TOURISM3-LAWN TENNIS

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LAWN TENNIS TOURISM3

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History Major Walter C. Wingfield - An Englishman - invented lawn tennis on 1873 “Sphairistiké”- French word meaning “ball playing” - first name of Lawn Tennis The early game was played on an hourglass-shaped court, widest at the baselines and narrowest at the net.

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Wingfield borrowed heavily from the older games of court tennis and squash racquets and from the Indian game of badminton. According to Christopher Freville, the rules of the game were set by the year 1890 and very little has changed since then. The sport rapidly gained popularity and was soon played by people in almost all levels of society.

Augurio Perera and Major Harry Gem - mid-19th century - were one of the first people to play the sport - founded the Worlds First Tennis Club -1872 in Leamington Spa 1884 - first tennis tournaments are being conducted - Shrubland Hall.Mary Ewing Outerbridge - young socialite - pioneered the sport in America - 1874 : 

Augurio Perera and Major Harry Gem - mid-19th century - were one of the first people to play the sport - founded the Worlds First Tennis Club -1872 in Leamington Spa 1884 - first tennis tournaments are being conducted - Shrubland Hall.Mary Ewing Outerbridge - young socialite - pioneered the sport in America - 1874

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Tennis is an action-filled game played with a racket and a ball by two or four competitors, Played on a rectangular court with a net strung between the midpoints of the longer sides of the court. Tennis may be played indoors or outdoors on a flat surface called a tennis court. Guidelines

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The game ranks as one of the most popular spectator and participation sports in the world, with fans and competitors in more than 100 countries. Originally called lawn tennis to distinguish it from the sport of court tennis, from which it was derived, the game is now commonly known as tennis.

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Equipments Rackets components: - handle - neck - elliptical frame - tightly pulled strings Size: - 32 inches long - 11 ½ inches width Balls - hollow rubber with a felt coating - yellow or white

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Miscellaneous - Vibration dampers may be interlaced in the proximal part of the string array for improved feel. - Racket handles may be customized with absorbent materials to improve the players' grip - Players also use sweat bands on their wrists to keep their hands dry - Specialized tennis shoes

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TENNIS COURT

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LINES BASELINE and SERVICE LINE -lines that delineate the width of the court DOUBLES SIDELINES. -short mark in the center of each baseline SINGLES SIDE LINES -lines to the inside of the double sidelines -used as boundaries in singles play DOUBLES ALLEY -area between a doubles sidelines and the nearest sideline which is considered playable in doubles play

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SERVICE LINES -line that run across the center of a player’s side of the court because the serve must be delivered into the area between the service line and the net on the receiving side The court is marked with white lines to indicate its dimensions and service areas. Courts - grass - clay - asphalt - concrete - wood - artificial grass

Scoring System : 

Scoring System Scoring system in tennis is very unusual and different from other games. Score starts as Love, 15, 30, 40 and after that the player can win a point. Love is nothing but “zero” score.

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Scoring in tie situations where both players have won the same number of points also varies. If each player has won three points, the score is described as "deuce" rather than "40–all". From this point on, whenever the score is tied, it is described as "deuce" regardless of how many points have been played. Advantage scoring" (or "ads") scoring beyond a "deuce" score, in which both players have scored three points a piece, requires that one player must win two consecutive points in order to win the game.

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Advantage In - type of scoring, the player who wins the next point after deuce Advantage in - When the server is the player with the advantage, the score may be stated by him before the next point Advantage out - When the server's opponent has the advantage, the server may state the score These phrases are sometimes shortened to "ad in" and "ad out." Alternatively, the server may simply use players' names; in professional tournaments the umpire announces the score in this format.

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RULES and REGULATIONS TENNIS RULES Tennis can be played indoors, as well as outdoors. It may be a singles game or a doubles game. The dimension of tennis court is 78 feet long and 27 feet wide for singles. For doubles, it is 78 feet long and 36 feet wide. Tennis game is played between two opponents with an aim of scoring points. Points are scored, if an opponent doesn't return the ball that has been hit by another opponent successfully.

There are spaces on either side of the net, which are called service courts. Deuce court and advantage court are service courts situated on the right and left side of the player. : 

There are spaces on either side of the net, which are called service courts. Deuce court and advantage court are service courts situated on the right and left side of the player. To start with the game, one player (server) has to toss and hit the ball in diagonal direction. The ball has to land in the receiver’s deuce court. After this, players start playing from the advantage court.

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Scoring Players alternate sides of serving and win the game when they won four points by a margin of two. Traditional scoring is called "ad scoring" and is counted as: love, 15, 30, 40. Deuce represents both sides having 40 where players will still need to win by a margin of two, thus the score goes into an "ad" to the side that is ahead with deuce bringing it back to a level game. To win a set, 6 games need to be won by a margin of two. At 6-6 a tiebreaker is normally played where the first player to win 7 points wins.

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Boundaries The court is divided into a series of lines that mark the boundaries of the inside of the court. If a ball lands within the boundaries it is in play. If the ball hits the white line, it is still in play. If it is a singles match, the boundaries are narrower, not including the alley, which are the two long rectangles down the sides of the court. These alleys extend the court by 6 feet, 3 on each side, and are used when there are four players on the court, called a doubles match.

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Official tennis rules The overall goal of tennis is to gain point to win, games, sets and matches. Sets include the highest score out of three games for women and for men, the highest score out of five for men. A set is won if a player leads by two clear games or more. Singles Server/receiver- chosen by a coin toss or by spinning the racket. The one who wins the toss can give the choice to other person, choose which end to play and let the other person serve or choose to serve and let the other person choose the end they wish to play. The server (person playing first) is changed every game and the ends are changed every other game.

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Doubles Serving is alternated from team to team and from player to player so that each player serves every fourth game. Both partners (of receivers and servers) can stand anywhere they want, however it is traditional for partners to stand side by side. Penalties Touching opponents ground, the net or posts or any other person or official in the game. Carrying the ball or catching it in the racket.

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3. Hitting the ball two times or before it has crossed the net. 4. If the ball hits or touches anything on (clothes) or carried by the player (with the exception of the racket). 5. Throwing the racket or other kinds of racket abuse.

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NATIONAL TENNIS CENTER A large crowd watches a match during the 2001 United States Open at the National Tennis Center in Flushing Meadows, New York. The complex includes numerous courts; the main stadium shown here is named after Arthur Ashe, the American tennis champion and coach.

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STADE ROLAND GARROS Stade Roland Garros in Paris is the home of the French Open, one of the four major tennis championships. The bright red clay surface of this tournament slows the pace of play, putting a higher premium on groundstrokes than in the other grand slam competitions.

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WIMBLEDON The All England Lawn Tennis & Croquet Club in Wimbledon, England, is sacred ground for tennis players and fans. Tennis was invented in England, and The Lawn Tennis Championships have been contested annually here since 1877. Wimbledon is the only remaining grand slam tournament played on grass courts.

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LINDSAY DAVENPORT American tennis player Lindsay Davenport emerged as a force in women’s tennis in the late 1990s. She is pictured here during the finals at Wimbledon in 1999. In the match Davenport defeated German player Steffi Graf, 6-4, 7-5.

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PETE SAMPRAS Pete Sampras dominated professional tennis in the 1990s. During his career, Sampras set a new record for most singles titles in grand slam events, with 14 championships. He won his final grand slam title at the United States Open in 2002.

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ROGER FEDERER Swiss tennis player Roger Federer became the top-ranked singles player in the world in 2004. That year he won three of the four major tournaments in tennis, capturing the Australian Open, Wimbledon, and the United States Open.

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THANK YOU :)

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