Bipolar Disorder with sound

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Bipolar Disorder : 

Bipolar Disorder Becky Poyer ENG 114-INH1 Oral Presentation Assignment


BIPOLAR DISORDER Characterized by episodes of Mania Excessive emotional displays Impaired ability to concentrate Decreased need for sleep Unbounded energy Delusions of grandeur Depression Apathy Underactivity Sadness, loneliness, guilt Lowered self-esteem Mixed Mood Includes symptoms of Mania AND Depression


BIPOLAR TYPES Bipolar Type I Bipolar type II Cyclothymic disorder Mixed bipolar Rapid-cycling bipolar disorder

Bipolar type i : 

Bipolar type i One or more Manic or Mixed Episodes Accompanied by Major Depressive Episodes Major manic episode Delusional Hallucinations Called “Bipolar I with Psychotic Features” Impairs day-to-day functioning

Bipolar type ii : 

Bipolar type ii One or more major depressive episodes At least one hypomanic episode Hypomanic Not manic episodes Symptoms less severe Cannot have psychotic features

Treatment (medication) : 

Treatment (medication) Match the medication with the symptoms  Trial and error Continuous monitoring Symptoms Bloodwork May be changed periodically Tolerance levels Patient’s reaction


LITHIUM most widely prescribed medication for treating bipolar disorder Reduce the severity and frequency of mania Relieve bipolar depression Significantly reduction of suicide risk Prevents future manic episodes Maintenance therapy Acts on a person's central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) More control over their emotions Reduce the extremes in behavior Dosage and brand cannot be changed without careful monitoring by a physician Common side effects Hand tremors, increased thirst and urination Diarrhea, vomiting, weight gain Impaired memory and poor concentration

anticonvulsants : 

anticonvulsants Used as mood stabilizers to treat mania in bipolar disorder Used to treat bipolar depression Prescribed only for people who did not respond to lithium Can be prescribed alone, with lithium, or with an antipsychotic drug to control mania Calm hyperactivity in the brain Prescribed for rapid cycling Four or more episodes of mania and depression within one year Each acts on the brain in slightly different ways Maximum effectiveness after taking the drug for a couple of weeks Depakote Depakene Tegretol Lamictal Side effects Dizziness, drowsiness, fatigue, nausea, tremor, rash, and weight gain Regular blood tests to monitor the patient’s health Can cause liver or kidney damage or decrease the amount of platelets in the blood


ANTIPSYCHOTICS Short-term treatment to control psychotic symptoms Hallucinations or delusions Appear during acute mania or severe depression Used as sedatives, for insomnia, for anxiety, and/or for agitation Combination with mood-stabilizing drug More normal thinking Long-term treatment for people who don't tolerate or respond to lithium and anticonvulsants Help balance certain brain chemicals called neurotransmitters Abilify Clozaril Seroquel Side effects Rapid weight gain and high cholesterol levels Risk of diabetes Blurred vision, dry mouth, drowsiness Muscle spasms or tremor, involuntary facial tics Weight gain


CONCLUSION Physician Monitor symptoms Monitor medications See your doctor if you have any symptoms Do not suffer needlessly