Slide 1: Circle Theorems
Slide 2: Name these Features
The distance from the centre to the edge
The distance from one side to the other passing through the centre
The red line
The blue line Tangent Degree Chord Sector Segment Diameter Sphere Concentric Arc
Slide 3: The distance from the centre to the edge RADIUS
The distance from one side to the other passing through the centre DIAMETER
The red line TANGENT is a line that touches the edge of a circle
The blue line CHORD any line that across a circle Where can you see i) a segment ii) a sector iii) an arc? Sector Segment An ARC is the name for part of the circumference
Slide 4: A triangle drawn from the two ends of a diameter will ALWAYS make an angle 90° where it hits the edge of the circle. Angle in a semi-circle = 90°
Tangent-Radius meet at : Tangent-Radius meet at 90° 90°
Slide 6: Isosceles triangle formed by two radii Why isosceles? Both radii which means they’re the same length
Slide 7: Chord Bisector is a DIAMETER A chord is any line drawn across a circle. No matter where you draw a chord, the line that cuts it exactly in half is (90°) will go through the centre of the circle
Slide 8: Angles in the same segment are equal All angles drawn from a chord will have the same angle where they touch the circle. Also the two angles on opposite sides of the chord add up to 180° a + b = 180°
Slide 9: Angles at the centre is twice the angle at the edge 2a a The angles made at the centre of the circle is double the angle made at the edge of the circle from the same two points (two ends of the chord)
Slide 10: A cylclic quadrilateral is a 4-sided shape with every corner touching the circle. Both pairs of opposite pairs of angles add up to 180° Opposite angles in a cyclic quadrilateral add up to 180° b c d a