Mesopotamia A-Z

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Mesopotamia A-Z :

Mesopotamia A-Z By: Agata and Zoe Mr. Mcmurray 10/24/16

A is for Alphabet:

A is for A lphabet A set of letters made to combine into words. This invention had a major impact in Mesopotamia and made the development of writing much easier.

B is for Babylon :

B is for B abylon Babylon was an ancient city located on the Euphrates river near what today is Baghdad, Iraq.

C is for Cuneiform :

C is for C uneiform Cuneiform was the world’s first system of writing. It was developed in Sumer. The invention of cuneiform was used to keep business records. They wrote works on grammar, history, and math as well as works of literature.

D is for Division of labor:

D is for D ivision of labor The type of arrangement in which each worker specializes in a particular task or job is called a division of labor. Some people became free to do other jobs because irrigation meant fewer people needed to farm. So new occupations developed.

E is for Empire:

E is for E mpir e An empire is a land with different territories and people under a single rule. Sargon wanted to expand Akkadian territory, so he created the world’s first empire, the Akkadian Empire.

F is for Fertile Crescent :

F is for F ertile Crescent The Fertile Crescent is a large arc of rich, or fertile, farmland. It is a larger area which contains a region called Mesopotamia which lies between Asia Minor and the Persian Gulf.

G is for Gods:

G is for G ods Gods are immortal people that ‘’mortal’’ people worshipped. The Sumerians believed that the gods held enormous power. Their main goal was to please the gods.

His for Hammurabi's code :

H is for H ammurabi's code Hammurabi’s code was a set of 282 laws that dealt with almost every part of everyday life.

I is for Irrigation :

I is for I rrigation Irrigation is the way of supplying water to an area of land. Farmers in Mesopotamia used irrigation to control the rivers Euphrates and Tigris’ flow.

J is for Judah:

J is for J udah Judah was the fourth son of Jacob who was forebear of one of the tribes of Israel; one of his descendants was to be the Messiah. Mesopotamian king, Nebuchadnezzar ll expanded the Babylonian Empire conquering Judah and Jerusalem.

K is for Kings :

K is for K ings A king is a powerful ruler that has control of a certain area. Assyrian kings ruled their large empire through local leaders.

L is for Laws:

L is for L aws Laws are a system of rules that people should follow in that area. Hammurabi, a king of Babylon was famous for creating a set of laws.

N is for Nebuchadn-ezzar II:

N is for N ebuchadn-ezzar II Nebuchadnezzar II was Chaldeans most famous king. He rebuilt Babylon into a beautiful city.

M is for Monarch :

M is for M onarch A monarch was a ruler of a kingdom or empire. Hammurabi became Babylon’s greatest monarch.

O is for chariOt :

O is for chari O t A chariot was a wheeled, horse-drawn cart used in battle. The Hittites used this invention to move quickly around a battlefield and fire arrows at their enemies.

Q is for Quadratic :

Q is for Q uadratic Quadratic is a type of mathematics. Mesopotamians had a wide knowledge of mathematics including addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, quadratic and cubic equations, and fractions.

Pis for Polytheism:

P is for P olytheism Sumerians practiced Polytheism, the worship of many gods. They believed that every success in every area of life was based on pleasing the gods.

R is for Religion :

R is for R eligion Sumerians practiced Polytheism, the worship of many gods. The gods they worshiped included Enlil, god of air; Enki, god of wisdom; Inanna, god of love and war; Utu and Nanna represented the sun and moon.

S is for Sumerians :

S is for S umerians People known as Sumerians developed the world’s first civilization. Historians are unclear about from where they came. By 3000 BC several hundred thousands of them settled in Sumer, a land in Mesopotamia.

T is for Tigris :

T is for T igris The Tigris and the Euphrates rivers surround Mesopotamia. The Tigris and the Euphrates rivers brought silt to the land which made the land ideal for farming.

U is for Ur:

U is for U r Ur was an empire in Mesopotamia. Ur rose to glory after the death of Sargon, but repeated foreign attacks drained its strength.

V is for Revolution :

V is for Re v olution A revolution is a radical change. The Mesopotamians made an agriculture revolution by using irrigation to farm their land.

W is for Wheel:

W is for W heel A circular object that revolves in an axle. The wheel was Sumerians’ most important development. With this invention they were able to create wheeled vehicles, including carts and wagons. They also invented a device called a potter’s wheel which spins clay as a craftsperson shapes it into bowls.

X is for Xeric :

X is for Xeric A dry habitat containing very little moisture. Mesopotamia was in a place like an Xeric (desert).

Y is for Year :

Y is for Year Mesopotamians developed a math system based on the number 60. They divided a year into 12 months, a factor of 60.

Z is for Ziggurat:

Z is for Z iggurat A Ziggurat is a rectangular stepped tower, kind of like a pyramid shaped temple tower. City centers were dominated by these. They were the largest and most impressive buildings in Sumer.

Bibliography :

Bibliography Shek, Richard. Holt World History California: Ancient Civilizations. HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON. January 1, 2006 “ .” “” htp:// “” “” “” “” “” “” “” “” “” “”