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FACTS…. : 

FACTS…. The lessons learned from the military history shows that without caring the size of the enemy forces, the key to win the war is to be one step further then the enemy in terms of time and accuracy for the command, control, communication, electronics and information systems. Replenishment of ammunition, fuel and other supplies are required to reach the fighting troops in time. These require careful planning in terms of routes to be taken and movement of various types of vehicles to ensure success. Thus, in today’s modern battlefield, speed of planning and execution of operations is of prime importance


HOW GIS HELPS… The military command, which acquires the information fast and uses it fast will be at advantageous position in a future war. GIS technology helps armed forces as information is readily available to various levels of officers involved in operations. Spy satellites constantly acquire the high-resolution satellite data in peacetime to monitor the development in acquisition of modern warfare gadgets by the enemy forces

Uses of GIS in Military…. : 

Uses of GIS in Military…. 1.Unit/Troop Tracking Systems (GPS):- The units, organizations and even troops are tracked via GPS embedded equipment on the different levels of maps. 2.Operations systems:- The requirement for military operations is that detailed map and chart information be available. These maps and charts must be current, contain standard navigation and position information

Cont.… : 

Cont.… 3.Terrain Analysis :- The knowledge of terrain, vegetation, and land cover is crucial to military intelligence because it affects the tanks, military vehicles, and troops. 4. Air Strikes:- GIS is also used to help determine the best place for air strikes and bombings.  It provides pilots with extremely precise height information, and can also be layered with data about terrain, meteorological conditions, proximity of a target area to civilian populations, and potential counter attack sites

Cont.… : 

Cont.… Selection of Sites for Helipads. Identification of Tactically Important Roads. Preparation of Vehicle Mobility Maps C4I2= Command, Control, Communication, Coordination, Information and Interoperability.

What GIS can do for small units: : 

What GIS can do for small units: Command and control For company commanders, platoon and squad leaders Track movements and status of each person and unit Transmit messages, images, maps, to individuals Navigation View 2D or 3D maps of current location in multiple views GPS to direct toward waypoints Soldier identification and target discrimination Friendly troops Enemy troops Civilians

GIS in missile guidance systems…. : 

GIS in missile guidance systems…. 1.GOT(Go_Onto_Target) 2.GOLIS(Go_Onto_Location_in_Space) ->The GOT missiles can hit a moving as well as fixed targets. ->While a GOLIS can hit only a stationary targets only. ->GIS is used to find the exact location of the targets(both fixed and moving)

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.. Target Launch INS Navigation Waypoint fix Stored map Missile track Multiple raster maps stored (all with same dimensions) Maps of areas that is to be hit GIS helps to give exact path. Tomahawk Cruise Missile Track

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