Professor McGlade-EEA

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Prof. Jacqueline McGlade, Executive Director, EEA Ecological Overshoot Day – an EEA perspective European Parliament - high-level conference: The EU response to ecological overshoot day Brussels, 5th September 2012

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12 July 2012 – 97% of Greenland's surface ice melting

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Reasons for reaching Ecologicial Overshoot Day

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20th Century Population 4X Global freshwater withdrawals 3X Economic Output 22X Fossil fuel consumption 14X OECD Green Growth -- more growth in Quantity? From less is more  to do more with less RESOURCE EFFICIENCY

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Our diagnosis: this is not sustainable

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EU27 imports and exports of materials

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Share of imports in EU-27 materials consumption for selected materials

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Europeans consume... 10 % of world apparel output 13 % of world energy output 17 % of world meat output Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Enerdata; FAO ...whilst having a 7% global share of population

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Europe’s footprint Source: EEA, based on data from the Global Footprint Network

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Food and drink, housing and mobility create the greatest pressures on the environment: the European picture Eating and drinking 16 % of GHG emissions 34 % of material use Housing and infrastructures 31 % of GHG emissions 22 % of material use Mobility 26 % of GHG emissions 14 % of material use Source: EEA

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How much can recycling contribute to consumption of materials in Europe? Source: EEA, based on Eurostat data

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Pathways for the future

A green economy:

An economy in which policies and innovations enable society to use resources efficiently, enhancing human well-being in an inclusive manner, while maintaining the natural systems that sustain us. A green economy

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Managing natural capital and ecosystem services: improving resource efficiency and ensure resilience Human well-being (social and human capital) goal: enhance social equity and fair burden-sharing Ecosystem (natural capital) goal: ensure ecosystem resilience Economy (produced capital) goal: improve resource efficiency GREEN ECONOMY

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Stiglitz-Fitoussi-Sen Commission (2009) and EC’s ‘Beyond GDP’ initiative indicates that it is feasible to measure progress across the economic, social and environmental domains by using a basket of interlinked, coherent indicators . National initiatives like the Gross National Happiness Index of Bhutan Beyond GDP - progress

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GPI - genuine progress indicator R-ISEW - Regional Index of Sustainable Economic Well-being Source: http://www.beyond-gdp.eu/ Beyond GDP - progress

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Natural Capital

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Financial Capital

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Social and Cultural Capital

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Human Capital

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Building capital

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Imaginative capital

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Prof. Jacqueline McGlade Executive Director, EEA Thank you

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