should and ought to, present and past forms

Views:
 
Category: Education
     
 

Presentation Description

No description available.

Comments

Presentation Transcript

Should Shouldn’t Ought to (present and past forms):

Should Shouldn’t Ought to (present and past forms) Function: =Giving advice or suggestions in English Using

Should is a modal auxiliary that we use very frequently in English::

Should is a modal auxiliary that we use very frequently in English: To give advice or a recommendation: Example : That new restaurant downtown is great! You should try it. To give our opinion about something. To say what we think is a good idea or the “right” thing to, do in our opinion.

*Should is not as strong as “must” or “have to”:

*Should is not as strong as “must” or “have to” Consider these examples . . . You should stop smoking. (=it would be a good idea; this is my suggestion.) You must stop smoking. (=it is necessary that you stop. You have to do it.)

The negative of should = :

The negative of should = The mother told her child: “You shouldn’t eat too much candy, or you’ll get sick.” should not The contraction (short) form is often used with the negative, especially in spoken English:

Ought to is another way to say should; however should is more common.:

Ought to is another way to say should ; however should is more common. Grammar: Should and ought to are both auxiliaries; remember this important rule . . . After an auxiliary, use the simple form of the main verb.

Slide6:

When Americans use “ought to,” it often sounds like “ otta .” Practice saying these sentences: 1. You ought to study for the test tonight. 2. The government ought to raise the minimum wage. 3. We ought to get together for lunch soon. Pronunciation Tips:

Should and ought to are both used to give advice ... :

Should and ought to are both used to give advice ... You should save your money to buy a new house. OR You ought to save your money to buy a new house. Mark shouldn’t go out to play with his friends. He needs to study. **Important note: -should = more common -we don’t usually use “ought to” in the negative; shouldn’t is preferred.

Should Have . . . (and Ought to Have . . .) :

Should Have . . . (and Ought to Have . . .) Function/Meaning: =Talking about regrets; Giving advice for past situations

Past Form Meaning . . .:

Past Form Meaning . . . When we use this past form of “should,” we are usually expressing regret about something we did or did not do in the past. Although we cannot change our past actions, we often lament them. Example: That cake was delicious, but I shouldn’t have eaten two pieces! (Meaning = I wish that I hadn’t eaten two pieces; I regret it!)

Past tense forms: should and ought to:

Past tense forms: should and ought to Some auxiliaries have a past tense form. For example: The past tense of can = The past tense of will = could would BUT… should and ought to don’t have a simple past tense form like “can” and “will” do.

To use should and ought to in the past, we do the following::

To use should and ought to in the past , we do the following: Should OR Ought to + HAVE + Past participle of main verb Examples: The party was great! You should have come . I feel sick. I should not have eaten so much. I didn’t pass the test. I ought to have studied more. Should have… is more common than Ought to have…

Again, contractions with should are common, especially in spoken in English::

Again, contractions with should are common, especially in spoken in English: Leslie missed a lot of grammar this morning. She should’ve come to class. He shouldn’t have been eavesdropping on our conversation. It was private.

Slide13:

When Americans say “should have,” it often sounds like “ should-a ” or “ should- uv ” Practice saying these sentences: 1. You should have studied for the test tonight. 2. I should have printed out the driving directions. 3. We should have made a reservation. Pronunciation Tips:

Now it’s your turn to practice using should and ought to in the past::

Now it’s your turn to practice using should and ought to in the past: 1. Your friend has a terrible headache. You ask him if he took any aspirin, and he tells you “no.” What do you say to him? (use should) You should've taken some aspirin.

Slide15:

2. Your friend didn’t come to your party. It was a great time. What do you say to her? (use should) You should have come to my party!

More practice: Say these sentences in the past form.:

More practice: Say these sentences in the past form. 1. I should wake up earlier. I should have woken up earlier. 2. You ought to tell the truth. You ought to have told the truth. 3. Lisa shouldn’t quit her job. Lisa shouldn’t have quit her job.

More practice: Write these sentences in the past form. Then show them to your teacher.:

More practice: Write these sentences in the past form. Then show them to your teacher. Remember the grammar structure: should / ought to + HAVE + Past Participle 1. We should go to the beach. 2. John ought to work harder. 3. I shouldn’t stay out so late. 4. I shouldn’t eat so many potato chips. 5. Ana ought to prepare more before her job interview. 6. We should get driving directions. 7. They should mail their taxes on time. 8. Janet ought to call her mother. 9. We shouldn’t yell at each other. 10. The teacher should explain better.

This week, we will continue to study and practice this grammar.:

This week, we will continue to study and practice this grammar . If you want more practice, you should go to our website!

authorStream Live Help