Fossil Fuel Powerpoint

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Fossil Fuel Powerpoint : 

Fossil Fuel Powerpoint By: Valeria Younan

Fossil Fuels : 

Fossil Fuels Fossil fuels are natural resources, such as coal, oil and natural gas, containing hydrocarbons. These fuels are formed in the Earth over millions of years and produce carbon dioxide when burnt.

3 Types of gases : 

3 Types of gases The three different types of fossil fuels are coal, petroleum, and other natural gases.

Coal formation : 

Coal formation Coal forms from plants such as ferns, moss and trees which lived near shorelines and in swamps and bogs millions of years ago.

Coal formation : 

Coal formation In general, coal forms from the remains of plants which died in prehistoric swamps and wetlands. Organic plant matter at various stages of decay form peat, which, under certain pressure, time and heat conditions experiences slow rates of bacterial decay and eventually goes on to form coal. As peat is buried by sediment and becomes compressed, it slowly releases water and other elements contained within it, resulting in an increasingly compact and carbon rich substance. The natural process converting plant matter to peat may go through different stages, first forming lignite, then sub bituminous coal, bituminous coal and eventually anthracite coal.

Coal uses : 

Coal uses Coal is used as a fossil fuel by providing world wide electricity and heating.

Oil formation : 

Oil formation Oil forms mainly from marine vegetation and bacteria that lived in the oceans or other saltwater environments millions of years ago.

Oil uses : 

Oil uses Oil is used as a fossil fuel to help create motor gasoline and diesel fuel. It is also used to make crayons, dish washing soap, heating homes, fueling cars and many more.

Natural gas formation : 

Natural gas formation Natural gas forms mainly from the remains of plankton, or a type of small water organisms including algae.

Natural gas uses : 

Natural gas uses Natural is used as a fossil fuel to create medicine, propane, paint, fertilizers, photo films, antifreeze,  and many more.

Refineries : 

Refineries Refineries are an industrial plant for purifying crude substances. Refineries are important to fossil fuels since the fossil fuels undergo steps to help purify the substances.

Exxon Valdez oil spill : 

Exxon Valdez oil spill occurred in Prince William Sound, Alaska, on March 24, 1989, when the Exxon Valdez, an oil tanker bound for Long Beach, California, hit Prince William Sound's Bligh Reef and spilled an estimated minimum 10.8 million US gallons of crude oil. It is considered to be one of the most devastating human-caused environmental disasters ever to occur in history. As significant as the Valdez spill was the largest ever in US waters it ranks well down on the list of the world's largest oil spills in terms of volume released. However, Prince William Sound's remote location  made government and industry response efforts difficult and severely taxed existing plans for response. The region is a habitat for salmon, sea otters, seals and seabirds. The oil, originally extracted at the Prudhoe Bay oil field, eventually covered 1,300 miles of coastline and 11,000 square miles of ocean.

Deepwater Horizon oil spill : 

Deepwater Horizon oil spill The deepwater horizon was an ultra-deep of shore drilling rig which sank on April 22, 2010 causing the deepwater horizon an oil spill. The spill resulted of an explosion two days earlier were eleven people died. Deepwater Horizon was built in 2001 in South Korea. It is owned by Transocean and was leased to BP plc until September 2013. It was registered in Majuro , Marshall Islands . In September 2009, the rig drilled the deepest oil well in history at a vertical depth of 35,050 feet and measured depth of 35,055 feet. The oil spill may become one of the worst environmental disasters in United States history.