9 things to know about Anterior Knee Pain

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Knee pain is a common term that is heard from people of different ages. The anterior knee pain occurs on the front and the centre part of the knee. Major structural damage can be seen on muscles, tendons, ligaments. It is generally observed that patients with anterior knee pain have patellar tracking towards the outer side of the femur.

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9 THINGS ABOUT ANTERIOR KNEE PAIN

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• Knee pain is a common term that is heard from people of different ages. • The anterior knee pain occurs on the front and the centre part of the knee. • Major structural damage can be seen on muscles tendons ligaments. • It is generally observed that patients with anterior knee pain have patellar tracking towards the outer side of the femur. INTRODUCTION

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• The kneecap which is also called the patella sits over the front of the knee joint. • When the knee happens to be a bend or straighten the underside of the patella glides over the bones. • Anterior knee pain generally occurs when the kneecap does not move properly and rubs against the lower part of the thigh bone. • As a result friction occurs between them and gradually the pain starts. It is caused due to the following problems: IMPORTANT FACTS YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT ANTERIOR KNEE PAIN

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• CHONDROMALACIA OF THE PATELLA: The softening and the bending of the tissues on either of the knee caps which is also called Chondromalacia of the patella. It occurs due to physical and biochemical changes which are manifested as softening and swelling of the cartilage underneath the patella. • The patella turns more to the outside part of the knee sometimes called the lateral compression syndrome. • PATELLOFEMORAL SYNDROME: It arises from the patellofemoral joint and underlying soft tissues. It happens due to a combination of several factors like overuse and overload of the patellar joints muscular weakness imbalance. The pain is located in the knee but the source of the problem is somewhere else.

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Symptoms • The most common symptom of the anterior knee pain is severe and aching pain in the knee. The pain starts gradually. The symptoms are- • The anterior knee pain can affect one knee first and later it can affect both the knees. It is activity-related. Pain that is generated due to bending of the knees while climbing staircases doing exercises.

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• After sitting for a prolonged time the anterior knee pain can also occur which is very much aching. • Popping sounds in the knees when you stand up after sitting for a long time or climb up the staircases. • To whom it is more common: – Young people sportsperson who remains physically active and participates more outdoor games and exercises a lot. – People having obesity. – People who suffered from dislocation or having fractures.

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SIGNS • The signs that are usually seen among patients are- • Limping due to discomfort. • Inability in stretching the knees due to redness and swelling of the knees.

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REMEDIES • Any pain that does not recover after taking adequate amount of rests should be evaluated by a physician. The physician can recommend several tests which enable to detect if there are any abnormalities: • X rays: Normal X-rays will give a complete idea of the dense structures like bones ligaments etc. • But special X-rays will determine if there is any problem in the shapes structures and alignment.

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• Magnetic Resonance Imaging MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging is done with the help of radio waves a magnetic field to produce a complete image of the affected part. The doctor will be able to see if there are any soft tissues underneath the bones. This will enable to detect if the underlying tissues of the bones might get injured from physical wear and tear. • Regular exercises a properly maintained balanced diet and the right amount of rests will help you out of the anterior knee pain.

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