federalism

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federalism

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Federalism 22/05/13 Aditya saravanan 10 B "We are all Republicans – we are all federalists“ – Thomas Jefferson

Federalism:

Federalism Federalism is a system of government in which power is divided between a central authority and various constituent units of the country

Federalism practiced in countries:

Federalism practiced in countries The in areas red represent the federalist countries

Project Description:

Project Description Objective To understand the key features of federalism To examine forms of federalism practiced throughout the world

Features of federalism:

Features of federalism Two or more tiers of govt. present Different tiers have different areas of jurisdiction Existence and authority of each tier is guaranteed Changes in the fundamental provisions of the constitution require consent if each tier of the government

Features of federalism:

Features of federalism The courts have power to interpret the constitution and the powers of different levels of the government Sources of revenue for each level are clearly specified to ensure its financial autonomy

Types of federalism:

Types of federalism Coming together federalism Holding together federalism

Coming together federalism:

Coming together federalism It is a form of federalism in which independent states come together on their own so that by pooling sovereignty and retaining identity they can increase their security. All the states have equal power For example – USA, Australia, Switzerland

Holding together federalism:

Holding together federalism In this type of government the country decides to divide its powers between the constituent states and the national government The states have unequal powers and the central govt. is more powerful For example – India, Spain, Belgium

Distribution of power:

Distribution of power The national subjects are divided into 3 main categories and a residuary category :- Union list State list Concurrent list Residuary subjects ( these subjects are matters that are on neither of the govt’s authority)

Subjects :

Subjects Union list – This list contains matters under the central government’s jurisdiction State list – This list contains matters under the state government’s jurisdiction Concurrent list – This list contains matters under both the government’s jurisdiction

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