Hind_Swaraj_Presentation.ppt

Views:
 
Category: Education
     
 

Presentation Description

No description available.

Comments

Presentation Transcript

HIND SWARAJOR INDIAN HOME RULE : 

HIND SWARAJOR INDIAN HOME RULE MAHATMA GANDHI

In my opinion it is a book which can be put into the hands of a child. It teaches the gospel of love in place of that of hate. It replaces violence with self-sacrifice. It pits soul force against brute force : 

In my opinion it is a book which can be put into the hands of a child. It teaches the gospel of love in place of that of hate. It replaces violence with self-sacrifice. It pits soul force against brute force

The booklet is a severe condemnation of ‘modern civilization’. It was written in 1908. My conviction is deeper today than ever. I feel that if India will discard ‘modern civilization’, she can only gain by doing so. : 

The booklet is a severe condemnation of ‘modern civilization’. It was written in 1908. My conviction is deeper today than ever. I feel that if India will discard ‘modern civilization’, she can only gain by doing so.

But I would warn the reader against thinking that I am today aiming at the Swaraj described therein. I know that India is not ripe for it. It may seem an impertinence to say so. But such is my conviction. I am individually working for the self-rule pictured therein. : 

But I would warn the reader against thinking that I am today aiming at the Swaraj described therein. I know that India is not ripe for it. It may seem an impertinence to say so. But such is my conviction. I am individually working for the self-rule pictured therein.

But today my corporate activity is undoubtedly devoted to the attainment of Parliamentary Swaraj in accordance with the wishes of the people of India. : 

But today my corporate activity is undoubtedly devoted to the attainment of Parliamentary Swaraj in accordance with the wishes of the people of India.

I am not aiming at destroying railways or hospitals, though I would certainly welcome their natural destruction. Neither railways nor hospitals are a test of a high and pure civilization. At best they are a necessary evil. : 

I am not aiming at destroying railways or hospitals, though I would certainly welcome their natural destruction. Neither railways nor hospitals are a test of a high and pure civilization. At best they are a necessary evil.

Nor am I aiming at a permanent destruction of law courts, much as I regard it as a ‘consummation devoutly to be wished’. Still less am I trying to destroy all machinery and mills. It requires a higher simplicity and renunciation than the people are today prepared for. : 

Nor am I aiming at a permanent destruction of law courts, much as I regard it as a ‘consummation devoutly to be wished’. Still less am I trying to destroy all machinery and mills. It requires a higher simplicity and renunciation than the people are today prepared for.

The only part of the programme which is now being carried out is that of non-violence. But I regret to have to confess that even that is snot being carried out in the spirit of the book. If it were, India would establish Swaraj in a day. : 

The only part of the programme which is now being carried out is that of non-violence. But I regret to have to confess that even that is snot being carried out in the spirit of the book. If it were, India would establish Swaraj in a day.

If India adopted the doctrine of love as an active part of her religion and introduced it in her politics, Swaraj would descend upon India from heaven. But I am painfully aware that that event is far off as yet : 

If India adopted the doctrine of love as an active part of her religion and introduced it in her politics, Swaraj would descend upon India from heaven. But I am painfully aware that that event is far off as yet

It is a bad habit to say that another man’s thoughts are bad and ours only are good and that those holding different views from ours are the enemies of the country : 

It is a bad habit to say that another man’s thoughts are bad and ours only are good and that those holding different views from ours are the enemies of the country

The seed is never seen. It works underneath the ground, is itself destroyed, and the tree which rises above the ground is alone seen : 

The seed is never seen. It works underneath the ground, is itself destroyed, and the tree which rises above the ground is alone seen

CIVILIZATION : 

CIVILIZATION

We rarely find people arguing against themselves. Those who are intoxicated by modern civilization are not likely to write against it. Their care will be to find out facts and arguments in support of it, and this they do unconsciously, believing it to be true. : 

We rarely find people arguing against themselves. Those who are intoxicated by modern civilization are not likely to write against it. Their care will be to find out facts and arguments in support of it, and this they do unconsciously, believing it to be true.

A man whilst he is dreaming, believes in his dream; he is undeceived only when he is awakened from his sleep. A man labouring under the bane of civilization is like a dreaming man. What we usually read are the works of defenders of modern civilization, which undoubtedly claims among its votaries very brilliant and even some very good men. Their writings hypnotize us. And so, one by one, we are drawn into the vortex. : 

A man whilst he is dreaming, believes in his dream; he is undeceived only when he is awakened from his sleep. A man labouring under the bane of civilization is like a dreaming man. What we usually read are the works of defenders of modern civilization, which undoubtedly claims among its votaries very brilliant and even some very good men. Their writings hypnotize us. And so, one by one, we are drawn into the vortex.

CIVILIZATION- Its true test lies in the fact that people living in it make bodily welfare the object of life. : 

CIVILIZATION- Its true test lies in the fact that people living in it make bodily welfare the object of life.

Better built houses, wear long trousers, carry revolvers, plough vast tract by means of steam engines and can amass great wealth. : 

Better built houses, wear long trousers, carry revolvers, plough vast tract by means of steam engines and can amass great wealth.

Men will not need the use of their hands and feet. Press buttons for various amenities. : 

Men will not need the use of their hands and feet. Press buttons for various amenities.

Formerly when people wanted to fight with one another, they measured between them their bodily strength; now it is possible to take away thousands of lives by one man working behind a gun from a hill. : 

Formerly when people wanted to fight with one another, they measured between them their bodily strength; now it is possible to take away thousands of lives by one man working behind a gun from a hill.

Formerly, men worked in the open air only as much as they liked. Now thousands of workmen meet together and for the same of maintenance work in factories or mines. : 

Formerly, men worked in the open air only as much as they liked. Now thousands of workmen meet together and for the same of maintenance work in factories or mines.

They are obliged to work, at the risk of their lives, at most dangerous occupations, for the sake of millionaires. : 

They are obliged to work, at the risk of their lives, at most dangerous occupations, for the sake of millionaires.

Formerly, men were made slaves under physical compulsion. Now they are enslaved by temptation of money and of the luxuries that money can buy. : 

Formerly, men were made slaves under physical compulsion. Now they are enslaved by temptation of money and of the luxuries that money can buy.

There are now diseases of which people never dreamt before, and an army of doctors is engaged in finding out their cures and so hospitals have increased. : 

There are now diseases of which people never dreamt before, and an army of doctors is engaged in finding out their cures and so hospitals have increased.

This civilization takes note neither of morality nor of religion : 

This civilization takes note neither of morality nor of religion

Civilization seeks to increase bodily comforts, and it fails miserably even in doing so. : 

Civilization seeks to increase bodily comforts, and it fails miserably even in doing so.

It has taken such a hold on the people in Europe that those who are in it appear to be half mad. They lack real physical strength or courage. They keep up their energy by intoxication. : 

It has taken such a hold on the people in Europe that those who are in it appear to be half mad. They lack real physical strength or courage. They keep up their energy by intoxication.

This civilization is such that one has only to be patient and it will be self-destroyed. : 

This civilization is such that one has only to be patient and it will be self-destroyed.

The English have not taken India; we have given it to them. They came to our country originally for puprposes of trade. They had not the slightest intention at the time of establishing a kingdom. : 

The English have not taken India; we have given it to them. They came to our country originally for puprposes of trade. They had not the slightest intention at the time of establishing a kingdom.

In order to become rich all at once we welcomed the Company’s officers with open arms. We assisted them. : 

In order to become rich all at once we welcomed the Company’s officers with open arms. We assisted them.

When our princes fought among themselves, they sought the assistance of Company Bahadur. That corporation was versed alike in commerce and war. It was unhampered by questions of morality. Its object was to increase its commerce and to make money. : 

When our princes fought among themselves, they sought the assistance of Company Bahadur. That corporation was versed alike in commerce and war. It was unhampered by questions of morality. Its object was to increase its commerce and to make money.

We further strengthen their hold by quarrelling amongst ourselves. : 

We further strengthen their hold by quarrelling amongst ourselves.

They wish to convert the whole world into a vast market for their goods. : 

They wish to convert the whole world into a vast market for their goods.

It is my deliberate opinion that India is being ground down, not under the English heel, but under that of modern civilization. It is groaning under the monster’s terrible weight. : 

It is my deliberate opinion that India is being ground down, not under the English heel, but under that of modern civilization. It is groaning under the monster’s terrible weight.

Religion is dear to me and my first complaint is that India is becoming irreligious. Here I am not thinking of the Hindu or the Mahomedan or the Zoroastrian religion but of that religion which underlies all religions. WE ARE TURNINING AWAY FROM GOD. : 

Religion is dear to me and my first complaint is that India is becoming irreligious. Here I am not thinking of the Hindu or the Mahomedan or the Zoroastrian religion but of that religion which underlies all religions. WE ARE TURNINING AWAY FROM GOD.

Hinduism, Islam, Zoroastrianism, Christianity and all other religions teach that we should remain passibe about worldly pursuits and active about godly pursuits, that we should set a limit to our worldly ambition and that our religious ambition should be illimitable. : 

Hinduism, Islam, Zoroastrianism, Christianity and all other religions teach that we should remain passibe about worldly pursuits and active about godly pursuits, that we should set a limit to our worldly ambition and that our religious ambition should be illimitable.

Railways, lawyers and doctors have impoverished the country so much so that, if we do not wake up in time, we shall be ruined. : 

Railways, lawyers and doctors have impoverished the country so much so that, if we do not wake up in time, we shall be ruined.

Railways have increased the frequency of famines because, owing to facility of means of locomotion, people seel out their grain and it is sent to dearest markets. : 

Railways have increased the frequency of famines because, owing to facility of means of locomotion, people seel out their grain and it is sent to dearest markets.

Railways accentuate the evil nature of man. Bad men fulfil their evil designs with greater rapidity. : 

Railways accentuate the evil nature of man. Bad men fulfil their evil designs with greater rapidity.

Good travels at a snail’s pace -- it can, therefore, have little to do with the railways. Those who want to do good are not selfish, thery are not in a hurry, they know that to impregnate people with good requires a long time. But evil has wings. : 

Good travels at a snail’s pace -- it can, therefore, have little to do with the railways. Those who want to do good are not selfish, thery are not in a hurry, they know that to impregnate people with good requires a long time. But evil has wings.

Man is so made by nature as to require him to restrict his movements as far as his hands and feet will take him. : 

Man is so made by nature as to require him to restrict his movements as far as his hands and feet will take him.

Our difficulties are of our own creation. God set a limit to a man’s locomotive ambition in the construction of his body. Man immediately proceeded to discover means of overriding the limit. God gifted man with intellect that he might know his Maker. Man abused it so that he might forget his Maker. : 

Our difficulties are of our own creation. God set a limit to a man’s locomotive ambition in the construction of his body. Man immediately proceeded to discover means of overriding the limit. God gifted man with intellect that he might know his Maker. Man abused it so that he might forget his Maker.

I am so constructed that I can only serve my immediate neighbours, but in my conceit I pretend to have discovered that I must with my body serve every individual in the universe. : 

I am so constructed that I can only serve my immediate neighbours, but in my conceit I pretend to have discovered that I must with my body serve every individual in the universe.

In thus attempting the impossible, man comes in contact with different natures, different religions, and is utterly confounded. : 

In thus attempting the impossible, man comes in contact with different natures, different religions, and is utterly confounded.

Civilization is that mode of conduct which points out to man the path of duty. Performance of duty and observance of morality are convertible terms. To observe morality is to attain mastery over our mind and our passions. So doing, we know ourself. : 

Civilization is that mode of conduct which points out to man the path of duty. Performance of duty and observance of morality are convertible terms. To observe morality is to attain mastery over our mind and our passions. So doing, we know ourself.

The Gujarati equivalent for civilization means, “GOOD CONDUCT” : 

The Gujarati equivalent for civilization means, “GOOD CONDUCT”

We notice that the mind is a restless bird; the more it gets the more it wants, and still remains unsatisfied. The more we indulge in out passions the more unbridled they become. : 

We notice that the mind is a restless bird; the more it gets the more it wants, and still remains unsatisfied. The more we indulge in out passions the more unbridled they become.

Our ancestors, therefore, set a limit to our indulgences. They saw that happiness was largely a mental condition. A man is not necessarily happy because he is rich, or unhappy because he is poor. The rich are often seen to be unhappy, the poor to be happy. : 

Our ancestors, therefore, set a limit to our indulgences. They saw that happiness was largely a mental condition. A man is not necessarily happy because he is rich, or unhappy because he is poor. The rich are often seen to be unhappy, the poor to be happy.

Millions will always remain poor. Observing all this, our ancestors dissuaded us from luxuries and pleasures. We have managed with the same kind of plough as existed thousands of years ago. : 

Millions will always remain poor. Observing all this, our ancestors dissuaded us from luxuries and pleasures. We have managed with the same kind of plough as existed thousands of years ago.

We have had no system of life-corroding competition. Each followed his own occupation or trade and charged a regulation wage. : 

We have had no system of life-corroding competition. Each followed his own occupation or trade and charged a regulation wage.

It was not that we did not know how to invent machinery, but our forefather knew that, if we set our hearts after such things, we would become slaves and lose our moral fibre. : 

It was not that we did not know how to invent machinery, but our forefather knew that, if we set our hearts after such things, we would become slaves and lose our moral fibre.

They, therefore, after due deliberation decided that we should only do what we could with our hands and feet. : 

They, therefore, after due deliberation decided that we should only do what we could with our hands and feet.

Those alone who have been affected by Western civilization have become enslaved. We measure the universe by our own miserable foot-rule. When we are slaves, we think that the whole universe is enslaved. : 

Those alone who have been affected by Western civilization have become enslaved. We measure the universe by our own miserable foot-rule. When we are slaves, we think that the whole universe is enslaved.

It is Swaraj when we learn to rule ourselves. The Swaraj that I wish to picture is such that, after we have once realized it, we shall endeavour to the end of our life-time to persuade others to do likewise. : 

It is Swaraj when we learn to rule ourselves. The Swaraj that I wish to picture is such that, after we have once realized it, we shall endeavour to the end of our life-time to persuade others to do likewise.

But such Swaraj has to be experienced, by each one for himself. One drowning man will never save another. Slaves ourselves, it would be a mere pretension to think of freeing others. : 

But such Swaraj has to be experienced, by each one for himself. One drowning man will never save another. Slaves ourselves, it would be a mere pretension to think of freeing others.

To believe that what has not occurred in history will not occur at all is to argue disbelief in the dignity of man. At any rate, it behoves us to try what appeals to our reason. : 

To believe that what has not occurred in history will not occur at all is to argue disbelief in the dignity of man. At any rate, it behoves us to try what appeals to our reason.

Machinery is the chief symbol of modern civilization; it represents a great sin : 

Machinery is the chief symbol of modern civilization; it represents a great sin

It would be a folly to assume that an Indian Rockefeller would be better than the American Rockefeller. : 

It would be a folly to assume that an Indian Rockefeller would be better than the American Rockefeller.

Impoverished India can become free, but it will be hard for any India made rich through immorality to regain its freedom. : 

Impoverished India can become free, but it will be hard for any India made rich through immorality to regain its freedom.

I fear we shall have to admit that moneyed men support British rule; their interest is bound up with its stability. Money renders a man helpless : 

I fear we shall have to admit that moneyed men support British rule; their interest is bound up with its stability. Money renders a man helpless

We therefore, say that the non-beginning of a thing is supreme wisdom. We cannot condemn mill-owners; we can but pity them. It would be too much to expect them to give up their mills, but we may implore them not to increase them. : 

We therefore, say that the non-beginning of a thing is supreme wisdom. We cannot condemn mill-owners; we can but pity them. It would be too much to expect them to give up their mills, but we may implore them not to increase them.

Whether mill-owners do this or not, people can cease to use machine-made goods. : 

Whether mill-owners do this or not, people can cease to use machine-made goods.

Indeed, our gods even are made in Germany. What need, then, to speak of matches, pins and glassware? What did India do before these articles were introduced? Precisely the same should be done today. : 

Indeed, our gods even are made in Germany. What need, then, to speak of matches, pins and glassware? What did India do before these articles were introduced? Precisely the same should be done today.

Thank You : 

Thank You

authorStream Live Help