Is GIS a small talk in the era SDIs

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Is GIS a small talk in the era of SDIs? The Case of Pakistan:

Is GIS a small talk in the era of SDIs? The Case of Pakistan

Data ?:

Data ? Used for planning and development Data collection is a public funded activity Broadly categorized as spatial and aspatial Spatial data relate to a location on the Earth

Geographic Information System (GIS) :

Geographic Information System (GIS) Introduced as a decision support system Meant for specific application domains Closed applications Data interoperability ?

Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) :

Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) Information System  Information Infrastructure Disparate GIS Systems  Integrated and Harmonized Infrastructure Multiple spatio -temporal datasets Sharing spatial data

Dilemma:

Dilemma

Dilemma (continue):

Dilemma (continue)

Value of GIS for SDI:

Value of GIS for SDI GIS Component Value for SDI Data Core component of any SDI Software Software is needed to process and manipulate data Hardware Hardware resources are essential to embed sharing, accessibility and retrieval of data Humans Success of SDI depends on participation of organizations and user groups Set of organizational protocols Organizational protocols are essential for SDI development

Value of SDI for GIS :

Value of SDI for GIS SDI Component Value for GIS Geospatial Data No GIS can be developed without datasets Metadata Metadata helps to select right dataset for GIS Clearinghouse Clearinghouse makes data available 24/7 to GIS users Standards Standardized datasets facilitate GIS application development Framework Framework helps in getting desired data quickly Partnerships Partnerships help to reduce GIS data cost

GIS Projects in Pakistan:

GIS Projects in Pakistan Who is the custodian of data that was produced during the project ? Was the data prepared on certain standards? How much money was spent on data collection? Was metadata prepared during the project? Is any document available to get information about the project?

GIS Projects in Pakistan:

GIS Projects in Pakistan Organization Web link Survey of Pakistan http://www.surveyofpakistan.gov.pk WWF-Pakistan http://www.wwfpak.org/gis/ Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO) http://www.suparco.gov.pk/pages/gis-projects-list.asp?gisplinksid=1 PITCO Pakistan http://www.pitcopk.com/gis-services National Engineering Services Pakistan (Pvt) Limited (NESPAK) http://www.nespak.com.pk/projects/major.asp?Ar=2&sector=9 City Pulse http://citypulse.com.pk/projects.html

GIS Projects in Pakistan:

GIS Projects in Pakistan P1. Pakistan Education Atlas P2. National Environment Information Management System (NEIMS) P3. Census of Schools in Punjab, Pakistan P4. Flood Risk Estimator P5. Land Record Management Information System (LRMIS)

Value of Projects for SDI:

Value of Projects for SDI Geospatial Data All the projects listed above are based on geospatial data as well as aspatial data. Metadata Exclusive data discovery coupled with metadata catalogue has not been found in all the projects. However little legacy land record discovery mechanism has been found in Land Record Management Information System (LRMIS) project .

Value of Projects for SDI:

Value of Projects for SDI Clearinghouse As no exclusive metadata catalogue was found in the projects, so presence of clearinghouse in such projects could not be established. Standards Information about the standards to develop, process and utilize the geospatial data in these projects has not been found on the relevant websites.

Value of Projects for SDI:

Value of Projects for SDI Framework No exclusive framework for the projects has been found on the relevant websites, except legal matters pertaining to Land Record Management Information System (LRMIS). Partnership In most of the projects partnership among national/international public as well as private sector organizations has been seen.

Value of Projects for SDI:

Value of Projects for SDI SDI Component P1 P2 P3 P4 P5 Geospatial Data √ √ √ √ √ Metadata X X X X X Clearinghouse X X X X X Standards X X X X X Framework X X X X X Partnerships √ √ X √ √

Bottom Line:

Bottom Line The infrastructures such as SDIs can be seen as information systems as they contain everything you find in an Information System (IS). But an infrastructure is something more than an IS. SDIs can be seen as an extension, combination, substitution and superimposition of the bits and pieces that already exist in the form of GIS Government of Pakistan ( GoP ) should focus on establishing SDI rather than GIS to avoid duplication of efforts as well as wastage of public money and time.

Thanks:

Thanks