artificial intelligence and expert system


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A Review in Educational Technology 1 : 

A Review in Educational Technology 1 By: Kaye Ronn M. Tumbokon BSED-III

Historyof Educational Technology : 

Historyof Educational Technology Ancient Greece Middle Age Time of Comenius, Pestalozzi and Others Time of Johann Amos Comenius Time of Edward Thorndike and John Dewey 19th Century 1932 World War II

The Four Phases of Educational Technology : 

The Four Phases of Educational Technology Identification of objectives Design of learning experience Evaluation of the effectiveness of the learning experience Improvement of the learning experience so as better achieve the objectives

Educational Technology and Educational Media : 

Educational Technology and Educational Media Instructional Technology- are those aspects of educational technology that concerned primarily with the instruction as contrasted to design and operation of educational institution. Educational Media- are the means of communication available for educational purposes other than the teacher himself. Audio-visual-media/technology aids

Slide 5: 

Audio-visual-media/technology aids-these terms emphasize the use of the senses hearing o(audio) and seeing(visual)-either singly or in combination. MEDIA Media-(plural for medium) means of communicating "message” from the source to a receiver for such purposes as information, education, entertainment or business. Message- is the content to be taught. Medium-is the shape of the message, example of which words, pictures, object, and etc. Channel- vehicle(mechanical or physical or structure through which the medium is presented to the learners

Domains of Human Learning : 

Domains of Human Learning Cognitive Level 1.1 Knowledge: to remember, define, recognize, recall/recite by memory. 1.2 Comprehension; to translate, interpret, paraphrase, summarize, extrapolate. 1.3 Application; to relate ideas and information to the other situation (e. g. How Rizal’s wishing colonial reforms will apply to the present day nationalist who do not want neo-colonialism)

Slide 7: 

1.4 Creation: to break down into other ideas /concepts, to device a similar idea construction( adapt a short story into a radio play) Affective Level 2.1 Receiving: to be aware, to lend attention ( e.g. listen an feel the emotion poet as his poem is read) 2.2 Responding: to react effectively 2.3 Valuing : to display an attitude 2.4 Characterizing: to show a consistent value system, to develop a characteristic lifestyle.

Slide 8: 

Motor Skills Level 3.1 Imitation : to repeat action ( e.g. act our a backhand drive) 3.2 Manipulation: to perform independently( e.g. prepare a picture book) 3.3 Precision: to perform with accuracy 3.4 Articulation: to perform unconsciously with increased skills

Five Phases in Total System of Instruction : 

Five Phases in Total System of Instruction Introduction 1.1 Self Preparation 1.2 Preparation of the presentation. 1.3 Preparing Students. 1.4 Preparing follow-up activities 2. Developmental Phase 3. Organization Phase 4. Summarizing Phase 5. Evaluation Phase

The Concept of visual Literacy : 

The Concept of visual Literacy Visual Literacy-is learned ability to interpret visual message(such as designed, symbols or pictures)accurately and create such messages. Decoding-includes “reading "visual accurately, understanding and relating the element of a visual, being able to translate from visual to verbal and vice versa, and appreciating the aesthetics of visuals Encoding-includes using the tools of visual media to communicate effectively with others and express one’s self through visuals.

Designing Visuals : 

Designing Visuals The rough layout in commercial art called a “Blueprint” which gives less attention to the artistic details and more consideration on choosing the right words and images, their arrangement lettering style and colors BASIC DESIDERATIONS Arrangement Geometric shapes- (e.g. oval, rectangle, triangle) can serve framework to build on. Lines add to eye movement

Slide 14: 

Horizontal lines-give a feeling stability and rest. Vertical lines-imply strength. Diagonal lines-show movement, action and dynamism. Crossed diagonals-give a sense of conflict. Curved line-give feeling of emotion. Color- add to realism, provide emphasis and creates an emotional tone. are “cool” colors are "hot” colors

Slide 15: 

Is “sweet” Is “edible” “smell” best Evoke masculine images of earth, wood and leather Suggest prestige and status

Display Formats : 

Display Formats Chalkboards

Pegboards : 


Bulletin boards displays : 

Bulletin boards displays

Magnetic Board : 

Magnetic Board

Story Boarding : 

Story Boarding Story Boarding-is an important step in the development of audio visual presentation such as preparing slides with narration and possibly, supporting music. -is the preparation of as ketch or some simple representation of the visuals.

Photography :