Terms of Contrast: Even Though, Although, Despite, In Spite Of

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Expressing Contrast:

Expressing Contrast Using the terms: Even though Although v s. Despite In spite of English Grammar

Terms of Contrast::

Terms of Contrast: The terms even though, although, despite, and in spite of all have the same MEANING or FUNCTION…to show contrast or an unexpected relationship between two ideas. T hese terms MEAN the same thing, but the grammar that follows each term is different. Let’s review some examples…

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Grammar: Showing Contrast Even though we were tired, we didn’t stop running. Example:

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Because we were tired, we STOPPED running. Even though we were tired, we DIDN’T stop running. because d ue to even though although d espite in spite of unexpected result COMPARE: expected result

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Even though I was sad , I didn’t cry. I didn’t cry even though I was sad . Unexpected Relationship / Contrast between ideas: Although I was sad , I didn’t cry. I didn’t cry although I was sad . e ven though = although s ame meaning = comma

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Despite her sadness , she didn’t cry. She didn’t cry despite her sadness . Unexpected Relationship / Contrast between ideas: In spite of being sad , she didn’t cry. She didn’t cry in spite of being sad . d espite = in spite of s ame meaning = comma

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even though although s ame meaning : to show an unexpected relationship Grammar Structure: despite i n spite of Different grammar! Even though/Although it was raining hard , there were no accidents on the freeway. Despite/In spite of the heavy rain , there were no accidents on the freeway. + subject and verb + noun phrase o r gerund (verb in – ing form)

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More Examples: even though although Even though it took many years , Elisa finally became a doctor. She graduated from medical school although it took a long time. subject verb comma It doesn’t matter which term you use! But remember to put a SUB + Verb after these expressions!

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More Examples: despite i n spite of Despite taking many years , Elisa finally became a doctor. She became a doctor in spite of the obstacles . g erund (but not a subject + verb) comma It doesn’t matter which term you use… a s long as you use the right grammar! n oun phrase (but not a subject + verb)

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LET’S PRACTICE ___________ he grew up poor, he became rich as an adult. Choose: even though OR despite I don’t have a pet ___________ I love animals. Even though e ven though ___________ studying for three hours, he didn’t pass the test. Despite ___________ I’m angry, I will try to stay calm. Even though We didn’t complain ___________ our dissatisfaction with our meal. despite

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LET’S PRACTICE ___________ an increase in robberies recently, San Diego is still a pretty safe place to live. Choose: a lthough OR in spite of I decided to apply for that job _________ it’s far away from my house. In spite of although ___________ there was a huge storm, we didn’t lose power. Although People are still driving a lot ____________ increasing gas prices. i n spite of

Showing Contrast: using though at the end of a sentence:

Showing Contrast: using though at the end of a sentence Part 2: using “though”

Students often ask what it means when . . .:

Students often ask what it means when . . . Americans use though at the end of a sentence. Let’s take a closer look . . .

Using though for contrast::

Using though for contrast: When native speakers use “though” at the end of a sentence, it has a similar meaning to but . The only difference is its location in the sentence. But is usually in the middle of a sentence, and t hough is at the end. Both terms are used to show contrast .

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Larry lives and works in San Diego , but he has a vacation home in Mexico. Larry lives and works in San Diego . He has a vacation home in Mexico, though . ONE sentence with BUT in the middle. TWO sentences with THOUGH at the end of the second sentence.

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I’d love to visit Hawaii , but it’s so expensive! I’d love to visit Hawaii. It’s so expensive , though. ONE sentence with BUT in the middle. TWO sentences with THOUGH at the end of the second sentence.

Using though for contrast::

Using though for contrast: Listen to the following examples which use though at the end of the sentence. Intonation is really important here…because when Americans use though at the end, the intonation of the word “though” goes down . Consider these examples...

Examples: (Listen for intonation):

Examples: (Listen for intonation) 1. We got in a car accident. No one was hurt, though. 2. I studied the grammar. I still don’t understand it, though. 3. I like living in San Diego. It’s expensive, though. 4. The food we ordered was really spicy. It was good, though. 5. Gina loves animals. She doesn’t have any pets, though. 6. English is an important language to know. It’s tough to learn, though.

Practice …:

Practice …

Look at these sentences using but. Try to say them out loud with though at the end. :

Look at these sentences using but . Try to say them out loud with though at the end. 1. She didn’t study very much for the test, but she got a high score. 2. I took some pain medication an hour ago, but I still have a headache. 3. The restaurant was really crowded, but we enjoyed our meal. 4. Tom has applied for many jobs, but he hasn’t gotten an interview yet.

For more practice . . .:

For more practice . . . Go to our class website : www.esl7withbeth.weebly.com (Click on Week 9 Grammar Practice) And remember: Even though English grammar is tough, you can learn it! Don’t Forget to practice!!!

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