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SchoolSafety and Security : 

SchoolSafety and Security National Crime Prevention Council 2006

Objectives : 

National Crime Prevention Council 2 Objectives School safety and security issues Factors affecting school safety Key components of school safety planning Engaging the community for safer schools

School Crime and Violence : 

National Crime Prevention Council 3 School Crime and Violence Youth are the most victimized people in the United States. Youth were victims of about 1.9 million nonfatal crimes while at school in 2003. Two-thirds of student victimization was by theft. One-third of student victimization was by violent crime. Source: Indicators of School Crime and Violence, U.S. Department of Education, 2005

School Crime and Safety : 

National Crime Prevention Council 4 School Crime and Safety Students say 7% were bullied 9% were threatened or injured with a weapon 13% reported being in a fight on school property 21% reported gangs in their schools 29% were offered or given drugs 36% saw hate graffiti; 12% were the victims of hate speech Source: Indicators of School Crime and Safety, U.S. Department of Education, 2005

School Crime and Safety : 

National Crime Prevention Council 5 School Crime and Safety *Violence includes rape, sexual assault, robbery, simple assault, and aggravated assault. Source: Indicators of School Crime and Violence, U.S. Department of Education, 2005

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs : 

National Crime Prevention Council 6 Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Physiological Safety Belongingness and Love Esteem Self-Actualization - LEARNING

Impact on Achievement : 

National Crime Prevention Council 7 Impact on Achievement “Theft and violence at school and while going to and from school can lead to a disruptive and threatening environment, physical injury, and emotional stress, and can be an obstacle to student achievement.” Source: Elliott, Hamburg, and Williams, 1998

Factors Affecting Safety : 

National Crime Prevention Council 8 Factors Affecting Safety School security Hardware, technology, protocols, and policies School design Access control, natural surveillance, and territorial reinforcement School climate Values, norms, and attitudes

School Climate Issues : 

National Crime Prevention Council 9 School Climate Issues Bullying, intimidation, and isolation Harassment and prejudice Social cliques Theft and graffiti Lack of connectedness Disrespect between teachers/staff and students Lack of student reporting of crime and safety issues

Safe Schools : 

National Crime Prevention Council 10 Safe Schools Positive school climate and atmosphere Clear and high academic and disciplinary expectations of students Strong student attachment to the school High levels of both student participation and parent involvement Values and practices that make everyone feel included; appreciation of diversity Source: Trends and Issues Affecting School Safety, 2001

Safe Schools : 

National Crime Prevention Council 11 Safe Schools Building and grounds are well maintained. Students feel safe reporting crime and safety problems to staff. Disciplinary and safety problems are quickly and appropriately addressed. Access is controlled and visitors are monitored. All staff actively supervise students both inside and outside the classroom. All areas are safe by design or by staff supervision.

Safe Schools Planning : 

National Crime Prevention Council 12 Safe Schools Planning Establish a team. Assess needs. Prioritize needs. Develop and implement a plan.

Who Should Be Involved? : 

National Crime Prevention Council 13 Who Should Be Involved?

Needs Assessment : 

National Crime Prevention Council 14 Needs Assessment Collect existing indicator data. Survey parents, staff, and students about their safety concerns. Assess climate, security, and design. Conduct an inventory of assets.

Prioritize Needs : 

National Crime Prevention Council 15 Prioritize Needs What’s important? What’s feasible?

Develop a Plan : 

National Crime Prevention Council 16 Develop a Plan Set measurable objectives that include Time frame Desired change. Select effective programs and strategies. Break the plan down step-by-step.

Engaging the Community : 

National Crime Prevention Council 17 Engaging the Community Involve community members on the planning team. Gather their feedback through surveys. Involve them through a forum. Consult them as needed for expertise. Ask for their support of measures.

Parents and Caregivers : 

National Crime Prevention Council 18 Parents and Caregivers Program development and implementation Cultural/diversity programming Mentoring and volunteering (can serve as hallway, playground, and lunchroom monitors) Visitor check-in table Safety patrols to and from school Advocacy to elected officials and school board

Community Service Providers : 

National Crime Prevention Council 19 Community Service Providers Identifying learning and behavioral problems Counseling Resolving conflicts and providing alternatives to violence Conducting parent education programs Teaching social skills Providing afterschool and in-school programming Providing safe havens for kids

Law Enforcement and First Responders : 

National Crime Prevention Council 20 Law Enforcement and First Responders Information-sharing and collaboration Training for staff in emergency response Training for staff and School Resource Officers in warning signs Law-related education for students CPR and first aid classes for staff and students Mentoring and tutoring

Legal and Business Communities : 

National Crime Prevention Council 21 Legal and Business Communities Legal alternatives and advice Supervise student courts and train students how to run them Afterschool employment or internships In-kind or monetary donations Mentoring and volunteering Staff training and education Safe havens for kids

Community and State Leaders : 

National Crime Prevention Council 22 Community and State Leaders Speak at awareness-building events Provide influential leadership Build support in the community Provide expertise on available alternative and supplementary resources

Resources : 

National Crime Prevention Council 23 Resources Stopping School Violence: A Dozen Things – A set of six reproducible tip sheets, one each for parents, students, teachers, law enforcement, principals, and others Caregivers’ Guide to School Safety and Security – An informational guide for parents and community members Safer Schools: Strategies for Educators and Law Enforcement Seeking To Prevent Violence Within Schools School Safety and Security Toolkit – A step-by-step guide to school safety planning; includes tools for assessing needs and developing an action plan (CD-ROM)

Resources : 

National Crime Prevention Council 24 Resources National Crime Prevention Council Youth Crime Watch of America National Criminal Justice Reference Service

National Crime Prevention Council : 

National Crime Prevention Council 25 National Crime Prevention Council 1000 Connecticut Avenue, NW Thirteenth Floor Washington, DC 20036 202-466-6272

Presenter Contact Information : 

National Crime Prevention Council 26 Presenter Contact Information