Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery (MISS)

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Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery MISS

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 Traditionally spine surgery was conducted through the o pen s ur g ery way. This method involved a long incision which enabled the surgeon to observe and access the specific anatomy with ease.  This process was extremely helpful as the entire anatomy was approachable for the surgeon.  But the open surgery method had drawbacks as well. Hence with technological advancements better methods of surgery were developed and this resulted in the emergence of minimally invasive surgical technique.

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 Long incision method damaged a wider area and affected more muscles resulting in more pain for the patient after the surgery.  On the contrary minimally invasive surgical technique avoids long incision and eliminates the risk of damage to muscles that surround the spine.  This ensures that the patient goes through less muscle damage and there is lesser pain after the surgery.

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When is minimally invasive surgery indicated  Minimally invasive surgery is an alternative to open surgery. Hence the indications for both are same.  This surgery is done to relieve those painful symptoms of back pain which medications and physical therapy fail to cure.  Also to perform this surgery it is crucial that the doctor knows the precise source of pain.  Examples of such cases are spinal stenosis and herniated disk.

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 There are several techniques for performing minimally invasive surgery but all of them have one common feature- Smaller incisions resulting in fewer muscle damage.  Procedures such as spinal fusion and lumbar decompression can be treated with this surgery.  The process of decompression removes few portions of herniated disk or bone so that the pressure on spinal nerves is removed.  In the spinal fusion process small bones of spine known as vertebrae are fused together. This allows them to heal and become a tough single bone.

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