SNAP TECH 00003

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Improved Annular-Field Three-Mirror Anastigmat?M.Lampton UCB SSL : 

Improved Annular-Field Three-Mirror Anastigmat?M.Lampton UCB SSL Previous AFTMAs have pri-sec separation 2.4m Can pri-sec separation be reduced? Support structure blocks & diffracts incoming light Mechanical stiffness, strength, resonances, stability Separation << baffle length helps reduce glare Overall length should be also be minimized Can folding mirror be brought closer to cassegrain quasifocus? Can internal clearances be maintained or improved? Explored these questions with TMA55

SNAP Optics Requirements : 

SNAP Optics Requirements Photometric accuracy and speed: 2 meter aperture Discovery rate: one square degree sky coverage CCD sampling & pixel size: 10 microns = 0.1 arcsecond EFL=20 meters, speed=f/10 SNR: diffraction limited at one micron wavelength First Airy dark ring = 24.4 microns diameter CCD Array Fabrication: flat focal surface SNR and operational simplicity: achromatic optics Photometry: 15 contiguous bandpasses, 0.4 to 1.7 um Vehicle constraints: overall optics length <5 meters

Adjustability Requirements : 

Adjustability Requirements TMAs have 13 adjustments Example: 5 secy + 5 tert + 3 detector Better: 5 secy + 5 tert + 3 folding flat Demands room around secy, tert, flat Previous TMAs have had negative flat clearance consequence: slight internal vignetting vignetting varies with focus adjustment Goal: >10mm clearance at flat

Annular Field : 

Annular Field Outer radius: 0.690 degrees corresponds to 240 mm at detector Inner Radius: 0.400 degrees corresponds to 139 mm at detector Sky coverage 1.00 square degree corresponds to 1210 cm2 array area Possible blockages-- cassegrain spider for folding mirror? Other cassegrain complications for auxiliary pickoffs? Small inclined focusser CCDs around/within WFArray? Small fast guiding CCDs around/within WFArray?

Slide 5: 

12 surfaces TMA55.OPT annular field, .007 to .012 optim to .014 index X Z pitch Curvature shape Diam diam Mirr? ------:--.---:--.--:-----:---.-------:---.-------:-----:----:--------: : 0 : 0.0 : : -0.1944460? 0.0239387? 2.05:0.33:mir pri : : 0 :-2.1 : : -0.8472308? -1.0247897? : :mir sec : : 0 : 0.0 : : : : : :iris : : 0 : 1.5 : : -0.6543174? 0.4436413? : :mir ter : : 0 : 0.53: 45 : 0 : : 0.21: :mirfold : : 0.25 : 0.53: 90 : 0 : : 0.26: : lens : 1.456: 0.255: 0.53: 90 : 0 : : 0.26: : lens : : 0.27 : 0.53: 90 : 0 : : 0.26: : lens : 1.000: 0.275: 0.53: 90 : 0 : : 0.26: : lens : : 0.29 : 0.53: 90 : 0 : : 0.26: : lens : 1.000: 0.295: 0.53: 90 : 0 : : 0.26: : lens : : 0.98 : 0.53: 90 : 0 : : : :CCDarray: : : : : : : : : :

TMA55 Clearances : 

TMA55 Clearances Positive clearance around 45deg flat minimum flat: oval, 198 x 120mm maximum flat: oval, 212mm x 150mm allows for adjustment of flat mirror in piston, tilt, pitch Flat is 300mm behind cassegrain quasifocus reasonably stiff support using cassegrain spider allows pickoffs of axial rays for guider, IR, etc

Footprint of rays at 45deg folding mirror : 

Footprint of rays at 45deg folding mirror

TMA55 Optics Details : 

TMA55 Optics Details Primary Mirror diameter= 2000 mm; hole= 330mm curvature=-0.194446, radius=5.142816m; shape=+0.023939, asphericity=-0.976061 Secondary Mirror diameter= 424mm curvature=-0.847231, radius=1.180316m; shape=-1.02479, asphericity=-2.02479 Tertiary Mirror diameter=642mm curvature=-0.654317, radius=1.52831m; shape=+0.443641, asphericity=-0.55636 Folding Flat Mirror minimum size: oval, 120mm x 192mm; maximum size: circle, 210mm diameter Triple Filter Stack minimum diameter: 250mm, nominal thickness 5mm, fused silica Annular Detector Array inner diameter 278mm, outer diameter 480mm

Refractive index of fused silica (E.Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids, 1985 p.760) : 

Refractive index of fused silica (E.Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids, 1985 p.760)

Refraction shifts focusdeltaZ = Thickness*(1/n2 - 1/n1)For 5mm fused silica, deltaZ=70um between U and H : 

Refraction shifts focusdeltaZ = Thickness*(1/n2 - 1/n1)For 5mm fused silica, deltaZ=70um between U and H

Filter Chroma : 

Filter Chroma

Filter Thickness Tablefor zero chromatic errorassuming substrate is fused silica : 

Filter Thickness Tablefor zero chromatic errorassuming substrate is fused silica

TMA55 -- Summary : 

TMA55 -- Summary Reduces overall optical length to 3.6m Has positive clearances everywhere Powered surfaces are parallel and coaxial Is 0.39m between primary front-surface edge and forward edge of CCD array enough clearance? Mirror structure, support, cryostat details Is 25cm filter diameter OK? detector heat load issue Overall: TMA55 meets more of our requirements than previous releases I recommend we adopt TMA55 as our baseline