What to Avoid During Pregnancy

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What to Avoid During Pregnancy :

What to Avoid During Pregnancy

Alcohol :

Alcohol Alcohol is a toxin. When you drink alcohol, it rapidly reaches your baby across the placenta, via your bloodstream. If you drink too much alcohol during pregnancy it can permanently damage your developing baby's cells. This could affect how your baby's face, organs and brain grow. Heavy drinking can also damage your baby's nervous system. This can result in your baby having learning difficulties and problems with movement and coordination throughout his life. The term for all these problems is fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). It's called a spectrum because the problems can range from mild learning difficulties, through to birth defects. Full-blown fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is at the extreme end of the spectrum of disorders. Babies with FAS tend to have facial defects, to be born small and to carry on being small for their age. These children will have learning difficulties, poor coordination and behavioural problems for the rest of their lives. FAS is rare. FASD is more common.

Caffeine :

Caffeine moms-to-be who consumed 200 mg or more of caffeine a day had double the risk of miscarriage compared with those who had no caffeine . Because caffeine causes blood vessels to constrict, it may reduce blood flow to the placenta. And because it easily crosses the placenta and reaches your baby (who then metabolizes it very slowly), caffeine may directly affect your baby's developing cells.

Unsafe cheeses :

Unsafe cheeses Mould -ripened soft cheeses: brie, blue brie, cambozola , camembert, chaumes , chevre (goat's cheese with a white rind), pont l'eveque , taleggio , vacherin-fribourgeois . Blue-veined cheeses: bergader , bleu d'auvergne , blue wensleydale , shropshire blue, danish blue, dolcelatte , gorgonzola, roncal , roquefort , stilton, tomme . Soft , unpasteurised cheese, including goat's and sheep's cheeses: chabichou , pyramide , torta del cesar .

Unsafe cheeses :

Unsafe cheeses Even if these cheeses are pasteurised , they still aren't safe to eat. That's because they are more moist and less acidic than other cheeses. It's this moistness and acidity which provide the perfect environment for listeria bacteria to grow. If you become infected with listeria, you can get an illness called listeriosis . This causes flu-like symptoms that develop several weeks after you've been exposed to the bacteria. Even though listeriosis a fairly mild illness for you, it can cause serious health problems for your baby. It can even lead to miscarriage , or the loss of a baby at birth . However, you can eat these cheeses if you cook them thoroughly, as this will kill any listeria. Just make sure you've cooked the cheese until it's piping hot all the way through, and it hasn't just melted.

Eggs :

Eggs • Egg safety, not with regards to cholesterol but because of the bacteria salmonella, is a major concern. Salmonella is one of the most common causes of food poisoning that is passed on through contaminated eggs and poultry. This applies to all egg types, be it duck, quail, or chicken. It is best to avoid salmonella to maintain good health and any form of stress to your unborn baby. • Salmonella rarely causes damage to fetus as it the bacterium does not usually cross the placenta but it is a very unpleasant experience for the mother. • Salmonella symptoms in the mother include vomiting, diarrhea, high fevers and dehydration. If you have salmonella drink lots of liquids to replace lost fluids.

Steps to ensure Egg Safety:

Steps to ensure Egg Safety • Don't use eggs that are cracked even if it cracks on your way home. Bacteria enter easily and quickly. • Thorough cooking destroys salmonella i.e. eggs should be cooked until both the yellow and whites are firm and not runny. • Avoid using recipes in which eggs remain raw or are only partially cooked. For instance do not use raw eggs in salad dressings, sauces or whipped up desserts such as mousse. • Avoid homemade foods that contain raw or partially cooked eggs like mayonnaise, cake batter, eggnog etc. The commercial versions e.g. bought mayonnaise are safer in comparison because of the pasteurized eggs used (check the label to confirm). If you need to make something that requires raw eggs use pasteurized egg products available in supermarkets in place of raw eggs. Pasteurization is a process which heats the eggs and kills the bacteria • Free range, organic, omega 3 enriched eggs are the best choice if your budget allows you. They are a safer bet since the eggs come from animals that are not treated with growth hormones or antibiotics.

Mercury Levels in Fish:

Mercury Levels in Fish Highest Mercury AVOID Eating Marlin Orange roughy Tilefish Swordfish Shark Mackerel (king ) Tuna ( bigeye , Ahi )

Unripe Papaya :

Unripe Papaya Now The problem with Papaya is that in an unripe state the Papaya contains high concentrations of a Latex, this latex concentration reduces upon ripening and once completely ripe has almost no latex left. The Papaya latex's main constitiuants are papain and chymopapain which have teratogenic (abnormalities of physiological development) and abortifacient (Can induce an abortion) effects . It does this by increasing the chances of uterine contractions as the papain acts like prostaglandin and oxytocin which are known to put a mothers body into labour and hence an adverse effect on the babies and mothers health. The Latex can also cause marked oedema and haemorrhagic placentas which are bleeding and hemorrhaging from the edge of the placenta, this can result in severe complications in pregnancy and normally an early delivery .

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