IPv6_Value_Proposition_June_2003final

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IPv6 Value PropositionAn Industry view of IPv6 Advantages : 

IPv6 Value PropositionAn Industry view of IPv6 Advantages US IPv6 Global Summit June 25-27, 2003 [email protected] IPv6 Technical Directorate – IPv6 Forum Networks Technical Director – OSSG HP Pr. Member of Technical Staff

Agenda : 

June 2003 Page 2 Agenda What is IPv6 IPv6 Advantages IPv6 Value Proposition IPv6 Status Update IPv6 Impact on the Communications Industry

What is Internet Protocol version 6? : 

June 2003 Page 3 What is Internet Protocol version 6? IPv6 is the Next-Generation Internet Protocol The current version (IPv4) is running out of addresses The current version has become too complex to manage IPv6 leaps from 32 to 128-bit addressing IPv6 facilitates The global move toward anywhere, anytime, anyway Internet access

Where we are Today issues with IP?IPv4 a victim of its own Success : 

June 2003 Page 4 Where we are Today issues with IP?IPv4 a victim of its own Success IPv4 addresses consumed at an alarming rate Interim measures in place have helped Eased the routing table growth (CIDR) Reduced the pressure on address space (NAT) But at the cost of lost transparency (End-to-End) model IPv4 System administration is Labor intensive, complex, slow, and error prone Security is optional; no single standard QoS is optional

NAT: The broken IPv4 solution to scalability : 

June 2003 Page 5 NAT: The broken IPv4 solution to scalability Translates IP addresses to ports But unidirectional session initiation from within Overhead of unnecessary translation Protocol incompatibilities Limits implementation of application servers Breaks peer-to-peer applications Interactive games VoIP Real-time collaboration and sharing

IPv6 - Why do we Care?Wireless and Internet Converge : 

June 2003 Page 6 Customer demand for Quality of Service and increased security Mass market global adoption of mobile communications Convergence Accelerating growth of existing Internet usage and New Internet usages 1 billion Internet users by 2005 Accelerating growth New Internet usages 1 billion mobile users by 2005, Always-on devices, Internet appliances devices, Home networks IPv4 is out of addressing space IPv6 - Why do we Care?Wireless and Internet Converge

Where we want to be?IPv6: Driving the Internet : 

June 2003 Page 7 Where we want to be?IPv6: Driving the Internet “Everything to the Internet” Pervasive Internet Solve many of the problems caused by the IPv4 success and more... IPv6 deployment For the continued growth and success of the Internet A natural evolution from IPv4 Designed with extensibility and scalability in mind

IPv6 Immediate Benefits : 

June 2003 Page 8 IPv6 Immediate Benefits Increased Address Space - 128 bits 2^128 is a really big number Enough unique addresses for all devices Efficient and Extensible IP datagram Efficient Route Computation and Aggregation And while we’re at it, we might as well make a few other improvements…

IPv6 Header Comparison with IPv4 : 

June 2003 Page 9 128 bit Source Address 128 bit Destination Address bit 0 31 Version IHL Total Length Identifier Flags Fragment Offset 32 bit Source Address 32 bit Destination Address 8 24 16 Service Type Options and Padding Time to Live Header Checksum Protocol 31 Version Class Flow Label Payload Length Next Header Hop Limit 4 12 24 16 IPv6 Header Comparison with IPv4 IPv4 Header 20 octets, 12 fields, including 3 flag bits + fixed max number of options IPv6 Header 40 octets, 8 fields + Unlimited Chained Extension (options) Header Changed bit 0

Design PhilosophyLearning from Experience : 

June 2003 Page 10 Design PhilosophyLearning from Experience Recognizable yet simplified header format Reduce common-case processing cost of packet handling Keep bandwidth overhead low in spite of increased size of the address Flexible and extensible support for option headers IP options have been moved to a set of optional Extension Headers Extension Headers are chained together

IPv6 Header Performance Wins Layout : 

June 2003 Page 11 IPv6 Header Performance Wins Layout Fixed Size IPv6 Header Fewer fields in basic header faster processing of basic packets 64 Bit Alignment Header/Options Efficient option processing Option fields processed only when present Options not limited at 40 bytes Processing of most options limited performed only at destination

IPv6 Header Performance Wins Processing : 

June 2003 Page 12 IPv6 Header Performance Wins Processing Remove checksum from Network Layer Datalinks are more reliable these days Upper Layer checksums are now mandatory (for example, TCP, UDP, ICMPv6) No fragmentation in the network Reduce load on routers Easier to implement in hardware Easy for Layer 3 switching of IP

Addressing Model (RFC 2373) : 

June 2003 Page 13 Addressing Model (RFC 2373) Many kinds of Address No change from IPv4 model Addresses assigned to interfaces Interfaces have multiple addresses IPv6 addresses have scope and lifetime

IPv6 Unicast Address : 

June 2003 Page 14 IPv6 Unicast Address Address = prefix of n bits + interface ID of 128-n bits Separate “who you are” from “where you are connected to” Aggregatable Global Unicast Address format prefix Interface ID 128-n bits n bits Prefix Representation <prefix>::/<n-bits> 3FFE:0301:DEC1:: 0A00:2BFF:FE36:701E

IPv6 AdvantageRestoration of End-to-End Model : 

June 2003 Page 15 IPv6 AdvantageRestoration of End-to-End Model With NAT (IPv4): Need to learn IP address “outside the NAT” Need to provide that address to peer 3rd party registration servers could be needed to find peers Because NAT changes the IP address, IPSec will not work With IPv6 Just use the IPv6 address IPSec in IPv6: It’s mandatory Provides end-to-end security Authentication Encryption Peer-to-Peer Apps: Instant messaging Interactive games VoIP

IPv6 Advantage Automatic Connectivity : 

June 2003 Page 16 IPv6 Advantage Automatic Connectivity Provides Network Stateless and Stateful plug-and-play Link Local Address (No router or server required) Stateless mechanism - Router advertisements provide prefix Stateful mechanism - Server provides address (DHCP) Simplified Network Administration Lower network maintenance Easy Renumbering Designed to happen! Improved Competition and an end of ISP “lock in”!

IPv6 Advantage Improved Mobile IP support : 

June 2003 Page 17 IPv6 Advantage Improved Mobile IP support IPv6 Mobility is based on core features of IPv6 IPv6 is designed to support Mobility Mobility is not an “Add-on” features No single point of failure More Scalable : Better Performance

IPv6 AdvantageMandates IP Security : 

June 2003 Page 18 IPv6 AdvantageMandates IP Security Security features are standardized and mandated All implementations must offer them Extensions to the IP protocol suite Operates at the IP layer Invisible to applications Protects all upper layer protocols

IPv6 AdvantageInbuilt Quality of Service : 

June 2003 Page 19 IPv6 AdvantageInbuilt Quality of Service Support for DiffServ (Differentiated Service) Class field enables a source to identify desired class of service / delivery priority of its packets Correspond to Type-Of-Service in IPv4 Support for IntServ (Integrated Service) Enable a source to identify flows needing special QoS Flow is a sequence of packets which need special handling Not fully defined yet

IPv6 AdvantageSimple IPv4/IPv6 Interoperations : 

June 2003 Page 20 IPv6 AdvantageSimple IPv4/IPv6 Interoperations Many solutions to deliver IPv6 services One size does not fit all Many tools Dual IP layer Tunnels Configured, automatic, 6to4, ISATAP, Teredo DSTM Protocol Translation

IPv6 Deployment - Facts Keys to Deploying IPv6 Successfully : 

June 2003 Page 21 IPv6 Deployment - Facts Keys to Deploying IPv6 Successfully Facts: Millions of nodes are running IPv4 today Some nodes will never upgrade to IPv6 Large investment in IPv4 applications Consequences: IPv4 and IPv6 will coexist for an extended period Transition should prevent isolation of IPv4 nodes No disruption - no Flag Day IPv6 and IPv4 routers and hosts can interoperate No Dependencies - Incremental upgrade and deployment IPv6 routers and hosts can be deployed in a highly diffused and incremental fashion Low start-up costs Make transition as easy as possible for end-users, system administrators, and network operators

Practical Aspects of IPv6 Deployment : 

June 2003 Page 22 Practical Aspects of IPv6 Deployment Analyze your infrastructure Obtain addresses Your IPv6 Internet Service Provider will delegate a block of address space Pick appropriate deployment scenario Routing/subnet layout DNS Network Management And then plan for hosts ….. Expect most systems will be software upgradeable Beware of IPv4 implementations in hardware Ask your vendors about their IPv6 plans before buying new hardware New and modified software IP stack, DNS, DHCP, routing protocols Transparent for end users Network Administrator Quite a lot to learn, but much has a familiar feel

IETF IPv6 Standardization Status : 

June 2003 Page 23 IETF IPv6 Standardization Status Core IPv6 specifications are IETF Draft Standards level Some specifications are a little behind on the standards track: mobile IPv6, header compression, DHCPv6

IETF IPv6 Work in progress : 

June 2003 Page 24 IETF IPv6 Work in progress Address selection Address allocation DNS discovery Anycast addressing Scoped address Flow Label semantics API issues Flow Label, Traffic Class, Scoping etc DHCPv6 (dhcp wg) Multihoming (multi6 wg) Transition Mechanisms (v6ops wg) DNS operational discussion (dnsops wg)

IPv6 Value Proposition Engineered to Perform and Protect : 

June 2003 Page 25 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6 Value Proposition Engineered to Perform and Protect Uses a 32-bit address Running out of internet addresses Security was an add-on System management is complex and slow Incredibly successful 20 + years old Uses 128-bit addressing Enough address space to give every human on the planet a unique IP address Mandatory and effective IP security Less Infrastructure Maintenance and complexity required More efficient Mobile IP = seamless service availability Architecture of the future = Next Generation internet protocol

IPv6 Impact on the Communications Industry : 

June 2003 Page 26 IPv6 Impact on the Communications Industry Complexity is reduced Optimal conditions for continued evolution of the Internet To provide seamless Internet connectivity anytime, anywhere, always-on To provide as many pervasive services as possible to as many users as possible New End-to-End Applications can now evolve again Internet End-to-End + Pervasive Services + New Applications + Reduced Cost = Profit

IPv6 in the 21st Century : 

June 2003 Page 27 IPv6 in the 21st Century IPv6 will provide an Internet evolution to support the connectivity of devices and people worldwide At a scale that is beyond the dreams of the Internet when it was created, or as it exist now, where devices are pervasive and ubiquitous and people are mobile IPv6 Everything is possible

Slide 28: 

June 2003 Page 28 “Remember TIMING is an important factor in any success story” IPv6 Everything is possible Questions?

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