agricultural resources

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POWER POINT PRESENTATION OF GEOGRAPHY.:

POWER POINT PRESENTATION OF GEOGRAPHY. NAME:SAHIL SINHA CLASS:X ‘A’ ROLL NO.-37 TOPIC:AGRICULTURAL RESOURCES

INDIA:

INDIA AGRICULTURAL RESOURCES

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India is one of the countries where agriculture has got a very important place.Like other resources,agricultural resources have significant influence on indian economy.Three fourths of her population depend on agriculture.Aricultural sector is the source of raw materials for many industries.It make the food basket richer for a nation like india which stands second in the world in terms of population.Agricultural sector in India is dynamic throughout the year.Variety in seasonal crops is the peculiarity of our agricultural sector.Thus agricultural crops are classified into two,based on seasonal changes

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(i) Kharif Crops : The crops which are sown in the rainy season are called kharif crops. The rainy season in India is generally from June to September. Paddy, maize, soyabean, groundnut, cotton , etc., are kharif crops . (ii) Rabi Crops : The crops grown in the winter season are called rabi crops. Their time period is generally from October to March. Examples of rabi crops are wheat, gram, pea, mustard and linseed.

RICE:

RICE Rice is the major food crop of the world. It is the staple diet of the tropical and sub-tropical regions. Rice needs high temperature, high humidity and rainfall. It grows best in alluvial clayey soil, which can retain water. China leads in the production of rice followed by India, Japan, SriLanka and Egypt. In favourable climatic conditions as in West Bengal and Bangladesh two to three crops a year are grown.

WHEAT:

WHEAT Wheat requires moderate temperature and rainfall during growing season and bright sunshine at the time of harvest. It thrives best in well drained loamy soil. Wheat is grown extensively in USA, Canada, Argentina, Russia, Ukraine, Australia and India. In India it is grown in winter.

MILLETS:

MILLETS They are also known as coarse grains and can be grown on less fertile and sandy soils. It is a hardy crop that needs low rainfall and high to moderate temperature and adequate rainfall. Jowar,bajra and ragi are grown in India. Other countries are Nigeria, China and Niger.

MAIZE:

MAIZE Maize requires moderate temperature,rainfall and lots of sunshine. It needs well-drained fertile soils. Maize is grown in North America, Brazil, China, Russia, Canada, India,and Mexico.

COTTON:

COTTON Cotton requires high temperature, light rainfall, two hundred and ten frost-free days and bright sunshine for its growth. It grows best on black and alluvial soils. China, USA, India, Pakistan, Brazil and Egypt are the leading producers of cotton. It is one of the main raw materials for the cotton textile industry.

JUTE:

JUTE Jute was also known as the ‘Golden Fibre’. It grows well on alluvial soil and requires high temperature,heavy rainfall and humid climate. This crop is grown in the tropical areas. India and Bangladesh are the leading producers of jute.

COFFEE:

COFFEE Coffee requires warm and wet climate and well drained loamy soil. Hill slopes are more suitable for growth of this crop. Brazil is the leading producer followed by Columbia and India.

TEA:

TEA Tea is a beverage crop grown on plantations. This requires cool climate and well distributed high rainfall throughout the year for the growth of its tender leaves . It needs well-drained loamy soils and gentle slopes . Labour in large number is required to pick the leaves . Kenya, India, China, Sri Lanka produce the best quality tea in the world.

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