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FREEDOM OF expression:

FREEDOM OF expression English 12 th May, 2014 Ana Catarina Almeida, number 1 11 th Grade, 3 rd Class


contents 1. Introduction 2. Freedom of expression and its advantages 3. The roots of freedom of expression 4. Freedom of expression around the world 5. Conclusion 7. Quotes


According to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, proclaimed in 1948, Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression. This right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers . Introduction


Freedom of expression is recurrently limited through tactics that include censorship, restrictive press legislation and harassment of journalists, bloggers and others who voice their opinions, as well as crackdowns on religious minorities. FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION


The right to freedom of expression is a fundamental human right , which is shown as a corollary of human dignity, representing a necessary foundation for the survival of the state. Therefore it should be defended by all the citizens and protected by certain authorities. It is also closely related to freedom of religion and freedom of the press . FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION


Concepts: Censorship means the use of state power to control freedom of expression, the ideas and information that circulate within a society. So, in democratic countries where it’s practiced, democracy will only be for the people who have an access to an authority ; F reedom of religion or freedom of belief is a principle that supports the freedom of an individual or community, in public or private, to manifest religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship, and observance . FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION


ADVANTAGES As it is a core to the definition of freedom, the importance of free speech as a basic and valuable characteristic cannot be underestimated. 


At an individual level, freedom of expression is the key to the development and fulfilment of every person. People can gain an understanding of their surroundings and the wider world by exchanging ideas and information freely with others. This makes them more confident and more able to plan their lives and to work. Sharing ideas can enhance productivity at the workplace, not to mention that it fosters social relationships. ADVANTAGES


At a national level, freedom of expression is necessary for good government and therefore for economic and social progress . Free debate about new legislation helps ensure that the eventual law has the support of the population, making it more likely to be respected; If people can speak their minds without fear, and the media are allowed to report what is being said, the government can become aware of any concerns and address them. Free debate about and between political parties exposes their strengths and weaknesses, as a result media scrutiny of the government and the opposition helps expose corruption or other improprieties and prevents a culture of dishonesty. ADVANTAGES


Freedom of expression is recognized as a fundamental civil liberty for the maintenance of a healthy modern democracy but its roots go back far into history. In the year 508 B.C, the democracy was proclaimed in Ancient Greece. Although with restrictions to women, foreigners and slaves, some of the citizens started to have the power to express themselves and contribute to the progress of the Greek civilization. ROOTS


In the USA, the freedom of expression was ensured by the First Amendment, adopted on December 15, 1791. “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances .” In Portugal, the concept remained unknown until 1974. Fifty years ago, our grandparents, parents and teachers lived in a time of dictatorship, in which citizens were persecuted and censored. roots

Around the world:

Nowadays, the right is preserved in the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights and is granted formal recognition by the laws of most nations. Nonetheless the degree to which the right is upheld in practice varies greatly from one nation to another. At the moment, "free speech" is not so free in some places around the globe. In numerous countries, the right to express one's thoughts and beliefs is under assault. Individuals throughout the world face harassment and imprisonment as a result of exercising their right to freedom of expression. For example, in nations as Sudan, Somalia, Ethiopia and Iraq human rights defenders are arrested and tortured to death. Or even closer to us, in Russia, has been noticed the fact that the murders of 17 journalists, all critical of the policies and actions of government , that remain unresolved. Around the world


This black and white picture depicts a middle-aged man with his eyes and mouth covered. The artist creates an atmosphere of sadness, distress and pain, representative of the inability of the man to open his horizons, to follow his dreams. At the first glance we immediately realize how lucky we are: we have the power to speak, to think, to argue. cartoon


F reedom of expression, the right to express one's ideas and opinions freely through speech, writing, and other forms of communication, has developed towards progress over the years. However, there is still a long path to tread to type it as universal. Some experts have been asking where our freedom stops. In my opinion, there is no freedom which is absolute and unlimited. The exercise of the right to freedom of expression carries with it duties and responsibilities; it may be subject to formalities , conditions, restrictions or penalties as are prescribed by law and are necessary in a democratic society. Quoting Oliver Holmes, my freedom ends where yours begins . We are free until the certain point where we stop respecting the law and the ones around us . Question to consider : In your opinion, what is the limit of freedom of expression? conclusion


“If we don't believe in freedom of expression for people we despise, we don't believe in it at all.” Noam Chomsky “I do not agree with what you have to say, but I'll defend to the death your right to say it.” Voltaire “Proclaim the truth and do not be silent through fear.” Catherine of Siena “ Free speech means the right to shout 'theatre' in a crowded fire.” Abbie Hoffman quotes

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