Emotions-understanding it and how to deal with it

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Emotions:

Emotions

What You’ll learn today?:

What You’ll learn today? 3 Components of Emotion : Physiological , Cognitive , and Behavioral 4 Theories of Emotion: James-Lange , Cannon-Bard , Facial-Feedback and Schachter’s Two-Factor Emotional Intelligence Cultural Similarities and Differences

What is Emotion?:

What is Emotion?

Physiological (Arousal) Component:

Physiological (Arousal) Component Internal physical changes occur when one experiences an emotion Physiological reactions are mainly controlled by Brain autonomic nervous system (ANS)

The Brain:

The Brain Emotional experiences result from interactions between few areas of the brain Cerebral cortex (brain’s outermost layer) Limbic system Cerebral cortex – body’s ultimate control & information processing centre (ability to recognize & regulate emotions)

Slide 6:

Limbic system Electrical stimulation of parts of LS produces automatic, “sham rage” Amygdala in LS plays a key role in the emotional response of fear through transmission of signals

Dual Pathway as warning system:

Dual Pathway as warning system Not all emotional arousal occurs with conscious awareness. Mama?

Slide 8:

Joseph LeDoux says… Sensory inputs capable of eliciting emotions arrive in thalamus send messages along 2 pathways; cortex or amygdala

The Autonomic Nervous System:

The Autonomic Nervous System ANS produces obvious signs of arousal The automatic responses result from interconnections between ANS and various glands and muscles 2 Subdivisions of ANS – Sympathetic Nervous System Parasympathetic Nervous System

Slide 10:

Combined action of both systems allows response to emotional arousal and return to relaxed state

Cognitive (Thinking) Component:

Cognitive (Thinking) Component Thought, values and expectations determine type and intensity of emotional responses So, emotional reactions are very individual Cognitions (thoughts) about emotions are tough to described and measured scientifically because :- Individuals differ in the ability to monitor or report on emotional states Tendency to lie or hide true feelings Impractical or unethical to artificially create emotions in a lab Memories of emotions are not foolproof ( recall on memories)

Behavioral (expressive) component:

Behavioral (expressive) component Emotional expressions is a powerful form of communication Aside talking about emotions:-

Check thou expressions…:

Check thou expressions… Social smile Real smile

4 theories of emotion:

4 theories of emotion

James-Lange Theory:

James-Lange Theory Emotions depend on feedback from physiological arousal and behavioral expressions We feel sorry because we cry We feel angry because we strike We feel afraid because we tremble

Why tremble unless you’re afraid?:

Why tremble unless you’re afraid? Bodily response of trembling is a reaction to a specific stimulus Perception of autonomic arousal, actions and changes in facial expression that produce “emotions” Arousal and expression cause emotions

Cannon-bard theory:

Cannon-bard theory All emotions are physiologically similar Arousal, cognitions and expressions occur simultaneously All emotions are physiologically similar Arousal in not necessary in emotion

Slide 18:

Cognitive experience of emotion (fear) Physiological arousal & behavioral expressions (heart palpitations)

Facial-Feedback Hypothesis:

Facial-Feedback Hypothesis Facial changes :- Correlate with and intensify emotions Cause emotion itself Contraction of facial muscles send specific messages to the brain, identifying each emotion Supports evolutionary theory that freely expressing emotion intensifies it and vice versa Automatic, innate and unconscious imitation of facial expressions that match others’ expressions

Schachter’s two-factor theory:

Schachter’s two-factor theory Emotions depend on two factors:- Physical arousal Cognitive labeling of that arousal Our experience of emotion comes from a cognitive awareness of bodily arousal Emotions are physiologically similar We look to “external” rather than “internal” cues to differentiate and label emotions

Slide 21:

James-Lange Theory Cannon-Bard Theory Emotional stimulus (snake) ANS arousal Behavior (run) Emotions /Feelings (fear) Thalamus Emotional stimulus (snake) ANS arousal Behavior (run) Emotions /Feelings (fear)

Slide 22:

Facial-Feedback Theory Schachter’s Two-Factor Theory Emotional stimulus (snake) ANS arousal Behavior (run) Emotions /Feelings (fear) Facial Expression Emotional stimulus (snake) Arousal plus label ( I’m afraid) Emotions /Feelings (fear) Behavior (run)

Emotional intelligence:

Emotional intelligence Knowing and managing one’s emotions, empathizing with others and maintaining satisfying relationships Emotionally intelligent person combines 3 components of emotions (cognitive, physiological and behavioral) A high EI explains why people of modest IQ often more successful than those with higher IQ Conventional measures of intelligence ignore crucial abilities that characterize excellence (self-awareness, impulse, persistence, self-motivation, zeal)

Cultural similarities :

Cultural similarities Feelings can be condensed into 7 to 10 culturally universal emotions

How about those unlisted?:

How about those unlisted? Love is a combination of primary emotions with variations in intensity Primary emotions (fear, acceptance, joy) combine to form secondary emotions (love, submission, awe, optimism) All emotions are expressed and recognized in essentially the same way in all cultures

Slide 26:

Love Submission Awe Disappointment Remorse Contempt Aggressiveness Optimism Plutchik’s Wheel of Emotion

Cultural differences:

Cultural differences Each culture has its own display rules governing how, when, and where to express emotions There are variations in display rules as there are cultures in the world Public physical contact is also governed by display rules

The end keep your emotions in check :

The end keep your emotions in check

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