may and might have

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Slide1:

Used to give possible reasons why something happened or didn’t happen in the past. May have . . . and Might have. . .

Why didn’t John come out to lunch with us yesterday?:

Why didn’t John come out to lunch with us yesterday? I’m not sure. He might have had too much work to do. He may have been busy at work.

Why was Tomas late to class on Monday?:

Why was Tomas late to class on Monday? I’m not sure. He might have woken up late. He may have missed the bus.

What do you think your husband got you for your anniversary?:

What do you think your husband got you for your anniversary? I don’t know. He might have gotten me some jewelry. He may have bought me a new kitchen appliance.

Notice the form for this grammar::

Notice the form for this grammar: May Or Might + HAVE past participle

For the NEGATIVE::

For the NEGATIVE: May Or Might + NOT HAVE past participle

Pronunciation Tips::

Pronunciation Tips: When you hear native speakers use this grammar, it often sounds like they are saying: “might-uv” or “might-a” AND “may-uv” or “may-a”

Slide8:

She might have left already. They might have misunderstood the instructions. Susan might have quit her job. She may have gone home early today. Carlos may have tried to call me when I was at work.

I wonder why Sandra seemed so sad yesterday.:

I wonder why Sandra seemed so sad yesterday. I’m not sure. She might have received some bad news. She might have felt sick. She may have broken up with her boyfriend.

I wonder why the teacher wasn’t in class on Friday.:

I wonder why the teacher wasn’t in class on Friday. He may have been sick. He might have gone rock climbing. He might have decided to take a relaxing day off.

Notice that it’s also possible to use could have ...:

Notice that it’s also possible to use could have ... John could have caught the virus his wife had. She got sick, and then he got sick. You had the whole day off, and you didn’t do anything productive! You could have cut the grass or you could have planted those flowers I bought. But instead you were lazy.

Now it’s YOUR turn!:

Now it’s YOUR turn! What do you think? What are some possible reasons why these things happened? Write them on a piece of paper and show your writing to your teacher.

Slide13:

I wonder why Silvia didn’t come to school today? I wonder why Lisa and her husband decided to move to Temecula. 3. I wonder what my mother got me for my birthday.

Slide14:

THE END!

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