Intro to Sphere Roohullah Shabon

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An Introduction The Sphere Project : 

1 An Introduction The Sphere Project By: Dr R . Shabon

Contents : 

2 Contents What is the Sphere Project The Development Process Who does Sphere belong to ? Why the need for Sphere ? Project Update A look at the Handbook What do Minimum Standards Mean? Project update Challenges and Opportunities

I - What is the Sphere Project : 

3 I - What is the Sphere Project A collection of standards and technical indicators for 5 service sectors based on a Humanitarian Charter Sphere is about what victims of calamity and conflict need in order to survive with dignity . In this, it is not only a technical manual, but an articulation of what beneficiaries have a right to receive.

Project Aim : 

4 Improve: Quality of humanitarian response Accountability Project Aim

2. The Development Process : 

5 2. The Development Process Sphere is a process …. An international collaborative and enthusiastic process A process to create a common language leading to transparency, accountability and increased quality First output is the Sphere handbook

Sphere Project base : 

6 Sphere Project base Code of Conduct People in Aid NGO Field Protocol Established technical standards IHL, Refugee & Human Rights laws

Slide 7: 

7 Initial steps taken in response … Make the argument for the universal right to assistance Obtain NGO agreement on core principles and actions Collect minimum programming standards for disasters Achieve consensus on technical indicators

An extraordinary process : 

8 An extraordinary process NGO agreement and consensus Two year’s consultation with over 800 individuals, from 228 organisations, in over 60 countries north and south. Consensus on technical indicators Not new information, but consensus on what we share in common Founded in Human Rights Sphere aims to quantify some international legal instruments “The most practical articulation of the rights-based approach to date”

The piloting process : 

9 The piloting process SCF(UK), Oxfam (GB), IFRC, LWF, CORDAID (Netherlands) CARE USA, CRS, IRC, MCI, World Vision International Sphere in India Committee, Sarvodaya (Sri Lanka), CARITAS India, AHA (Ethiopia regional), Christian Council of Burundi, CCD (Honduras), IIRO (Saudi Arabia) Represents most NGO structures

Management & Funding : 

10 Management & Funding Member networks of Steering Committee for Humanitarian Response, Support from Australia, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, England, Finland, New Zealand, The Netherlands, Sweden, Spain, United States and ECHO

3. Who does Sphere belong to ? : 

11 3. Who does Sphere belong to ? Everyone who wants to improve the quality and accountability of disaster response.

4. Why the need for Sphere ? : 

12 4. Why the need for Sphere ? The drive to improve quality and accountability Unnecessary deaths” Increasing complexity of disasters Numbers of disasters increasing Increasing numbers of actors

A complex time for humanitarians : 

13 A complex time for humanitarians Organisational change and Standards External drivers: Globalisation Demands for accountability Internal drivers: Partnership Decentralisation Field realities: Increasing numbers of actors, stakeholders and partners in the field Complexity

What Sphere represents : 

14 What Sphere represents A public commitment toward a defined and measurable level of competence and delivery A distillation of current global knowledge and experience Declaration that people affected by conflict and calamity have a right to assistance Improving the lives of people in disasters

To whom accountable ? : 

15 To whom accountable ? Humanitarian agency Boards of directors Agency charter, mandate and constituents Charitable status legislation in country of origin Donor regulations Beneficiaries (rights bearers) States where work occurs International human rights, refugee and humanitarian law Employment regulations Individual private donors Foundations Media scrutiny Partner organisations

Slide 16: 

16 Sphere process so far... First final edition of the handbook 2000 Training programme starts 1999 2000-2003 Phase III Dissemination, Training, Piloting, Revisions, Evaluation 5. Project Update

6. A look at the handbook : 

17 6. A look at the handbook

Slide 18: 


Three parts to the Sphere Project : 

19 Three parts to the Sphere Project 1. The Humanitarian Charter 2. Minimum Standards 3. Key Indicators & Guiding notes

The Humanitarian Charter:Three Fundamental Principles : 

20 The Humanitarian Charter:Three Fundamental Principles The Right to Life with Dignity The Distinction Between Combatants and Non-combatants The Principle of Non-Refoulement Human Rights Law Refugee Conventions Geneva Conventions

What is a minimum standard ? : 

21 What is a minimum standard ? A universal benchmark to plan programs GENERAL NUTRITIONAL SUPPORT STANDARD 3: P.98 “ Foods that are provided are appropriate and acceptable to the entire population. A universal benchmark to plan programs

Minimum Standards & Indicators : 

22 Minimum Standards & Indicators Nutrition Standard: Mortality, morbidity and suffering associated with severe malnutrition are reduced. Indicators for the standard: Proportion of exits from therapeutic feeding program who have died is less than 10% Proportion of exits from therapeutic feeding program recovered is greater than 75% There is a mean weight gain of 8g per kg/person/day.

What is a key indicator : 

23 What is a key indicator Measures impact of programs or processes Key indicators for nutrition standard 3: Foods distributed do not conflict with the religious or cultural traditions of the recipient or host populations. The staple food is distributed is familiar to the population. There is no distribution of free or subsidised milk powder to the general population.

Guidance notes and critical issues : 

24 Guidance notes and critical issues Disseminate experience, illuminate areas of controversy and help use indicators properly. Monitoring of sales… Looting… Powdered milk...

Slide 25: 

25 Health Services

Slide 26: 

26 Shelter & Site Selection

Slide 27: 

27 Nutrition

Slide 28: 

28 Food Aid

Slide 29: 

29 Water & Sanitation

Cross-cutting themes in Sphere : 

30 Cross-cutting themes in Sphere Analysis Human Resources Reducing negative side effects of aid Gender Participation and capacity building Human Rights

Challenges and Opportunities : 

31 Challenges and Opportunities Risks and concerns Misuse of the standardsse by donors or « technocrats  » Every disaster is different Creativity, uniqueness and independence of NGOs are at risk Universality versus cultural specificity Relationship to host populations Resource and Access are needed first Is Sphere universally applicable? Resources and access

Opportunities : 

32 Opportunities Clear and simple common language People-centred Focuses our work on the priorities Accountability leads to NGO learning Practical tool for the individual Common benchmark Contributes to more rational funding approach to humanitarian response Coordination tool

Tools that can help : 

33 Tools that can help Sphere is a process of learning which belongs to everyone. Share your experiences! The following tools can help: Training modules Case studies Video Pilot agency lessons All free in English, French, Spanish

Slide 34: 

34 Summing it up: Humanitarian crises continue Chaotic growth of humanitarian responders and agendas Pressures on humanitarians to better define, coordinate and account for humanitarian assistance Interagency process to clarify the humanitarian basis of action, based on an appreciation of basic human rights - Humanitarian Charter Tools needed to convert appreciation of rights to protection of rights in real terms - Standards Tools needed to plan programmes in which these standards can be met and measured - Indicators Tools to help us apply indicators in appropriate ways - Guidance notes Summing it up….

Applications : 

35 Applications Assessments Problem analysis Program planning Monitoring Evaluations Co-ordination Advocacy Training Disaster preparedness

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