should have... and shouldn't have...

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Function: to give advice about past actions and to express regret using should have... and shouldn't have ...

Should is a modal auxiliary that we use very frequently in English::

Should is a modal auxiliary that we use very frequently in English: To give advice, a recommendation, or your opinion. Here are some examples: You should save your money to buy a new house. My sister has been feeling sick recently. She should see a doctor. Mark shouldn’t go out to play with his friends. He has too much homework.

Past Form Meaning . . .:

Past Form Meaning . . . When we use this past form of “should,” we are usually expressing regret about something we did or did not do in the past. Although we cannot change our past actions, we often lament them. Example: That cake was delicious, but I shouldn’t have eaten two pieces! (Meaning = I wish that I hadn’t eaten two pieces; I regret it!)

Past tense form of should::

Past tense form of should: Some auxiliaries have a past tense form. For instance: The past tense of can = The past tense of will = could would BUT, should doesn’t have a simple past tense construction like “can” and “will” do.

To use should and ought to in the past, we do the following::

To use should and ought to in the past , we do the following: Should or Shouldn’t + HAVE + Past participle of main verb Examples: The party was great! You should have come . I feel tired. I shouldn’t have gone to bed so late. I didn’t pass the test. I should have studied more.

Examples . . .:

Examples . . . Your friend has a terrible headache. You ask him if he took any aspirin, and he tells you “no.” You respond: You should've taken some aspirin.

More Examples . . . :

More Examples . . . The little boy told his mother: “I feel sick.” The mother responded: “Well, you shouldn’t have eaten so much candy!”

More Examples . . . :

Your friend had a job interview yesterday, but she was late because she woke up late. When she tells you what happened, you respond: You should have woken up earlier! More Examples . . .

Contractions with should are common, especially in spoken in English::

Contractions with should are common, especially in spoken in English: We missed a lot of grammar practice this morning. We should’ve come to class earlier. I shouldn’t have spent so much time at the café with my friends. Now, I’m late for work.


When Americans use should have … or shouldn’t have …,it often sounds like: should-a or shouldn’t-a Practice saying these sentences: 1. You should have studied for the test. She’s really sick. She shouldn't have come to class today. She should have stayed home. 3. We should have saved more money last year. 4. He shouldn’t have been so rude. Pronunciation:

Your Turn to practice . . .:

Your Turn to practice . . . Think of ways to respond to each situation below using should have… or shouldn’t have… 1. I dropped my cell phone and I broke it. 2. Susan gained a lot of weight last year. 3. Jonathan was fired from his job. 4. We got lost when we were driving to my coworker’s house. 5. I didn’t pass my driver’s license test.

This week, we will continue to learn and practice this grammar.:

This week, we will continue to learn and practice this grammar . If you have difficulties understanding this grammar, you shouldn’t keep quiet. You should ask a classmate or your teacher for help or for more explanation. You should also go to our class website for more practice with “ should have… and shouldn’t have… ”

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