, int c) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Hot metal typesetting - Transition:

Hot metal typesetting - Transition Towards the end of its life hot metal composition in newspapers was kept alive by the proof press. As each page was set and locked up, it was moved on a turtle (a rolling steel table) to the manual proof press where it was hand inked and a single very high quality proof was pulled. This proof could then be photographed and converted to a negative. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Hot metal typesetting - Transition:

Hot metal typesetting - Transition Black paper was inserted before the proof was photographed for each of the photos on the final page to create clear windows in the negative. The separately made halftones would be taped into these clear windows on the negative. This negative could then be used to expose the photosensitized printing plate for an offset press. In this way the heavy investment in hot metal typesetting could be adapted to the newer offset technology during a transition period. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Outline of prehistoric technology - Transition from proto-writing to true writing:

Outline of prehistoric technology - Transition from proto-writing to true writing General developmental stages leading from proto-writing to true writing: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Outline of prehistoric technology - Transition from proto-writing to true writing:

Outline of prehistoric technology - Transition from proto-writing to true writing Picture writing system: glyphs directly represent objects and ideas or objective and ideational situations. In connection with this the following substages may be distinguished: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Outline of prehistoric technology - Transition from proto-writing to true writing:

Outline of prehistoric technology - Transition from proto-writing to true writing The pictographic (pictography): glyphs represent directly an object or an objective situation such as (A) chronological, (B) notices, (C) communications, (D) totems, titles, and names, (E) religious, (F) customs, (G) historical, and (H) biographical; https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Outline of prehistoric technology - Transition from proto-writing to true writing:

Outline of prehistoric technology - Transition from proto-writing to true writing The ideographic (ideography): glyphs represent directly an idea or an ideational situation. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Outline of prehistoric technology - Transition from proto-writing to true writing:

Outline of prehistoric technology - Transition from proto-writing to true writing Transitional system: glyphs refer not only to the object or idea which it represents but to its name as well. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Outline of prehistoric technology - Transition from proto-writing to true writing:

Outline of prehistoric technology - Transition from proto-writing to true writing Phonetic system: glyphs refer to sounds or spoken symbols irrespective of their meanings. This resolves itself into the following substages: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Outline of prehistoric technology - Transition from proto-writing to true writing:

Outline of prehistoric technology - Transition from proto-writing to true writing The alphabetic: glyph represent an elementary sound. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Light-emitting diode - Transition coatings:

Light-emitting diode - Transition coatings After doping the wafer, people at the fabrication plant cut the wafer apart into individual dies. Each die is commonly called a chip. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Light-emitting diode - Transition coatings:

Light-emitting diode - Transition coatings Many LED semiconductor chips are encapsulated or potted in clear or colored molded plastic shells. The plastic shell has three purposes: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Light-emitting diode - Transition coatings:

Light-emitting diode - Transition coatings Mounting the semiconductor chip in devices is easier to accomplish. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Light-emitting diode - Transition coatings:

Light-emitting diode - Transition coatings The tiny fragile electrical wiring is physically supported and protected from damage. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Light-emitting diode - Transition coatings:

Light-emitting diode - Transition coatings The plastic acts as a refractive intermediary between the relatively high-index semiconductor and low-index open air. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Light-emitting diode - Transition coatings:

Light-emitting diode - Transition coatings The third feature helps to boost the light emission from the semiconductor by acting as a diffusing lens, allowing light to be emitted at a much higher angle of incidence from the light cone than the bare chip is able to emit alone. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Information Technology Infrastructure Library - Service transition:

Information Technology Infrastructure Library - Service transition Service transition (ST), as described by the ITIL service transition volume, relates to the delivery of services required by a business into live/operational use, and often encompasses the "project" side of IT rather than business as usual (BAU). https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Information Technology Infrastructure Library - Service transition:

Information Technology Infrastructure Library - Service transition This area also covers topics such as managing changes to the BAU environment. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Information Technology Infrastructure Library - Service transition:

Information Technology Infrastructure Library - Service transition Service asset and configuration management https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Information Technology Infrastructure Library - Service transition:

Information Technology Infrastructure Library - Service transition Change evaluation https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Unified Process - Transition Phase:

Unified Process - Transition Phase The final project phase is Transition. In this phase the system is deployed to the target users. Feedback received from an initial release (or initial releases) may result in further refinements to be incorporated over the course of several Transition phase iterations. The Transition phase also includes system conversions and user training. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Performance engineering - Transition:

Performance engineering - Transition During this final phase the system is deployed to the production environment. A number of preparatory steps are required. These include: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Performance engineering - Transition:

Performance engineering - Transition Configuring the operating systems, network, servers (application, web, database, load balancer, etc.), and any message queueing software according to the base checklists and the optimizations identified in the performance test environment https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Performance engineering - Transition:

Performance engineering - Transition Ensuring all performance monitoring software is deployed and configured https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Performance engineering - Transition:

Performance engineering - Transition Running Statistics on the database after the production data load is completed https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Performance engineering - Transition:

Performance engineering - Transition Once the new system is deployed, ongoing operations pick up performance activities, including: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Performance engineering - Transition:

Performance engineering - Transition Validating that weekly and monthly performance reports indicate that critical use cases perform within the specified non functional requirement criteria https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Performance engineering - Transition:

Performance engineering - Transition Where use cases are falling outside of NFR criteria, submit defects https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Performance engineering - Transition:

Performance engineering - Transition Identify projected trends from monthly and quarterly reports, and on a quarterly basis, execute capacity planning management activities https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

History of Apple Inc. - Intel transition:

History of Apple Inc. - Intel transition Jobs confirmed rumors that the company had secretly been producing versions of its current Operating System Mac OS X for both PowerPC and Intel processors over the past 5 years, and that the transition to Intel processor systems would last until the end of 2007 https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

History of Apple Inc. - Intel transition:

History of Apple Inc. - Intel transition On January 10, 2006, the first Intel-based machines, the iMac and MacBook Pro, were introduced. They were based on the Intel Core Duo platform. This introduction came with the news that Apple would complete the transition to Intel processors on all hardware by the end of 2006, a year ahead of the originally quoted schedule. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Unified threat management - Transition from point to integrated security solutions:

Unified threat management - Transition from point to integrated security solutions Traditional point solutions, which were installed to solve major threat and productivity issues, are difficult to deploy, manage and update, which increases operational complexities and overhead costs. Instead, organizations of today demand an integrated approach to network security and productivity that combines the management of traditionally disparate point technologies. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Unified threat management - Transition from point to integrated security solutions:

Unified threat management - Transition from point to integrated security solutions All these disadvantages can lead to situations where organizations deploy reduced security and inferior policies at remote locations. UTMs can help overcome these problems. In summary, the fast-paced transition from point to integrated security appliances is largely due to the cost-effectiveness and ease of manageability of UTM devices. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

State transition table:

State transition table In automata theory and sequential logic, a state transition table is a table showing what state (or states in the case of a nondeterministic finite automaton) a finite semiautomaton or finite state machine will move to, based on the current state and other inputs. A state table is essentially a truth table in which some of the inputs are the current state, and the outputs include the next state, along with other outputs. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

State transition table:

State transition table A state table is one of many ways to specify a state machine, other ways being a state diagram, and a characteristic equation. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

State transition table - One-dimensional state tables:

State transition table - One-dimensional state tables Also called characteristic tables, single-dimension state tables are much more like truth tables than the two-dimensional versions. Inputs are usually placed on the left, and separated from the outputs, which are on the right. The outputs will represent the next state of the machine. A simple example of a state machine with two states and two combinatorial inputs follows: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

State transition table - One-dimensional state tables:

State transition table - One-dimensional state tables S1 and S2 would most likely represent the single bits 0 and 1, since a single bit can only have two states. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

State transition table - Two-dimensional state tables:

State transition table - Two-dimensional state tables The vertical (or horizontal) dimension indicates current states, the horizontal (or vertical) dimension indicates events, and the cells (row/column intersections) in the table contain the next state if an event happens (and possibly the action linked to this state transition). https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

State transition table - Other forms:

State transition table - Other forms Simultaneous transitions in multiple finite state machines can be shown in what is effectively an n-dimensional state transition table in which pairs of rows map (sets of) current states to next states. This is an alternative to representing communication between separate, interdependent state machines. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

State transition table - Other forms:

State transition table - Other forms At the other extreme, separate tables have been used for each of the transitions within a single state machine: "AND/OR tables" are similar to incomplete decision tables in which the decision for the rules which are present is implicitly the activation of the associated transition. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

State transition table - Example:

State transition table - Example All the possible inputs to the machine are enumerated across the columns of the table. All the possible states are enumerated across the rows. From the state transition table given above, it is easy to see that if the machine is in S1 (the first row), and the next input is character 1, the machine will stay in S1. If a character 0 arrives, the machine will transition to S2 as can be seen from the second column. In the diagram this is denoted by the arrow from S1 to S2 labeled with a 0. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

State transition table - Example:

State transition table - Example For a nondeterministic finite automaton (NFA), a new input may cause the machine to be in more than one state, hence its non-determinism. This is denoted in a state transition table by a pair of curly braces { } with the set of all target states between them. An example is given below. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

State transition table - Example:

State transition table - Example Here, a nondeterministic machine in the state S1 reading an input of 0 will cause it to be in two states at the same time, the states S2 and S3. The last column defines the legal transition of states of the special character, ε. This special character allows the NFA to move to a different state when given no input. In state S3, the NFA may move to S1 without consuming an input character. The two cases above make the finite automaton described non-deterministic. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

State transition table - Transformations from/to state diagram:

State transition table - Transformations from/to state diagram It is possible to draw a state diagram from the table. A sequence of easy to follow steps is given below: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

State transition table - Transformations from/to state diagram:

State transition table - Transformations from/to state diagram For each of the states, scan across the corresponding row and draw an arrow to the destination state(s). There can be multiple arrows for an input character if the automaton is an NFA. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

State transition table - Transformations from/to state diagram:

State transition table - Transformations from/to state diagram Designate a state as the start state. The start state is given in the formal definition of the automaton. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Merit Network - Transition to the commercial Internet, Internet2 and the vBNS: 1994 to 2005:

Merit Network - Transition to the commercial Internet, Internet2 and the vBNS: 1994 to 2005 In 1994, as the NSFNET project was drawing to a close, Merit organized the meetings for the North American Network Operators' Group (NANOG) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Merit Network - Transition to the commercial Internet, Internet2 and the vBNS: 1994 to 2005:

Merit Network - Transition to the commercial Internet, Internet2 and the vBNS: 1994 to 2005 Also starting in 1994, Merit developed the Routing Assets Database (RADb) as part of the NSF-funded Routing Arbiter Project. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Merit Network - Transition to the commercial Internet, Internet2 and the vBNS: 1994 to 2005:

Merit Network - Transition to the commercial Internet, Internet2 and the vBNS: 1994 to 2005 In 1996 Merit became an affiliate member of Internet2, in 1997 established its first connection to the NSF very high-speed Backbone Network Service (vBNS), and in February 1999 began serving as Michigan's GigaPOP for Internet2 service. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Merit Network - Transition to the commercial Internet, Internet2 and the vBNS: 1994 to 2005:

Merit Network - Transition to the commercial Internet, Internet2 and the vBNS: 1994 to 2005 Following the NSFNET project Merit lead a number of activities with a national or international scope, including: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Merit Network - Transition to the commercial Internet, Internet2 and the vBNS: 1994 to 2005:

Merit Network - Transition to the commercial Internet, Internet2 and the vBNS: 1994 to 2005 the GateD Consortium (1995); https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Merit Network - Transition to the commercial Internet, Internet2 and the vBNS: 1994 to 2005:

Merit Network - Transition to the commercial Internet, Internet2 and the vBNS: 1994 to 2005 the 1997 NSF funded Multi-threaded Routing Toolkit project; https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Merit Network - Transition to the commercial Internet, Internet2 and the vBNS: 1994 to 2005:

Merit Network - Transition to the commercial Internet, Internet2 and the vBNS: 1994 to 2005 the 1997 NSF funded Internet Performance Measurement and Analysis (IPMA) project, a joint project with U-M's Electrical Engineering and Computer Science; https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Merit Network - Transition to the commercial Internet, Internet2 and the vBNS: 1994 to 2005:

Merit Network - Transition to the commercial Internet, Internet2 and the vBNS: 1994 to 2005 the 1996 NETSCARF network statistics collection and analysis project, funded by the ANS Resource Allocation Committee; and https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Merit Network - Transition to the commercial Internet, Internet2 and the vBNS: 1994 to 2005:

Merit Network - Transition to the commercial Internet, Internet2 and the vBNS: 1994 to 2005 the 1999 DARPA funded Lighthouse project focusing on large scale network attack recognition, remediation and survivable network infrastructure led by the University of Michigan College of Engineering. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Merit Network - Transition to the commercial Internet, Internet2 and the vBNS: 1994 to 2005:

Merit Network - Transition to the commercial Internet, Internet2 and the vBNS: 1994 to 2005 In 2000, Merit spun off two for-profit companies: NextHop Technologies, which developed and marketed GateD routing software, and Interlink Networks, which specialized in authentication, authorization, and accounting (AAA) software. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Merit Network - Transition to the commercial Internet, Internet2 and the vBNS: 1994 to 2005:

Merit Network - Transition to the commercial Internet, Internet2 and the vBNS: 1994 to 2005 Eric Aupperle retired as president in 2001, after 27 years at Merit. He was appointed President Emeritus by the Merit board. Hunt Williams became Merit's new president. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Vetting - Transitional Justice:

Vetting - Transitional Justice Countries transitioning to democracy and peace often utilize such processes to ensure that abusive or incompetent public employees are excluded from public service. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Quantum decoherence - Loss of interference and the transition from quantum to classical:

Quantum decoherence - Loss of interference and the transition from quantum to classical If we ask what is the probability of observing the system making a transition or quantum leap from to before has interacted with its environment, then application of the Born probability rule states that the transition probability is the modulus squared of the scalar product of the two states: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Quantum decoherence - Loss of interference and the transition from quantum to classical:

Quantum decoherence - Loss of interference and the transition from quantum to classical Terms appear in the expansion of the transition probability above which involve ; these can be thought of as representing interference between the different basis elements or quantum alternatives. This is a purely quantum effect and represents the non-additivity of the probabilities of quantum alternatives. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Quantum decoherence - Loss of interference and the transition from quantum to classical:

Quantum decoherence - Loss of interference and the transition from quantum to classical To calculate the probability of observing the system making a quantum leap from to after has interacted with its environment, then application of the Born probability rule states we must sum over all the relevant possible states of the environment, , before squaring the modulus: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Quantum decoherence - Loss of interference and the transition from quantum to classical:

Quantum decoherence - Loss of interference and the transition from quantum to classical The internal summation vanishes when we apply the decoherence / einselection condition and the formula simplifies to: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Quantum decoherence - Loss of interference and the transition from quantum to classical:

Quantum decoherence - Loss of interference and the transition from quantum to classical If we compare this with the formula we derived before the environment introduced decoherence we can see that the effect of decoherence has been to move the summation sign from inside of the modulus sign to outside. As a result all the cross- or quantum interference-terms: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Quantum decoherence - Loss of interference and the transition from quantum to classical:

Quantum decoherence - Loss of interference and the transition from quantum to classical have vanished from the transition probability calculation. The decoherence has irreversibly converted quantum behaviour (additive probability amplitudes) to classical behaviour (additive probabilities). https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Inorganic chemistry - Transition metal compounds:

Inorganic chemistry - Transition metal compounds Compounds containing metals from group 4 to 11 are considered transition metal compounds. Compounds with a metal from group 3 or 12 are sometimes also incorporated into this group, but also often classified as main group compounds. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Inorganic chemistry - Transition metal compounds:

Inorganic chemistry - Transition metal compounds Transition metal compounds show a rich coordination chemistry, varying from tetrahedral for titanium (e.g., TiCl4) to square planar for some nickel complexes to octahedral for coordination complexes of cobalt. A range of transition metals can be found in biologically important compounds, such as iron in hemoglobin. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Inorganic chemistry - Transition metal compounds:

Inorganic chemistry - Transition metal compounds Examples: iron pentacarbonyl, titanium tetrachloride, cisplatin https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Inorganic chemistry - Transition metal complexes:

Inorganic chemistry - Transition metal complexes Mechanisms for the reactions of transition metals are discussed differently from main group compounds. The important role of d-orbitals in bonding strongly influences the pathways and rates of ligand substitution and dissociation. These themes are covered in articles on coordination chemistry and ligand. Both associative and dissociative pathways are observed. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Inorganic chemistry - Transition metal complexes:

Inorganic chemistry - Transition metal complexes An overarching aspect of mechanistic transition metal chemistry is the kinetic lability of the complex illustrated by the exchange of free and bound water in the prototypical complexes [M(H2O)6]n+: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Inorganic chemistry - Transition metal complexes:

Inorganic chemistry - Transition metal complexes The rates of water exchange varies by 20 orders of magnitude across the periodic table, with lanthanide complexes at one extreme and Ir(III) species being the slowest. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Hydride - Transition metal hydride complexes:

Hydride - Transition metal hydride complexes Some transition metal hydrides are acidic, e.g., HCo(CO)4 and H2Fe(CO)4 https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Transition metal:

Transition metal The specific problem is: Not completely neutral, illogical and self-contradictory at times, and incomplete. Full reasons on talk page. Please help improve this article if you can. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Transition metal:

Transition metal The IUPAC definition defines a transition metal as "an element whose atom has an incomplete d sub-shell, or which can give rise to cations with an incomplete d sub-shell". https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Transition metal:

Transition metal Most scientists describe a "transition metal" as any element in the d-block of the periodic table (all are metals), which includes groups 3 to 12 on the periodic table. In actual practice, the f-block lanthanide and actinide series are also considered transition metals and are called "inner transition metals". https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Transition metal:

Transition metal Jensen reviews the history of the terms "transition element" (or "metal") and "d-block". The word transition was first used to describe the elements now known as the d-block by the English chemist Charles Bury in 1921, who referred to a transition series of elements during the change of an inner layer of electrons (for example n=3 in the 4th row of the periodic table) from a stable group of 8 to one of 18, or from 18 to 32. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

University of Cincinnati - Transition and Access Program:

University of Cincinnati - Transition and Access Program The Transition and Access Program, which does not lead to a degree, allows certain disabled adults to take classes, interact with other students, and intern at companies. After four years, participants receive a certificate which can be used to get a job. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Superconductivity - Superconducting phase transition :

Superconductivity - Superconducting phase transition In superconducting materials, the characteristics of superconductivity appear when the temperature T is lowered below a critical temperature Tc https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Superconductivity - Superconducting phase transition :

Superconductivity - Superconducting phase transition The penetration depth becomes infinite at the phase transition. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Superconductivity - Superconducting phase transition :

Superconductivity - Superconducting phase transition At the superconducting transition, it suffers a discontinuous jump and thereafter ceases to be linear https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Superconductivity - Superconducting phase transition :

Superconductivity - Superconducting phase transition It has been experimentally demonstrated that, as a consequence, when the magnetic field is increased beyond the critical field, the resulting phase transition leads to a decrease in the temperature of the superconducting material. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Superconductivity - Superconducting phase transition :

Superconductivity - Superconducting phase transition In the 1980s it was shown theoretically with the help of a disorder field theory, in which the vortex lines of the superconductor play a major role, that the transition is of second order within the type II regime and of first order (i.e., latent heat) within the type I regime, and that the two regions are separated by a tricritical point https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Cluster chemistry - Transition metal carbonyl clusters:

Cluster chemistry - Transition metal carbonyl clusters The development of metal carbonyl clusters such as Ni(CO)4 and Fe(CO)5 led quickly to the isolation of Fe2(CO)9 and Fe3(CO)12 https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Cluster chemistry - Transition metal organic carbon (organometallic) clusters:

Cluster chemistry - Transition metal organic carbon (organometallic) clusters There are also organometallic clusters https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Cluster chemistry - Transition metal halide clusters:

Cluster chemistry - Transition metal halide clusters Linus Pauling showed that "MoCl2" consisted of Mo6 octahedra https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Cluster chemistry - Appendix: examples of reactions catalysed by transition metal carbonyl clusters:

Cluster chemistry - Appendix: examples of reactions catalysed by transition metal carbonyl clusters Although metal carbonyl clusters are rarely used, they have been subjected to many studies aimed at demonstrating their reactivity. Some of these examples include the following https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Cluster chemistry - Appendix: examples of reactions catalysed by transition metal carbonyl clusters:

Cluster chemistry - Appendix: examples of reactions catalysed by transition metal carbonyl clusters CO hydrogenation Ru-Os H2RuOs3(CO)13 https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Cluster chemistry - Appendix: examples of reactions catalysed by transition metal carbonyl clusters:

Cluster chemistry - Appendix: examples of reactions catalysed by transition metal carbonyl clusters Butane hydrogenolysis Rh-Ir Rh3+xIr3-x(CO)16 (x=0,1,2) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Cluster chemistry - Appendix: examples of reactions catalysed by transition metal carbonyl clusters:

Cluster chemistry - Appendix: examples of reactions catalysed by transition metal carbonyl clusters Methanol hydrocarbonylation Ru-Co Ru2Co2(CO)13 https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Cluster chemistry - Appendix: examples of reactions catalysed by transition metal carbonyl clusters:

Cluster chemistry - Appendix: examples of reactions catalysed by transition metal carbonyl clusters Hydrodesulfurization Mo-Fe Mo2Fe2S2Cp2(CO)8 https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Cluster chemistry - Appendix: examples of reactions catalysed by transition metal carbonyl clusters:

Cluster chemistry - Appendix: examples of reactions catalysed by transition metal carbonyl clusters CO and CO2 methanation Ru-Co HRuCo3(CO)12 https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Cluster chemistry - Appendix: examples of reactions catalysed by transition metal carbonyl clusters:

Cluster chemistry - Appendix: examples of reactions catalysed by transition metal carbonyl clusters Ammonia synthesis Ru-Ni H3Ru3NiCp(CO)9 https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

PostBQP - Technicality: we may assume entries of the transition matrices Ai are rationals with denominator for some polynomial f(n).:

PostBQP - Technicality: we may assume entries of the transition matrices Ai are rationals with denominator for some polynomial f(n). The definition of PostBQP tells us that if x is in L, and that otherwise . Let us replace all entries of A by the nearest fraction with denominator for a large polynomial f(n) that we presently describe. What will be used later is that the new values satisfy if x is in L, and if x is not in L. Using the earlier technical assumption and by analyzing how the 1-norm of the computational state changes, this is seen to be satisfied if thus clearly there is a large enough f that is polynomial in n. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Multichannel video programming distributor - The Digital TV Transition Fairness Act:

Multichannel video programming distributor - The Digital TV Transition Fairness Act Senator Bernie Sanders of Vermont introduced the Digital TV Transition Fairness Act https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Multichannel video programming distributor - The Digital TV Transition Fairness Act:

Multichannel video programming distributor - The Digital TV Transition Fairness Act On June 15, 2009, U.S. Representative Peter DeFazio, an Oregon Democratic Party (United States)|Democrat, introduced the House version of Sanders' bill. It would require MVPDs to offer a $10 basic package to anyone who lost at least one channel to the DTV conversion (with broadcasters waiving fees), pay for outdoor antennas (including installation) and extend the converter box program beyond July 31, 2009., govtrack.us, Retrieved on 2009-07-16. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

History of video games - Transition to 3D and CDs :

History of video games - Transition to 3D and CDs The fifth generation is most noted for the rise of fully 3D computer graphics|3D games https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

History of video game consoles (eighth generation) - Transition:

History of video game consoles (eighth generation) - Transition The transition is also unusual in that the prior generation's best-selling unit, the Wii, is the first to be replaced in the eighth generation https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Transition methodology:

Transition methodology Transition Methodology is the process of migrating knowledge, systems, and operating capabilities between an outsourcing environment to an in-house staff. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Transition methodology:

Transition methodology Transition management starts with the preparation of the outsourced/offshore site to commence client operations through documenting the processes, training process executives to execute the processes, designing, procuring and deploying technology and bandwidth to access client systems as required and finally fulfill the Service_Level_Agreement|SLA and contact parameters. The overall success of the outsourcing engagement is very much dependent on the effectiveness of the transition. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Transition methodology:

Transition methodology At an organizational level an outsourcing project would involve the tangible changes in structure, processes, technology, culture that the organization would go through to go from the current state to the desired future state. At the individual level, it would involve the process individuals to the new way of working. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Transition methodology - Transition Approach:

Transition methodology - Transition Approach Transition Methodology typical employs a four-to-five phased approach, with each phase consisting of one or more tasks producing at least one deliverable and completion criteria that must be met in order to progress to the next phase. The milestones and deliverables produced by these tasks provide an ongoing quality review process that checks that the final product will meet expectations. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Transition methodology - Transition Approach:

Transition methodology - Transition Approach # Solution Design/Planning https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Transition methodology - Transition Approach:

Transition methodology - Transition Approach # Service Assumption https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Transition methodology - Transition Approach:

Transition methodology - Transition Approach # Steady State Turnover/Implementation https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Transition methodology - Transition Approach:

Transition methodology - Transition Approach The transition team executes a formal hand-off to the steady state Project_management_office|PMO and confirms that the service operations are stable and measure and report service performance. Ideally, the transition team remains engaged through the actualization period when service has stabilized. Once in the steady state, optimization efforts should commence to improve and adjust to changing business drivers. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

History of video game consoles (fifth generation) - Transition to 3D:

History of video game consoles (fifth generation) - Transition to 3D The 32-bit/64-bit computing|64-bit era is most noted for the rise of fully 3D games https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Mac OS X - Apple–Intel transition:

Mac OS X - Apple–Intel transition In April 2002, eWeek announced a rumor that Apple had a version of Mac OS X code-named Starvin' Marvin in Space|Marklar, which ran on Intel x86 processors. The idea behind Marklar was to keep Mac OS X running on an alternative platform should Apple become dissatisfied with the progress of the PowerPC platform. These rumors subsided until late in May 2005, when various media outlets, such as the The Wall Street Journal and CNET, announced that Apple would unveil Marklar in the coming months. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Mac OS X - Apple–Intel transition:

Mac OS X - Apple–Intel transition Apple had supported the 68K emulator for 11 years, but stopped supporting it during the transition to Intel CPUs https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Mac OS X - Apple–Intel transition:

Mac OS X - Apple–Intel transition PowerPC-only software is supported with Rosetta, though applications may have to be rewritten to run properly on the newer OS X for Intel https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Mac OS X - Apple–Intel transition:

Mac OS X - Apple–Intel transition Support for the PowerPC platform was dropped after Mac OS X 10.5. Such cross-platform capability already existed in Mac OS X's lineage; OpenStep was ported to many architectures, including x86, and Darwin included support for both PowerPC and x86. Apple stated that Mac OS X would not run on Intel-based personal computers aside from its own, but a hacked version of the OS compatible with conventional x86 hardware was developed by the OSx86 community. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Mac OS X - Apple–Intel transition:

Mac OS X - Apple–Intel transition On June 8, 2009, Apple announced at its Worldwide Developers Conference that Mac OS X Snow Leopard|Snow Leopard (version 10.6) would drop support for PowerPC processors and be Intel-only. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Mac OS X - Apple–Intel transition:

Mac OS X - Apple–Intel transition However, Rosetta is still available in Snow Leopard; it is not installed by default, but it is available on the installation DVD as an installable add-on and is installed automatically via the Internet when first attempting to run a PowerPC-based application. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Mac OS X - Apple–Intel transition:

Mac OS X - Apple–Intel transition On all versions from (and including) Lion, Rosetta is no longer available. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Google Voice - Google transition:

Google Voice - Google transition Google Voice was launched on March 11, 2009, based on GrandCentral, with new features, including voicemail transcriptions and SMS managing. Google transitioned former GrandCentral accounts to Google Voice and announced that the service would start accepting new members within weeks of the announcement. On June 25, 2009, NBC's Today (NBC program)|Today Show stated that Google Voice would be available nationwide on that day. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Google Voice - Google transition:

Google Voice - Google transition Google confirmed this in a Twitter message stating: Google Voice on NBC Today Show. Invites to people on reservations list starting to go out today. The expansion was at first limited to users queuedWalker, Craig. (2009-06-25) . Googleblog.blogspot.com. Retrieved on December 7, 2010. on the invitation list.https://services.google.com/fb/forms/googlevoiceinvite/ Users with paid-in balances also received a limited number of invitation opportunities. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Google Voice - Google transition:

Google Voice - Google transition On July 1, 2009, Google Voice provided the option for users to change their service phone number for a US$10 fee. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Google Voice - Google transition:

Google Voice - Google transition On September 15, 2009, GrandCentral calling services were shut down. Subscribers who used the website could still log into the site to retrieve old messages and data. After termination of GrandCentral phone services, users who haven't moved over to Google Voice were still advised to upgrade their account to Google Voice. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Balance of payments - 1971–2009: transition, Washington Consensus, Bretton Woods II:

Balance of payments - 1971–2009: transition, Washington Consensus, Bretton Woods II The Bretton Woods system came to an end between 1971 and 1973 https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Balance of payments - 1971–2009: transition, Washington Consensus, Bretton Woods II:

Balance of payments - 1971–2009: transition, Washington Consensus, Bretton Woods II In the immediate aftermath of the Bretton Woods collapse, countries generally tried to retain some control over their exchange rate by independently managing it, or by intervening in the foreign exchange market as part of a regional bloc, such as Snake in the tunnel|the Snake which formed in 1971 https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Balance of payments - 1971–2009: transition, Washington Consensus, Bretton Woods II:

Balance of payments - 1971–2009: transition, Washington Consensus, Bretton Woods II Developing countries who chose to allow the market to determine their exchange rates would often develop sizeable current account deficits, financed by capital account inflows such as loans and investments,In the 1970s and 1980s a significant part of the capital flowing into developing countries was re-cycled petro dollars, the oil producing countries were among the few to have large surpluses but at that time the US wasn't issuing many bonds so the capital tended to flow to developing countries via the intermediary of western investment banks https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Balance of payments - 1971–2009: transition, Washington Consensus, Bretton Woods II:

Balance of payments - 1971–2009: transition, Washington Consensus, Bretton Woods II The frequency of crises was especially high for developing economies in this era – from 1973 to 1997 emerging economies suffered 57 BOP crises and 21 twin crises. Typically but not always the panic among foreign creditors and investors that preceded the crises in this period was usually triggered by concerns over excess borrowing by the private sector, rather than by a government deficit. For advanced economies, there were 30 BOP crises and 6 banking crises. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Balance of payments - 1971–2009: transition, Washington Consensus, Bretton Woods II:

Balance of payments - 1971–2009: transition, Washington Consensus, Bretton Woods II A turning point was the 1997 Asian Financial Crisis|1997 Asian BOP Crisis, where unsympathetic responses by western powers caused policy makers in emerging economies to re-assess the wisdom of relying on the free market; by 1999 the developing world as a whole stopped running current account deficits while the U.S. current account deficit began to rise sharply. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Balance of payments - 1971–2009: transition, Washington Consensus, Bretton Woods II:

Balance of payments - 1971–2009: transition, Washington Consensus, Bretton Woods II , select 'Current account imbalances' or 'Reserve Accumalation' on the stories tab, then move the date slider to see how imbalances developed between 1990–2008. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Balance of payments - 1971–2009: transition, Washington Consensus, Bretton Woods II:

Balance of payments - 1971–2009: transition, Washington Consensus, Bretton Woods II This new form of imbalance began to develop in part due to the increasing practice of emerging economies, principally China, in pegging their currency against the dollar, rather than allowing the value to freely float https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Balance of payments - 1971–2009: transition, Washington Consensus, Bretton Woods II:

Balance of payments - 1971–2009: transition, Washington Consensus, Bretton Woods II According to economics writer Martin Wolf, in the eight years leading up to 2007, three-quarters of the foreign currency reserves accumulated since the beginning of time have been piled up. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Balance of payments - 1971–2009: transition, Washington Consensus, Bretton Woods II:

Balance of payments - 1971–2009: transition, Washington Consensus, Bretton Woods II In contrast to the changed approach within the emerging economies, US policy makers and economists remained relatively unconcerned about BOP imbalances https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

History of the Internet - Transition towards the Internet:

History of the Internet - Transition towards the Internet The term internet was adopted in the first RFC published on the TCP protocol (RFC 675: Internet Transmission Control Program, December 1974) as an abbreviation of the term internetworking and the two terms were used interchangeably. In general, an internet was any network using TCP/IP. It was around the time when ARPANET was interlinked with NSFNET in the late 1980s, that the term was used as the name of the network, Internet, being the large and global TCP/IP network. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

History of the Internet - Transition towards the Internet:

History of the Internet - Transition towards the Internet As interest in widespread networking grew and new applications for it were developed, the Internet's technologies spread throughout the rest of the world. The network-agnostic approach in TCP/IP meant that it was easy to use any existing network infrastructure, such as the International Packet Switched Service|IPSS X.25 network, to carry Internet traffic. In 1984, University College London replaced its transatlantic satellite links with TCP/IP over IPSS. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

History of the Internet - Transition towards the Internet:

History of the Internet - Transition towards the Internet Many sites unable to link directly to the Internet started to create simple gateways to allow transfer of email, at that time the most important application. Sites which only had intermittent connections used UUCP or FidoNet and relied on the gateways between these networks and the Internet. Some gateway services went beyond simple email peering, such as allowing access to File Transfer Protocol|FTP sites via UUCP or email. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

History of the Internet - Transition towards the Internet:

History of the Internet - Transition towards the Internet Finally, the Internet's remaining centralized routing aspects were removed https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

AOL Tech - 2000s: transition and rebranding:

AOL Tech - 2000s: transition and rebranding In 2005, AOL broadcast the Live 8 concert live over the Internet, and thousands of users downloaded clips of the concert over the following months https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

AOL Tech - 2000s: transition and rebranding:

AOL Tech - 2000s: transition and rebranding On April 3, 2006, AOL announced that it was retiring the full name America Online; the official name of the service became AOL, and the full name of the Time Warner subdivision became AOL, Limited liability company|LLC. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

AOL Tech - 2000s: transition and rebranding:

AOL Tech - 2000s: transition and rebranding On June 8, 2006,[ http://www.timewarner.com/corp/newsroom/pr/0,20812,1201969,00.html AOL Launches Free Software To Improve PC Security For All Internet Users] https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

AOL Tech - 2000s: transition and rebranding:

AOL Tech - 2000s: transition and rebranding On August 2006, AOL announced that they would give away email accounts and software previously available only to its paying customers provided the customer accessed AOL or AOL.com through a non-AOL-owned access method (otherwise known as third party transit, bring your own access, or BYOA) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

AOL Tech - 2000s: transition and rebranding:

AOL Tech - 2000s: transition and rebranding * AOL Video[ http://video.aol.com/ Video.aol.com]. Video.aol.com (November 11, 2010). Retrieved on July 8, 2011. featured professional content and allowed users to upload videos as well. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

AOL Tech - 2000s: transition and rebranding:

AOL Tech - 2000s: transition and rebranding * AOL Local, comprising its CityGuide,[ http://cityguide.aol.com/ Cityguide.aol.com] Yellow Pages[ http://yellowpages.aol.com/ Yellowpages.aol.com]. Yellowpages.aol.com. Retrieved on July 8, 2011. and Local Search[ http://local.aol.com/ Local.aol.com]. Local.aol.com. Retrieved on July 8, 2011. services to help users find local information like restaurants, local events, and directory listings. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

AOL Tech - 2000s: transition and rebranding:

AOL Tech - 2000s: transition and rebranding * AOL My eAddress, a custom domain name for email addresses. These email accounts could be accessed in a manner similar to other AOL and AIM email accounts. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

AOL Tech - 2000s: transition and rebranding:

AOL Tech - 2000s: transition and rebranding * Xdrive, which was a service offered by AOL that allowed users to back up their files over the Internet https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

AOL Tech - 2000s: transition and rebranding:

AOL Tech - 2000s: transition and rebranding On September 17, 2007, AOL announced that it was moving one of its corporate headquarters from Dulles, Virginia, to New York City and combining its various advertising units into a new subsidiary called Platform A https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

AOL Tech - 2000s: transition and rebranding:

AOL Tech - 2000s: transition and rebranding In October 2007, AOL announced that it would move one of its other headquarters from Loudoun County, Virginia, to New York City; it would continue to operate its Virginia offices https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

AOL Tech - 2000s: transition and rebranding:

AOL Tech - 2000s: transition and rebranding By November 2007, AOL's customer base had been reduced to 10.1million subscribers, just narrowly ahead of Comcast and ATT Yahoo!. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

AOL Tech - 2000s: transition and rebranding:

AOL Tech - 2000s: transition and rebranding On February 6, 2008, Time Warner CEO Jeffrey Bewkes|Jeff Bewkes announced that Time Warner would split AOL's internet access and advertising businesses into two, with the possibility of later selling the internet access division.[ http://biz.yahoo.com/ap/080206/earns_time_warner.html Time Warner Will Split AOL: Financial News – Yahoo! Finance] https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

AOL Tech - 2000s: transition and rebranding:

AOL Tech - 2000s: transition and rebranding On March 13, 2008, AOL purchased the social networking site Bebo for $850m (£417m).[ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/7294174.stm BBC NEWS | Business] AOL acquires Bebo social network On July 25, 2008, AOL announced it was shedding Xdrive, AOL Pictures, and BlueString to save on costs and focus on its core advertising business.[ http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/07/25/AR2008072501978.html Washingtonpost.com], AOL shutting 3 services to cut costs, focus on ads AOL Pictures was terminated on December 31, 2008 https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

HTML - Transitional versus strict:

HTML - Transitional versus strict The Transitional and Frameset versions allow for presentational markup, which is omitted in the Strict version https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

HTML - Transitional versus strict:

HTML - Transitional versus strict The Transitional version allows the following parts of the vocabulary, which are not included in the Strict version: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

HTML - Transitional versus strict:

HTML - Transitional versus strict ** Inline elements and plain text are allowed directly in: body, blockquote, form, noscript and noframes https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

HTML - Transitional versus strict:

HTML - Transitional versus strict ** underline (u)(Deprecated. can confuse a visitor with a hyperlink.) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

HTML - Transitional versus strict:

HTML - Transitional versus strict ** font (Deprecated. use CSS instead.) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

HTML - Transitional versus strict:

HTML - Transitional versus strict ** basefont (Deprecated. use CSS instead.) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

HTML - Transitional versus strict:

HTML - Transitional versus strict * 'Presentation related attributes' https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

HTML - Transitional versus strict:

HTML - Transitional versus strict ** background (Deprecated. use CSS instead.) and bgcolor (Deprecated. use CSS instead.) attributes for body (required element according to the W3C.) element. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

HTML - Transitional versus strict:

HTML - Transitional versus strict ** align (Deprecated. use CSS instead.) attribute on div, form, paragraph (p) and heading (h1...h6) elements https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

HTML - Transitional versus strict:

HTML - Transitional versus strict ** align (Deprecated. use CSS instead.), noshade (Deprecated. use CSS instead.), size (Deprecated. use CSS instead.) and width (Deprecated. use CSS instead.) attributes on hr element https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

HTML - Transitional versus strict:

HTML - Transitional versus strict ** align (Deprecated. use CSS instead.), border, vspace and hspace attributes on img and object (caution: the object element is only supported in Internet Explorer (from the major browsers)) elements https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

HTML - Transitional versus strict:

HTML - Transitional versus strict ** align (Deprecated. use CSS instead.) and bgcolor (Deprecated. use CSS instead.) on table element https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

HTML - Transitional versus strict:

HTML - Transitional versus strict ** nowrap (Obsolete), bgcolor (Deprecated. use CSS instead.), width, height on td and th elements https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

HTML - Transitional versus strict:

HTML - Transitional versus strict ** bgcolor (Deprecated. use CSS instead.) attribute on tr element https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

HTML - Transitional versus strict:

HTML - Transitional versus strict ** clear (Obsolete) attribute on br element https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

HTML - Transitional versus strict:

HTML - Transitional versus strict ** compact attribute on dl, dir and menu elements https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

HTML - Transitional versus strict:

HTML - Transitional versus strict ** type (Deprecated. use CSS instead.), compact (Deprecated. use CSS instead.) and start (Deprecated. use CSS instead.) attributes on ol and ul elements https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

HTML - Transitional versus strict:

HTML - Transitional versus strict ** type and value attributes on li element https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

HTML - Transitional versus strict:

HTML - Transitional versus strict ** width attribute on pre element https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

HTML - Transitional versus strict:

HTML - Transitional versus strict ** menu (Deprecated. use CSS instead.) list (no substitute, though unordered list is recommended) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

HTML - Transitional versus strict:

HTML - Transitional versus strict ** dir (Deprecated. use CSS instead.) list (no substitute, though unordered list is recommended) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

HTML - Transitional versus strict:

HTML - Transitional versus strict ** isindex (Deprecated.) (element requires server-side support and is typically added to documents server-side, form and input elements can be used as a substitute) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

HTML - Transitional versus strict:

HTML - Transitional versus strict ** applet (Deprecated. use the object element instead.) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

HTML - Transitional versus strict:

HTML - Transitional versus strict * 'The language (Obsolete) attribute on script element' (redundant with the type attribute). https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

HTML - Transitional versus strict:

HTML - Transitional versus strict ** target (Deprecated in the map, link and form elements.) attribute on a, client-side image-map (map), link, form and base elements https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

HTML - Transitional versus strict:

HTML - Transitional versus strict The Frameset version includes everything in the Transitional version, as well as the frameset element (used instead of body) and the frame element. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Disney Channel - Transition to basic cable (1997–2002):

Disney Channel - Transition to basic cable (1997–2002) Disney Channel initially continued to offer free preview events for pay television providers that continued to carry it as a premium service but discontinued them altogether within three years of the rebrand (Disney Channel would not complete its transition to a basic cable service until around 2004).[http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-19233004.html Disney move to basic keys system campaigns], Multichannel News (via HighBeam Research), February 17, 1997 https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Disney Channel - Transition to basic cable (1997–2002):

Disney Channel - Transition to basic cable (1997–2002) The channel would eventually split itself into three programming blocks: amongst which were Playhouse Disney (comprising shows aimed at preschoolers) and Vault Disney (featuring classic Disney programs such as Zorro (1957 TV series)|Zorro,[http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P1-22405127.html Television News Notes], The Record (Bergen County)|The Record (via HighBeam Research), September 9, 1997 https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Disney Channel - Transition to basic cable (1997–2002):

Disney Channel - Transition to basic cable (1997–2002) Original programming on Disney Channel began to ramp up during this period starting with the sitcom Flash Forward, and would increase in the following years with shows like The Famous Jett Jackson and So Weird, into the early 2000s (decade)|2000s with Lizzie McGuire – whose star Hilary Duff became the first lead actor or actress in one of the channel's series to cross over into music through a record deal with co-owned Hollywood Records – and Even Stevens – which helped launch the career of its star Shia LaBeouf. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Disney Channel - Transition to basic cable (1997–2002):

Disney Channel - Transition to basic cable (1997–2002) In 1999, Disney Channel began mandating that cable operators who continued to carry it as a premium service must move the channel to a basic cable tier or stop carrying it altogether, stipulating that it would not renew carriage agreements with providers (such as Time Warner Cable and Comcast, the last major cable providers to carry the channel as a pay service) that chose to continue carrying the network as a premium channel.[http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-55734389.html Disney Serves Notice], Multichannel News (via HighBeam Research), August 30, 1999 https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Disney Channel - Transition to basic cable (1997–2002):

Disney Channel - Transition to basic cable (1997–2002) By 2001, Disney Channel was available to approximately 70 million cable and satellite subscribers, largely consisting of those who already received the channel through basic cable, as well as what remained of its pay subscriber base.[http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-72739914.html Disney Channel Springs Into April With 70 million Subscribers; Network's Transition From Premium to Basic Service Nears Completion], Business Wire (via HighBeam Research), April 4, 2001 https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Kazaa - Transitional period :

Kazaa - Transitional period Kazaa's legal issues ended after a settlement of $100 million in reparations to the recording industry. Kazaa, including the domain name, was then sold off to Brilliant Digital Entertainment, Inc. Kazaa then operated as a monthly music subscription service allowing users to download unlimited songs, before finally ending the service. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Kazaa - Transitional period :

Kazaa - Transitional period Some users still use the old network on the unauthorized versions of Kazaa, either Kazaa Lite or Kazaa Resurrection, which is still a self-sustaining network where thousands of users still share unrestricted content. This fact was previously stated by Kazaa when they claimed their FastTrack network was not centralized (like the old Napster), but instead a link between millions of computers around the world. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Kazaa - Transitional period :

Kazaa - Transitional period However, in the wake of the bad publicity and lawsuits, the number of users on Kazaa Lite has dropped dramatically. They have gone from several millions of users at a given time to mere thousands. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Kazaa - Transitional period :

Kazaa - Transitional period Without further recourse, and until the lawsuit was settled, the RIAA actively sued thousands of people across the USA for sharing copyrighted music across the network. College campus networks were also a focus of the RIAA's many lawsuits. Many of these cases are still in the process of being settled or are headed for trial. Although the lawsuits were mainly in the United States, other countries also began to follow suit. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

GrandCentral - Google transition:

GrandCentral - Google transition Google confirmed this in a Twitter message stating: Google Voice on NBC Today Show https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

The Inspiration Network - Transition:

The Inspiration Network - Transition After the Bakkers' departure in the late 1980s, the PTL call letters had been dropped and the network renamed simply The Inspirational Network in an effort to make it more marketable to cable systems and distance it from PTL and the Bakkers https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

The Inspiration Network - Transition:

The Inspiration Network - Transition In October 2010, the network announced a major rebranding with an added emphasis on family programming https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

The Inspiration Network - Transition:

The Inspiration Network - Transition In addition to being broadcast throughout the world on most major cable and satellite providers, INSP is broadcast on Dish Network Channel 259 https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

European Parliament - Transitional arrangements:

European Parliament - Transitional arrangements This amendment brought in transitional provisions to allow the 18 additional MEPs created under the Lisbon Treaty to be elected or appointed before the 2014 election https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Macintosh computer - Transition to Intel:

Macintosh computer - Transition to Intel At Apple Worldwide Developers Conference|WWDC 2005, Steve Jobs announced this transition, revealing that Mac OS X was always developed to run on both the Intel and PowerPC architectures https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Macintosh computer - Transition to Intel:

Macintosh computer - Transition to Intel Starting in 2006, Apple's industrial design shifted to favor aluminum, which was used in the construction of the first MacBook Pro https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Macintosh computer - Transition to Intel:

Macintosh computer - Transition to Intel On February 24, 2011, Apple became the first company to bring to market a computer that utilized Intel's new Thunderbolt (interface)|Thunderbolt (codename Light Peak) I/O interface. Using the same physical interface as a Mini DisplayPort, and backwards compatible with that standard, Thunderbolt boasts two-way transfer speeds of 10Gbit/s. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phishing - Transition from AOL to financial institutions:

Phishing - Transition from AOL to financial institutions The capture of AOL account information may have led phishers to misuse credit card information, and to the realization that attacks against online payment systems were feasible https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Deforestation - Forest transition theory:

Deforestation - Forest transition theory The forest area change may follow a pattern suggested by the forest transition (FT) theory,Meyfroidt, P., Lambin, E.F. 2011. Global Forest Transition: Prospects for an End to Deforestation. Annual Review of Environment and Resources 36: 343-371 whereby at early stages in its development a country is characterized by high forest cover and low deforestation rates (HFLD countries). https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Deforestation - Forest transition theory:

Deforestation - Forest transition theory A country may reach very low levels of forest cover before it stabilizes, or it might through good policies be able to “bridge” the forest transition. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Deforestation - Forest transition theory:

Deforestation - Forest transition theory FT depicts a broad trend, and an extrapolation of historical rates therefore tends to underestimate future BAU deforestation for counties at the early stages in the transition (HFLD), while it tends to overestimate BAU deforestation for countries at the later stages (LFHD and LFLD). https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Deforestation - Forest transition theory:

Deforestation - Forest transition theory Countries with high forest cover can be expected to be at early stages of the FT. GDP per capita captures the stage in a country’s economic development, which is linked to the pattern of natural resource use, including forests. The choice of forest cover and GDP per capita also fits well with the two key scenarios in the FT: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Deforestation - Forest transition theory:

Deforestation - Forest transition theory (i) a forest scarcity path, where forest scarcity triggers forces (for example, higher prices of forest products) that lead to forest cover stabilization; and https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Deforestation - Forest transition theory:

Deforestation - Forest transition theory (ii) an economic development path, where new and better off-farm employment opportunities associated with economic growth (= increasing GDP per capita) reduce profitability of frontier agriculture and slows deforestation. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Natural resource economics - Transitioning: perpetual resources to paleoresources:

Natural resource economics - Transitioning: perpetual resources to paleoresources Perpetual resources can transition to being a paleoresource https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Natural resource economics - Transitioning: perpetual resources to paleoresources:

Natural resource economics - Transitioning: perpetual resources to paleoresources Pennsylvania anthracite is another material where the trend towards obsolescence and becoming a paleoresource can be shown statistically https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Natural resource economics - Transitioning: perpetual resources to paleoresources:

Natural resource economics - Transitioning: perpetual resources to paleoresources Since anthracite resources are so far into the perpetual resource range and demand for anthracite has dropped so far, is it possible to see how anthracite might become a paleoresource? Probably by customers continuing to disappear (i.e https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Colloidal crystal - Phase transitions :

Colloidal crystal - Phase transitions Equilibrium phase transitions (e.g https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Titanium alloys - Transition temperature:

Titanium alloys - Transition temperature (Id est|i.e., alpha stabilizers) while others lower the transition temperature (i.e., beta stabilizers) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Ductility - Ductile–brittle transition temperature:

Ductility - Ductile–brittle transition temperature (c) Completely ductile fracture https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Ductility - Ductile–brittle transition temperature:

Ductility - Ductile–brittle transition temperature A similar phenomenon, the glass transition temperature, occurs with glasses and polymers, although the mechanism is different in these amorphous materials. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Ductility - Ductile–brittle transition temperature:

Ductility - Ductile–brittle transition temperature In some materials this transition is sharper than others. For example, the transition is generally sharper in materials with a body-centered cubic (BCC) lattice than those with a face-centered cubic (FCC) lattice. DBTT can also be influenced by external factors such as neutron radiation, which leads to an increase in internal lattice defects and a corresponding decrease in ductility and increase in DBTT. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Ductility - Ductile–brittle transition temperature:

Ductility - Ductile–brittle transition temperature If experiments are performed at a higher strain rate, more dislocation shielding is required to prevent brittle fracture and the transition temperature is raised. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Liquid - Phase transitions:

Liquid - Phase transitions At a temperature below the boiling point, any matter in liquid form will evaporate until the condensation of gas above reach an equilibrium https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Liquid - Phase transitions:

Liquid - Phase transitions For the opposite transition from solid to liquid, see melting. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Nuclear power phase-out - Energy transition:

Nuclear power phase-out - Energy transition The Energy transition is the shift by several countries to sustainable economies by means of renewable energy, Efficient energy use|energy efficiency and sustainable development. The final goal is the abolishment of coal and other non-renewable energy sources. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Nuclear power phase-out - Energy transition:

Nuclear power phase-out - Energy transition Renewable energy encompasses Wind power|wind, biomass (such as landfill gas and sewage gas), hydropower, solar power (thermal and photovoltaic), Geothermal electricity|geothermal, and Marine energy|ocean power. These renewable sources are to serve as an alternative to fossil fuels (Petroleum|oil, coal, natural gas) and nuclear fuel (uranium). https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Nuclear power phase-out - Energy transition:

Nuclear power phase-out - Energy transition Piecemeal measures often have only limited potential, so a timely implementation for the energy transition requires multiple approaches in parallel https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Nuclear power phase-out - Energy transition:

Nuclear power phase-out - Energy transition After such a transitional period, with a continuing increase in renewable energy production these are expected to make up most, if not all, of the world's energy production in 50 years according to a 2011 projection by the International Energy Agency, dramatically reducing the emissions of greenhouse gases. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Outline of prehistoric technology - Transition from proto-writing to true writing :

Outline of prehistoric technology - Transition from proto-writing to true writing * General developmental stages leading from proto-writing to true writing: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Outline of prehistoric technology - Transition from proto-writing to true writing :

Outline of prehistoric technology - Transition from proto-writing to true writing **Picture writing system: glyphs directly represent objects and ideas or objective and ideational situations. In connection with this the following substages may be distinguished: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Outline of prehistoric technology - Transition from proto-writing to true writing :

Outline of prehistoric technology - Transition from proto-writing to true writing **# The pictographic (pictography): glyphs represent directly an object or an objective situation such as (A) chronological, (B) notices, (C) communications, (D) totems, titles, and names, (E) religious, (F) customs, (G) historical, and (H) biographical; https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Outline of prehistoric technology - Transition from proto-writing to true writing :

Outline of prehistoric technology - Transition from proto-writing to true writing **# The ideographic (ideography): glyphs represent directly an idea or an ideational situation. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Outline of prehistoric technology - Transition from proto-writing to true writing :

Outline of prehistoric technology - Transition from proto-writing to true writing **Transitional system: glyphs refer not only to the object or idea which it represents but to its name as well. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Outline of prehistoric technology - Transition from proto-writing to true writing :

Outline of prehistoric technology - Transition from proto-writing to true writing **Phonetic system: glyphs refer to sounds or spoken symbols irrespective of their meanings. This resolves itself into the following substages: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Outline of prehistoric technology - Transition from proto-writing to true writing :

Outline of prehistoric technology - Transition from proto-writing to true writing **# The alphabetic: glyph represent an elementary sound. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Sol-gel - Phase transition :

Sol-gel - Phase transition Tanaka, et al., emphasize that the discrete and reversible volume transitions which occur in partially hydrolyzed acrylimide gels can be interpreted in terms of a phase transition of the system consisting of the charged polymer network, hydrogen (counter)ions and liquid matrix. The phase transition is a manifestation of competition among the three forces which contribute to the osmotic pressure in the gel: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Sol-gel - Phase transition :

Sol-gel - Phase transition # The negative pressure due to polymer-polymer affinity https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Sol-gel - Phase transition :

Sol-gel - Phase transition # The rubber-like Elasticity (physics)|elasticity of the polymer network https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Sol-gel - Phase transition :

Sol-gel - Phase transition The volume change at the transition point is either discrete (as in a first-order Ehrenfest transition) or continuous (second order Ehrenfest analogy), depending on the degree of ionization of the gel and on the solvent composition.Tanaka, T., Phys https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Atomic layer deposition - Transition-metal nitrides:

Atomic layer deposition - Transition-metal nitrides Transition-metal nitrides, such as Titanium nitride|TiN and TaN find potential use both as Barrier metal|metal barriers and as metal gate|gate metals https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Liquid crystals - Fredericks transition:

Liquid crystals - Fredericks transition The occurrence of such a change from an aligned to a deformed state is called a Fredericks transition and can also be produced by the application of a magnetic field of sufficient strength. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Liquid crystals - Fredericks transition:

Liquid crystals - Fredericks transition The Fredericks transition is fundamental to the operation of many liquid crystal displays because the director orientation (and thus the properties) can be controlled easily by the application of a field. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Enzymes - Transition state stabilization:

Enzymes - Transition state stabilization It seems that the most effective way for reaching large stabilization is the use of electrostatic effects, in particular, when having a relatively fixed polar environment that is oriented toward the charge distribution of the transition state https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Orbital hybridisation - Non-inclusion of p orbitals in transition metal complexes :

Orbital hybridisation - Non-inclusion of p orbitals in transition metal complexes Similarly, p orbitals have long been thought to be utilized by transition metal centers in bonding with ligands, hence the 18-electron rule|18-electron description; however, recent molecular orbital calculations have found that such p orbital participation in bonding is insignificant, even though the contribution of the p-function to the molecular wavefunction is calculated to be somewhat larger than that of the d-function in main group compounds. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phospholipid bilayer - Phases and phase transitions:

Phospholipid bilayer - Phases and phase transitions All lipids have a characteristic temperature at which they transition (melt) from the gel to liquid phase https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phospholipid bilayer - Phases and phase transitions:

Phospholipid bilayer - Phases and phase transitions Transition temperature can also be affected by the degree of unsaturation of the lipid tails https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phospholipid bilayer - Phases and phase transitions:

Phospholipid bilayer - Phases and phase transitions Most natural membranes are a complex mixture of different lipid molecules https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Grantha script - Transitional Grantha :

Grantha script - Transitional Grantha The Tulu-Malayalam script is called Transitional Grantha. Currently two varieties are used: Brahmanic, or square, and Jain, or round. The Tulu-Malayalam script is a variety of Grantha dating from the 8th or 9th century AD. The modern Tamil script is also derived from Grantha. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Grantha script - Transitional Grantha :

Grantha script - Transitional Grantha This type of Grantha was used by Cholas approximately from 650 CE to 950 CE. Inscription of later Pallavas and Pandiyan Nedunchezhiyan are also examples for this variety of Grantha Script. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Glossary of patent law terms - Transitional phrase:

Glossary of patent law terms - Transitional phrase In United States patent law, a phrase that links the preamble of a patent claim to the specific elements set forth in the claim which define what the invention itself actually is. The transitional phrase acts as a limitation on the claim, indicating whether a similar device, method, or composition infringes the patent if it contains more or fewer elements than the claim in the patent. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Human - Transition to civilization:

Human - Transition to civilization Until c.10,000 years ago, humans lived as hunter-gatherers https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Human - Transition to civilization:

Human - Transition to civilization About 6,000 years ago, the first proto-states developed in Mesopotamia, Egypt's Nile Valley and the Indus Valley Civilization|Indus Valley https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Human - Transition to civilization:

Human - Transition to civilization The late Middle Ages saw the rise of revolutionary ideas and technologies https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Human - Transition to civilization:

Human - Transition to civilization With the advent of the Information Age at the end of the 20th century, modern humans live in a world that has become increasingly globalization|globalized and interconnected. As of 2010, almost 2billion humans are able to communicate with each other via the Internet, and 3.3 billion by mobile phone subscriptions. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Human - Transition to civilization:

Human - Transition to civilization Although interconnection between humans has encouraged the growth of science, art, discussion, and technology, it has also led to culture clashes and the development and use of weapons of mass destruction. Human civilization has led to Environmental degradation|environmental destruction and pollution significantly contributing to the ongoing mass extinction of other forms of life called the holocene extinction event,* which may be further accelerated by global warming in the future. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Cryoprotectants - Glass transition temperature:

Cryoprotectants - Glass transition temperature Some cryoprotectants function by lowering the glass transition temperature of a solution or of a material https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

El Niño-Southern Oscillation - Transitional phases:

El Niño-Southern Oscillation - Transitional phases Transitional phases at the onset or departure of El Niño or La Niña can also be important factors on global weather by affecting teleconnections. Significant episodes, known as Trans-Niño, are measured by the [http://www.cgd.ucar.edu/cas/catalog/climind/TNI_N34/ Trans-Niño index (TNI)]. Examples of affected short-time climate in North America include precipitation in the Northwest US and intense tornado activity in the contiguous US. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

El Niño-Southern Oscillation - Transitional phases:

El Niño-Southern Oscillation - Transitional phases During strong El Niño episodes, a secondary peak in sea surface temperature across the far eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean sometimes follows the initial peak. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Transdifferentiation - Transition from mouse to human cells:

Transdifferentiation - Transition from mouse to human cells Generally transdifferentiation that occurs in mouse cells does not translate in effectiveness or speediness in human cells. Pang et al. found that while transcription factors ASCL1|Ascl1, Brn2 and Myt1l turned mouse cells into mature neurons, the same set of factors only turned human cells into immature neurons. However, the addition of NeuroD1 was able to increase efficiency and help cells reach maturity. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Glass transition temperature:

Glass transition temperature The 'glass–liquid transition' (or 'glass transition' for short) is the reversible transition in amorphous solid|amorphous materials (or in amorphous regions within semicrystalline materials) from a hard and relatively brittle state into a molten or rubber-like state. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Glass transition temperature:

Glass transition temperature International Organization for Standardization|ISO 11357-2: Plastics – Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) – Part 2: Determination of glass transition temperature (1999). https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Glass transition temperature:

Glass transition temperature An amorphous solid that exhibits a glass transition is called a glass. Supercooling a viscous liquid into the glass state is called vitrification, from the Latin language|Latin vitreum, glass via French language|French vitrifier. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Glass transition temperature:

Glass transition temperature However, the question of whether some phase transition underlies the glass transition is a matter of continuing research. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Glass transition temperature:

Glass transition temperature The 'glass-transition temperature' Tg is always lower than the melting point|melting temperature, Tm, of the crystalline state of the material, if one exists. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Glass transition temperature - Introduction:

Glass transition temperature - Introduction In many materials that normally undergo a freezing transition, rapid cooling will avoid this phase transition and instead result in a glass transition at some lower temperature https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Glass transition temperature - Introduction:

Glass transition temperature - Introduction Below the transition temperature range, the glassy structure does not relax in accordance with the cooling rate used https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Glass transition temperature - Introduction:

Glass transition temperature - Introduction Moynihan, C. et al. in The Glass Transition and the Nature of the Glassy State, Eds. M. Goldstein and R. Simha, Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci., Vol. 279 (1976) ISBN 0890720533 https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Glass transition temperature - Introduction:

Glass transition temperature - Introduction The configuration of the glass in this temperature range changes slowly with time towards the equilibrium structure https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Glass transition temperature - Introduction:

Glass transition temperature - Introduction However, there is a longstanding debate whether there is an underlying second-order phase transition in the hypothetical limit of infinitely long relaxation times. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Glass transition temperature - Transition temperature Tg:

Glass transition temperature - Transition temperature Tg Refer to the figure on the right plotting the heat capacity as a function of temperature. In this context, Tg is the temperature corresponding to point A on the curve. The linear sections below and above Tg are colored green. Tg is the temperature at the intersection of the red regression lines.[http://www.glassproperties.com/tg/ Tg measurement of glasses]. Glassproperties.com. Retrieved on 2012-06-29. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Glass transition temperature - Transition temperature Tg:

Glass transition temperature - Transition temperature Tg As evidenced experimentally, this value is close to the Annealing (glass)|annealing point of many glasses.[http://old.iupac.org/goldbook/G02641.pdf glass-transition temperature], IUPAC Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 66, 583 (1984) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Glass transition temperature - Transition temperature Tg:

Glass transition temperature - Transition temperature Tg In contrast to viscosity, the thermal expansion, heat capacity, shear modulus, and many other properties of inorganic glasses show a relatively sudden change at the glass transition temperature. Any such step or kink can be used to define Tg. To make this definition reproducible, the cooling or heating rate must be specified. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Glass transition temperature - Transition temperature Tg:

Glass transition temperature - Transition temperature Tg The most frequently used definition of Tg uses the energy release on heating in differential scanning calorimetry (DSC, see figure). Typically, the sample is first cooled with 10 K/min and then heated with that same speed. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Glass transition temperature - Transition temperature Tg:

Glass transition temperature - Transition temperature Tg Yet another definition of Tg uses the kink in Dilatometer|dilatometry (a.k.a thermal expansion). Here, heating rates of 3–5 K/min are common. Summarized below are Tg values characteristic of certain classes of materials. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Glass transition temperature - Polymers:

Glass transition temperature - Polymers Nylon-6 Nylon has a glass transition temperature of 47 °C.[http://www.polymerprocessing.com/polymers/PA6.html nylon-6 information and properties]. Polymerprocessing.com (2001-04-15). Retrieved on 2012-06-29. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Glass transition temperature - Polymers:

Glass transition temperature - Polymers Whereas polyethene has a glass transition range of −130 to −80 °C[http://www.polyesterconverters.com/pcl_apps/stage1/stage2/applications_and_enduses/polyethene.htm PCL | Applications and End Uses | Polythene]. Polyesterconverters.com. Retrieved on 2012-06-29. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Glass transition temperature - Polymers:

Glass transition temperature - Polymers It must be kept in mind that the above are only mean values, as the glass transition temperature depends on the cooling rate, molecular weight distribution and could be influenced by additives. Note also that for a semi-crystalline material, such as polyethene that is 60–80% crystalline at room temperature, the quoted glass transition refers to what happens to the amorphous part of the material upon cooling. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Glass transition temperature - Kauzmann's paradox:

Glass transition temperature - Kauzmann's paradox As a liquid is supercooled, the difference in entropy between the liquid and solid phase decreases. By extrapolating the heat capacity of the supercooled liquid below its glass transition temperature, it is possible to calculate the temperature at which the difference in entropies becomes zero. This temperature has been named the 'Kauzmann temperature'. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Glass transition temperature - Kauzmann's paradox:

Glass transition temperature - Kauzmann's paradox If a liquid could be supercooled below its Kauzmann temperature, and it did indeed display a lower entropy than the crystal phase, the consequences would be paradoxical. This 'Kauzmann paradox' has been the subject of much debate and many publications since it was first put forward by Walter Kauzmann in 1948. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Glass transition temperature - Kauzmann's paradox:

Glass transition temperature - Kauzmann's paradox One resolution of the Kauzmann paradox is to say that there must be a phase transition before the entropy of the liquid decreases. In this scenario, the transition temperature is known as the calorimetric ideal glass transition temperature T0c. In this view, the glass transition is not merely a Chemical kinetics|kinetic effect, i.e. merely the result of fast cooling of a melt, but there is an underlying thermodynamic basis for glass formation. The glass transition temperature: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Glass transition temperature - Kauzmann's paradox:

Glass transition temperature - Kauzmann's paradox It could also be that a first order phase transition to another liquid state occurs before the Kauzmann temperature with the heat capacity of this new state being less than that obtained by extrapolation from higher temperature https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Glass transition temperature - Silica, SiO2:

Glass transition temperature - Silica, SiO2 Silica (the chemical compound SiO2) has a number of distinct crystalline forms in addition to the quartz structure https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Glass transition temperature - Silica, SiO2:

Glass transition temperature - Silica, SiO2 The transition temperature Tg in silicates is related to the energy required to break and re-form covalent bonds in an amorphous (or random network) lattice of covalent bonds https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Glass transition temperature - Silica, SiO2:

Glass transition temperature - Silica, SiO2 Tg is directly proportional to bond strength, e.g https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Glass transition temperature - Silica, SiO2:

Glass transition temperature - Silica, SiO2 In Viscoelasticity|viscoelastic materials, the presence of liquid-like behavior depends on the properties of and so varies with rate of applied load, i.e., how quickly a force is applied. The silicone toy 'Silly Putty' behaves quite differently depending on the time rate of applying a force: pull slowly and it flows, acting as a heavily viscous liquid; hit it with a hammer and it shatters, acting as a glass. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Glass transition temperature - Silica, SiO2:

Glass transition temperature - Silica, SiO2 On cooling, rubber undergoes a liquid-glass transition, which has also been called a rubber-glass transition. For example, the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster was caused by rubber O-rings that were being used well below their glass transition temperature on an unusually cold Florida morning, and thus could not flex adequately to form proper seals between sections of the two Space Shuttle Solid Rocket Booster|solid-fuel rocket boosters. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Glass transition temperature - Mechanics of vitrification :

Glass transition temperature - Mechanics of vitrification Molecular motion in condensed matter can be represented by a Fourier series whose physical interpretation consists of a superposition principle|superposition of longitudinal wave|longitudinal and transverse wave|transverse waves of atomic displacement with varying directions and wavelengths https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Glass transition temperature - Mechanics of vitrification :

Glass transition temperature - Mechanics of vitrification Thus, thermal motion in liquids can be decomposed into elementary Longitudinal wave|longitudinal vibrations (or acoustic phonons) while transverse wave|transverse vibrations (or shear waves) were originally described only in elasticity (physics)|elastic solids exhibiting the highly ordered crystalline state of matter https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Glass transition temperature - Mechanics of vitrification :

Glass transition temperature - Mechanics of vitrification This revision follows directly from the continuous characteristic of the structural transition from the liquid state into the solid one when this transition is not accompanied by crystallization—ergo the supercooled viscous liquid https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Glass transition temperature - Mechanics of vitrification :

Glass transition temperature - Mechanics of vitrification Bartenev, G. M., Structure and Mechanical Properties of Inorganic Glasses (Wolters – Noordhoof, 1970) ISBN 9001054501 https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Glass transition temperature - Mechanics of vitrification :

Glass transition temperature - Mechanics of vitrification The thermal phonon mean free paths or relaxation lengths of a number of glass formers have been plotted versus the glass transition temperature, indicating a linear relationship between the two https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Glass transition temperature - Mechanics of vitrification :

Glass transition temperature - Mechanics of vitrification It has often been suggested that heat conduction|heat transport in dielectric solids occurs through elastic vibrations of the lattice, and that this transport is limited by elastic scattering of acoustic phonons by lattice defects (e.g. randomly spaced vacancies).Rosenburg, H. M., Low Temperature Solid State Physics (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1963) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Glass transition temperature - Mechanics of vitrification :

Glass transition temperature - Mechanics of vitrification These predictions were confirmed by experiments on commercial glasses and glass Ceramic engineering|ceramics, where mean free paths were apparently limited by internal boundary scattering to length scales of 10–100 micrometers. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Glass transition temperature - Mechanics of vitrification :

Glass transition temperature - Mechanics of vitrification The relationship between these transverse waves and the mechanism of vitrification has been described by several authors who proposed that the onset of correlations between such phonons results in an orientational ordering or freezing of local shear stresses in glass-forming liquids, thus yielding the glass transition. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Glass transition temperature - Electronic structure :

Glass transition temperature - Electronic structure The influence of thermal phonons and their interaction with electronic structure is a topic that was appropriately introduced in a discussion of the Electrical resistance|resistance of liquid metals https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Glass transition temperature - Electronic structure :

Glass transition temperature - Electronic structure The formation of a non-crystalline form of a gold-silicon alloy by the method of splat quenching from the melt led to further considerations of the influence of electronic structure on glass forming ability, based on the properties of the metallic bond. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Glass transition temperature - Electronic structure :

Glass transition temperature - Electronic structure Other work indicates that the Electron mobility|mobility of localized electrons is enhanced by the presence of dynamic phonon modes. One claim against such a model is that if chemical bonds are important, the nearly free electron models should not be applicable. However, if the model includes the buildup of a charge distribution between all pairs of atoms just like a chemical bond (e.g., silicon, when a band is just filled with electrons) then it should apply to solids. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Glass transition temperature - Electronic structure :

Glass transition temperature - Electronic structure Thus, if the electrical conductivity is low, the mean free path of the electrons is very short https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Glass transition temperature - Electronic structure :

Glass transition temperature - Electronic structure It has also been argued that glass formation in metallic systems is related to the softness of the interaction potential between unlike atoms. Some authors, emphasizing the strong similarities between the local structure of the glass and the corresponding crystal, suggest that chemical bonding helps to stabilize the amorphous structure. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Glass transition temperature - Electronic structure :

Glass transition temperature - Electronic structure Other authors have suggested that the electronic structure yields its influence on glass formation through the directional properties of bonds https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Spirou et Fantasio - A long transition:

Spirou et Fantasio - A long transition Fournier authored nine books in the series, which saw Spirou evolve into a more modern character. Where Franquin's stories tended to be politically neutral (in his later works, notably Idées noires, he would champion pacifist and environmental views), Fournier's stint on Spirou addressed such hot topics (for the 1970s) as Nuclear power|nuclear energy (L'Ankou), drug-funded dictatorships (Kodo le tyran) and François Duvalier|Duvalier-style repression (Tora Torapa). https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Spirou et Fantasio - A long transition:

Spirou et Fantasio - A long transition Fournier introduced some new characters such as Ororéa, a beautiful girl reporter with whom Fantasio was madly in love with (in contrast with his loathing for Seccotine); Itoh Kata, a Japanese magician (fantasy)|magician; and an occult SPECTRE-like criminal organisation known as The Triangle. None of these were reused by later artists until some thirty years later when Itoh Kata appeared in Morvan and Munuera's Spirou et Fantasio à Tokyo. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Spirou et Fantasio - A long transition:

Spirou et Fantasio - A long transition However, at the end of the 1970s Fournier's pace began to slow down and the publisher, Dupuis, sought new authors to replace him https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Heatsetting - Glass transition temperature - and deformation point of artificial fiber :

Heatsetting - Glass transition temperature - and deformation point of artificial fiber This is also an explanation for the fact that wool mixed with synthetic fibers is more difficult to set than pure wool. Setting synthetic fibers is only possible beyond a temperature range of 85 to 95 °C. In contrast, pure wool can set very well at these temperatures. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Terrafugia - Transition roadable aircraft:

Terrafugia - Transition roadable aircraft Terrafugia expects initial deliveries of the Transition light sport aircraft in 2015 or 2016 https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Terrafugia - Transition roadable aircraft:

Terrafugia - Transition roadable aircraft The Transition Proof-of-Concept's maiden flight on 5 March 2009 lasted 37 seconds and covered of the runway at the Plattsburgh International Airport. The test pilot then conducted 6 additional takeoffs and landings. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Terrafugia - Transition roadable aircraft:

Terrafugia - Transition roadable aircraft On June 29, 2011, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration also granted exemptions allowing the Transition to use a polycarbonate windshield, to use tires suited for highway and aircraft use but not typically certified for multi-purpose vehicle use, to not include an electronic stability control system that could inadvertently cut engine power during flight, and finally, to use regular instead of advanced airbag deployment. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Terrafugia - Transition roadable aircraft:

Terrafugia - Transition roadable aircraft After undergoing drive tests and high-speed taxi tests, the production prototype completed its first flight on March 23, 2012 at Plattsburgh, New York. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Terrafugia - Transition roadable aircraft:

Terrafugia - Transition roadable aircraft The production prototype then made its auto show debut at the 2012 New York International Auto Show in April, 2012. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Terrafugia - Transition roadable aircraft:

Terrafugia - Transition roadable aircraft In June, 2012, Terrafugia announced that the Transition had completed the first of six phases of flight testing. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Terrafugia - Transition roadable aircraft:

Terrafugia - Transition roadable aircraft By July, the second phase of testing was underway, expanding the performance envelope in the sky and continuing drive testing on the ground. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Hysteresis - Liquid–solid-phase transitions:

Hysteresis - Liquid–solid-phase transitions Hysteresis manifests itself in state transitions when melting point|melting temperature and freezing temperature do not agree. For example, agar melts at 85 Celsius|°C and solidifies from 32 to 40 °C. This is to say that once agar is melted at 85 °C, it retains a liquid state until cooled to 40 °C. Therefore, from the temperatures of 40 to 85 °C, agar can be either solid or liquid, depending on which state it was before. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Krypton (comics) - Krypton in transition:

Krypton (comics) - Krypton in transition Over the course of the 1940s and 1950s, various alterations and additions to the makeup of Krypton were made in the comics https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Krypton (comics) - Krypton in transition:

Krypton (comics) - Krypton in transition Thus, it was explained by the early 1950s that Kryptonians were powerless on their own planet and would gain superpowers only within a lower gravity environment https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Hypersynchronization of electrophysiological activity in epilepsy - Transition into hypersynchronization:

Hypersynchronization of electrophysiological activity in epilepsy - Transition into hypersynchronization The transition from normal state of brain activity to epileptic seizures was not formulated theoretically until 2008, when a theoretical path from a baseline state to large-scale self-sustained oscillations, which spread out uniformly from the point of stimulus, has been mapped for the first time. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Hypersynchronization of electrophysiological activity in epilepsy - Transition into hypersynchronization:

Hypersynchronization of electrophysiological activity in epilepsy - Transition into hypersynchronization A realistic state of baseline physiological activity has been defined, using the following 'two-component definition': https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Hypersynchronization of electrophysiological activity in epilepsy - Transition into hypersynchronization:

Hypersynchronization of electrophysiological activity in epilepsy - Transition into hypersynchronization '(1)' A time-independent component represented by subthreshold excitatory activity E and superthreshold inhibitory activity I. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Hypersynchronization of electrophysiological activity in epilepsy - Transition into hypersynchronization:

Hypersynchronization of electrophysiological activity in epilepsy - Transition into hypersynchronization '(2)' A time-varying component which may include singlepulse waves, multipulse waves, or periodic waves caused by spontaneous neuronal activity. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Hypersynchronization of electrophysiological activity in epilepsy - Transition into hypersynchronization:

Hypersynchronization of electrophysiological activity in epilepsy - Transition into hypersynchronization This baseline state represents activity of the brain in the state of relaxation, in which neurons receive some level of spontaneous, weak stimulation by small, naturally present concentrations of neurohormonal substances https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Hypersynchronization of electrophysiological activity in epilepsy - Transition into hypersynchronization:

Hypersynchronization of electrophysiological activity in epilepsy - Transition into hypersynchronization =u-v+ \int_\omega(x-x',y-y')f(u-\theta)\,dxdy + \zeta(x,y,t), https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Hypersynchronization of electrophysiological activity in epilepsy - Transition into hypersynchronization:

Hypersynchronization of electrophysiological activity in epilepsy - Transition into hypersynchronization =\epsilon (\beta u-v). https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Hypersynchronization of electrophysiological activity in epilepsy - Transition into hypersynchronization:

Hypersynchronization of electrophysiological activity in epilepsy - Transition into hypersynchronization The variable v governs the recovery of excitation u; \epsilonref name=Pinto and G. B. Ermentrout-2001/ref name=Pinto and G. B. Ermentrout-2001/ref name=Folias_Bressloff_1ref name=Folias_Bressloff_2ref name=Kilpatrick_Bressloffref name=Laing_Troyref name=Spiral-wave paperref name=Wilson-Natureref name=Pinto and G. B. Ermentrout-2001/ref name=Folias_Bressloff_1/ref name=Folias_Bressloff_2/ref name=Epilepsy Book/ref name=Epilepsy Book/ref name=Towle-Milton Book/ref name=Towle-Milton Book/ https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Hypersynchronization of electrophysiological activity in epilepsy - Transition into hypersynchronization:

Hypersynchronization of electrophysiological activity in epilepsy - Transition into hypersynchronization To summarize, mathematical modeling and theoretical analysis of large-scale electrophysiological activity provide tools for predicting the spread and migration of hypersynchronous brain activity, which can be useful for diagnostic evaluation and management of patients with epilepsy. It might be also useful for predicting migration and spread of electrical activity over large regions of the brain that occur during deep sleep (Delta wave), cognitive activity and in other functional settings. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

31-bit - Transition:

31-bit - Transition Fortunately, most of this was invisible to programmers using high-level languages like COBOL or FORTRAN, and IBM aided the transition with dual mode hardware for a period of time. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

31-bit - Transition:

31-bit - Transition Certain machine instructions in this 31-bit addressing mode alter the addressing mode bit as a possibly intentional side effect https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Point mutations - Transition/Transversion categorization:

Point mutations - Transition/Transversion categorization In 1959 Ernst Freese coined the terms transitions or transversions to categorize different types of point mutations. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Point mutations - Transition/Transversion categorization:

Point mutations - Transition/Transversion categorization * 'Transitions': replacement of a purine base with another purine or replacement of a pyrimidine with another pyrimidine https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Point mutations - Transition/Transversion categorization:

Point mutations - Transition/Transversion categorization * 'Transversions': replacement of a purine with a pyrimidine or vice versa. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Point mutations - Transition/Transversion categorization:

Point mutations - Transition/Transversion categorization There is a systematic difference in mutation rates for transition (genetics)|transitions (Alpha) and transversions (Beta). Transition mutations are about an order of magnitude more common than transversions. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Presidency of Barack Obama - Transition period:

Presidency of Barack Obama - Transition period During the transition period, Obama announced his nominations for his United States Cabinet|Cabinet and Executive Office of the President of the United States|administration https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Presidency of Barack Obama - Transition period:

Presidency of Barack Obama - Transition period Cabinet nominations included former Democratic Party (United States) presidential primaries, 2008|Democratic primary opponents Hillary Rodham Clinton for United States Secretary of State|Secretary of State and Bill Richardson for United States Secretary of Commerce|Secretary of Commerce (although the latter withdrew on January 4, 2009) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Presidency of Barack Obama - Transition period:

Presidency of Barack Obama - Transition period The website also allowed individuals to share stories and visions with each other and the transition team in what was called the Citizen's Briefing Book, which was given to Obama shortly after his inauguration https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Condensed matter physics - Phase transition:

Condensed matter physics - Phase transition The study of phase transitions in strongly correlated systems is an active area of research. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Adolescence - Transitions into adulthood:

Adolescence - Transitions into adulthood In some countries, such as the United States, adolescence can last nearly a decade, but in others, the transition—often in the form of a ceremony—can last for only a few days.Steinberg, L https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Adolescence - Transitions into adulthood:

Adolescence - Transitions into adulthood This illuminates the extent to which adolescence is, at least in part, a social construction; it takes shape differently depending on the cultural context, and may be enforced more by cultural practices or transitions than by universal chemical or biological physical changes. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Education in the Republic of Ireland - Transition Year (Idirbhliain):

Education in the Republic of Ireland - Transition Year (Idirbhliain) *Transition Year (Idirbhliain) (age 15–17)– optional in some schools, compulsory in others— Otherwise not available.)[http://ty.slss.ie/ Transition Year Support Service] https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Education in Kenya - Transition rates and Overall Performance:

Education in Kenya - Transition rates and Overall Performance Out of all children in Kenya about 85 percent attend primary school https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Enterprise planning systems - Transition plan :

Enterprise planning systems - Transition plan Enterprise transition plans will generally refer to change management-related actions in the case of mergers or in the implementation of an enterprise-wide project. The transition plan will cover the elimination of redundant functions in the case of a merger or the incorporation of new processes into business operations in the case of a technology project. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

ITIL - Service transition:

ITIL - Service transition # Service asset and configuration management https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

ITIL - Service transition:

ITIL - Service transition # Change management (ITSM)|Change evaluation https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Solar transition region:

Solar transition region The 'solar transition region' is a region of the Sun's atmosphere, between the chromosphere and corona. It is visible from outer space|space using telescopes that can sense ultraviolet. It is important because it is the site of several unrelated but important transitions in the physics of the solar atmosphere: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Solar transition region:

Solar transition region * Below, gravity dominates the shape of most features, so that the Sun may be described in terms of layers and horizontal features (like sunspots); above, dynamic forces dominate the shape of most features, so that the transition region itself is not a well-defined layer at a particular altitude. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Solar transition region:

Solar transition region * Below, most of the helium is not fully ionized, so that it radiates energy very effectively; above, it is fully ionized. This has a profound effect on the equilibrium temperature (see below). https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Solar transition region:

Solar transition region * Below, the material is opaque to the particular colors associated with spectral lines, so that most spectral lines formed below the transition region are absorption lines in infrared, visible light, and near ultraviolet, while most lines formed at or above the transition region are emission lines in the ultraviolet|far ultraviolet (FUV) and X-rays. This makes radiative transfer of energy within the transition region very complicated. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Solar transition region:

Solar transition region * Below, pressure|gas pressure and fluid dynamics dominate the motion and shape of structures; above, magnetism|magnetic forces dominate the motion and shape of structures, giving rise to different simplifications of magnetohydrodynamics. The transition region itself is not well studied in part because of the computational cost, uniqueness, and complexity of Navier-Stokes combined with electrodynamics. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Solar transition region:

Solar transition region Helium ionization is important because it is a critical part of the formation of the corona: when solar material is cool enough that the helium within it is only partially ionized (i.e. retains one of its two electrons), the material cools by radiation very effectively via both black body radiation and direct coupling to the helium Lyman series|Lyman continuum. This condition holds at the top of the chromosphere, where the equilibrium temperature is a few tens of thousands of kelvins. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Solar transition region:

Solar transition region The transition region consists of material at or around this temperature catastrophe. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Solar transition region:

Solar transition region The transition region is visible in far-ultraviolet (FUV) images from the Transition Region and Coronal Explorer|TRACE spacecraft, as a faint nimbus above the dark (in FUV) surface of the Sun and the corona. The nimbus also surrounds FUV-dark features such as solar prominences, which consist of condensed material that is suspended at coronal altitudes by the magnetic field. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Interior design - Transition to professional interior design:

Interior design - Transition to professional interior design By the turn of the 20th century, amateur advisors and publications were increasingly challenging the monopoly that the large retail companies had on interior design https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Interior design - Transition to professional interior design:

Interior design - Transition to professional interior design :One of my strongest convictions, and one of the first canons of good taste, is that our houses, like the fish’s shell and the bird’s nest, ought to represent our individual taste and habits. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Interior design - Transition to professional interior design:

Interior design - Transition to professional interior design The move towards decoration as a separate artistic profession unrelated to the manufacturers and retailers, received an impetus with the 1899 formation of the Institute of British Decorators; with John Dibblee Crace as its president it represented almost 200 decorators around the country https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Interior design - Transition to professional interior design:

Interior design - Transition to professional interior design By 1900, the situation was described by The Illustrated Carpenter and Builder: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Interior design - Transition to professional interior design:

Interior design - Transition to professional interior design :Until recently when a man wanted to furnish he would visit all the dealers and select piece by piece of furniture ....Today he sends for a dealer in art furnishings and fittings who surveys all the rooms in the house and he brings his artistic mind to bear on the subject.The Illustrated Carpenter and Builder , December 7 (1900): Suppl. 2 https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Interior design - Transition to professional interior design:

Interior design - Transition to professional interior design In America, Candace Wheeler was one of the first woman interior designers and helped encourage a new style of American design https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Interior design - Transition to professional interior design:

Interior design - Transition to professional interior design Elsie De Wolfe was one of the first female interior designers https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Interior design - Transition to professional interior design:

Interior design - Transition to professional interior design In England, Syrie Maugham became a legendary interior designer credited with designing the first all-white room https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Steady state economy - Policies for the transition:

Steady state economy - Policies for the transition Achieving a steady state economy requires adherence to four basic rules or system principles: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Steady state economy - Policies for the transition:

Steady state economy - Policies for the transition (1) Maintain the health of ecosystems and the life-support services they provide. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Steady state economy - Policies for the transition:

Steady state economy - Policies for the transition (2) Extract renewable resources like fish and timber at a rate no faster than they can be regenerated. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Steady state economy - Policies for the transition:

Steady state economy - Policies for the transition (3) Consume non-renewable resources like fossil fuels and minerals at a rate no faster than they can be replaced by the discovery of renewable substitutes. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Steady state economy - Policies for the transition:

Steady state economy - Policies for the transition Policies for sticking to these rules are varied https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Renewable energy in Germany - Energy transition:

Renewable energy in Germany - Energy transition Energiewende (German for Energy transition) designates a significant change in energy policy: The term encompasses a reorientation of policy from demand to supply and a shift from centralized to distributed generation (for example, producing heat and power in very small cogeneration units), which should replace overproduction and avoidable energy consumption with energy-saving measures and increased efficiency. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Renewable energy in Germany - Energy transition:

Renewable energy in Germany - Energy transition The key policy document outlining the Energiewende was published by the German government in September 2010, some six months before the w:Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster|Fukushima nuclear accident. Legislative support was passed in 2011. Important aspects include: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Renewable energy in Germany - Energy transition:

Renewable energy in Germany - Energy transition * greenhouse gas reductions: 80–95% reduction by 2050 https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Renewable energy in Germany - Energy transition:

Renewable energy in Germany - Energy transition The policy has been embraced by the German federal government and has resulted in a huge expansion of renewables, particularly wind power. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Renewable energy in Germany - Energy transition:

Renewable energy in Germany - Energy transition Germany's share of renewables has increased from around 5% in 1999 to 22.9% in 2012, reaching close to the OECD average of 18% usage of renewables. Producers have been guaranteed a fixed feed-in tariff for 20 years, guaranteeing a fixed income. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Renewable energy in Germany - Energy transition:

Renewable energy in Germany - Energy transition Nuclear power plants were closed, and the existing 9 plants will close earlier than planned for, in 2022. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Renewable energy in Germany - Energy transition:

Renewable energy in Germany - Energy transition In May 2013, the International Energy Agency commended Germany for its commitment to developing a comprehensive energy transition strategy, ambitious renewable energy goals and plans to increase efficient energy use and supported this approach. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Renewable energy in Germany - Energy transition:

Renewable energy in Germany - Energy transition Nevertheless, the scale of Germany’s energy policy ambitions, coupled with the large size and energy intensity of its economy, and its central location in Europe’s energy system, mean that further policy measures need to be developed if the country’s ambitious energy transition, or Energiewende, is to maintain a workable balance between sustainability, affordability and competitiveness. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Renewable energy in Germany - Energy transition:

Renewable energy in Germany - Energy transition To date, German consumers have absorbed the costs of the Energiewende, but the IEA says that the debate over the social and economic impacts of the new approach has become more prominent as the share of renewable energy has continued to grow alongside rising electricity prices. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Renewable energy in Germany - Energy transition:

Renewable energy in Germany - Energy transition The transition to a low-carbon energy sector requires public acceptance, and, therefore, retail electricity prices must remain at an affordable level. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Renewable energy in Germany - Energy transition:

Renewable energy in Germany - Energy transition Presently, German electricity prices are among the highest in Europe, despite relatively low wholesale prices. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Renewable energy in Germany - Energy transition:

Renewable energy in Germany - Energy transition At the same time, the IEA said that the new energy policy is based on long-term investment decisions, and a strong policy consensus in Germany in favour of large-scale renewable energy commercialisation exists. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Space Shuttle program - Assets and transition plan:

Space Shuttle program - Assets and transition plan NASA's transition plan had the program operating through 2010 with a transition and retirement phase lasting through 2015 https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Digital terrestrial - DTT around the world and digital television transition:

Digital terrestrial - DTT around the world and digital television transition : 'Main articles:' List of digital television deployments by country, Digital television transition (aka Analog Switchoff (ASO) or Digital Switchover (DSO)) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Digital terrestrial - Analogue to digital transition by country:

Digital terrestrial - Analogue to digital transition by country The broadcasting of digital terrestrial transmissions has led to many countries planning to phase out existing analogue broadcasts. This table shows the launches of DTT and the closing down of analogue television in several countries. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Digital terrestrial - Analogue to digital transition by country:

Digital terrestrial - Analogue to digital transition by country *Official launch: The official launch date of digital terrestrial television in the country, not the start for trial broadcasts. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Digital terrestrial - Analogue to digital transition by country:

Digital terrestrial - Analogue to digital transition by country *Start of closedown: The date for the first major closedown of analogue transmitters. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Digital terrestrial - Analogue to digital transition by country:

Digital terrestrial - Analogue to digital transition by country *End of closedown: The date when analogue television is definitely closed down. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Digital terrestrial - Analogue to digital transition by country:

Digital terrestrial - Analogue to digital transition by country *Interactive: System used for interactive services, such as Multimedia Home Platform|MHP and MHEG-5. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Digital terrestrial - Analogue to digital transition by country:

Digital terrestrial - Analogue to digital transition by country *Compression: Video compression standard used. Most systems use MPEG-2, but the more efficient H.264/MPEG-4 AVC has become increasingly popular among networks launching later on. Some countries use both MPEG-2 and H.264, for example France which uses MPEG-2 for standard definition free content but MPEG-4 for HD broadcasts and pay services. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Backhaul (telecommunications) - Transition from wireless to wired backhaul :

Backhaul (telecommunications) - Transition from wireless to wired backhaul Wireless backhaul is easy to deploy, and allows moving points of presence, however, these wireless connections are slower, occupy spectrum that could be used by user devices (especially as 5.8GHz devices proliferate), require more truck rolls (typically three times as many) as wired backhaul, are limited in bandwidth. They are often viewed as an initial or temporary measure. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IEEE 802.11r-2008 - Fast BSS Transition:

IEEE 802.11r-2008 - Fast BSS Transition IEEE 802.11r specifies fast Basic Service Set (BSS) transitions between access points by redefining the security key negotiation protocol, allowing both the negotiation and requests for wireless resources (similar to Resource Reservation Protocol|RSVP but defined in 802.11e) to occur in parallel. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IEEE 802.11r-2008 - Fast BSS Transition:

IEEE 802.11r-2008 - Fast BSS Transition The key negotiation protocol in 802.11i specifies that, for 802.1X-based authentication, the client is required to renegotiate its key with the RADIUS or other authentication server supporting Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP) on every handoff, a time consuming process https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IPv6 transition mechanisms:

IPv6 transition mechanisms 'IPv6 transition mechanisms' are technologies that facilitate the IPv6 deployment|transitioning of the Internet from its initial (and current) IPv4 infrastructure to the successor addressing and routing system of IPv6|Internet Protocol Version 6 (IPv6). As IPv4 and IPv6 networks are not directly interoperable, these technologies are designed to permit hosts on either network to participate in networking with the other network. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IPv6 transition mechanisms:

IPv6 transition mechanisms To meet its technical criteria, IPv6 must have a straightforward transition plan from the current IPv4.RFC 1726 - IPng Technical Criteria The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) conducts working groups and discussions through the IETF Internet Drafts and Requests for Comments processes to develop these transition technologies towards that goal. Some basic IPv6 transition mechanisms are defined in RFC 4213. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IPv6 transition mechanisms - Stateless IP/ICMP Translation:

IPv6 transition mechanisms - Stateless IP/ICMP Translation 'Stateless IP/ICMP Translation' ('SIIT') translates between the packet header formats in IPv6 and IPv4 https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IPv6 transition mechanisms - Stateless IP/ICMP Translation:

IPv6 transition mechanisms - Stateless IP/ICMP Translation The algorithm can be used in a solution that allows IPv6 hosts, that do not have a permanently assigned IPv4 address, to communicate with IPv4-only hosts. Address assignment and routing details are not addressed by the specification. SIIT can be viewed as a special case of stateless network address translation. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IPv6 transition mechanisms - Stateless IP/ICMP Translation:

IPv6 transition mechanisms - Stateless IP/ICMP Translation The specification is a product of the NGTRANS IETF working group, and was initially drafted in February 2000 as RFC 2765 by E. Nordmark of Sun Microsystems. RFC 2765 was obsoleted by RFC 6145 in 2011.RFC 6145 IP/ICMP Translation Algorithm The address format part of RFC 2765 is defined in RFC 6052.RFC 6052 - IPv6 Addressing of IPv4/IPv6 Translators The framework of IPv4/IPv6 translation is defined in RFC 6144.RFC 6144 - Framework for IPv4/IPv6 Translation https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IPv6 transition mechanisms - Tunnel broker:

IPv6 transition mechanisms - Tunnel broker A Tunnel broker combines several IPv6 Transition Mechanisms and enables users to actively use them. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IPv6 transition mechanisms - Tunnel broker:

IPv6 transition mechanisms - Tunnel broker The primary transition mechanism provided by a tunnel broker is IPv6 in IPv4 tunneling, usually with the help of 6in4, Tunnel Setup Protocol|TSP or AYIYA tunnels. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IPv6 transition mechanisms - Tunnel broker:

IPv6 transition mechanisms - Tunnel broker The first tunnel brokers were demonstrated in February 1999.RFC:3053 https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IPv6 transition mechanisms - 6rd:

IPv6 transition mechanisms - 6rd 6rd is a mechanism to facilitate rapid deployment of the IPv6 service across IPv4 infrastructures of Internet service providers (Internet service provider|ISPs). It uses stateless address mappings between IPv4 and IPv6 addresses, and transmits IPv6 packets across automatic tunnels that follow the same optimized routes between customer nodes as IPv4 packets. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IPv6 transition mechanisms - 6rd:

IPv6 transition mechanisms - 6rd It has been used for the first large deployment of an IPv6 service with native addresses at the end of 2007 (RFC 5569 RFC 5569 IPv6 Rapid Deployment on IPv4 Infrastructures (6rd)). https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IPv6 transition mechanisms - 6rd:

IPv6 transition mechanisms - 6rd The standard-track specification of the protocol is in RFC 5969.RFC 5969 IPv6 Rapid Deployment on IPv4 Infrastructures (6rd) -- Protocol Specification https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IPv6 transition mechanisms - Transport Relay Translation:

IPv6 transition mechanisms - Transport Relay Translation RFC 3142 defines the 'Transport Relay Translation' ('TRT') method. This is the most common form of NAT-PT/NAPT-PT but relies on DNS translation between AAAA and A records known as DNS-ALG as defined in RFC 2694. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IPv6 transition mechanisms - NAT64:

IPv6 transition mechanisms - NAT64 'NAT64' is a mechanism to allow IPv6 hosts to communicate with IPv4 servers https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IPv6 transition mechanisms - DNS64:

IPv6 transition mechanisms - DNS64 'DNS64' describes a DNS server that when asked for a domain's AAAA records, but only finds A records, synthesizes the AAAA records from the A records https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IPv6 transition mechanisms - DNS64:

IPv6 transition mechanisms - DNS64 There are two noticeable issues with this transition mechanism: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IPv6 transition mechanisms - DNS64:

IPv6 transition mechanisms - DNS64 *It only works for cases where DNS is used to find the remote host address, if IPv4 literals are used the DNS64 server will never be involved. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IPv6 transition mechanisms - DNS64:

IPv6 transition mechanisms - DNS64 *Because the DNS64 server needs to return records not specified by the domain owner, DNSSEC validation against the DNSSEC#Deployment at the DNS root|root will fail in cases where the DNS server doing the translation is not the domain owner's server. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IPv6 transition mechanisms - 464XLAT:

IPv6 transition mechanisms - 464XLAT 464XLAT (RFC 6877) allows clients on IPv6-only networks to access IPv4-only Internet services, such as Skype. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IPv6 transition mechanisms - 464XLAT:

IPv6 transition mechanisms - 464XLAT The client uses a SIIT translator (see above) to convert IPv4 packets (e.g https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IPv6 transition mechanisms - 464XLAT:

IPv6 transition mechanisms - 464XLAT There is a CLAT implementation for Android, [https://android.googlesource.com/platform/external/android-clat/ Android CLAT]. T-Mobile USA provides NAT64 with T-Mobile's IPv6-only service. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IPv6 transition mechanisms - Dual-Stack Lite (DS-Lite):

IPv6 transition mechanisms - Dual-Stack Lite (DS-Lite) Because of IPv4 address exhaustion, 'Dual-Stack Lite' (RFC 6333) was designed to let an Internet service provider omit the deployment of any IPv4 address to the customer's Customer-premises equipment (CPE). Instead, only global IPv6 addresses are provided. (Regular Dual-Stack deploys global addresses for both IPv4 and IPv6.) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IPv6 transition mechanisms - Dual-Stack Lite (DS-Lite):

IPv6 transition mechanisms - Dual-Stack Lite (DS-Lite) The CPE distributes Private network|private IPv4 addresses for the LAN clients, the same as a Network address translation|NAT device https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IPv6 transition mechanisms - Draft proposals:

IPv6 transition mechanisms - Draft proposals These mechanisms are still being discussed or have been abandoned by the IETF. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IPv6 transition mechanisms - 4rd:

IPv6 transition mechanisms - 4rd 4rd is a mechanism to facilitate residual deployment of the IPv4 service across IPv6 networks. Like 6rd, it uses stateless address mappings between IPv6 and IPv4. It supports an extension of IPv4 address based on transport-layer ports. This is similar to Address plus Port|A+P, but with each customer having a port set of up to 4 port ranges, and with port sets algorithmically derived from customer IPv6 prefixes. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IPv6 transition mechanisms - MAP:

IPv6 transition mechanisms - MAP Mapping of Address and Port (MAP) is a Cisco IPv6 transition proposal which combines A+P port address translation with tunneling of the IPv4 packets over an ISP provider's internal IPv6 network. . MAP has standards-track Internet Draft status. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IPv6 transition mechanisms - NAT-PT:

IPv6 transition mechanisms - NAT-PT Network Address Translation/Protocol Translation (or simply 'NAT-PT') is defined in RFC 2766 but due to numerous problems, it has been obsoleted by RFC 4966 and deprecated to historic status. It is typically used in conjunction with a Domain Name System|DNS application-level gateway (DNS-ALG) implementation. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IPv6 transition mechanisms - NAPT-PT:

IPv6 transition mechanisms - NAPT-PT While almost identical to NAT-PT, Network Address Port Translation + Protocol Translation which is also described in RFC 2766 adds translation of the ports as well as the address. This is done primarily to avoid two hosts on one side of the mechanism from using the same exposed port on the other side of the mechanism, which could cause application instability and/or security flaws. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IPv6 transition mechanisms - Implementations:

IPv6 transition mechanisms - Implementations *stone (software), port translator for Windows Unix-based systems. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IPv6 transition mechanisms - Implementations:

IPv6 transition mechanisms - Implementations *[http://github.com/NICMx/NAT64 Jool], an implementation for Linux of RFC6146 (stateful NAT64), developed by Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education|Monterrey Institute of Technology (ITESM) and NIC Mexico https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IPv6 transition mechanisms - Implementations:

IPv6 transition mechanisms - Implementations *[http://www.litech.org/tayga TAYGA], a stateless NAT64 implementation for Linux https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IPv6 transition mechanisms - Implementations:

IPv6 transition mechanisms - Implementations *[http://tomicki.net/naptd.php naptd], user-level NAT-PT https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IPv6 transition mechanisms - Implementations:

IPv6 transition mechanisms - Implementations *[https://www.isc.org/software/aftr Address Family Transition Router], a DS-Lite implementation https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IPv6 transition mechanisms - Implementations:

IPv6 transition mechanisms - Implementations *[http://v6s.6test.edu.cn/ IVI] ([http://www.ivi2.org/ second page]) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IPv6 transition mechanisms - Implementations:

IPv6 transition mechanisms - Implementations *Microsoft Forefront Unified Access Gateway, a reverse proxy and VPN solution that implements DNS64 and NAT64 https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IMS Associates, Inc. - Transition:

IMS Associates, Inc. - Transition In 1976, as IMS had completed its transition from a consultancy firm into a manufacturing firm, the name of the company was changed to IMSAI Manufacturing Corporation. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

IPv6 stateless address autoconfiguration - Transition mechanisms:

IPv6 stateless address autoconfiguration - Transition mechanisms Many of these transition mechanisms use tunneling to encapsulate IPv6 traffic within IPv4 networks. This is an imperfect solution, which may increase latency (engineering)#Communication latency|latency and cause problems with Path MTU Discovery. Tunneling protocols are a temporary solution for networks that do not support native dual-stack, where both IPv6 and IPv4 run independently. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Passive margin - Nature of transitional crust:

Passive margin - Nature of transitional crust Transitional crust, separating true oceanic and continental crusts, is the foundation of any passive margin. This forms during the rifting stage and consists of two endmembers: Volcanic and Non-Volcanic. This classification scheme only applies to rifted and transtensional margin; transitional crust of sheared margins is very poorly known. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Passive margin - Simple transitional crust:

Passive margin - Simple transitional crust Passive margins of this type show a simple progression through the transitional crust, from normal continental to normal oceanic crusts. The passive margin offshore Texas is a good example. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Passive margin - Complex transitional crust:

Passive margin - Complex transitional crust This type of transitional crust is characterized by abandoned rifts and continental blocks, such as the Blake Plateau, Grand Banks, or Bahama Islands offshore eastern Florida. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions:

Phase transitions A phase of a thermodynamic system and the states of matter have uniform physical properties. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions:

Phase transitions During a phase transition of a given medium certain properties of the medium change, often discontinuously, as a result of some external condition, such as temperature, pressure, and others. For example, a liquid may become gas upon heating to the boiling point, resulting in an abrupt change in volume. The measurement of the external conditions at which the transformation occurs is termed the phase transition. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions:

Phase transitions Phase transitions are common in nature and used in many technologies. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions:

Phase transitions The term is most commonly used to describe transitions between solid, liquid and gaseous states of matter, and, in rare cases, Plasma (physics)|plasma. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions - Types of phase transition:

Phase transitions - Types of phase transition Examples of phase transitions include: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions - Types of phase transition:

Phase transitions - Types of phase transition *The transitions between the solid, liquid, and gaseous phases of a single component, due to the effects of temperature and/or pressure: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions - Types of phase transition:

Phase transitions - Types of phase transition :* (see also vapor pressure and phase diagram) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions - Types of phase transition:

Phase transitions - Types of phase transition * A eutectic transformation, in which a two component single phase liquid is cooled and transforms into two solid phases. The same process, but beginning with a solid instead of a liquid is called a eutectoid transformation. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions - Types of phase transition:

Phase transitions - Types of phase transition * A peritectic transformation, in which a two component single phase solid is heated and transforms into a solid phase and a liquid phase. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions - Types of phase transition:

Phase transitions - Types of phase transition * Transition to a mesophase between solid and liquid, such as one of the liquid crystal phases. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions - Types of phase transition:

Phase transitions - Types of phase transition * The transition between the ferromagnetism|ferromagnetic and paramagnetism|paramagnetic phases of magnetic materials at the Curie point. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions - Types of phase transition:

Phase transitions - Types of phase transition * The transition between differently ordered, ANNNI model|commensurate or commensurability (mathematics)|incommensurate, magnetic structures, such as in cerium antimonide. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions - Types of phase transition:

Phase transitions - Types of phase transition * The martensitic transformation which occurs as one of the many phase transformations in carbon steel and stands as a model for displacive phase transformations. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions - Types of phase transition:

Phase transitions - Types of phase transition * Changes in the crystallographic structure such as between ferrite (iron)|ferrite and austenite of iron. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions - Types of phase transition:

Phase transitions - Types of phase transition * Order-disorder transitions such as in alpha-titanium aluminides. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions - Types of phase transition:

Phase transitions - Types of phase transition * The dependence of the adsorption geometry on coverage and temperature, such as for hydrogen on iron (110). https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions - Types of phase transition:

Phase transitions - Types of phase transition * The emergence of superconductivity in certain metals and ceramics when cooled below a critical temperature. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions - Types of phase transition:

Phase transitions - Types of phase transition * The transition between different molecular structures (Polymorphism (materials science)|polymorphs, allotropy|allotropes or polyamorphism|polyamorphs), especially of solids, such as between an amorphous solid|amorphous structure and a crystal structure, between two different crystal structures, or between two amorphous structures. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions - Types of phase transition:

Phase transitions - Types of phase transition * Quantum condensation of bosonic fluids (Bose-Einstein condensate|Bose-Einstein condensation). The superfluidity|superfluid transition in liquid helium is an example of this. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions - Types of phase transition:

Phase transitions - Types of phase transition * The Symmetry breaking|breaking of symmetries in the laws of physics during the early history of the universe as its temperature cooled. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions - Types of phase transition:

Phase transitions - Types of phase transition Phase transitions occur when the thermodynamic free energy of a system is analytic function|non-analytic for some choice of thermodynamic variables (cf. phase (matter)|phases). This condition generally stems from the interactions of a large number of particles in a system, and does not appear in systems that are too small. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions - Types of phase transition:

Phase transitions - Types of phase transition At the phase transition point (for instance, boiling point) the two phases of a substance, liquid and vapor, have identical free energies and therefore are equally likely to exist. Below the boiling point, the liquid is the more stable state of the two, whereas above the gaseous form is preferred. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions - Types of phase transition:

Phase transitions - Types of phase transition It is sometimes possible to change the state of a system diabatically (as opposed to adiabatic invariant|adiabatically) in such a way that it can be brought past a phase transition point without undergoing a phase transition. The resulting state is metastable, i.e., less stable than the phase to which the transition would have occurred, but not unstable either. This occurs in superheating, supercooling, and supersaturation, for example. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions - Ehrenfest classification:

Phase transitions - Ehrenfest classification Under the Ehrenfest classification scheme, there could in principle be third, fourth, and higher-order phase transitions. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions - Ehrenfest classification:

Phase transitions - Ehrenfest classification Though useful, Ehrenfest's classification has been found to be an inaccurate method of classifying phase transitions, for it does not take into account the case where a derivative of Thermodynamic free energy|free energy diverges (which is only possible in the thermodynamic limit). For instance, in the ferromagnetic transition, the heat capacity diverges to infinity. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions - Modern classifications:

Phase transitions - Modern classifications Imry and Wortis showed that quenched disorder can broaden a first-order transition in that the transformation is completed over a finite range of temperatures, but phenomena like supercooling and superheating survive and hysteresis is observed on thermal cycling.Y https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions - Modern classifications:

Phase transitions - Modern classifications Lev Landau gave a Phenomenology (science)|phenomenological Landau theory|theory of second order phase transitions. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions - Modern classifications:

Phase transitions - Modern classifications Apart from isolated, simple phase transitions, there exist transition lines as well as multicritical points, when varying external parameters like the magnetic field, composition,... https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions - Modern classifications:

Phase transitions - Modern classifications They are continuous but break no #Symmetry|symmetries. The most famous example is the Kosterlitz–Thouless transition in the two-dimensional XY model. Many quantum phase transitions, e.g., in two-dimensional electron gases, belong to this class. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions - Modern classifications:

Phase transitions - Modern classifications No direct experimental evidence supports the existence of these transitions. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions - Phase Coexistence:

Phase transitions - Phase Coexistence http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2013.10.016 If the first-order freezing transition occurs over a range of temperatures, and Tg falls within this range, then there is an interesting possibility that the transition is arrested when it is partial and incomplete https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions - Phase Coexistence:

Phase transitions - Phase Coexistence Phase coexistence across first order magnetic transitions will then enable the resolution of outstanding issues in understanding glasses. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions - Critical points:

Phase transitions - Critical points In any system containing liquid and gaseous phases, there exists a special combination of pressure and temperature, known as the critical point (physics)|critical point, at which the transition between liquid and gas becomes a second-order transition https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions - Order parameters:

Phase transitions - Order parameters An order parameter is a measure of the degree of order across the boundaries in a phase transition system; it normally ranges between zero in one phase (usually above the critical point) and nonzero in the other. At the critical point, the order parameter susceptibility will usually diverge. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions - Order parameters:

Phase transitions - Order parameters An example of an order parameter is the net magnetization in a ferromagnetic system undergoing a phase transition. For liquid/gas transitions, the order parameter is the difference of the densities. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions - Order parameters:

Phase transitions - Order parameters In such phases, the order parameter may take the form of a complex number, a vector, or even a tensor, the magnitude of which goes to zero at the phase transition. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions - Order parameters:

Phase transitions - Order parameters There also exist Dualism|dual descriptions of phase transitions in terms of disorder parameters. These indicate the presence of line-like excitations such as Quantum vortex|vortex- or Topological defect|defect lines. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions - Relevance in cosmology:

Phase transitions - Relevance in cosmology This transition is important to understanding the asymmetry between the amount of matter and antimatter in the present-day universe (see Baryogenesis|electroweak baryogenesis.) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions - Relevance in cosmology:

Phase transitions - Relevance in cosmology Progressive phase transitions in an expanding universe are implicated in the development of order in the universe, as is illustrated by the work of Eric ChaissonChaisson, “Cosmic Evolution”, Harvard, 2001 and David Layzer.David Layzer, Cosmogenesis, The Development of Order in the Universe, Oxford Univ. Press, 1991 See also Relational order theories. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions - Critical exponents and universality classes:

Phase transitions - Critical exponents and universality classes Continuous phase transitions are easier to study than first-order transitions due to the absence of latent heat, and they have been discovered to have many interesting properties. The phenomena associated with continuous phase transitions are called critical phenomena, due to their association with critical points. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions - Critical exponents and universality classes:

Phase transitions - Critical exponents and universality classes We vary the temperature T of the system while keeping all the other thermodynamic variables fixed, and find that the transition occurs at some critical temperature Tc https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions - Critical exponents and universality classes:

Phase transitions - Critical exponents and universality classes Such a behaviour has the heat capacity of amorphous materials near the glass transition temperature where the universal critical exponent α = 0.59 M.I. Ojovan, W.E. Lee. Topologically disordered systems at the glass transition. J. Phys.: Condensed Matter, 18, 11507-11520 (2006). http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/1958/ A similar behavior, but with the exponent \nu instead of \alpha, applies for the correlation length. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions - Critical exponents and universality classes:

Phase transitions - Critical exponents and universality classes The exponent \nu is positive. This is different with \alpha. Its actual value depends on the type of phase transition we are considering. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions - Critical exponents and universality classes:

Phase transitions - Critical exponents and universality classes For -1 lt; α lt; 0, the heat capacity has a kink at the transition temperature. This is the behavior of liquid helium at the lambda transition from a normal state to the superfluid state, for which experiments have found α = -0.013±0.003. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions - Critical exponents and universality classes:

Phase transitions - Critical exponents and universality classes At least one experiment was performed in the zero-gravity conditions of an orbiting satellite to minimize pressure differences in the sample. This experimental value of α agrees with theoretical predictions based on variational perturbation theory. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions - Critical exponents and universality classes:

Phase transitions - Critical exponents and universality classes For 0 lt; α lt; 1, the heat capacity diverges at the transition temperature (though, since α lt; 1, the enthalpy stays finite). An example of such behavior is the 3-dimensional ferromagnetic phase transition. In the three-dimensional Ising model for uniaxial magnets, detailed theoretical studies have yielded the exponent α ∼ +0.110. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions - Critical exponents and universality classes:

Phase transitions - Critical exponents and universality classes Some model systems do not obey a power-law behavior. For example, mean field theory predicts a finite discontinuity of the heat capacity at the transition temperature, and the two-dimensional Ising model has a logarithmic divergence. However, these systems are limiting cases and an exception to the rule. Real phase transitions exhibit power-law behavior. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions - Critical exponents and universality classes:

Phase transitions - Critical exponents and universality classes Several other critical exponents - β, γ, δ, ν, and η - are defined, examining the power law behavior of a measurable physical quantity near the phase transition. Exponents are related by scaling relations such as \beta=\gamma/(\delta-1), \nu=\gamma/(2-\eta). It can be shown that there are only two independent exponents, e.g. \nu and \eta. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions - Critical exponents and universality classes:

Phase transitions - Critical exponents and universality classes Universality is a prediction of the renormalization group theory of phase transitions, which states that the thermodynamic properties of a system near a phase transition depend only on a small number of features, such as dimensionality and symmetry, and are insensitive to the underlying microscopic properties of the system https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions - Critical slowing down and other phenomena:

Phase transitions - Critical slowing down and other phenomena The large static universality classes of a continuous phase transition split into smaller dynamic universality classes https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions - Percolation theory:

Phase transitions - Percolation theory Another phenomenon which shows phase transitions and critical exponents is percolation theory|percolation. The simplest example is perhaps percolation in a two dimensional square lattice. Sites are randomly occupied with probability p. For small values of p the occupied sites form only small clusters. At a certain threshold pc a giant cluster is formed and we have a second order phase transition. The behavior of P∞ near pc is, P∞~(p-pc)β, where β is a critical exponent. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Phase transitions - Phase transitions in biological systems:

Phase transitions - Phase transitions in biological systems Phase transitions play many important roles in biological systems. Examples include the lipid bilayer formation, the coil-globule transition in the process of protein folding and DNA melting, liquid crystal-like transitions in the process of DNA condensation, and cooperative ligand binding to DNA and proteins with the character of phase transition. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Middle English - Transition from Old English:

Middle English - Transition from Old English The Norman conquest of England in 1066 resulted in only limited culture shock https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Middle English - Transition from Old English:

Middle English - Transition from Old English Consider these pairs of Modern English words. The first of each pair is derived from Old English and the second is of Anglo-Norman origin: pig/pork, chicken/poultry, calf/veal, cow/beef, wood/forest, sheep/Lamb (food)|mutton, house/mansion, wikt:worthy|worthy/honourable, boldness|bold/wikt:courageous|courageous, wikt:freedom|freedom/liberty.Scott, Walter. Ivanhoe; chapter 1 https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Middle English - Transition from Old English:

Middle English - Transition from Old English The role of Anglo-Norman as the language of government and law can be seen in the abundance of Modern English words for the mechanisms of government that derive from Anglo-Norman: court, judge, jury, appeal, parliament https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Middle English - Transition from Old English:

Middle English - Transition from Old English This period of trilingual activity developed much of the flexible triplicate synonymy of modern English. For instance, English has three words meaning roughly of or relating to a king: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Middle English - Transition from Old English:

Middle English - Transition from Old English Likewise, Norman – and, later, French – influences led to some interesting word pairs in English, such as the following, which both mean someone who defends: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Middle English - Transition from Old English:

Middle English - Transition from Old English * Guardian from French (Both warden and guardian are derived from Germanic.) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Middle English - Transition from Old English:

Middle English - Transition from Old English The end of Anglo-Saxon rule did not of course change the language immediately https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Matt the Knife - Transition into the magical arts:

Matt the Knife - Transition into the magical arts Sometime around 2000 he began to adapt his talents from that of a criminal to the skills of a conjurer and slowly transitioned out of an illegal lifestyle over the next couple of years. Since then his magic has taken him on to perform in 17 countries across 4 continents (including television shows in the United States, China, Italy, Canada, the United Kingdom and several others). https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Ron Dellums - Transition and citizen task forces:

Ron Dellums - Transition and citizen task forces Mayor-Elect Dellums' transition to office involved 800 Oaklanders who joined 41 task forces to make recommendations on issues ranging from public safety to education and affordable housing. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Ron Dellums - Transition and citizen task forces:

Ron Dellums - Transition and citizen task forces Many of these recommendations helped to shape the policy agenda of the Dellums administration https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

American Broadcasting Company - 1960s: Transition to color:

American Broadcasting Company - 1960s: Transition to color During the 1960s, ABC continued on the same path that it began to take in the mid-1950s, consolidating the network to gain loyalty from the public https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Somalia - Transitional Federal Institutions:

Somalia - Transitional Federal Institutions The Transitional Federal Government (TFG) was the internationally recognised government of Somalia until 20 August 2012, when its tenure officially ended. It was established as one of the Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs) of government as defined in the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC) adopted in November 2004 by the Transitional Federal Parliament (TFP). https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Somalia - Transitional Federal Institutions:

Somalia - Transitional Federal Institutions The Transitional Federal Government officially comprised the Executive (government)|executive branch of government, with the TFP serving as the Legislature|legislative branch. The government was headed by the President of Somalia, to whom the Cabinet (government)|cabinet reported through the Prime Minister of Somalia|Prime Minister. However, it was also used as a general term to refer to all three branches collectively. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Transparency (optics) - UV-Vis: Electronic transitions:

Transparency (optics) - UV-Vis: Electronic transitions In electronic absorption, the frequency of the incoming light wave is at or near the energy levels of the electrons within the atoms which compose the substance. In this case, the electrons will absorb the energy of the light wave and increase their energy state, often moving outward from the Atomic nucleus|nucleus of the atom into an outer shell or Atomic orbital|orbital. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Transparency (optics) - UV-Vis: Electronic transitions:

Transparency (optics) - UV-Vis: Electronic transitions The atoms that bind together to make the molecules of any particular substance contain a number of electrons (given by the atomic number Z in the periodic chart). Recall that all light waves are electromagnetic in origin. Thus they are affected strongly when coming into contact with negatively charged electrons in matter. When photons (individual packets of light energy) come in contact with the valence electrons of atom, one of several things can and will occur: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Transparency (optics) - UV-Vis: Electronic transitions:

Transparency (optics) - UV-Vis: Electronic transitions *An electron absorbs all of the energy of the photon and re-emits it with different color. This gives rise to luminescence, fluorescence and phosphorescence. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Transparency (optics) - UV-Vis: Electronic transitions:

Transparency (optics) - UV-Vis: Electronic transitions *An electron absorbs the energy of the photon and sends it back out the way it came in. This results in reflection or scattering. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Transparency (optics) - UV-Vis: Electronic transitions:

Transparency (optics) - UV-Vis: Electronic transitions *An electron cannot absorb the energy of the photon and the photon continues on its path. This results in transmission (provided no other absorption mechanisms are active). https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Transparency (optics) - UV-Vis: Electronic transitions:

Transparency (optics) - UV-Vis: Electronic transitions *An electron selectively absorbs a portion of the photon, and the remaining frequencies are transmitted in the form of spectral color. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Transparency (optics) - UV-Vis: Electronic transitions:

Transparency (optics) - UV-Vis: Electronic transitions Most of the time, it is a combination of the above that happens to the light that hits an object. The electrons in different materials vary in the range of energy that they can absorb. Most glasses, for example, block ultraviolet (UV) light. What happens is the electrons in the glass absorb the energy of the photons in the UV range while ignoring the weaker energy of photons in the visible light spectrum. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Transparency (optics) - UV-Vis: Electronic transitions:

Transparency (optics) - UV-Vis: Electronic transitions Thus, when a material is illuminated, individual photons of light can make the valence electrons of an atom transition to a higher electronic energy level https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Technological transitions:

Technological transitions A technological system includes technical and non-technical aspects, and it a major shift in the socio-technical configurations (involving at least one new technology) is when a technological transition occurs.Fleck, J., 1993 https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Technological transitions - Origins:

Technological transitions - Origins Technological transitions and system innovations https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Technological transitions - Long wave theory:

Technological transitions - Long wave theory The Russian economist KondratievKondratiev, N., 1925 https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Technological transitions - Long wave theory:

Technological transitions - Long wave theory * The Industrial Revolution (1770–1830) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Technological transitions - Long wave theory:

Technological transitions - Long wave theory * Oil, Mass Production and the Consumer Society (1930–1980) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Technological transitions - Long wave theory:

Technological transitions - Long wave theory Freeman and Perez proposed that each cycle consists of pervasive technologies, their production and economic structures that support them. Termed ‘techno-economic paradigms’, they suggest that the shift from one paradigm to another is the result of emergent new technologies. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Technological transitions - Long wave theory:

Technological transitions - Long wave theory Following the Financial crisis of 2007–2008|recent economic crisis, authors such as Moody and NogradyMoody, J.B., and Nogrady, B., 2011. The Sixth Wave: How to Succeed in a Resource-Limited World. New York: Random House have suggested that a new cycle is emerging from the old, centred on the use of sustainable technologies in a resource depleted world. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Technological transitions - Technological paradigms, trajectories and regimes:

Technological transitions - Technological paradigms, trajectories and regimes Thomas KuhnKuhn, T., 1962 https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Technological transitions - Multi-level perspective on technological transitions:

Technological transitions - Multi-level perspective on technological transitions In analysing (historic) cases of technological transitions researchers from the systems in transition branch of transitions research have used a multi-level perspective (MLP) as a heuristic model to understand changes in socio-technical systems. (Rip, A. and R. Kemp., 1998. Technological change. In S. Rayner and E. Malone https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Technological transitions - Multi-level perspective on technological transitions:

Technological transitions - Multi-level perspective on technological transitions This approach considers a transition to be multi-dimensional as technology is only one aspect https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Technological transitions - Multi-level perspective on technological transitions:

Technological transitions - Multi-level perspective on technological transitions Radical innovations occur at the niche level https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Technological transitions - Multi-level perspective on technological transitions:

Technological transitions - Multi-level perspective on technological transitions The socio-technical regime, as defined by Geels, includes a web of inter-linking actors across different social groups and communities following a set of rules https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Technological transitions - Multi-level perspective on technological transitions:

Technological transitions - Multi-level perspective on technological transitions Exogenous to the previous levels is the socio-technical landscape. A broad range of factors are contained here, such as economic pressures, cultural values, social trends, wars and environmental issues. Change occurs at an even slower rate than at the regime level. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Technological transitions - Multi-level perspective on technological transitions:

Technological transitions - Multi-level perspective on technological transitions Rethinking the multi-level perspective of technological transitions https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Technological transitions - Case study:

Technological transitions - Case study 435-448 While early research focused on historical transitions, a second strand of research was more focused on transitions to sustainable technologies in key sectors such as transport, energy and housing. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Technological transitions - Case study:

Technological transitions - Case study Geels presented three historical transitions on system innovation relating to modes of transportation. The technological transition from sailing ships to steamships in the UK will be summarised and shown in the context of a wider system innovation. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Technological transitions - Case study:

Technological transitions - Case study The changes go beyond a technological transition as it involved new ship management and fleet management practices, new supporting infrastructures and new functionalities. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Technological transitions - Transition paths:

Technological transitions - Transition paths The nature of transitions varies and the differing qualities result in multiple pathways occurring. Geels and Scot Geels, F.W. and Schot, J.W., 2007, 'Typology of sociotechnical transition pathways , Research Policy, 36 (3), pp.399-417 defined five transition paths: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Technological transitions - Transition paths:

Technological transitions - Transition paths * Reproduction: Ongoing change occurring in the regime level. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Technological transitions - Transition paths:

Technological transitions - Transition paths * Transformation: A socio-technical regime that changes without the emergence of a monopolising technology. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Technological transitions - Transition paths:

Technological transitions - Transition paths * Technological substitution: An incumbent technology is replaced by a radical innovation resulting in a new socio-technical regime. (E.g. the automobile replacing the horse as the primary means of land transport). https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Technological transitions - Transition paths:

Technological transitions - Transition paths * Re-configuration: When multiple, interlinked technologies are replaced by a similarly linked alternative set. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Technological transitions - Characteristics of technological transitions:

Technological transitions - Characteristics of technological transitions Six characteristics of technological transitions have been identified.,Geels, F., Monaghan, A., Eames, M. and Steward, F. , 2008. The feasibility of systems thinking in sustainable consumption and production policy: a report to the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, London: DEFRA. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Technological transitions - Characteristics of technological transitions:

Technological transitions - Characteristics of technological transitions Transitions are co-evolutionary and multi-dimensional https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Technological transitions - Characteristics of technological transitions:

Technological transitions - Characteristics of technological transitions Technological developments occur intertwined with societal needs, wants and uses. A technology is adopted and diffused based on this interplay between innovation and societal requirements. Co-evolution has different aspects. As well as the co-evolution of technology and society, aspects between science, technology, users and culture have been considered. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Technological transitions - Characteristics of technological transitions:

Technological transitions - Characteristics of technological transitions Multi-actors are involved https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Technological transitions - Characteristics of technological transitions:

Technological transitions - Characteristics of technological transitions Scientific and engineering communities are central to the development of a technology, but a wide range of actors are involved in a transition. This can include organisations, policy-makers, government, NGOs, special interest groups and others. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Technological transitions - Characteristics of technological transitions:

Technological transitions - Characteristics of technological transitions As shown in the MLP transitions occur through the interplay of processes at different levels. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Technological transitions - Characteristics of technological transitions:

Technological transitions - Characteristics of technological transitions Complete system-change takes time and can be decades in the making. Case studies show them to be between 40 and 90 years. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Technological transitions - Characteristics of technological transitions:

Technological transitions - Characteristics of technological transitions For a true transition to occur the technology has to be a radical innovation. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Technological transitions - Characteristics of technological transitions:

Technological transitions - Characteristics of technological transitions The rate of change will vary over time. For example, the pace of change may be slow at the gestation period (at the niche level) but much more rapid when a breakthrough is occurring. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Technological transitions - Diffusion: transition phases:

Technological transitions - Diffusion: transition phases A full transition involves an overhaul of existing rules and change of beliefs which takes time, typically spanning at least a generation https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Technological transitions - Diffusion: transition phases:

Technological transitions - Diffusion: transition phases Geels proposed a similar four phased approach which draws on the multi-level perspective (MLP) developed by Dutch scholars https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Technological transitions - Windows of opportunity:

Technological transitions - Windows of opportunity A number of possible circumstances can act as windows of opportunity for the diffusion of new technologies: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Technological transitions - Windows of opportunity:

Technological transitions - Windows of opportunity * Problems external to the system. Such ‘problems’ are often determined by pressure groups and require wider societal or political backing. An example is environmental concerns. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Technological transitions - Windows of opportunity:

Technological transitions - Windows of opportunity * Changing user preferences. Opportunities are presented if existing technologies cannot meet user needs. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Technological transitions - Windows of opportunity:

Technological transitions - Windows of opportunity * Complimentary technology. The availability of which may enable a breakthrough https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Technological transitions - Windows of opportunity:

Technological transitions - Windows of opportunity Alongside external influences, internal drivers catalyse diffusion. These include economic factors such as the price performance ration. Socio-technical perspectives focus on the links between disparate social and technological elements. Following the breakthrough, the final phases see the new technology supersede the old. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Technological transitions - Societal relevance:

Technological transitions - Societal relevance Incremental change has provided some improvements but a more radical transition is required to achieve a more sustainable future https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Technological transitions - Societal relevance:

Technological transitions - Societal relevance Developed from the work on technological transitions is the field of transition management. Within this is an attempt to shape the direction of change complex socio-technical systems to more sustainable patterns. Whereas work on technological transitions is largely based on historic processes, proponents of transition management seek to actively steer transitions in progress. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Technological transitions - Criticisms:

Technological transitions - Criticisms The perception of time casts doubt on whether a transition has occurred https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Menopause - Perimenopause aka the menopause transition:

Menopause - Perimenopause aka the menopause transition Perimenopause is the menopause transition years. According to the North American Menopause Society, this transition can last for four to eight years. The Centre for Menstrual Cycle and Ovulation Research describes it as a six to ten year phase ending 12 months after the last menstrual period. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Menopause - Perimenopause aka the menopause transition:

Menopause - Perimenopause aka the menopause transition During perimenopause, estrogen levels average about 20-30% higher than during premenopause, often with wide fluctuations in levels https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Menopause - Perimenopause aka the menopause transition:

Menopause - Perimenopause aka the menopause transition Even though the process, or the course, of perimenopause or menopause can be difficult to predict, the age of onset is somewhat predictable: women will often, but not always, start these transitions (perimenopause and menopause) about the same time as their mother. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Menopause - Perimenopause aka the menopause transition:

Menopause - Perimenopause aka the menopause transition During the perimenopause years, many women undergo noticeable and clinically observable physical changes resulting from hormonal fluctuations. The best-known of these is the hot flash or hot flush, a sudden temporary increase in body temperature. The flash sensation occurs as the body temperature soars upward, reaching a peak very rapidly. The hot sensation is not the initial temperature rise; rather, it is a reaction to the slowness of the body's return to a more normal temperature range. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Menopause - Perimenopause aka the menopause transition:

Menopause - Perimenopause aka the menopause transition Hot flashes can raise the body temperature by many degrees quickly, causing the sufferer to feel weak and break out in heavy sweating https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Menopause - Perimenopause aka the menopause transition:

Menopause - Perimenopause aka the menopause transition Other common effects encountered during the perimenopausal period include mood changes, insomnia, Fatigue (medical)|fatigue, and memory problems. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Menopause - Perimenopause aka the menopause transition:

Menopause - Perimenopause aka the menopause transition Menopause may bring about a sense of loss related to the end of fertility. In addition this change often occurs when other stressors may be present: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Menopause - Perimenopause aka the menopause transition:

Menopause - Perimenopause aka the menopause transition * The birth of grandchildren, which places people of middle age into a new category of older people (especially in cultures where being older is a state that is looked down on) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Menopause - Perimenopause aka the menopause transition:

Menopause - Perimenopause aka the menopause transition Recent research shows that melatonin supplementation in perimenopausal women can improve thyroid function and gonadotropin levels, as well as restoring fertility and menstruation and preventing depression associated with the menopause. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Coordination complex - Color of transition metal complexes:

Coordination complex - Color of transition metal complexes 1989 New York, Dover Publications For simple compounds with high symmetry, the d–d transitions can be assigned using Tanabe–Sugano diagrams https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Mechanical metamaterials - Metamaterials with negative longitudinal and volume compressibility transitions :

Mechanical metamaterials - Metamaterials with negative longitudinal and volume compressibility transitions When subjected to isotropic stresses, these metamaterials also exhibit negative volumetric compressibility transitions https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Sublimation (phase transition):

Sublimation (phase transition) 'Sublimation' is the transition of a substance directly from the solid to the gas phase without passing through an intermediate liquid phase. Sublimation is an endothermic phase transition that occurs at temperatures and pressures below a substance's triple point in its phase diagram. The reverse process of sublimation is desublimation, or Deposition (phase transition)|deposition. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Sublimation (phase transition):

Sublimation (phase transition) In these cases, the transition from the solid to the gaseous state requires an intermediate liquid state https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Sublimation (phase transition):

Sublimation (phase transition) Sublimation requires additional energy and is an endothermic change. The enthalpy of sublimation (also called heat of sublimation) can be calculated as the enthalpy of fusion plus the enthalpy of vaporization. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Sublimation (phase transition) - Carbon dioxide:

Sublimation (phase transition) - Carbon dioxide Solid carbon dioxide (dry ice) sublimates readily at atmospheric pressure at −78.5 °C (194.65 K, ), whereas liquid CO2 can be obtained at pressures and temperatures above the triple point (5.2 atm, −56.4 °C). https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Sublimation (phase transition) - Water:

Sublimation (phase transition) - Water Snow and ice sublimate, although more slowly, below the melting point temperature.[http://www.appstate.edu/~perrylb/Research/Snow/Snow_Density/Faasnacht_2004.pdf S https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Sublimation (phase transition) - Other compounds:

Sublimation (phase transition) - Other compounds Iodine produces fumes on gentle heating. It is possible to obtain liquid iodine at atmospheric pressure by controlling the temperature at just above the melting point of iodine. In forensic science, iodine vapor can reveal latent fingerprints on paper. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Sublimation (phase transition) - Other compounds:

Sublimation (phase transition) - Other compounds Naphthalene, a common ingredient in mothballs, also sublimates easily. Arsenic can also sublimate at high temperatures. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Sublimation (phase transition) - Other compounds:

Sublimation (phase transition) - Other compounds Various substances appear to sublimate because of undergoing chemical reactions or decomposition; for example, ammonium chloride when heated decomposes into hydrogen chloride and ammonia. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Sublimation (phase transition) - Sublimation purification:

Sublimation (phase transition) - Sublimation purification Volume 1 Transition-Metal Compounds; Academic Press: New York, 1965 https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Sublimation (phase transition) - Historical usage:

Sublimation (phase transition) - Historical usage Here, the word sublimation is used to describe an exchange of bodies and spirits similar to laboratory phase transition between solids and gases https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Sublimation (phase transition) - Historical usage:

Sublimation (phase transition) - Historical usage And Sublimations we make for three causes, https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Sublimation (phase transition) - Historical usage:

Sublimation (phase transition) - Historical usage The first cause is to make the body spiritual. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Sublimation (phase transition) - Historical usage:

Sublimation (phase transition) - Historical usage And become fixed with it and consubstantial. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Sublimation (phase transition) - Historical usage:

Sublimation (phase transition) - Historical usage The third cause is that from its filthy original. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Sublimation (phase transition) - Historical usage:

Sublimation (phase transition) - Historical usage It may be cleansed, and its saltiness sulphurious https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Sublimation (phase transition) - Historical usage:

Sublimation (phase transition) - Historical usage May be diminished in it, which is infectious.George Ripley. Compound of Alchemy. 1591. Retrieved from http://www.levity.com/alchemy/ripgat8.html https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Chalcogenide - Transition metal chalcogenides:

Chalcogenide - Transition metal chalcogenides Ta2S), which exhibit extensive metal-metal bonding,Timothy Hughbanks Exploring the metal-rich chemistry of the early transition elements Journal of Alloys and Compounds 1995, vol https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Chalcogenide - Transition metal chalcogenides:

Chalcogenide - Transition metal chalcogenides For the purpose of classifying these materials, the chalcogenide is often viewed as a dianion, i.e., sulfide|S2-, selenide|Se2-, and Telluride (chemistry)|Te2-. In fact, transition metal chalcogenides are highly covalent, not ionic, as indicated by their semiconducting properties. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Curie temperature - Ising model of phase transitions:

Curie temperature - Ising model of phase transitions The Ising model is mathematically based and can analyse the critical points of phase transitions in ferromagnetic order due to spins of electrons having magnitudes of either +/- ½. The spins interact with their neighbouring dipole electrons in the structure and here the Ising model can predict their behaviour with each other. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Curie temperature - Ising model of phase transitions:

Curie temperature - Ising model of phase transitions This model is important for solving and understanding the concepts of phase transitions and hence solving the Curie Temperature. As a result many different dependencies that effect the Curie Temperature can be analysed. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Curie temperature - Ising model of phase transitions:

Curie temperature - Ising model of phase transitions For example the surface and bulk properties depend on the alignment and magnitude of spins and the Ising model can determine the effects of magnetism in this system. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Track transition curve:

Track transition curve In plan (i.e., viewed from above) the start of the transition of the horizontal curve is at infinite radius and at the end of the transition it has the same radius as the curve itself, thus forming a very broad spiral https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Track transition curve:

Track transition curve If such easement were not applied, the lateral acceleration of a rail vehicle would change abruptly at one point – the tangent|tangent point where the straight track meets the curve – with undesirable results. With a road vehicle the driver naturally applies the steering alteration in a gradual manner and the curve is designed to permit this, using the same principle. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Track transition curve - History:

Track transition curve - History On History of rail transport|early railroads, because of the low speeds and wide-radius curves employed, the surveyors were able to ignore any form of easement, but during the 19th century, as speeds increased, the need for a track curve with gradually increasing curvature became apparent https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Track transition curve - History:

Track transition curve - History In the UK, only from 1845 when legislation and land costs began to constrain the laying out of rail routes and tighter curves were necessary, did the principles start to be applied in practice. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Track transition curve - History:

Track transition curve - History Another early publication was The Railway Transition Spiral by Arthur N https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

Track transition curve - History:

Track transition curve - History The equivalence of the railroad transition spiral and the clothoid seems to have been first published in 1922 by Arthur Lovat Higgins https://store.theartofservice.com/the-transition-toolkit.html

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