Power and Politics

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Power and Politics:

Power and Politics

Definition of Power:

Definition of Power Power The potential to influence behaviour of others. Make things happen or get the things done. A capacity that A has to influence the behavior of B so that B acts in accordance with A’s wishes Dependency B’s relationship to A when A possesses something that B requires B A

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Leadership Focuses on goal achievement Requires goal compatibility with followers Focuses influence downward Research Focus Leadership styles and relationships with followers Power Used as a means for achieving goals Requires follower dependency Used to gain lateral and upward influence Research Focus Power tactics for gaining compliance Contrasting Leadership and Power

Influence tactics in workplace:

Influence tactics in workplace Power Tactics : Rational persuasion Inspirational appeals Consultation Exchange Ingratiation Pressure Coalitions

Bases of Power:

Bases of Power Formal Coercive - One reacts to this power out of fear of the negative results which might occur if one failed to comply Reward –Compliance achieved based on ability to distribute rewards that view as valuable Legitimate - represents the formal authority to control and use organizational resources

Basis of power: Personal power:

Basis of power: Personal power Expert Power Influence based on special skills or knowledge Charismatic Power(referent) from an individual’s personality and interpersonal style i.e. personal magnetism, enthusiasm

Organizational Politics:

Organizational Politics Farrell and Peterson- “Activities that are not required as part of one’s formal role in the organization, but that influence, or attempt to influence, the distribution of advantages and disadvantages within the organization”.

Features of Organizational politics:

Features of Organizational politics Legitimate Normal everyday politics – complaining, coalitions, opposing, developing professional contact. Illegitimate - Extreme political behavior that violates the implied rules of the organization. Self serving . Intentional Not Rational.

Factors Contributing to Political Behavior:

Factors Contributing to Political Behavior Limited Opportunities Lack of trust Role Ambiguity Pressure to perform well Delay in feedback Individual factor(Locus of control) Politicking by top management

Political Strategies:

Political Strategies Forming Alliance Use of information Scapegoating Image Building Networking Persuasion

Ethics of Behaving Politically:

Ethics of Behaving Politically Rights Justice

Implications for Managers:

Implications for Managers Accept the political nature of organizations Increase power by: Acquire the bases of power that are most useful (expert, referent) Use the power tactics that are most effective (consultation, inspirational appeal) Avoid tactics that tend to backfire ( coercion).

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