Heritage tourism

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Understanding tourism Tal 018-6:

Understanding tourism Tal 018-6 Heritage Tourism

Heritage tourism:

Heritage tourism Heritage tourism focuses on historic attractions, buildings and objects, as well as intangible forms of culture such as the traditions and lifestyles of communities

Heritage tourism:

Heritage tourism Graham et al (2000) Past ~ all that has happened History ~ the attempts of present-day historians to explain selected aspects of the past Heritage ~ is the contemporary use of the past (interpretation & representation)

Heritage Tourism:

Heritage Tourism Heritage industry ~ commercialisation or commodification of the past. Which part of the past or history should be used, exploited or (distorted) as a resource for entertainment in the form of heritage.

Heritage Tourism:

Heritage Tourism Larkham (1995) Preservation ~ involves the retention, in largely unchanged form, of sites and objects of major cultural significance. Conservation ~ encompasses the idea that some form of restoration should be undertaken to bring old buildings and sites into suitable modern use Exploitation ~ recognise the value of heritage sites, particularly for tourism and recreation, and encompasses the development of existing and new sites.

Heritage tourism:

Heritage tourism Built heritage attractions: monuments, historic buildings, architecture, archaeological sites Natural heritage attractions: national parks, landscapes, coastlines or caves Religious heritage attractions: churches, cathedrals, temples, mosques, synagogues Industrial heritage attractions: mines, factories, industrial landscapes

Heritage tourism:

Heritage tourism Literary heritage attractions: houses or home towns of famous writers Artistic heritage attractions: landscapes and environments Cultural heritage attractions: traditional festivals, events, dance or folk museums.

Heritage tourism:

Heritage tourism Challenge: Conservation and visitor management Should the past or history be exploited or distorted as a resource for entertainment in the form of heritage? Heritage tends to sanitise, glorify or soften the past. Visitors want to be entertained and not shocked or horrified. E.g. museums tend to focus on ‘soft’ heritage to avoid conflict and controversy. Historic towns are inhabited by living community. Should it be fossilised by the tourism or heritage industries for the benefit of visitors?

Heritage tourism:

Heritage tourism Heritage tends to reflect the ruling aesthetics of the day, mirroring public taste and what society values at the time. Inherently biased and elitist Men’s history (as opposed to women’s history) Reflect the tastes of white, middle-class, Europeans (rather than the heritage of minority and ethnic groups in society). (Samuel, 1994)

Heritage Tourism:

Heritage Tourism Task: What is Heritage tourism? What are some of the theoretical debates surrounding this type of tourism? Which theory/model/approach/framework/concept are you using to explore Heritage tourism? Explain the theory/model/concept, etc. How do you apply the above to Heritage tourism? Use evidence-based examples to support your points Provide references where appropriate

Further reading:

Further reading Boyd, S. and Timothy, D. (2002) Heritage tourism . London: Prentice-Hall Graham, B., Ashworth, G.J and Tunbridge, J.E. (2000) A Geography of Heritage: Power, Culture and Economy. London: Arnold Leask, A. and Fyall, A. (eds) (2006) Managing World Heritage Sites . Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann. Smith, M., Macleod, N. and Robertson, H. (2010) Key Concepts in Tourist Studies . London: Sage