sentence fragments

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Fragments:

Fragments 1

SENTENCE FRAGMENTS:

SENTENCE FRAGMENTS A sentence fragment is a group of words that is punctuated as a sentence but is not grammatically correct. After Jack came back from the store. Inspires many poets and song writers. The group of athletes with amazing team spirit. Although most students do not have much experience with grammar. 2

Test for sentence completeness:

Test for sentence completeness

Slide 4:

Is there a verb? A group of athletes with amazing team spirit. NO It’s a fragment. Yes

Q: How do I fix it?:

Q: How do I fix it? Add a main verb OR Identify the fragment as a clause or phrase and attach it to a complete sentence with a comma.

Slide 6:

Is there a verb? Is there a subject? Inspires many poets and song writers. NO It’s a fragment. NO It’s a fragment. Yes Yes

How do I fix it :

How do I fix it Identify where the main verb is and add a subject who performs this action OR Identify the phrase or clause and see if removing the conjunction of preposition will provide you with the correct subject.

Slide 8:

Although most students do not have much experience with grammar. Is there a verb? NO It’s a fragment. Is there a subject? NO It’s a fragment. Yes Yes NO Is there a subordinate clause or a phrase? YES It’s a fragment.

How do I fix it?:

How do I fix it? Remove the conjunction or preposition to make the sentence stand on its own Although most students do not have much experience with grammar . Join the dependent clause or phrase to a complete sentence with a comma. Although most students do not have much experience with grammar, they perform fairly good in quiz. 9

Look for Dependant Clause/Phrase:

Look for Dependant Clause/Phrase Although grammar is important for effective writing. Grammar is important for effective writing. Students sometimes neglect to proofread their work. Unless they are reminded by their professors. Students sometimes neglect to proofread their work unless they are reminded by their professors. She enjoyed playing many sports. Such as volleyball, basketball, and hockey. She enjoyed playing many sports such as volleyball, basketball, and hockey. 10

Examples of Subordinating Conjunctions and Prepositions::

Examples of Subordinating Conjunctions and Prepositions: Cause : because, in that, since Condition : if, although, unless Manner : as, as though, as if Result : in order that, so that Time : after, before, since, until, when, whenever, while Place: over, in, beside, under, in front of 11

Slide 12:

After the mechanics fixed the car. We never had another problem with it. Becomes: After the mechanics fixed the car, we never had another problem with it. 12

Slide 13:

At home I enjoy many water sports. Waterskiing and sailing, which are my two favorites. Becomes: At home I enjoy many water sports, but waterskiing and sailing are my favorites. 13

Slide 14:

She stood in line for four hours in the freezing rain. To get tickets for the rock concert. Becomes: She stood in line for four hours in the freezing rain to get tickets for the rock concert. 14

Slide 15:

The jet stream can pull cold air down from Canada. Or bring warm air up from Mexico. The jet stream can pull cold air down from Canada , or bring warm air up from Mexico. 15

Slide 16:

Although air traffic controllers regulate flight patterns. Although air traffic controllers regulate traffic patterns, they cannot control the weather. 16

Slide 17:

I need to find a new roommate. Because the one I have now isn't working out too well . Becomes: I need to find a new roommate b ecause the one I have now isn't working out too well.

Slide 18:

Purdue offers many majors in engineering. Such as electrical, chemical, and industrial . Becomes: Purdue offers many majors in engineering s uch as electrical, chemical, and industrial. Purdue offers many majors in engineering: electrical, chemical, and industrial.

Slide 19:

I couldn't fall asleep.  Although I was tired. I bought a 16-pound turkey.  Which wasn't enough food. Because the Supreme Court begins to hear cases on the first Monday in October. The court building will be closed at the end of the summer. The ingredients for making the lasagne – pasta, tomato sauce, ground meat and spices – on the kitchen counter. 19

Slide 20:

I met one of my old friends after almost ten years. Walking down the isolated roads of my native city. Ahmed promises to address the problem of limited parking. If he is elected to the tenants’ council. Jamal, a new player in the cricket circuit and native of Gujranwala.

SENTENCE FRAGMENTS:

SENTENCE FRAGMENTS Exceptions: Fragments may be used for special purposes. Skilled writers occasionally use sentence fragments for the following special purposes: FOR EMPHASIS Following the dramatic Americanization of their children, even my parents grew more publicly confident. Especially my mother. TO ANSWER A QUESTION Are these new drug tests 100 percent reliable? Not in the opinion of most (of the) experts. AS A TRANSITION And now the opposing arguments. EXCLAMATIONS Not again! IN ADVERTISING Fewer calories. Improved taste.

Slide 22:

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