Should & Ought To, Past Forms

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By: florzinha (135 month(s) ago)

Amazing and very useful.Thank you very much.

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Should Have . . .and Ought to Have . . . : 

Should Have . . .and Ought to Have . . . Function: =Talking about regrets; Giving advice for past situations

We use should and ought to for giving advice ... (should = ought to) : 

We use should and ought to for giving advice ... (should = ought to) You should save your money to buy a new house. OR You ought to save your money to buy a new house. Mark shouldn’t go out to play with his friends. He needs to study. **Important note: we don’t usually use “ought to” in the negative; shouldn’t is preferred.

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When Americans use “ought to,” it often sounds like “otta.” Practice saying these sentences: 1. You ought to study for the test tonight. 2. People ought to start saving their money. 3. We ought to get together for lunch soon. Pronunciation Tips:

Past tense forms:should and ought to : 

Past tense forms:should and ought to Some auxiliaries have a past tense form. For example: The past tense of can = The past tense of will = could would BUT… should and ought to don’t have a simple past tense form like “can” and “will” do.

To use should and ought to in the past, we do the following: : 

To use should and ought to in the past, we do the following: Should OR Ought to + HAVE + Past participle of main verb Examples: The party was great! You should have come. I feel sick. I should not have eaten so much. I didn’t pass the test. I ought to have studied more.

Again, contractions with should are common, especially in spoken in English: : 

Again, contractions with should are common, especially in spoken in English: Leslie missed a lot of grammar this morning. She should’ve come to class. He shouldn’t have listened to our conversation. It was private.

Now it’s your turn to practice using should and ought to in the past: : 

Now it’s your turn to practice using should and ought to in the past: 1. Your friend has a terrible headache. You ask him if he took any aspirin, and he tells you “no.” What do you say to him? (use should) You should've taken some aspirin.

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2. Your friend didn’t come to your party. It was a great time. What do you say to her? (use ought to) You ought to have come to my party!

More practice:Say these sentences in the past form. : 

More practice:Say these sentences in the past form. 1. I should wake up earlier. I should have woken up earlier. 2. You ought to tell the truth. You ought to have told the truth. 3. Lisa shouldn’t quit her job. Lisa shouldn’t have quit her job.

More practice: Write these sentences in the past form. Then show them to your teacher. : 

More practice: Write these sentences in the past form. Then show them to your teacher. Remember the grammar structure: should / ought to + HAVE + Past Participle 1. We should go to the beach. 2. John ought to work harder. 3. I shouldn’t stay out so late. 4. I shouldn’t eat so many potato chips. 5. Ana ought to prepare more before her job interview. 6. We should get driving directions. 7. They should mail their taxes on time. 8. Janet ought to call her mother. 9. We shouldn’t yell at each other. 10. The teacher should explain better.

This week, we will continue to learn and practice this grammar. : 

This week, we will continue to learn and practice this grammar. If you want more practice, you should go to the computer. Go to our class website: www.ecc6.blogspot.com Find Week 13 Grammar Practice on the right side of the page.

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