biz ethics

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business ethics

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The other approaches to ethics assume that ethics should be impartial and that ,consequently, any special relationships that one may have with particular individual, such as relatives, friends or one’s employees should be set aside when determining what one should do. Such a conclusion is perverse & mistake.

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What will you do if your spouse & other person is drowning and you could save only one ?

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in such a situation, the special relationship of love and caring that you have with your spouse gives you a special obligation to care for them in a way that overrides obligations you may have towards strangers. This view, that we have an obligation to exercise special care towards those particular persons with whom we have valuable close relationships, particularly relations of dependency----- is a key concept in an “ETHICS OF CARE”

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A morality of care “ rests on an understanding of relationships as response to another in their terms” According to this “care” view of ethics, the moral task is not to follow universal & impartial moral principles but instead to attend & respond to the good of particular concrete persons with whom we are in valuable & close relationship. compassion , love , concern, friendship & kindness are all sentiments or virtues that normally manifest this dimension of morality.

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An ethics of care emphasizes two moral demands. We exist in a web of relationships & should preserve & nurture those concrete & valuable relationships we have with specific persons. We each should exercise special care for those with whom we are concretely related by attending to their particular needs, values, desires & well being as seen from their own personal perspective and by responding positively to these needs, values, desires, well being.

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It is important not to restrict the notion of concrete relationship to relationship between two individuals or between an individual & specific group. An ethics of care , therefore, can be seen as encompassing the kinds of obligations that a so called Communitarian ethics advocates. What is important in a communitarian ethics is not isolated individuals, but the community within which individuals discover who they are by seeing themselves as integral parts of larger community with its traditions, culture , practice & history.

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What kind of argument can be given in support of an ethic of care?

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An ethic of care can be based on the claim that the identity of the self- WHO I AM- is based on the relationships the self has with other selves. Thus it’s important in this context to distinguish three different forms of caring: Caring about something. Caring after something . Caring for someone.

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Caring about something : is the kind of concern & interest that one can have for things or ideas where there is no second person in whose subjective reality one becomes engrossed. Caring after someone : one can also become busy taking care of people in a manner that looks after their needs but remains objective & distant from them. The kind of caring demanded by an ethic of care is expressed by phrase “ caring for someone ”. It’s a kind of caring mother extends towards her child. Such caring focuses on person & their well being , not on things.

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Two additional issues are important here: First, not all relationships have value, and so not all would generate the duties of care. relationships with one who dominates , oppresses . relationships that are characterized by hatred , disrespect , viciousness & that injustice , exploitation . An ethic of care does not obligate us to maintain & nurture such relationships .

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Second , it’s important to recognize that the demands of caring are sometimes in conflict with the demands of justice.

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