Sustainability Index GBL 20120810 - Final[1]

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Key Practices Component Review & Strategy Benchmarking of the Public Gardens Sustainability Index :

Key Practices Component Review & Strategy Benchmarking of the Public Gardens Sustainability Index September 2012

Mark Winnicki:

Mark Winnicki Longwood Gardens Jim Fava, Kats Maroney Curtis Harnanan & Andrea Smerek PE INTERNATIONAL Casey Sclar APGA

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Agenda Part 1 (25 mins) Value & Overview of Index and Workbook Connecting Index with Workbook Recommended Attributes Part 2 (65 mins) Facilitated Discussion

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Stewardship : We are committed to conservation and sustainable practices Goal Help establish innovative environmental stewardship practices for public gardens. Objective Create measures of sustainable practices with key themes that everybody understands A Core Value…

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In 2009, PE International/ Five Winds benchmarked sustainability management practices of 4 leading global public gardens . Key Findings: The sector does not have a holistic, harmonized approach to measuring sustainable operating practices Individual gardens are adopting more sustainable operating practices, but few have fully implemented leadership-level approaches to sustainability Clearly defined performance standards or best practices to improve environmental and social performance of day-to-day garden operations do not exist A wide range of operating and management practices are required to address differences in public gardens’ mission, geography, facilities, and size. Why do Public Gardens need a Sustainability Index?

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Two Parts to the Index: Attributes Criteria & Metrics Workbook of Best* Practices and Tools * Using the term “best” practice in the Workbook is still being discussed and we welcome feedback. Since a best practice within sustainability is constantly evolving, these practices will only be used for guidance and not required. Filling the Void: The Sustainability Index for Public Gardens Example: Using the requirements outlined by the Index, a Public Garden measures its greenhouse gas emissions footprint and sets a reduction goal. One practice to help achieve this goal is reducing the amount of lawn by “x” percent as a means of minimizing GHG emissions from mowing/maintenance.

Guiding Principles that have been recommended for the Index:

Guiding Principles that have been recommended for the Index Provide public gardens with a common language regarding sustainability elements. Define a set of consistent metrics to measure and communicate sustainability performance that is grounded in science-based, life cycle thinking. Identify and promote key practices that drive measurable improvements in sustainability performance. Enable public gardens to measure and benchmark their own sustainability performance. Allow public gardens to make verifiable marketing claims about sustainability performance backed by data. Connect a garden’s mission and values with their daily operations and performance. Include tiered performance levels that reflect a range of acceptable practices and promote continual improvement. Provide sufficient flexibility to include involvement of a wide range of public gardens and allied institutions allowing gardens to engage in the effort regardless of their current level of sustainability

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Who is Shepherding the Index?

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Peer Advisory Group (PAG) Membership University of Delaware Royal Botanic Gardens Van Dusen Botanical Garden Phipps Conservatory North Carolina Botanical Garden Applewood Estate Smithsonian Mt. Cuba Center University of Maryland Cleveland Botanical Garden Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Gardens Shangri-La Botanical Gardens U.S. Botanic Gardens Humber Arboretum / Brooklyn Botanic Garden Santa Barbara Botanic Garden

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The term “sustainability” is widely used and variably defined, but current convention generally defines sustainable business practices as having a “triple bottom line” to measure success based on three pillars: people (social performance); planet (environmental performance); and financial viability (economic performance). Not a destination but a journey – dynamic and continually evolving Defining Sustainability

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Specific to Museums, Focus on Education / Outreach Specific to Landscape or Site: GHG, water, waste, urban climate, invasives, health / well-being of site and users Focus on Buildings & Sites: water, energy, materials, indoor env. quality, innovation & design Focus on Horticultural Products, Resources, Waste, Labour, Community Focus on Restaurants & Events: water, energy, waste, food, disposables, pollution, etc. Environmental Focus, time and resource intensive. Does not provide metrics, nor prescribe what should be included/implemented – done at discretion of user Overarching holistic approach that considers aspects of all of these programs and more. Sustainability Index: how and where it fits

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Index considers full breadth of sustainability aspects of public gardens May be applied to all gardens regardless of size, location, resources or ability Other applicable programs and standards contain elements that consider / address sustainability aspects of public gardens to varying degrees have a narrow focus (e.g. restaurants, museums) or consider a subset of sustainability aspects of public gardens Sustainability Index does Not “re-invent the wheel” Complementary to Veriflora, LEED-EB O&M and SITES ™ and can aid in meeting requirements of these initiative Focused on overall sustainability – beyond LEED-EB O&M and SITES ™ Not all Public Gardens may be able to pursue/obtain LEED-EB O&M, SITES ™ , ISO 14001 certifications, but should all be able to meet requirements of Index Offers holistic, harmonized approach to address the unique sustainability challenges presented in public gardens Value of Sustainability Index

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Array of Public Garden Activities

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Steps for Developing Index & Workbook

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Hot Spot Methodology

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Introductory Sections Foreword & Preface Overview of Sustainability & Value of Index Components & Context Drafting process Scope Terms and Definition Core Attributes Scoring Measuring Progress 15 attributes and 45 criteria Verification and record keeping Detailed Methodology for Selecting Attributes Annex A General Structure of Index

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No actual scores for meeting criteria of Index Initial version intended to be a “framework” or “roadmap” Table provided to help: establish a baseline for garden and for the sector track progress of public gardens’ level of adoption/integration of sustainability encourage continuous improvement Measuring Progress

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Criteria presented in a format that moves sequentially from a minimum to a greater level of sustainability adoption / performance. Possibly expressed as: starting off making progress comprehensive approach. For example, several of the attributes have criteria that follow the sequence: Establishing a baseline or some measurement of impact Establishing/utilizing some action to facilitate reduction of the impact Setting a reduction target, monitoring and/or reporting progress. Provides some ability for gardens individually or sector-wide to gauge the level of sustainability adoption/ performance Gauging Sustainability Performance

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Introductory Sections Definitions How to use Workbook Chapters for each of 15 Attributes of Index Guidance and tools provided for criteria under each attribute Numbered sequentially to facilitate easy reference between documents General Structure of Workbook

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Chapter 1 – Attribute Corresponding to Index Attribute 1 Why is Attribute 1 important? What to expect from this chapter Criteria 1.1 Criteria 1.1 (as stated in Index for easy reference) Why is Criteria 1.1 important? Case Study 1: Garden X Garden Description Practice/example/ tool used by Garden X that could support public gardens in meeting the criteria Small text boxes with quick overview of a garden’s specific project (rather than diving in to a case study) Section includes: tips/recommendations, pictures, quotes, external references for more information and additional facts Extras List of various initiatives (best practices) along with possible associated ratings (i.e. scale of cost, ease of implementation, timeframe) Additional advice/quotes/how-to information Criteria 1.2 Same structure as Criteria 1.1 General Structure of Workbook

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Attribute : Water consumption Criteria : 1.1 – Measuring consumption 1.2 – Water Management Plan 1.3 – Reduction Target Sustainability Index: Sample Attribute & Criteria

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Reference in Workbook: Sample Attribute & Criteria

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Reference in Workbook: Sample Attribute & Criteria

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Water consumption reduction/management for all public garden activities and events Water quality management for all water discharged from all public garden buildings/facilities and horticultural activities Wastewater reduction / management from all public garden buildings/facilities and horticultural activities Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions reduction / management from all public garden activities Recommended Environmental Attributes for Index

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Non-renewable energy consumption/reduction for all public garden facilities, activities and events Solid waste reduction/management for all public garden facilities, activities and events Conservation of plants, plant communities, associated habitats and ecosystems throughout public garden programs Toxic and hazardous waste reduction/management from horticultural activities (i.e. pest control, fertilizer and chemical use, etc.) Recommended Environmental Attributes for Index

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Overall training (incl. sustainability) for public garden employees External stakeholder engagement on public garden sustainability policies, programs and targets Community education and outreach on public garden sustainability initiatives Education and outreach on sustainable community development (incl. health & safety) Well-being of public garden users/guests Recommended Social Attributes for Index

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Financial Planning & Business Management Strategic Planning and Governance Recommended Financial & Governance Attributes for Index

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Are the attributes applicable to all public gardens? Could you implement them in your public garden? Are these current attributes sufficient to help advance overall sustainability within the public gardens sector? How do you see the attributes evolving to continually facilitate sustainability improvement in this sector? Questions for Discussion

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