EAB - Don't Dither

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EAB - Don’t Dither:

EAB - Don’t Dither It's All About the Timing J. Bradford Bonham, DVM APGA Annual Conference Columbus, OH 20 June 2012

Got Fraxinus? :

Got Fraxinus ? Then EAB... 2 20 Jun 2012

Got Fraxinus? :

Got Fraxinus ? Then EAB... is coming soon to a public garden near you 3 20 Jun 2012

Got Fraxinus? :

Got Fraxinus ? Then EAB... is coming soon to a public garden near you will cost you $$$ 4 20 Jun 2012

Got Fraxinus? :

Got Fraxinus ? Then EAB... is coming soon to a public garden near you will cost you $$$ demands attention 5 20 Jun 2012

Got Fraxinus? :

Got Fraxinus ? Planning preserves management options 6 20 Jun 2012

Got Fraxinus? :

Got Fraxinus ? Planning preserves management options presents opportunities 7 20 Jun 2012

EAB – demands attention :

EAB – demands attention Cannot be ignored. 8 20 Jun 2012

EAB – demands attention :

EAB – demands attention Addressed early, negative impacts can be mitigated. 9 20 Jun 2012

EAB – demands attention :

EAB – demands attention But, natural progression of an infestation can... 10 20 Jun 2012

EAB – demands attention :

EAB – demands attention But, natural progression of an infestation can... lull managers into complacency 11 20 Jun 2012

EAB – demands attention :

EAB – demands attention But, natural progression of an infestation can... lull managers into complacency increase negative impact of exponential phase 12 20 Jun 2012

EAB – facts of life :

EAB – facts of life Exponential phase?? 13 20 Jun 2012

EAB – facts of life :

EAB – facts of life Exponential phase?? describes tree death curve 14 20 Jun 2012

EAB – facts of life :

EAB – facts of life Exponential phase?? describes tree death curve not a steady-state or a chronic proposition 15 20 Jun 2012

EAB – facts of life :

EAB – facts of life Exponential phase?? describes tree death curve not a steady-state or a chronic proposition not a bell-curve 16 20 Jun 2012

EAB – facts of life :

EAB – facts of life Exponential phase?? describes tree death curve not a steady-state or a chronic proposition not a bell-curve it's the hockey-stick trajectory seen in Dr. Herms' presentation 17 20 Jun 2012

EAB – facts of life :

EAB – facts of life Exponential phase preceded by a lag phase this is where complacency gains a foothold… 18 20 Jun 2012

EAB – facts of life :

EAB – facts of life Exponential phase preceded by a lag phase this is where complacency gains a foothold To illustrate… 19 20 Jun 2012

Ash tree death – facts of life :

Ash tree death – facts of life Pattern of infestation Year 0 initial, isolated infestation detected beetle levels low 20 20 Jun 2012

Ash tree death – facts of life :

Ash tree death – facts of life Pattern of infestation Year 0 initial, isolated infestation detected beetle levels low Next couple of years the zone of drive-by detectability expands by 1 - 2 miles / yr 21 20 Jun 2012

Ash tree death – facts of life :

Ash tree death – facts of life Pattern of infestation Meanwhile… additional detections occur 5 - 30 mi away these too, are expanding 1 - 2 miles / yr 22 20 Jun 2012

Ash tree death – facts of life :

Ash tree death – facts of life Pattern of infestation By Year 5 -- sky-eye view hotspots begin to coalesce like a forest fire infestation becomes an advancing front 23 20 Jun 2012

Ash tree death – facts of life :

Ash tree death – facts of life Pattern of infestation By Year 5 -- sky-eye view hotspots begin to coalesce like a forest fire infestation becomes an advancing front detectability will now expand 15 - 20 miles / yr 24 20 Jun 2012

Ash tree death – facts of life :

Ash tree death – facts of life Pattern of infestation By Year 5 -- ground view only treated ash remain at the core(s) 20 - 25% of ash in infested region have died a given tree took 5 - 7 years to die 25 20 Jun 2012

Ash tree death – facts of life :

Ash tree death – facts of life Pattern of infestation By Year 5 -- ground view only treated ash remain at the core(s) 20 - 25% of ash in infested region have died a given tree took 5 - 7 years to die Media & tree owners lulled into complacency. 26 20 Jun 2012

Ash tree death – facts of life :

Ash tree death – facts of life Pattern of infestation Years 6 - 10 front advancing rapidly ash under mass attack remaining 70 - 80% of ash in the region die a given tree took only 1 - 3 years to die 27 20 Jun 2012

Ash tree death – facts of life :

Ash tree death – facts of life Pattern of infestation Years 6 - 10 front advancing rapidly ash under mass attack remaining 70 - 80% of ash in the region die a given tree took only 1 - 3 years to die Homeowners, "I thought I had plenty of time to treat my tree!" 28 20 Jun 2012

Ash tree death – facts of life :

Ash tree death – facts of life Pattern of infestation Years 6 - 10 front advancing rapidly ash under mass attack remaining 70 - 80% of ash in the region die a given tree took only 1 - 3 years to die City & tree managers, "We can't keep up with removals." 29 20 Jun 2012

Ash tree death – facts of life :

Ash tree death – facts of life City & tree managers, "We can't keep up with removals ." 30 20 Jun 2012

Ash tree death – facts of life :

Ash tree death – facts of life Ash become brittle as they die 31 20 Jun 2012

Ash tree death – facts of life :

Ash tree death – facts of life At 9 – 12 months... shed bark in sheets shed limbs spontaneously shatter zone in-tree worker safety national policies 2X removal costs 32 20 Jun 2012

Ash tree death – facts of life :

Ash tree death – facts of life At 9 – 12 months... shed bark in sheets shed limbs spontaneously shatter zone tree-worker safety removals seller's market months of waiting fly-by-nights 33 20 Jun 2012

Ash tree death – facts of life :

Ash tree death – facts of life 34 20 Jun 2012

Ash tree death – facts of life :

Ash tree death – facts of life It's all about the timing and planning ahead... 35 20 Jun 2012

Ash tree death – facts of life :

Ash tree death – facts of life It's all about the timing and planning ahead... Thwart the "death curve." 36 20 Jun 2012

Ash tree death – facts of life :

Ash tree death – facts of life It's all about the timing and planning ahead... Thwart the "death curve." If this is news to you, contemplate what homeowners don't understand about this pest. 37 20 Jun 2012

Ash management – doable! :

Ash management – doable! 38 20 Jun 2012

EAB response options…? :

EAB response options…? 39 20 Jun 2012

EAB response options…? :

EAB response options…? Do nothing public safety issues 40 20 Jun 2012

EAB response options…? :

EAB response options…? Pre-emptive, rapid removals up-front budget impact healthy-looking trees 41 20 Jun 2012

EAB response options…? :

EAB response options…? Pre-emptive, rapid removals up-front budget impact healthy-looking trees tough-sell for munis 42 20 Jun 2012

EAB response options…? :

EAB response options…? Pre-emptive, rapid removals up-front budget impact healthy-looking trees tough-sell for munis Replacements? addn'l budget impact 43 20 Jun 2012

EAB response options…? :

EAB response options…? Canopy conservation age out naturally 44 20 Jun 2012

EAB response options…? :

EAB response options…? Canopy conservation age out naturally conserves other resources financial specimens natural genetics eco-system 45 20 Jun 2012

EAB response options…? :

EAB response options…? Canopy conservation (cont'd) outreach / teaching on-going "constant contact" citizen-science opportunities 46 20 Jun 2012

EAB response options…? :

EAB response options…? Which option is best? 47 20 Jun 2012

EAB response options…? :

EAB response options…? Some of each… 48 20 Jun 2012

Planning – integrated :

Planning – integrated Do nothing out in the woods 49 20 Jun 2012

Planning – integrated :

Planning – integrated Do nothing out in the woods Remove & replace the culls in the herd 50 20 Jun 2012

Planning – integrated :

Planning – integrated Do nothing out in the woods Remove & replace the culls in the herd Canopy conservation established healthy structurally sound 51 20 Jun 2012

Planning – integrated :

Planning – integrated Conservation works? Yep, and it's practical. Consensus document conservation belongs in integrated management programs 52 20 Jun 2012

Planning – integrated :

Planning – integrated “Cost-effective, environmentally sound EAB treatment protocols are now available that can preserve ash trees through peak EAB outbreaks with healthy canopy intact. Used in association with tree inventories and strategic removal / replacement of unhealthy ash, tree conservation will help retain maximum integrity and value of urban forests.” 53 20 Jun 2012

Planning – integrated :

Planning – integrated 54 20 Jun 2012

Planning – if deferred :

Planning – if deferred Risks... public safety worker safety financial resources biological resources environmental resources 55 20 Jun 2012

Planning + Action :

Planning + Action Diminishes risk to... safety Stabilizes impact on resources financial genetic / biological environmental 56 20 Jun 2012

Planning + Action :

Planning + Action Offers opportunity to... grow the institution build alliances increase membership develop future tree stewards become a trusted resource 57 20 Jun 2012

Planning + Action :

Planning + Action Don't dither. 58 20 Jun 2012

Planning + Action :

Planning + Action Don't dither. Get off the fence. 59 20 Jun 2012

Planning + Action :

Planning + Action Don't dither. Get off the fence. Get EAB management on your agenda. 60 20 Jun 2012

Planning – front burner :

Planning – front burner Addressing EAB must be a priority at all levels administrative managerial hands-on crews 61 20 Jun 2012

Planning – front burner :

Planning – front burner Degree of urgency depends on: ash assets in the collection ash burden % in natural areas proximity to known infestation(s) time since first detection(s) 62 20 Jun 2012

Planning – in context :

Planning – in context Goals... for your institution not necessarily the same as for another public garden 63 20 Jun 2012

Planning – in context :

Planning – in context Goals... not necessarily the same as for your collaborators municipalities parks, etc. or for your audience homeowners 64 20 Jun 2012

Planning – in context :

Planning – in context Internal goals? protect specimens conserve local genetics watershed considerations 65 20 Jun 2012

Planning – in context :

Planning – in context External goals? outreach collaborative local SPN the chance of a lifetime 66 20 Jun 2012

Planning – approaches :

Planning – approaches Multiple, framed by... best to worst-case scenarios There is no "best case" 67 20 Jun 2012

Planning – approaches :

Planning – approaches Framed by... worst-case scenario wholly reactive 68 20 Jun 2012

Planning – approaches :

Planning – approaches Framed by... worst-case scenario wholly reactive various not -worst-case scenarios time to complete advance work 69 20 Jun 2012

Planning – tools :

Planning – tools Four sets of planning tools... Elemental Conceptual Budgeting Action-based 70 20 Jun 2012

Planning – tools :

Planning – tools Elemental umbrella site www.emeraldashborer.info 71 20 Jun 2012

PowerPoint Presentation:

Multi-state 20 Jun 2012 72

PowerPoint Presentation:

EAB Mgmt Stmt 20 Jun 2012 73

PowerPoint Presentation:

FAQ… 20 Jun 2012 74

PowerPoint Presentation:

2012 Spring Tune-Up 20 Jun 2012 75

Planning – tools :

Planning – tools Elemental umbrella site, featuring http:// www.emeraldashborer.info/files/Multistate_EAB_Insecticide_Fact_Sheet.pdf http://www.emeraldashborer.info/files/conserve_ash.pdf http:// www.emeraldashborer.info/files/Potential_Side_Effects_of_EAB_Insecticides_FAQ.pdf incl. this May 2012 EABU webinar https ://connect.msu.edu/p9eirighlz7 / 76 20 Jun 2012

Planning – tools :

Planning – tools Elemental other sites Repercussions of Exponential Tree Death Due to EAB Chad Tinkel -- Forester, Ft. Wayne, IN http:// www.valent.com/professional/products/safari/video.cfm?ytid=LbPVXbVFyNU three 13-min segments Results of Emerald Ash Borer Insecticide Trials -- July 2012 Dan Herms, PhD -- OSU OARDC http:// www.oardc.ohio-state.edu/hermslab/images/Herms_EAB_Trial_Results_July_2012.pdf 77 20 Jun 2012

Planning – tools :

Planning – tools Conceptual - readiness resources vary by state State Departments of Agriculture, in cooperation with USDA-APHIS oversee detection & regulatory issues this fits w/ SPN mission 78 20 Jun 2012

Planning – tools :

Planning – tools Conceptual - readiness resources vary by state University Extension Purdue - excellent NABB http:// extension.entm.purdue.edu/eab/index.php?page=management/nabb Cornell EAB portal (new, award-winning) http ://www.nyis.info/? action=eab 79 20 Jun 2012

Planning – tools :

Planning – tools Conceptual - readiness resources vary by state DNR / DEC – div. forestry Wisconsin -- outstanding http:// dnr.wi.gov/topic/foresthealth/emeraldashborer.html http:// datcpservices.wisconsin.gov/eab/index.jsp tool kit -- w/ 2012 updates http:// dnr.wi.gov/topic/UrbanForests/EABToolBox.html http:// dnr.wi.gov/topic/UrbanForests/documents/EABToolBox/EAB-ManagingUrbanAsh.pdf 80 20 Jun 2012

Planning – tools :

Planning – tools Conceptual - readiness resources vary by state other sources of note Boone County, KY planning commission http:// www.boonecountyky.org/pc/EAB.aspx 2011 http:// www.boonecountyky.org/pc/UrbanForest/EABManagement.pdf 81 20 Jun 2012

Planning – tools :

Planning – tools Conceptual - readiness resources vary by state Beware!! plans more than a couple years old won't contain most current thinking plans pre-dating June 2009 can contain very misleading info on treatment tools and reliability many municipal plans are not dated 82 20 Jun 2012

Planning – tools :

Planning – tools Budget forecasting addressed in Hauer's talk pile of money spend fast spend slow 83 20 Jun 2012

Planning – tools :

Planning – tools Budget forecasting addressed in Hauer's talk pile of money spend fast spend slow spending can't be avoided 84 20 Jun 2012

Planning – tools :

Planning – tools Action-based inventory chainsaws treatment 85 20 Jun 2012

Planning – tools of action :

Planning – tools of action Inventory who has one? 86 20 Jun 2012

Planning – tools of action :

Planning – tools of action Inventory who has one? up to date? 87 20 Jun 2012

Planning – tools of action :

Planning – tools of action Inventory assistance from DNRs windshield 88 20 Jun 2012

Planning – tools of action :

Planning – tools of action Inventory assistance from DNRs windshield if pressed for time, do not get bogged down here 89 20 Jun 2012

Planning – tools of action :

Planning – tools of action Inventory assistance from DNRs windshield if pressed for time, do not get bogged down here serve your audience 90 20 Jun 2012

Planning – tools of action :

Planning – tools of action Inventory assistance from DNRs windshield if pressed for time, do not get bogged down here serve your audience sort the herd, prioritize 91 20 Jun 2012

Planning – tools of action :

Planning – tools of action Chainsaws appropriate for cull trees, but beware overuse... permanent solution to "temporary" problem? 92 20 Jun 2012

Planning – tools of action :

Planning – tools of action Treatment long-term healthy, structurally-sound trees cost effective increases... forest value eco-system services 93 20 Jun 2012

Planning – tools of action :

Planning – tools of action Treatment to "stage removals" 94 20 Jun 2012

Planning – tools of action :

Planning – tools of action Treatment to "stage removals" also as a hedge pending... research results pricing changes efficacy of biocontrols ? 95 20 Jun 2012

Planning – tools of action :

Planning – tools of action Treatment to "stage removals" as a hedge pending... research results pricing changes efficacy of biocontrols ? stabilizes the budget 96 20 Jun 2012

Planning – tools of action :

Planning – tools of action Treatment to "stage removals" or, to thwart the death curve 97 20 Jun 2012

Planning – tools of action :

Planning – tools of action Treatment 3 university-proven options one size does not fit all beware of claims otherwise 98 20 Jun 2012

Planning – tools of action :

Planning – tools of action Treatment 3 university-proven options one size does not fit all choices affected by tree size in-house / contract timing preferences 99 20 Jun 2012

Planning – tools of action :

Planning – tools of action Treatment imidacloprid Xytect , Merit dinotefuran Safari, Transtect emamectin benzoate Tree-age 100 20 Jun 2012

Canopy conservation… :

Canopy conservation… Treating forever?? 101 20 Jun 2012

Canopy conservation… :

Canopy conservation… Treating forever?? 6 - 9 yr "continuous" 102 20 Jun 2012

Canopy conservation… :

Canopy conservation… Treating forever?? 6 - 9 yr "continuous" the last untreated tree dies 103 20 Jun 2012

Canopy conservation… :

Canopy conservation… Treating forever?? 6 - 9 yr "continuous" the last untreated tree dies beetle population crashes 104 20 Jun 2012

Canopy conservation… :

Canopy conservation… Treating forever?? 6 - 9 yr "continuous" the last untreated tree dies beetle population crashes treatment inputs decrease 105 20 Jun 2012

Canopy conservation… :

Canopy conservation… Treating forever?? 6 - 9 yr "continuous" the last untreated tree dies beetle population crashes treatment inputs decrease half? two-thirds? more?? 106 20 Jun 2012

Canopy conservation… :

Canopy conservation… Treating forever?? 6 - 9 yr "continuous " the last untreated tree dies beetle population crashes treatment inputs decrease half? two-thirds? more?? This is sustainable… 107 20 Jun 2012

Sustainable? :

Sustainable? 108 20 Jun 2012

What is Sustainability? :

What is Sustainability? Features of sustainability… 109 20 Jun 2012

What is Sustainability? :

What is Sustainability? Features of sustainability… plants that thrive site constraints leeway with inputs (IPM) deploying best management tools long-term ROI Installations that endure… 110 20 Jun 2012

Installations that endure… :

Installations that endure… Influence urban settings… aesthetics desirability livability vitality revenues retail tax ecosystem services 111 20 Jun 2012

Installations that endure… :

Installations that endure… Influence urban settings… aesthetics revenues ecosystem services Increase in value over time… 112 20 Jun 2012

EAB is not the end… :

EAB is not the end… Until holes can be plugged, preventing influx of non-native pests and diseases, sustainable landscapes will require some assistance to endure. 113 20 Jun 2012

EAB is not the end… :

EAB is not the end… On the horizon Asian longhorn beetle gypsy moth hemlock wooly adelgid ??? support SPN!! 114 20 Jun 2012

Questions? :

Questions? 115 20 Jun 2012

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